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First lessons in 
the Swatow 
dialect 



Adele Marion 
Fielde 



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8' 





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r 

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FIRST LESSONS 



IN THE 



SWATOW DIALECT. 



BY 



A. M. FIELDE. 



FESTINA LENTE. 



a*CCC5COCf)CiL ■ 



SWATOW: 
Printed by th£ j< > S a ato^jPrjxtixg Office Company. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



? DIRECTIONS FOR USING THIS BOOK. 

° 1st. 

Learn perfectly, from a native teacher, the eight tones as given in the 

^ exercise on page 3. 

i 2nd. 

to 

Learn from pajjes 5 and C the Chinese sounds represented by the letters 

used in Romanizing them. 

3rd. 

Learn how to pronounce correctly words with and without the aspirate, 
and with and without the nasal, using the exercises on page 7. 

4th. ( 

Learn to count accurately from pages 9 and 10. 

5th. 

Learn the lessons in their order, completely mastering each before 
beginning the next one. Be able to write the Chinese characters from memory, 
to translate the English into Chinese, and the Chinese into English, and look 
for fuller definitions of the same words in Williams ' Dictionary. 

6th. 

Exercise the ear more than the eye in learning the language. 

A. M. F. 

£ Swatow, 1877. 



327646 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT, 



TONES. 

Every Chinese word has a tone, inseparable from its pronunciation. In 
the Tie Ciu dialect there are eight tones, which can be acquired only from a 
living teacher. Many Chinese teachers know no names for the tones ; and 
different teachers place them in different orders. The following order is perhaps 
most usual. 

Chinese Name, Tonal Marks. 

upper even. ^| ( __. 

C 




upper high. | | X 

□ 2 ^. 



upper going, 
upper entering, 
lower even. 




l~T 

e s&ng, lower high. > 

J ~£\ e khfc, lower going. I 1 

I /Ve jfp, lower entering. I |p 

These names do not express the relative sounds of the tones, but appear to 
be purely arbitrary. Words in the entering tones always end in the sound of 
h, k, p, or t. In speaking, the tone of a word is greatly modified by its 
relation to other words in the sentence, and all are obscure except that of the 
most emphatic word, which has its tone fully enunciated. The same syllable 
is seldom found in all the eight tones. 



/\ 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

EXERCISES IN THE TONES. 



SI 



si 



sih 



H 

m 



* 



SI 



sih 



t£ 



ti 






*& 



tih 
ti 
ti 
tl 



tih 



77 » 



* 



teh 
tS 



fe« 



t5 

tdh 



# 




M 



« 



hun 
hun 
him 
hut 
hun 
hun 
hun 
hut 



fP 




pang 



pang 



/£X pang 



pAng 
p&ng 



/J pang 
)ftiX pak 



£V_\ hang 

| " * hang 
i^Z hang 



Pit 



hak 

Mng 

h&ng 

hang 

hdk 



UnL un 
&ML un 



I s 



in un 



1» ut 



/|VA un 

l.tnL fin 



un 



ut 



V 
^Lk^ sim 

sim 

ifc sim 



yi2 . 

*i*v> sip 
j/L sim 

L>>x sim 
sim 
F^J sip 



t=t c^ng 



c£n<i 



cSng 



cek 



n 



ceng 



cenff 



c$k 



sia 
Kitf sia 

^fe^ siah 
*Fj sia 

sia 
sia 
siah 



ffi 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



ROMAN LETTERS. 

The sounds of Chinese words cannot be exactly represented by Roman 
letters, used as in English. In this book the Roman letter whose sound in 
English approximates the Chinese sound, is taken as the symbol of that sound, 
and the exact pronunciation must be acquired from the Chinese themselves. 

The vowels when followed by consonants are much shortened, especially 
when followed by h, k, t and p. 

The aspirate does not coalesce with a consonant preceding it, but is sounded 
independently. 

The sounds of p, k and t when not followed by the aspirate are so repressed 
as to resemble those of b, g and d. 

Of the consonants all occur as initials, but only h, k, m, n, ng, p and t 
as finals. 

n at the end of a word indicates that the vowels of the word are sounded 
nasally. 

In all cases the pronunciation of the Chinese word should be learned 
through the ear and from a native teacher, and the Romanized words should 
be relied upon only as a help to the memory in learning. 

The pronunciation of the same word varies greatly in the different districts. 
That followed in these lessons is that of the Departmental City. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

SOUNDS OF THE LETTERS. 

Vowels. 
as in far, in ^ 8 , [g Ap. 

» » they, „ PtJJj 6, ^ «k. 

„ „ machine, „ 



e „ aw in fawn, „ 

u „ oo „ tool, „ 

a „ French u, „ 

w „ o in one „ 

b as in bar, in 

S ,, „ gay, „ 

h „ „ hot, „ 

.1 » » J am > » 

k „ „ kick, „ 

1 „ „ lad, „ 

m „ „ mat, „ 



» v no ^ J) 



il=L 



^ 



yC 



a, 

<frn, 



Consonants. 



^ 



hi, 



15, 




^5c j El £ p 



n. 

J2k 









-*>h 




ok. 

teh. 

un. 

un. 

bwn. 



b&. 

g* 

tham. 

kak. 
la. 
mi. 
kan. 



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FIEST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT, 
as in pop, in \ ± ^ / p8 , [| lip. 



» >> 



SO, 



„ tilt, 



ll O )> 7) 



sing, 



„ chair „ 






pa, 

sun, 

t6, 



*§ 



■ci,. 



tit. 



It 



ft cun. 



1a 



le 



10 



1U 



oa 



ua 



ue 



This last is a sound between ch in chair, and ts in jits. 
TJie vowels found in combination are 



ai as 



au 



m yf± Mi,. 
„ ^£ ftu, 

ie, 



» ?? 



» » 



?> » 



fift 



oi, 

uah, 

sueh, 



y£ Mu, 

as 



^7v t5a > 

3£ ... ft 



nil. 



th&i, 
ua, 
5>^ # thue, 
till, 



& 



ai. 



^ than. 



i^ng 
bie. 



$& iok 



"Tj~* siu. 



Ik 



t5a. 
oih. 
m(ia. 



PR tie. 



sui. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

EXERCISES IN THE ASPIRATES. 

Not Aspirated, 
f*\ kak. 



Aspirated. 
'Fj^ khak. 



JLL kan S' 
j\± kau. 

ki. 



>* 



kam. 



kui. 



|-^E khang. 

jj khau. 

^^ urn. 

|fjj kham. 

5J_L kheng. 

^ khui. 



iVfatf Aspirated, 

-ffi tak - 

j|^ tam. 



Aspirated. 
tbak. 



cut. 
c&n. 



tltfr 



pj tnain. 

IJj chut. 

Hj chan. 

J$/J phang. 



^ P W " 



l=» 



EXCERCISE IN THE NASALS. 



iVitf Nasal. 



tie. 



33p P^ 
If! pua 
^ sa 



£ 



Nasal. 
tie". 

pi". 

pi". 



iVtf* iVosaZ. 




^ 



£> B8». 



sua. 



ua. 



8* 

£ ke 

in ce 



0* 



Nasal. 
sua", 
ua". 
ke". 



m 



-p- 



cie" 



NASAL AND ASPIRATED. 



«fc 



IP 



khe" 
elite" 



# chi». P| 



che". 
^ che n . 
chua ". 



B^ khie". "j^ phua n . 
^p* ph6". *fj§ thia". 
[7^ phla". ^^ th6a". 



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TIBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



CHINESE LETTERS. 

As the spoken and written languages are unlike, a colloquial sentence 
written in the characters which would represent its sounds, would not to a 
Chinese scholar correctly express its meaning. Many colloquial words have 
no written character. In such case a character of similar signification, with 
a star following it, has been used in this book. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 









FIGURES. 






1 


1 c£k. 


19 


■ Y* cap kau. 


2,076 




2 


ll * 


20 


In j 1 cfi p- 


8,506 


»ti& 


3 


II | sa". 


23 


-^p jth sa". 


4,728 




4 


}\ si. 


85 


^ 1 — s&p ngo. 


5,206 


i* 


5 


If ng<5. 


44 


3^,,. 


5,782 


*$ 


6 


-L- i&k. 


56 


- 1 - ng&p l^k. 


6,008 


te§ 


7 


■ chit. 


69 


^^* ldk kau. 


6,703 


p 


8 


J*""*- poih. 


78 


J;* 

-I** chit poih. 


7,543 


^ 


9 


^ kau. 


94 • 


2jL kdup si# 


7,600 


%? 


10 


-i|- cap. 


100 


p| ' cek peh. 


7,030 






JH 




lofe 




*» 


11 


•^1 cap it. 


105 


"iSf"* peh l&n ngo. 


8,000 




12 


-*§-> capjl. 


150 


|fcb 

f^l peh ng6\ 


8,764 


Ijpc 


13 


-*|-- capsa 11 . 


382 


"fss"/ sa n peh poih 


9,706 


^ 




IK , 




l6io 




^00 


14 


J+-* cap si. 


570 


~y£a* ngo peh chit. 


9,900 


15 


- I — cap ng5. 


853 


^ZMfy poih peh ngo 
p^ cdpsa n . 


9,880 


^ 


16 


-*f- caplak. 


900 


Jtoo 

1^1 kau peh. 


17,846 


m 

ir 


ll 


" | * cfipchit. 


1,000 


J2. 

*- | ■* c£k choi n . 


40,700 


*t? 


18 


~ cap poih. 


10,000 


loo 

^ c6k b^n. 


97,015 


$* 










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10 
1 

2 
3 

4 
5 
6 

7 
8 
9 

10 

50 

100 

1000 

1st 

2d 

5th 

10th 

200dth 



FIBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

NUMERALS. 



A 
% 

I 1 



c£k. 
nS. ■ 
sa n . 



ng5. 



lak. 
chit, 
poib. 
kan. 
c&p. 

ng5 cap. 
peh. 
choi n . 
r t5i B it 
toi n ji. 



m — 

-5f^ 1 toi n cap. 

WS • F 1 ! toi n nSpeh. 



toi n ngo. 






c£k. 
n8. 



ffi 



One, 

Two, 

Three, 

Four, 

Five, 

Six, 

Seven, 

Eight, 

Nine, 

Ten, 

Eleven, ffl ^. cap-it, 

Twenty two, iCi>~-V jil 

Thirty four, 71 1 



* 



V 

Pi 






sa". 

si. 

ng5. 

lak. 

chit. 

poih. 

kau. 

cap. 



n 



Hundred, 
Thousand, 
Ten thousand, 



Hundred __ 

thousand, UHi\ 

\\ 

Million. 



s&p-s). 

peh. 

choi D . 

bwn. 

6k. 

ti5. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



11 



TIMES. 



J Hlj ci Si, 11 tO 1 A.M. 

thiu si, 1 „ 3 „ 



d£H£ 






in si, 



^/Mm^ Musi, 5„ 7 



±y sin si, 7 „ 9 „ 
E^HT^cisi, 9„ 11 „ 

4 >J" ngo si, 11 „ 1 p.m. 

^Vn^ bisi, i„ 3 „ 

™ W>j" sin si, 



3„ 5 



iu si, 5 „ 7 



rr sut 



W£ 



vj* h&i si, 9 „ 11 



£ 



an ke n , first watch, 
jl ke n , second „ 
- ffi^ sa n ke n , third „ 
|/Jf| «£& si ke n , fourth „ 



ngo ke n , fifth „ 
J\ V"J32- * on & *en, eternally. 




* mng khi, morning. 



• | * cie n kua, forenoon 

I * jit tt\u, noonday. 

T4 1 



HB 



* e kua, afternoon. 

* m6 hng, evening, 
pua n me*, midnight. 



(} * jit kua, daytime. 
f}J * m6 kua, night-time. 

/V ^/V * mua khi, to-morrow. 
OH JJ * mua jit, to-morrow. 

t| p* ^/^ * ca jit, yesterday. 

iq|| — Jr* c6i n jit, day before 
I v U >^ V yesterday. 

H/J ~*\ * m ^ n *> next year. 

4yl ^Rj chiu sun, the first ten 
j ^ y* days of the month. 

R^ hJ *J ih sAn > the middle 
■ it ten days. 

fcl jrp gueli hue, the last ten 
y-J / Li days of the month. 

T^-fr* p&i it, Monday. 



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12 



FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON I. 



4K ua > I, me. 

ftf 16; you, singular. 


^ kh*; go. 

$A ai n ; wish, will. 


ffi i; he, she, it, they. 

4% ^r * un > wn; we, excluding 
the hearer. 


y^ put, m, m; no, not. 
ill la, a ; or, whether. 


1m r£ * n&n ; we, including the 
hearer. 

1n£JC * nin; you, plural. 


lyE * nS; interrogative, expressing 
doubt. 

RǤ * me; interrogative particle. 


1 ua khfc : ua m khi. 


1 I go : I go not. 


2 uaai n kh*: ua m kh*. 


2 I will go : I won't go. 


3 ua m ai n kh4. 


3 I do not wish to go. 


4 Mai n am Hi n ? 


4 Do you want it or not? 


5 i ai n , nan hi n . 


5 They want it and we want it. 


6 nin ai n , wn m ai n . 


6 You want it, we don't. 


7 nin khft, tin m kh*. 


7 You go, we are not going. 


8 ua ai n kh*, ii. 


8 I shall go, he will not. 


9 l*ai n kh*am? 


9 Do you wish to go or not ? 


10 kh&amkh*, uaai". 


10 Whether I go or not I want it. 


11 nin khfc a m khfc, tin ai n khi. 


11 Whether you go or not, we are 


12 iai", uam. 


going. 
12 He wants it, and I won't give it 




to him. 


13 ua fc M n kh*. 


13 I have decided not to go. 


14 Mai n , me? 


14 Do you want it? 


15 kh^amkhA, nef 


15 Are you going or not? 



16 1* ua m kh*. 

17 nin ai n a m? 

18 nin ai n , me? 

19 iai n kh&, me? 

20 ai n a m ai n , ne? 

21 wnai n mkh*. 

22 ai*khfcam? 

23 ai n kh*am? 

24 m.kh*: m kh*. 



16 You and I won't go. 

17 Do you want it or not? 

18 Do you want it? 

19 Is she going to go ? 

20 Do they want it? 

21 We are going to decide not to go. 

22 Are you going or not ? 

23 Do you wish to go or not? 

24 Am not going: won't go. 



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13 



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14 



FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



j££ si; be, is, are. 

W Q; has, have. 

7|v lai; come. 

7$ cai; know. 

B4 kie; call. 

#j he 1 ; well, good. 



LESSON II. 

ty] mai; do not. 

$£ be ; no, not. 

^C bue; not jet. 

-& sim; superlative. 

1 T * sih; interrogative. 

/2J * mih; interrogative. 



1 site a m si, ne ? 

2 si, am si? 

3 si, me? h$, me? 

4 si beam h&? 

5 ua ii; te bue u. 

6 ldi, he lai kh*. 

7 m cai i u a be*. 

8 ai»«: ai n bS. 

9 be* mih ai n : bS mih cai. 

10 i bue cai la ai n lai. 3a si. 

11 te h$ khu kle i lai. 

12 bS kie, i be* lai. 

13 i la si lai. 

14 ua m cai kle i. 

15 ai*kieiabue? 

M 3a si be lai. 

16 iaiMaiabue? 

17 lai u, m cai beam lie. 

18 sim he": sim m h6. 

19 b£ sim mih he\ 

20 lai lai, kh* kh*. 



1 It is you is it not? 

2 Is it so or not? 

3 Is it so? Is it well? 

4 Is it good or bad ? 

5 I have; you have not yet. 

6 Come, let's go. 

7 I do not know whether he has 

any or not. 

8 Will be : about not to be. 

9 Do not much wish it: do not very 

well know. 

10 He does not yet know you are 

coming. If. 

11 You go and call him. 

12 If you do not call him he will not 

come. 

13 Should he come. 

14 I did not think to call him. 

15 Do you want to call him yet? 

Should you not come. 

16 Is he coming yet? 

17 Some have come, I do not know 

whether they are good or not. 

18 The best: the very worst. 

19 Not very good. 

20 Going to and fro. 



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15 



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16 FIEST LESSONS IN THE 8WATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON III. 



^A. aAng, jin; man, person. 


^Ij ptet, pAt; other. 


Ufa mueh; things. 


"flf be ; prohibitory particle. 


JH * chu; house. 


|lu chl, ci; this, here. 


?E t$; be, dwell. 


vjl pi, hi; that, there. 


10 kAi; one, a classifier. 


*H c6, ci; this, here. 


tftj * kAi; possessive. 


wl> nA, hi j that, there. 


1 nAng nAng: be* nAng. 


1 Everybody: nobody. 


2 ci kAi nAng s! he" nAng. 


2 This is a good man. 


3 la si u nAng lAi. 


3 Should anybody come. 


4 be* pAt nAng to. 


4 There is no one else here. 


5 hi kAi mueh si m h$. 


5 That thing is had. 


6 llai n khfcch&abue? 


6 Are you going home yet ? 


7 ci cfik kAi m h$. 


7 This one is not good. 


8 ai n hlc£k kAi. 


8 I want that one. 


9 t* hi b$ nAng t$. 


9 There is no one there. 


10 kai kAi si h$. 


10 Every one of them is good. 


11 lAi, kAi nAng, kAi nAng. 


11 Come one by one. 


12 t8 11: t8 i. 


12 As you like: it is his affair. 


13 be* nang cai. 


13 Nobody knows. 


14 nAng nAng ai n . 


14 Everybody wants it. 


15 be pAt nAng lAi. 


15 No one else came. 


16 ci kAi bfc mih h$. 


16 This is not very good. 


17 b$ 11 kh*. 


17 You shall not go. 


18 be* 11 lAi. nAng mueh. ua 


18 You will not be allowed to come. 


kAi. 


People. Mine. 


19 nin kai chu : wn kAi mueh. 


19 Your house: our things. 


20 ba ptet pi chl. 


20 Not distinguishing between this 




and that. 


21 pAtnAng: pAt mueh. 


21 Other people : other things. 


22 hi kai nAng slm h$. 


22 That man is excellent. 


23 i to ua kAi ch*. 


23 It is at my house. 


24 hi kAi chu be* nAng t$. 


24 There is no one at that house. 


25 ci kai mueh si 11 kAi a m si? 


25 This thing is yours is it not? 


pAt mueh. 


Something else. 



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17 



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18 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON IV. 



S§[ ceng; a cup. 


lp * khleh; take in one hand. 


jfj p&ng; a room. 


l8x c&, ceh; make, do. 


II mSg; door. 


H? * ut, gut; sleep, lie. 


Jpf chie n ; wall. 


lH ch6 n ; waken. 


jjpC p&ng; put, let. 


3£lJ - k&u; arrive at. 


#0 * khat; let, give. 


J lio; already. 


1 hS khat i cai. 


1 Let him know. 


2 mhi khat n&ng cai. 


2 Do not let any body know. 


3 b$ khat Id khieh. 


3 Shall not let you take it. 


4 b£ ceng h6 khat i. 


4 There is no cup to give him. 


5 p&t n&ng ki n ut lio. 


5 Other people want to sleep. 


6 16 cai i k&u chu a bue ? 


6 Do you know whether he has 




gotten home yet ? 


7 i gut khfc lio. 


7 He has gone to sleep. 


8 c* l&i si m he. 


8 It is not well done. 


9 ci k&i, ua m &i n , khfc khleh 


9 I do not want this one, go and 


p&t kAi l&i. 


bring another. 


10 i k&u, tia ki n l&i khfc. m si i 


10 When he comes, I am going to go. 


k&i. 


Is not his. 


11 c&kjm&i n h$lio. 


11 It is nearly done. 


12 &i n k&uabue? - 


12 Are we nearly there? 


13 i ut ch6 n lio. 


13 She has woke up. 


14 hd k&i mfig si n&n Mi. 


14 That door is ours. 


15 bd p&t mueh h6 khieh. m&i 


15 There was nothing else to take. 


khat i cd. 


Do not let him do it. 


16 ciHiklecftmihkdi? 


16 What do you call this? 


17 p&ng i khiL m cai. 


17 Let him go. Unaware. 


18 &i n kh* gut a bue? 


18 Are you going to bed yet ? 


19 khieh kdi ceng khat i. 


19 Get a cup and give him. 


20 ldtSc&mihk&i? 


20 What are you making ? 


21 hd k&i si sih mih n&ng? 


21 What man is that? 


22 lddi n c&sihmihMi? 


22 What are you going to make ? 


23 cik&isisihmihchie n ? 


23 What wall is this? 


24 pftng mfig. 


24 Door of a room. 


25 c&ldkhfc: i ch i kh*. 


25 Go you along: he went his way 



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20 FIBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON V. 



^f" th6i n ; look. 


PJ lai; in, inside. 


Jfi klen, kl n ; perceive. 


&v gua; out, outer. 


i|j§ thia n ; hear, heed. 


JSl m6; sok; quick. 


-|f| m6ng; feel, with hands. 


$k * khue; speedily. 


fH * thang; touch. 


Jgg man; slow. 


^h s&; business. 


^5C kau; sufficient. 


1 ua th6i n kl\ gua nang. 


1 I see. Outsiders. 


2 uath6i n mkl n . 


2 I do not see. 


3 thia n kl n : thia n mki n . 


3 Hear : do not hear. 


4 ai n th6i n h$ th6i n , mai thang. 


4 Look if you want to, but do not 




touch it. 


5 ii sih mih sfi ? 


5 What is the matter ? 


6 11 t< hi b3 sS. 


6 You have no business there. 


7 lllaith6i n inihkai? 


7 What did you come to see ? 


8 m h$kl n nang. 


8 Not fit to be seen. 


9 maikhuthiaM. 


9 Do not heed him. 


10 t8 ci l&iii sa n nang. 


10 There are three people in here. 


11 i tS cbu Mi. 


11 He is in the house. 


12 hi gua b3 nang to. 


12 There is no one out there. 


13 pang t§ pang lai. 


13 Put it in the room. 


14 pang tS chle n gua. 


14 Put it outside the wall. 


15 ua ut m kau. 


15 I did not sleep enough. 


16 bd sim mih pat sfi. • 


16 Nothing else is the matter. 


17 khieh kau lio. 


17 Have already got enough. 


18 m6 m6 lai, man man kh&. 


18 Come quickly, go slowly. 


19 i man man ai n lai. 


19 He is coming after awhile. 


20 11 h£ khue khue cd. 


20 Do it quickly. 


21 i m6ng lai, m6ng kh&. 


21 He felt all around. 


22 besimmihai". 


22 Does not much want it. 


23 ua u sa n cap gua. 


23 I have over thirty. 


24 i khieh ii si peh gua. 


24 He took over four hundred. 


25 i u sb. sok sok ne ! 


25 He has an affair on hand. Be 




quick ! 


26 lai gua bd mueh. 


26 There was nothing inside nor out- 




side. 



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22 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON VI. 



^K cui; water, fluid. 


Z$> to; ke; coi; many, much. 


y/t * puah; to draw water. 


ty cie; sio; few, little. 


7£ c&u; run. 


*F- ck; early. 


^f kfa n ; walk. 


5§* ua n ; late. 


fwf h3: ti; what? 


5HI chi; late, slow. 


H* chu: kd; place. 


>tC * khah; too. 


1 teM n kh*tik&? 


1 Where are you going ? 


2 M n kh4puah cui. 


2 I am going to draw water. 


3 c&u me me kle i. 


3 Run quickly and call him. 


4 c&u Mi ci kd. c&u khik. 


4 Run here. Run away. 


5 m*d kh* h* k&. 


5 Do not go there. 


6 hS man man kla n . 


6 Walk slowly. 


7 ci Mi si ti n&ng Mi f 


7 To which person does this belong T 


hSchu? utesio. 


Where ? Have more or less. 


8 i u coi coi Mi. 


8 He has a great many. 


.9 i Lo te h-dkd. 


9 He is not there. 


10 i te ti kd? ua m cai. 


10 Where is he? I don't know. 


11 p&ng to ci k£. 


11 Put it here. 


12 p&ngtetikfc? 


12 Where did you put it? 


13 i&i n tat cdk k&i? 


13 Which one does he want? 


14 M n kle ti c6k n&ng? 


14 Which do you wish to call? 


15 m h$ si coi, h6 si cie. kla n 


15 The good are many, the bad few. 


m Mu. 


Cannot walk there. 


16 n&ng mueh coi. 


16 A great crowd. 


17 ikhiehtiMi? 


17 Which did he take? 


18 MkhahuaMdi. 


18 You come too late. 


19 ck ck Mi, m&i ua n . 


19 Come early, don't be late. 


20 m&i khieh khah coi. 


20 Do not take too many. 


21 cui khah cSe. 


21 There is too little water. 


22 u ke ke n&ng Mi. 


22 Many people came. 


23 te kfa* khah m6. 


23 You walk too fast. 


24 te Mi khah chf lio. 


24 You have come too late. 


25 te mM cht man Mi, 


25 Do not be late in coming. 


26 ua hi n ke ke. 


26 I want much* 



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24 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON VII. 



\j\ chut ; go out. 
y\ jip; enter. 
Jt boi; buy. 
jj boi; sell. 
HE l^ng, oi; can, able. 
^HB * boi; cannot. 



1 ai n , kai ai B , boi tit tieh. 

2 tia m pat i. 

3 i oi kla n , oi cau. 

4 oi eft tit : m eft tit. 

5 eft tit Mi : eft m Mi. 

6 mcai tieh a m tieh. 

7 oi tit jip a boi? 

8 oi tit jip, boi tit chut. 

9 m cai i oi a boi. 

10 kie i chut Mi. 

11 mai jip khil. . kien sek. 

12 mai i jip Mi. 

13 cik&i tieh am tieh? 

14 tia ai n chut mfig. 

15 i chut mfig khil. 

16 i chut mfig a bue? 

17 uapatthoi n kl n . 

18 tiampat th6i n kl n . 

19 tia pat tft eft. 

20 tia thia n m pat tft khfc, 

21 ci k&i h$ kite h6 Mi. 

22 tia patthia" kue. 

23 uam ceng thia n ki ". 

24 put leng eft tit. 

25 i to b6i boi. 

26 ai n boi, boi m tieh. 

27 tia m pat tft eft. 



# 



sek; pat; acquainted with. 
c£ng; sign of the past, 
tit; attain, can. 
* tft; may, able, 
tieh; must, right, hit. 
kue; pass, surpass. 



1 As for wanting it, I want it, but 

can't get it. 

2 I do not know him. 

3 He can walk and run. 

4 That will do: that won't do. 

5 It can be done : cannot be done. 

6 Do not know whether it hit. 

7 Can we go in ? 

8 You can go in but can't come out. 

9 I do not know whether he can. 

10 Tell him to come out. 

11 Do not go in. Knowledge. 

12 Do not let him come in. 

13 Is this right or wrong ? 

14 I am going out. 

15 She has gone out. 

16 Is she married yet? 

17 I have seen it before. 

18 I never saw it before. 

19 I know how to do it. 

20 I do not understand. 

21 This is better than that. 

22 I have heard it before. 

23 I have not heard. 

24 That will not do. 

25 He is buying and selling. 

26 I wished to sell but could not. 

27 I do not know how to do it. 



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26 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON VIII. 



J^ chQe; seek. 


$& pua n ; plate. 


Vff gai; hinder. 


isl iatn; salt 


3C che; fork. 


5& k&; piece, lump. 


yj te; knife. 


4% ki; branch, a classifier* 


/§£ si; spoon. 


flS pe; bunch, handful. 


^S til; chopsticks. 


/£ tla n ; certain, secure. 


1 chue lai, ehue khfc, chue m 


1 Looked all about but could no* 


tleh. 


find it. 


2 oi chue tieh a boi? 


2 Can you find it ? 


3 la si m kl n khA, h£ khA chQe. 


3 If it is lost go and look for it. 


4 oi cd nang: boi c& nang. 


4 Can be somebody : be nobody. 


5 16 tleh cd h£ nang. 


5 You must be a good boy. 


6 bd nang pang i chut. 


6 Nobody let him out. 


7 16 ti kie ua, me? 


7 Have you called me ? 


8 si ki chem kl n khA. 


8 Four forks are missing. 


9 h6 ki te, khleh lai. 


9 Bring that knife. 


10 lak ki si pang tS ci k&. 


10 Put the six spoons here. 


11 boi u c6k p6 tfi. 


11 Bought a bundle of chopsticks. 


12 c£k pe* t» jl cap ki. gai tieh. 


12 There are twenty chopsticks in 




one bundle. Impede. 


13 chit ki che pang tS pua n . 


13 Put the seven forks on a tray. 


14 chue cek p6 iam. 


14 Seek a handful of salt. 


15 b6i ii c6k kd lam. 


15 Bought a lump of salt. 


16 pang c£k kd, cek ki 


16 Put it piece by piece. 


17 tieh ii ngo ki che. 


17 There must be five forks. 


18 pi ch6 mai gai. 


18 Do not let this and that clash. 


19 16 mai gai tieh ua kai sfi. 


19 Do not you interfere with my 




business. 


20 ua xa gai 16. 


20 I won't hinder you. 


21 stttia n tieh lio. 


21 The matter is settled. 


22 tla n ai ■ chue kau i tieh. 


22 I will certainly seek till I find him. 


23 c*tia D : bS tia n tieh. 


23 Give security : not exactly. 



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28 FIBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON IX. 



4* c$; sit. 

13: cQ, tlu; reside. 

K ciah; eat, drink. 

3%T cang; make use of. 

TtT ciang; sign of the future. 

W tio; a strip, a classifier. 



^ 



ciah; a classifier. 

i n ; a chair. 

seh; rope, cords. 

p&; full, satisfied. 

* kui; how many? 

♦tla"; intensifying particle. 



1 jtp: c$. 

2 &i n c8pfcngtt k»? 

3 l&i c5 p&ng ci kft. 

4 Mtlut8tlk»? 

5 Id si ctt t» h& k», am si? 

9 cang seh. 

6 ciah a bue? bue. 

7 ciang ldi, ua hi n khA. 

8 i ciang k&u lio. 

9 i ciang &i n kh4. 

10 ciang l&i, boi tit khu 

11 cang ciah i n l&i c$. 

12 MtSclahmihk&i? 

13 i ciah p4 lio. 

14 ciah k&u hi n p&. 

15 t8 ciah bue p&. 

16 ciah k&u p& p&. 

17 i m k&u ciah. 

18 mdi ciah khah coi. 

19 i ciah khah p&. 

20 seh ukuitlo? 

21 lfiii kui ciah i n ? 

22 uajlpkhfc, i t8 c8. 

23 put kite ciah p& tla °. 

24 uk&ipua n tia n tia n . 

25 i n ,ii kui ciah? 

26 put kue sa n ciah tla". 

27 ii c6k ciah tia B tla". 



1 Come in : sit down. 

2 Where are you going to sit? 

3 Come and sit here. 

4 Where do you live ? 

5 You reside there, do you not? 

Use ropes. 

6 Have you eaten yet? Not yet. 

7 I am going some time. 

8 He has about reached here. 

9 He is about to go. 

10 In the future he cannot go. 

11 Take a chair and sit down. 

12 What are you eating ? 

13 He has finished eating. 

14 Nearly through the meal. 

15 Not yet through the meal. 

16 Eat quite enough. 

17 He has not enough to eat. 

18 Do not eat too much. 

19 He has eaten too much. 

20 How many ropes are there ? 

21 How many chairs have you ? 

22 When I entered he was sitting. 

23 Ate no more than enough. 

24 Have only a plate. 

25 How many chairs have you? 

26 Not more than three. 

27 I have only one. 



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30 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON X. 

/IB kia, ke; add, increase. 

if|i tew, a few. 

03 khun; exhausted. 

^ k-^n; fatigued. 

$!t phi; lassitude. 

^ hek; weary. 



th&u; head. 

min; face. 

chiu; hands. 

kha; feet. 
#fc t6; belly. 
PC s<5i; wash. 



1 cang cui soi min. khfc kl n i 

mln. 

2 i t6 khun, & n ciah. 

3 i kdi n&ng khun hek. 

4 i kha chiu coi. 

5 u Mn n&ng Mi. 

6 ua kia n kku h£k Ii<x 

7 u ke lftn kdi. 

8 i b3 kha, bS chiu. 

9 i ii no ciah chiu. 

10 hi u cd tek ciah kha k&i. 

11 c&sa n ciah i n th&u. 

12 p&ng to chie n kha. 

13 i co to mfig kha. 

14 ii ke c6k k&i tia n . 

15 bS tan k&i. 

16 chiu pua n : kha pua n . 

17 ua m &i n ke. 

18 n&ng sim si phi k^vn, 

19 Mtia^mtia 11 ? 

20 n&ng khun kwn boi eft sim 

mih sfi. 

21 ci Mi n&ng sim si phi. 

22 ndng phi, ldi khfc ut, he\ 

23 gua min : 12-i min. 

24 thia 11 to* to l&i. 

25 bS ke k&i to tai ciah. 



1 Get some water for washing your 

face. Go and and see him. 

2 He is hungry. 

3 He is tired out. 

4 He is always in motion. 

5 A few people came. 

6 I have walked till I am tired. 

7 There are a few more. 

8 He has neither hands nor feet. 

9 He has two hands. 

10 I want to have it made with six 

legs. 

11 Make three high stools. 

12 Put it by the wall. 

13 He sat by the door. 

14 There is only one more. 

15 There are scarcely any. 

16 Back of the hand : instep. 

17 I do not want any more. 

18 1 am exceedingly weary. 

19 Are you certain about it? 

20 I am languid and can do nothing. 

21 This person is very indolent. 

22 If you are tired, you better lie 

down. 

23 The exterior: the inner surface. 

24 Take it into your mind. 

25 No more appetite. 



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32 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XL 

2§C ke; family. %SL liap; a classifier of small, round 

objects. 

hue; return, revert to. 



# ka» 

j3£ phue; skin, bark. 

{fll ua n ; a bowl. 



orange, 



pue ; a cup. 
ffi kia n ; items. 



m 



tiu; to throw. 

* sek; to fling. 

* tio; relinquish. 

* hSm; all, jointly. 



1 th&u ke bS te. 

2 tia M n hue ke. 

3 khfcs6i pua n ua n . 

4 pue ceng hSm k&i khieh kh4. 

5 ceng pua n khieh k&u k&i. 

6 ci k&i mueh kia n tia m &i n . 

7 ci k&i mueh, kia n , kia n he\ 

8 i c£k ke n&ng. 

9 b6i c&p liap ka n . 

10 ka n b6i u kui liap? i m cai 

n&ng. 

11 mM Q , hSkhfcboi tio. 

12 i n&ng h&m Mi m &i n . 

13 mhi tiu tio i. 

14 h$ k&i mueh kia n , m hS sek 

tio. 

15 M h$ khfce kbae sek tio. 

16 ka n phue h$ tiu tio. 

17 hSm ke n&ng k&i k&i he\ 

18 ciliap ka n hS ciah. 

19 pua n tia n mueh kia n . 

20 c£k pue, c6k pue, ciah sim coi. 

21 ciMiua n tfckh&s6i. 

22 ci hue te ke l&i chut Mi. 

23 cikia" phue si hS phue. 

24 ci liap ka n khieh p&ng ua n l&i. 



1 The master is not in. 

2 I am going home. 

3 Go wash the dishes. 

4 Take all the cups. 

5 Take nine saucers. 

6 I do not want these things. 

7 These things are each good. 

8 That whole family. 

9 Buy ten oranges. 

10 How many oranges did you buy ? 

He became unconscious. 

11 If you don't want it, sell it. 

12 None of them want it. 

13 Do not throw it away. 

14 You should not cast away good 

things. 

15 Cast it away quickly. 

16 Throw away the orange peel. 

17 Every one of the family is good. 

18 This is a good orange. 

19 Table furniture. 

20 Cup by cup he drank a great 

quantity. 

21 Wash these bowls and chopsticks. 

22 Came this time from home. 

23 This leather is good leather. 

24 Take this orange and put it in 

the bowl. 



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34 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XII. 



^C chfig; a table. 


|^j koi"; classifier of rooms. 


jjjk teh ; a table. 


H! c§; classifier of houses* 


>HH kfii n ; chest of drawers. 


rR mln; sleep. 


Aj) sim; heart. 


l|ji hti; assist. 


/$. t&i, toa; great. 


■7* * pun; give. 


$Jfl s6i; hi"; fine; small. 


H£ * kui; several. 


1 mm chfig: min i n . 


1 Bedstead: sofa. 


2 teh kui n ; chfig kui n : 


2 Sideboard : side table. 


3 ci ciah teh khah soi. 


3 This table is too small. 


4 i kdi gua mln si h$, sim lSi si 


4 His appearance is good, but he 


m hS. 


has a bad heart. 


5 tS b6i chfig i n mueh kia n . 


5 Buying furniture. 


6 h6 c6k ce chfc ti ngo koi n 


6 That house has five rooms. 


p&ng. 




7 hi k&i teh kui" u si ciah kha. 


7 That side table has four legs. 


8 i si h$ sim k&i n&ng. 


8 He is a good hearted man. 


9 16 s6i sim khA eft. 


9 Go and do it carefully. 


10 ci kai toa kite hi k&i. 


10 This is larger than that. 


11 i 5i toa a boi? 


11 Will it grow larger ? 


12 ci c5 chil toa s6i u kui koi ° 


12 This house has several rooms, 


pang. 


large and small. 


13 i b5i toa. 


13 It will not grow larger. 


14 16 k&i sim tai hf, ua hfi 16. 


14 Your intentions are very good : 




I will help you. 


15 ci k&i t&i jin eft sh sim s6i sim. 


15 This great man transacts busi- 




ness very carefully. 


16 16 h$ p&ng sim. 


16 Be of easy mind. 


17 ci km* kia»mueb, khteh khA 


17 Take these several things and 


pun i. 


give them to him. 


18 toa soi ii sa n c&p. 


18 There were thirty, great and 




small. 


19 ci kM khah soi; ii pfit kfii a 


19 This is too small; are there any 


bS? iuMu". 


other ones ? Very minute. 


20 nin kui nang kh& hu i eft. 


20 You all go and help him do it. 



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36 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XIII. 



Pjif chili; mouth. 

15* cih; tongue. 

|S[ khi; teeth. 

^ tun; lips. 

yC hue; fire. 

§§ ku; regard. 



*J|fj tbla n ; painful. 
Jt siang; superior. 
|p£ cm; uttermost. 
@ * c&i; very. 

h#n; still, yet. 

kang; kah; with, and. 



# 



1 i chili oi. 

2 i kai chili cih m h$. 

3 i kai khi thla n . 

4 ci k&i siang h$. 

5 ci Mi h$ c&i. 

6 ci kai cin h$. 

7 i hwoi u. 

8 ua th6i n u htie cih chut ldi. 

9 h#n Ho m kau. 

10 m cai i h#n ii a b£. 

11 thia n cSi. 

12 oi thla n ab5i? 

13 i siang ai n . 

14 pang hue. 

15 Mai n kesimmihkai? 

16 hwn ii ke, me ? 

17 tekilua, uakiiM. 

18 Mhwn thia 11 , me? 

19 M kang i th6i n ku. 

20 khieh k&i pue, kah k&i ua n . 

21 te kahjia h6 khfc. 

22 toa kah s6i cin h6. 

23 siang h6 kai cin khieh. 

24 ci k&i khi gai tieh chili tun. 

25 ichui tun thla n . 



1 He is an able speaker. 

2 He is a gossiping person. 

3 She has toothache. 

4 This is excellent. 

5 This is very good. 

6 This is the best. 

7 He still has some. 

8 I saw flames coming out. 

9 There is not yet enough. 

10 I do not know whether he has 

any more or not. 

11 Very painful. 

12 Does it hurt you ? 

13 He wants it exceedingly. 

14 To set on fire. 

15 What more do you want ? 

16 Have you more? 

17 Regard me, and I shall you. 

18 Are you still in pain? 

19 Be considerate of him. 

20 Take a cup and a bowl. 

21 You and I should go. 

22 The large and the small are 

both extremely good. 

23 Bring all the best ones. 

24 This tooth interferes with the lip. 

25 Her lip is sore. 



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38 FIBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XIV. 

pP8 lun; discuss 



-^ * m6; spark, flash, 
fcjjjf c6i n ; in front of, 
^t soi n ; before. 

8u; after. 

cheh; a quantity, 
J5T si; that which. 



1 it8chuc6i n . 

2 bSlunc6i n &u. 

3 ikla 11 thau mm c6i*. 

4 hin kim kai nang, lai lun soi n 

kai n&ng. 

5 11 c6i n au khfc chue thdiMe* 

me; m tS, ciu m ai n . 

6 pang i k&i rain c6i n . 

7 llsoi n kia n . hin c&i kh*. 
» ua soi n khfc, Su 11 lai. 

9 khleh cheh cui l&i pun ua ciah. 
hue me\ 

10 hi c6k cheh iam pang to ua n . 

11 i bfi si put tS. 

12 i b* si put cai. 

13 i bS si put 16ng. 

14 5ith6i n kl n hlnhin. 

15 i bin kim ai n kh*. 

16 ua ta n lai kh4. 

17 llujfeh coi? 

18 ujtehhikdi? 

19 put lun sih mih n&ng. 

20 11 si eft kai sS. 

21 ua hin cai ai n kh&. 

22 ci cheh mueh ham kai aj* boi. 



aR hin; plainly. 
^ kia", kim, ta n ; now. 
\kl c&i; now. 

#$ ciu; cu; then, thereupon. 
* jieh; how. 



1 He is in front of the house. 

2 Whether before or behind. 

3 He walks ahead. 

4 Those of present time talk of 

those of former times. 

5 You go and look around and see 

if it is there; if it is not I 
don't want it. 

6 Put it before him. 

7 You go first. Go now. 

8 I will go first, you come after. 

9 Bring me a drink of water. A 



10 Put that salt in the bowl. 

11 He is omnipresent. 

12 He is omniscient. 

13 He is almighty. 

14 Can see it plainly. 

15 He is going to go now. 

16 I am going to go now. 

17 How much have you? 

18 How good ones have you ? 

19 Whatever person. 

20 What you did. 

21 I shall go now. 

22 I want to sell all this lot of things- 



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40 FIBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XV. 



gH * hue; a year. 


|8j a; a prefix to names. 


^p nl; a year. 


7& l&u, lau; aged. 


-jF c^kia*; chad; little. 


%/] iu n ; small, young. 


JSi * n6 n ; child; infant. 


j$X sin; new. 


fttt hien; manifest. 


'f§ ku; old. 


4* se n ; life; produce. 


yv ku; a long time. 


1 MujlehcSihue? 


1 How old are you ? 


2 ua sa n c&p gua hue. 


2 I am over thirty. 


3 i nl hue coi. 


3 He is advanced in years. 


4 sin nt hi n Mu. 


4 The new year is near. 


5 kim nl ua &i n kbit 


5 I shall go this year. 


6 ku nl i m pat l&i. 


6 Last year he did not come. 


7 htf c£k nl i jlh gua hue. 


7 That year he was over twenty. 


8 &u nl: &u nl. 


8 Year after next : in after years. 


9 i ti sa n Mi kia n . 


9 She has three children. 


10 c6kciahi n kia n . 


10 A little chair. 


11 c£k ki te kia n . 


11 A little knife. 


12 i hien hin khat ndng th6i°. 


12 He appeared so that people could 




see him. 


13 lSuiu D , h&mk&il&i. 


13 Old and young, all came. 


14 nin Mi l&u toa &i n l&i me? 


14 Are your old people coming? 


15 l&u n&ng ke. 


15 Venerable head of the family. 


16 i k&i n&ng l&u toa. 


16 He is aged. 


17 i kh* ku Mo. 


17 He went a long time ago. 


18 14 ku m pat l&i. cti s6i. 


18 You have not been here for a long 




time. Be careful. 


19 i ku ku te. 


19 It is always there. 


20 ua Inn cSi Mi khfc. 


20 I am going to go now. 


21 MMiujlehku? 


21 How long since you came? 


22 boikctu ta" ujlehku? 


22 How long since you bought it ? 


23 n&ng n&ng s£ &i n . 


23 What everyone wants. 


24 i se n a n6 n lio. 


24 She already has a child. 


25 ci Mi a n6 n kia n se n Mu ta n 


25 How long since this child was 


fijlehku? 


born? 



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42 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XVI. 

Jjjfj ci, ce ; elder sister. 



f^* tia; father. 

-fa pa; papa. 

jSC pe; father. 

"^ b$, &i, ne; mother. 

JU hia n ; elder brother. 

3fi ti; younger brother. 



1 ua Mi a tia b$ tS. 

2 i bS pe, b$ be\ 

3 i &i u c&hia n ti. 

4 i bS kia n ti. 

5 i a n6 n kia n coi. 

6 a n6 n , l&i ci k&. 

7 u n&ng kheh lai. 

8 i si gua chu n&ng\ 

9 M n khfc c& n&ng kheh. 

10 p&ng te n&ng kheh p&ng. 

11 i M n ce toa ui. 

12 hd c£k ui l&u nang si 14 Mi a 

peamsi? 

13 i m ceng u kia n . 

14 i bae c&ag u. 

15 i ci mue si n&ng. 

16 i hia n ti n8 n&ng. 

17 11 hia n ti jieh coi n&ng? un 

hia n tilakn&ng. 

18 MukuiMihia n ti? 

19 ua si a hia tt , u sa n Mi a ti. 

20 ua toa i sa n hue. oi toa ci Mi 

a boi? 

21 ua Mi di &i n l&i sun nin. 

22 llMihuese" toacai. 

23 i Mi sim s$ u sim h$. 



yfa mue ; younger sister. 

^§T kheh; guest. 

j^L ui; seat, place, person. 

*gE s& n ; temper, disposition. 

fjlp sun; inquire after. 



1 My father is not in. 

2 He has neither father nor mo- 

ther. 

3 They are going to be brethren. 

4 She has no male children. 

5 She has many children. 

6 My child, come here. 

7 Visitors have come. 

8 He is a foreigner. 

9 I am going out visiting. 

10 Put it in the guest room. 

11 He will sit in the chief seat. 

12 That old man is your father, is 

he not ? 

13 She has had no children. 

14 She has not yet had. 

15 The four sisters. 

16 The two brothers. 

17 How many brothers are there of 

you? Six. 

18 How many brothers have you? 

19 I am the eldest, and have three 

brothers. 

20 I am three years older than he. 

Is it bigger than this ? 

21 My mother is coming to inquire 

after you. 

22 Your irascibility is extreme. 

23 His temper is excellent. 



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44 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XVII. 



yy lam; ta-po; human male. 

3C ntfg; ca-b6; female. 

5^ hu; ang; man; husband. 

5^ h&> b6; woman; wife. 

^ ch; graceful. 

3tR nle; lady; mother. 



1 ii eng : bS eng. 

2 ci kai ii sih mih eng? 

3 thau ke nie te me ? 

4 ci k&i pue che mih kai? 

5 cang kai png ua n kh^ ch§. 

6 chS pang png ua n . 

7 ai n chia n nang kheh. 

8 ci c6k Qi ch nie kia n . 

9 i se n kai ce nle kia n . 

10 i se n kai ta-po kia\ 

11 i s6 se n kai kia n , si ta-po, a si 

ce nle ? 

12 i hu hii nS nang lai. 

13 ai n eng eft slm mih kai? 

14 hii jln nang m h$ kh^. 

15 1dm nfig hSm kai kh&. 

16 ibSb6, bSkia°. 

17 i soi D Q kai ang. 

18 hfi kai a n6 n si ta-po a si ca-b6 ? 

tie" eft. 

19 i ii Mi ke an. 

20 ua c6k se n m pat th6i n . 

21 tesih mihs$ n ? 

22 nin c£k sd n , lam nfig jieh coi 

nang? 

23 chia 11 kai ch nle nSng kheh. 

24 chia n i kai ang lai ciah png. 

tie". 

25 nfig eft 1dm cuang. 



ffli png; boiled rice. 

j at- 

Xfc sd n ; surname; clan. 

3313 

tfpj chia"; invite. 

/H eng; use; employ. 

5j| * ch8; hold; contain. 

3£; cuang; tie n ; .affect; dress. 



1 Useful: useless. 

2 Of what use is this? 

3 Is your mistress in ? 

4 What is in this cup? 

5 Take a rice bowl to hold it. 

6 Put it in a rice bowl. 

7 Going to invite company. 

8 This young lady. 

9 She has given birth to a daughter^ 

10 She has given birth to a son. 

11 Is the child she has borne male or 

female ? 

12 Husband and wife both came. 

13 What are you going to make of it ? 

14 Women should not go. 

15 Male and female, all went. 

16 He has no wife nor children. 

17 She formerly had a husband. 

18 Is that child a boy or a girl. 

Affect to be. 

19 He has a wife. 

20 I never in all my life saw — . 

21 What is your surname? 

22 Male and female, how many are 

there in your clan ? 

23 Invite a lady guest. 

24 Invite her husband to come and 

eat. To decant liquors. 

25 A woman in men's clothes. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON XVIII. 


Iff sieh; compassionate. 


^ chi, cia, b6; wife. 


$§? ai; love, kindness* 


4f| siang, sie; mutual. 


fBB pai; spread out. 


~\~* kan; concerning; result. 


£3 cfc; from; self. 


|P| 1, kai, kio; for, with, to 


£| * ka; self. 


"Pf kh$, h$; may. 


EL ki, ki; self. 


JL^( i " ; by that means. 


1 ci kia n sh 6 tia b$ kan. 


1 Tbis affair is nothing to me. 


2 ci kai sb ka ki kh$ i n cb tit. 


2 This business I can myself get 




along with. 


3 ka ki ai sieli ka ki. 


3 Take care of yourself. 


4 nin ang cia sim si siang ai. 


4 You are very fond of each other. 


5 11 he" khue khue kio ua pai teh. 


5 Set the table quickly for me. 


s*i\ 


Therefore. 


6 ua kang i sie pat. 


6 I am acquainted with him. 


7 cl ca: cm" soi n . 


7 Aforetime: formerly. 


8b$ cfah. 


8 The meal is ready. 


9 bd mueh h£ ctah. 


9 There is nothing edible. 


10 kan Id b3 sb. 


10 It is nothing to you. 


11 ua 1 11 b£ kan. 


11 I have nothing to do with you. 


12 bS siang kan. 


12 It is of no consequence. 


13 kh6 i n . cfi ki. 


13 It will do. One's self. 


14 i ne n&ng sie sieh. 


14 The two love each other. 


15 khe* sieb c&i. 


15 It is a great pity. 


16 i ca nie n&ng hS sieb. 


16 Those women are lovable. 


17 11 m sieb ua. 


17 You are not kind to me. 


18 ua sim si sieb 11. 


18 I love you much. 


19 11 bue ii pai teh. 


19 You have not yet set the table. 


20 ibSkue: i ii kiie. 


20 He is not at fault : is at fault. 


21 uakakibS. 


21 I myself have none. 


22 11 kio ua b6i ne Mi. 


22 Buy two for me. 


23 11 kai ua c*. 


23 You do it for me. 


24 i n cbl, kbacS. 


24 Thereby went and did it. 


25 ual&iiisa n nf ku. 


25 I came three years ago. 


26 i tti u l&k ni. 


26 He has been here six years* 



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48 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XIX. 



g£ kim; gold. 


5® h&i n ; h6i n ; give back. 


gg fign; silver. 


f§y cieh; borrow, lend. 


&% ci n ; cash. 


jjfi sdi; send, spend, cause. 


Jrfi stah ; a feast. 


iSt sai; messenger. 


Jpt; silg; reckon. 


y\ khlam; lack, owe. 


Jg[ slo; count. 


1PI ph$; heh; somewhat, rather. 


1 ua cieh kue i ngo Mi fign. 


1 I borrowed five dollars from him. 


2 ua ngo Mi fign cieh i. 


2 I lent him five dollars. 


3 i chut sai gua chu. 


3 He sent an ambassador abroad. 


4 ci Mi fign tieh Mi n i. 


4 You must repay him this money. 


5 ua khlam 11 siah fign jteh coi, 


5 I will repay you what I owe you 


ua silg hdi n 11. 


for the repast. 


6 ci Mi si kim c&. 


6 This is made of gold. 


7 11 se cieh Mi fign tteh hai n i. 


7 You must pay him the money you 




borrowed. 


8 i ct n fign coi. 


8 He has much money. 


9 ibd ci n , bSfign. 


9 He has neither cash nor dollars. 


10 11 khlam i jfeh coi ? 


10 How much do you owe him? 


11 i khlam ua l&n Mi cf n tia n . ph$ 


11 He owes me only a few cash. 


cai. ph6 coi. 


Know somewhat. Rather 




many. 


12 ta n ai n sngslo. 


12 Will now settle accounts. 


13 11 slo, th6i n ti jieh coi Mi. 


13 You count, and see how many 




there are. 


14 h^frn u" heh coi. 


14 There are still a good many. 


15 i sai heh coi ct n . 


15 He spends a good deal. 


16 sai i kh* khieh. 


16 Send him for it. 


17 i si heh toa Mi. 


17 It is a rather large one. 


18 ai n cang kim c&, a si ai n cang 


18 Do you want it made of gold or 


fign cd? silg slo. 


of silver ? Reckon up. 


19 11 sag m tieh. 


19 You have reckoned wrongly. 


20 soi n sngkautia" tteh. 


20 First reckon exactly. 


21 ai n kbfckueni. 


21 Going to spend New Year. 


22 i coi kue ua. 


22 He has more than I. 


23 i Mi a pe ktie kh*. 


23 His father has passed away. 



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^p gu; ox, cattle. 

JfJ b6; horses. 

5S ta; swine. 

^ 1A; fat, tallow. 

pxj n£k ; flesh, meat. 

Vfl iu; oil. 



FIBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW MALECT. 

LESSON XX. 

Ifi chia; car, cart. 

fill chl; feed; rear, 

HI k&ng; t& n ; say- 

jU ue; speech. 

^ chit; to step. 

"J" chok; to walk. 



1 te kfa n l&i chit chok kle. 

2 gu be chit chok kle kia n khfc. 

n&ng be. 

3 tia thia n kl n M kla n kh* chit 

chok kle. 

4 nin hia n ti kia* chit chit chok 

chok tlk&tei? 

5 ki n b6i cek kd gu n$k. 

6 i ctah ta n£k coi. 

7 cik&iiu, tlk&l&i? 

8 cang c6k kft gu IL 

9 m&i khah coi tn 1&. 

10 M s$ th a k&i Qe, 6a thia 11 m 

kl n . 

11 ua m pat thia" i th n . 

12 ciMi si sihmih ue? 

13 i ft c£k ciah be chia. 

14 ioitk" ueaboi? 

15 &i n chl k&u i toa. 

16 chl kail toa lio ciu m &i n u 

17 tn b$ se n ti l&k ciah tta kia n . 

thia 11 k&ng. 

18 gu bS se n gu kia». 

19 6a thia n M tk n clu si. 

20 i t& n ue m h$ thia n . 

21 i tS be th&u. 

22 m&i kio n&ng t& n . 



1 You came noisily. 

2 The cows and horses went clatter- 

ing away. Troops. 

3 I heard the patter of your feet as 

you went. 

4 From where do you boys come 

scampering ? 
6 Will buy a piece of beef. 

6 He eats much pork. 

7 Where did this oil come from? 

8 Use a piece of suet. 

9 Do not put in too much lard. 

10 I did not hear what you said. 

11 I have not heard him say. 

12 What sort of talk is this? 

13 He has a wagon. 

14 Can he talk? 

15 I will keep him till he is grown. 

16 After she had brought him up, 

she did not want him. 

17 The sow has given birth to six 

pigs. Hear discourses. 

18 Cows produce calves. 

19 I will do as you say. 

20 He spoke indecently. 

21 He is at the pier. 

22 Do not tell anybody. 



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5 J FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXL 

fl§ khi; rise, build, begin. 



JfiJ tu; a cupboard. 

fS l&u; an upper story. 

ii& lo ; road, path. 

4? hang; lane, street. 

ffig thd; earth, soil. 

ill t&°; burden, a picul. 



1 M khft kang i t& n . 

2 ua &i n kio i t& n . 

3 i chl tu, chl gu. 

4 cfah tu: tukia". 

5 ci tio hang h6 kh& tl kd? 

6 ci k&i t&m tdm k&i Id khi th&u 

ph&k ta lio. 

7 ci th n mueh h6 ta n p&ng sa n 

tSng l&u kd. 

8 ph&k ta H kui tSng lio. 

9 i khi th&u tk* fie. 

10 bS lo h* kia n . 

11 kle k&i ndng Mi ta n thd. 

12 ph&k Uu ta ta. 

13 ta n jih gua t& n thd. sip sip. 

14 ua ta D .Q s&p gQa tk n . 

15 llta" iikui t*t n ? 

16 i t$ cau b6 l&u kla n lAi, kia n 

kh4. 

17 ci c£k c5 chu khi k&u ta n Q 

jiehkulio? 

18 i M n khi k&i cau U Mu. 

19 m si hd cek tio lo. 

20 lo tdm tdm m h* kia n . 

21 ta* khi kia n cuang. 

22 cuang kui tk n lu khti boi. 



ta"; carry on a pole over the 
shoulder. 

ph&k; to sun. 

sip; t&m; wet 

* ta; dry. 

t6ng; layers. 



1 You go and tell him. 

2 I shall tell him. 

3 He rears hogs and cows. 

4 A food safe: little cupboard. 

5 Where does this road lead to ? 

6 This muddy road is beginning to 

get dry. 

7 Carry this carry of things and put 

them in the third story. 

8 Several layers have dried. 

9 He began to speak. 

10 There is no road to walk in. 

11 Call a man to carry earth. 

12 Sun it till it is dry. 

13 Carried over twenty loads of 

earth. Dank. 

14 I have carried over thirty loads. 

15 How many loads did you carry ? 

16 He is walking back and forth on 

the verandah. 

17 How long since this house was 

built ? 

18 He will build a verandah. 

19 It is not that road. 

20 The road is very wet, so that one 

cannot well walk. 

21 Carry the luggage. 

22 Decant several piculs of oil for 

selling. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXII. 



sZ thi n ; thien; the firmament. 


3@£ pi n ; p6i n ; pien; margin. 


Jtfe tl; the earth. 


9y phdng; phia"; side. 


[±l sua"; hills, mountain. 


J3pj& ki n ; shore; brink; brim. 


{tifh h&i; sea. 


Pftf k$h; divide, partition. 


8*1 khoi; river, stream. 


ffr keh; limit, pattern, reach. 


?h| hfc; large river. 


y\ ch&; the next; secondary. 


1 ua hi* kite khoi. 


1 I wish to cross the river. 


2 bwn mueh si thi n slang toa. 


2 Of all things heaven is greatest. 


3 i m k*tu hki ki n lio. 


3 He has already reached the beach . 


4 i cS t$ lo ph£ng. 


4 He sits by the roadside. 


5 p&ng t$ tu kha pi n . 


5 Put it by the wardrobe. 


6 p&ng t$ chie n kha pi n . 


6 Put it by the wall. 


7 hln c&i khoi bfc cui, s6 i n boi 


7 There is now no water in the river, 


tit kh*. 


therefore we cannot go. 


8 i clah khoi cui. 


8 He drinks river water. 


9 i keh h&i. 


9 It is across the sea. 


10 i k&i chii t8 sua n kha. 


10 His house is at the foot of the hill. 


11 lo pi D : lo pMng. 


11 Beside the road. 


12 lo ki n ; 15 phla n . 


12 Beside the road. 


13 h&i pi n : h&i pien. 


13 By the sea side. 


14 p&ng h£ c£k p6i n . 


14 Put it on that side. 


15 hi* c* jieh coi keh? 


15 How many partitions will you 




have made ? 


16 hfi c$k tlo khoi h£ kdi cui L6 


16 The water of that river is good 


clah. 


to drink. 


17 i si chu pi n n&ng. 


17 He is a neighbour. 


18 ci au hi* cb chu pi°. 


18 Hereafter they are going to be 




neighbours. 


19 i si sua" l&i n&ng. 


19 He is a countryman. 


20 i cS tS sua" phia". 


20 He sat on the hill side. 


21 hi* p&ng tl k$i Qi chfc ? 


21 Where will you put it ? 


22 thi n tt l£i, sua 11 coi, a si khoi 


22 Are there more mountains or more 


h$c5i? 


rivers in the world ? 


23 hi* teh cb nS keh. 


23 Will make two pigeonhole*. 



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Hi 

m 



56 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXIII. 

9 



mftk; the eye. 
* ciu; the eyeball, 
b&i; brow; crescent 



mfc; hair; feathers, 
ch&u; grass; weeds. 
* mo; rank grass. 



1 c&phun: poih hun. 

2 sa n hun: ng5 hun, 

3 Wttkuiptfg? 

4 gueh Mi: m&k bfti. 

5 i mfik ciu thla n . 

6 i se Q lai m&k ciu s6i. 

7 i si plig t3 n&ng. 

8 ci k&i si i k&i ptig hu. 

9 ci k* si i k&i p£g tl. 

10 i pun cd n8 ki. 

11 jitth&u: guehnte. 

12 jit jit: kia n jit. 

13 poih gueh, dip si. kiie hQn. 

14 Sujit: Su jit. 

15 i bd th&u m». 

16 jit chut: jltjlp. 

17 kh& chue ch&u me. 

18 ikekuijit&iM&i. 

19 kehkesa n jlt. 

20 keh ke c$k jit. 

21 ua bd pun sS. 

22 si 14 k&i plig hun. 

23 nin k&i ke, pun a bue? 

24 16 han l&i pun u jieh coi? 

25 ci kia n mueh k&u kui hun hS? 

26 ci k&i gueh hun, si ua cd. 

ua hun l&i k&i sS. 



# 
# 
# 



jit; sun; day. 

gueh; moon; month. 

pun; pfig; classifier of books; 
own; origin. 

hun; a tenth; to divide. 

hun ; a part or share. 

pun; distribute. 



1 The whole: eight tenths. 

2 Thirty per cent : one half. 

3 How many volumes have you ? 

4 The new moon : eyebrow. 

5 He has sore eyes. 

6 He has naturally small eyes. 

7 He is a native. 

8 This is her own husband. 

9 This is his own country. 

10 It separated into two branches. 

11 The sun: the moon. 

12 Every day : to-day. 

13 The fourteenth of the eighth 

month. Exceed one's sphere. 

14 Hereafter: day after to-morrow. 

15 He has no hair. 

16 Sunrise: sunset. 

17 Go and seek ferns. 

18 He will come in a few days. 

19 Three days afterward. 

20 In one day more. 

21 I have not the wherewith. 

22 It is your duty. 

23 Is your estate divided yet ? 

24 How much was there in your 

share? 

25 What proportion of this is good ? 

26 This portion of the month I do it. 

That within my sphere. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



£ 
# 



hfth; accord. 

hftp; united; join. 
yi$ ui; do; effect. 
jtsft ui; ui; because; for; help, 
J3b lftan; confused. 
tJC bu&ng; thSng; disorderly. 



LESSON XXIV. 

4$. cSng, cim n ; all. 

3E ch#n, cfig; all; whole. 

T/k ch6ng; since, from. 

yt chdng; tile; follow. 

yt ciiang; clan; subordinate. 

|±f iu; through, by. 



1 sianghfth; m siang hfih. 

2 i h&p ke hi n lAi. 

3 Mh mftk, m hfih mfik. 

4 Mch6ngtikdl&i? 

5 ci kfii ch&n m ho. 

6 ui tteh ci k&i s&. 

7 ui tieh i k&i pe be\ 

8 cSng n&ng &i n . 

9 cfig Mi khleh ldi. 

10 ch6ng c6i n m pat th6i n k\ a . 

11 ch6ng soi n b6 ci k&i sa. 

12 i si ciiang hia n ti. 

13 ua bd^ng ui. 

14 ua t& n , nin t£i ke thia". 

15 taike, Mith6i n . 

16 hi n cfc, tieh cfc k&u ch#n. 

17 ua tue M lfti khu. 

18 ch6ng ldi: ch6ng kirn i n &u. 

19 h€ ciah gu kia n tue t8 chia Su. 

ch#n l£ng. 

20 sim m h$ liian. 

21 m&i bu&ng cb: mki th&ng c4. 

22 mMl&an t& n . 

23 tu nin cua n n&ng eft. 

24 lu ka ki h&h m&k, m tu cSng 

n&ng &i n . 

25 tieh ch6ng i kfii ue. 



1 Agreeing; disagreeing. 

2 The entire family is coming. 

3 Suiting or not suiting the taste. 

4 Where did you come from ? 

5 This is altogether bad. 

6 Because of this affair. 

7 On account of his parents. 

8 All men want it. 

9 Bring the whole of it. 

10 I never before saw it. 

1 1 Formerly there was no such thing. 

12 They are cousins. 

13 I have not the ability. 

14 While I speak, you all listen. 

15 All come and look. 

16 If you are going to do it, you 

must finish it. 

17 I will go along with you. 

18 Heretofore: henceforth. 

19 That calf is following the wagon. 

Almighty. 

20 Do not be agitated. 

21 Do not do it carelessly. 

22 Do not speak incoherently. 

23 Do it through you all. 

24 Because it suits me, not because 

of people's wishes. 

25 Must comply with his directions. 



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60 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXV. 



Jf. phl n ; nose. 


^p ke; reed; staff. 


^ * phi"; smell. 


^§F * phang; fragrant. 


TTf tek; bamboo. 


^ * chftu; stinking. 


-2ft * Mng; besides. 


4?S koi; easy. 


^ ua n ; exchange. 


H Mn, eh; difficult. 


3§L pue, hue; class, sort. 


4r kak; each. 


1 i slang koi clah hue. 


1 It is very easy to burn. 


2 kak n&ng kak n&ng k&i sb. 


2 Each persons affairs are his own. 


3 kak n&ng kak n&ng k&i. 


3 Each one's things are his own. 


4 Mm c€ hue t8 ci gua, n!ig cl 


4 The menkind are to be out here, 


hue t8 h€ l^i. 


and the women in there. 


5 i ii phi", i kdi phi" boi phi n 


5 He has a nose, but he cannot 


phang chftu. 


smell. 


6 khm chue ki tek ke Mi. 


6 Go and find a bamboo pole. 


7 m&i Mng ua D Mi. 


7 Do not come again. 


8 m cai i l£ng gua u a bS. 


8 Do not know whether he has any 




besides. 


9 i a n6 n kia D hue m cai. 


9 The children do not know. 


10 hii jin hue m h6 khu. 


10 Women should not go. 


11 i cu nie hue b$ Mi. 


11 The ladies did not come. 


12 k&u sng slo kdi jit. 


12 At the day of reckoning. 


13 h£ k&i mueh eh chtie. 


1 3 That thing is hard to find. 


14 si koi, si eh, tieh cd k&u ch#n. 


14 Hard or easy, it must be com- 




pleted. 


1 5 61 phang a boi ? 


15 Is it fragrant? 


16 i k&i chui ch&u. 


16 His breath is offensive. 


17 ci Mi *d n ua n c* hi k6i. ci 


17 I want to exchange this for that. 


kia n mueh Mn cd. 


This is difficult to make. 


18 koi cd: eh cfc. 


18 Easily done: hard to do. 


19 si tek cd Mi. 


19 It is made of bamboo. 


20 ke si jit ki n 16ng ua n kh&. 


20 Going again in three days. 


21 11 toa pile, a i toa piie? 


21 Are you or he the older? 


22 ci Ui ae Mn th\ 


22 This language is hard to speak. 


23 cai Mn, put Mn. 


23 Knowing the difficulty overcomes 
it. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SYTATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON XXVI. 


gS? jln; recognize; confess. 


Tyj cheh; book, schedule. 


p|| thdk ; read aloud. 


w ueh; line, mark. 


j|j sia; write. 


J0£ cua; paper. 


§j£ sueh; discourse. 


ig sin; epistle; trust. 


7^ sia"; sound. 


fiH lofig; act with; all together- 


5* c*> book. 


j|§ c6ng; all. 


1 ua pat t& jln. 


1 1 recognize him. 


2 11 pfig cu cheh khieh Mi. 


2 Bring your book. 


3 i te th&k cm. 


3 He is reading (aloud). 


4 i tS th6i n cm. 


4 He is reading (silently). 


6 ua tbia n i Mi sia n sueh. 


5 I heard his voice. 


6 thftk kfcu toa sia n . 


6 Read loud. 


7 16 thak kbah s6i sia". 


7 You read too low. 


8 he" chut sia\ 


8 Let out your voice. 


9 oi th&k, h#n lio boi sueb. 


9 Can read but not explain. 


10 11 oi th&k cua boi? 


10 Can you read ? 


11 &i B sia p&ng ci pfig cheh M. 


Ill will write it in this book. Dis- 


k&ng sueh. 


course about. 


12 i to* sia sin. 


12 He is writing a letter. 



13 ua bo cua he sia. 

14 llukuipfigcheh? 

15 ua ii chit ptfg. 

16 chium&k: kha mAk. 

17 1* t*t n Mi m tieh. 

18 ua pun u peh gua plig en cheh. 

19 Idtijftili* Mi? 

20 hi c£k jit i b« t8. 

21 ca 16ng c6ng tMk ch<frn. 

22 tb6i n cu cheh tieh jln ueh. 

]u m he sin. 

23 m&i sia ke cie ueh. i & jln. 

24 ca cheh long c6ng khleh Mi. 



13 I have no paper to write on. 

14 How many books have you? 

15 I have seven. 

16 The wrist bone: the ankle bone. 

17 What you just said was wrongs 

18 I distributed over a hundred 

books. 

19 What day are you coming? 

20 That day he was not there. 

21 Finish reading all the books. 

22 In reading you must know the 

strokes. Don't believe it. 

23 Do not write more or less strokes. 

He won't confess. 

24 Bring all the books. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON XXVII. 


^ ji; letters. 


iP chau; to copy. 


y$ im; sound. 


flff bie ; trace through paper. 


^ g£; speech, language. 


$| kiet; exhaust. 


iP pit; pen, pencil. 


j\ Mt; strength. 


gg bak; ink. 


T*J ku; word, sentence. 


1§F kia; send by another. 


@lt tau; a clause. 


1 tieh tMk H ku ti tau. 


1 Read with regard to the stops. 


2 *ti n kaild th n ku tie. 


2 I want to speak a word with you. 


3 cm Mi ku tau tieh jln. 


3 You must discern the clauses. 


4 kak chu kak chu Mi im g£. 


4 Each place has its own dialect. 


sua 11 kiet, h&i klet. 


Land and sea used up. 


5 c£ng th&k lun gd a hue ? 


'6 Have you read the Discourses 




yet? 


6 Mpatji me? 


6 Can you read ? 


7 uhuejiabS? 


7 Is there an answer? 


8 th&k Mu 6i jin ji. 


8 Read till you know the letters. 


9 ci Mi ji si chau Mi a si ble Mi ? 


9 Are these characters copied or 




traced? 


10 oi thia n kl n i Mi sia n im. 


10 Can hear the sound of it. 


11 i b$ sim mih klet l&t. 


11 He is not very diligent. 


12 t*t n s£ i n , khut ua cai. 


12 Tell me the reasons for it. 


13 ti si Mi, ciu h£. gng put kiet. 


13 If I had four, it would do. Inex- 




haustible. 


14 16 t& n l&i Mi ae si tieh. 


14 What you just said is right. 


15 11 hS ta n tla" tieh. 


15 Say precisely what you will do. 


16 i m cai hun piet ji im. 


16 He does not distinguish between 




the sounds of the letters. 


1? tieh hun piet ti Mi h$ ti Mi 


17 You must discriminate between 


m hi*. 


the good and the bad. 


18 ca jit i cai ci Mi s6, i ciu m khfc. 


18 Had he known this yesterday, he 




would not have gone. 


19 ua pat th&k kiie. 


19 I have read it before. 


20 si, he tk n si ; m si h$ ta n m si. 


20 If it is so, say it is so, if not so, 




say it is not so. 


21 M m chut ldt. 


21 You do not exert yourself. 



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(£6 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXVIII. 



W6 ham ; call aloud. 


^ theng; tdn; wait, expect. 


Sift It; leave. 


US: hau; time; wait. 


pq khiu, khai; open, unfold. 


n^F si; time; season. 


H^ * kue n ; to shut. 


Jtl cie n ; ascend: 


I^f thfti,- wait for. 


.11 cle n ; upper; upon. 


9{A khtfn; to wait on; sort. 


$f 13h; descend; let down. 


1 b£ nftng pat de n thi*. 


1 No one has ascended to heaven. 


2 cle n cie", 16h loh. 


2 Ascending and descending. 


3 b$ si hau h£ cd. 


3 I have no time to do it. 


4 i tl kAisihau ai n lAi? 


4 When is he coming ? 


6 hln cai sih mih si ban ? 


5 What time is it now ? 


6 bS slm mih hun piet. 


6 There is not much distinction. 


7 kau ci l&i m pat th6i n . 


7 Until now I never saw it. 


8 khuimfig: kue n mfig. 


8 Open the door: shut the door. 


9 khwn thai i h$. 


9 Treat him well. 


10 i b$ mih khtf n th&i ua. pun 


10 He did not show me much 


khui. 


courtesy. Apportion. 


11 khwn thai nflng kheh. 


11 Entertain a guest. 


12 ham i li khui. 


12 Tell him to withdraw. 


13 li khui. khai hAh. 


13 To depart'from. Folding. 


14 ceng n&ng t$ tan M. 


14 All the people expect you. 


15 thaiua; tan ua; theng ua. 


15 Wait for me. 


16 5ijieh toa? oijiehhS? 


16 How large is it? How good is 

it? 

17 He speaks another language. 


17 i th n p&t mih tie. 


18 l&i k&i gua gueh. 


18 Came over a month ago. 


19 ng6 hQn ISh cek hun. 


19 Put in one fifth of it. 


20 cfc sa n han ISh cek hun. * 


20 Put in one third of it. 


21 cin sim th&k, clu me me* pat. 


21 If you give your whole mind to 




reading you will soon know 




how. 


22 jln m chut: h<frn m jin. 


22 Do not recognize : do not yet re- 


^ 


cognize. 


23 cie u kui jit. ci khwn. 


23 A few days ago. This kind. 


24 i cie n sua" cle n . 


24 He went up on the mountain. 


25 h€ celc si. hi cek khwn. 


25 At that time. That sort. 



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68 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT 

LESSON XXIX. 

^ an; press; according to. 
^ sio; jlen; similar. 
#H ju; as; like. 



sfc; chie"; similar. 
#ft * rie"; thus; bither. 
* hie"; thus; thither. 



;E\ 



1 lam cl bile c5 t* de" p6i", hu 

jin, ntig cl hue c8 to hie" 
p6i n . 

2 ju de" se n cd. lii lu. 

3 la si hie " se n c&. 

4 c&l&i cle" se n sim he\ 

5 c&ise" ie"? 

6 si cle" se n . 

7 chin chie n : m chin chie n . 

8 chiu an sim cfc. 

9 an cle" se" c&. ie n sle n . 

10 an hie" se n cd. 

11 tia cd oi? ua cai tit cai? 

12 icdnimlai? 

13 i se n lai chin chie" i Mi a b6 

c£k Ie n . e e. 

14 ch chin chie n cie n se n . 

15 i sio i a pe. 

16 i jlen i a hia n . 
1? se n ](& jien jien. 

18 cd l&i jien jien. 

19 ne nang kAi min siang sfi. 

20 ci kfii kio hu kfd siang sS. 

tie" ie". 

21 ai"c&caise" Ie"? 

22 se" lai c&i se" ie" ciu si chin 

chie". 

23 iMisle"sio am sio? 



Ie"; se"; mode; pattern. 

c&; c&i; why; bow; what. 
JJI lu; e; reiterated. 
(JIB nl; interrogative. 
Jtr * chin; very. 
jM< sle"; chie"; likeness. 



1 The men sit on this side, and the 

women sit on that side. 

2 Do thus. Again and again. 

3 Should you do like that — . 

4 It is badly done thus. 

5 What sort of thing is it? 

6 That is the way it is. 

7 Much alike : not much alike. 

8 Did it heart and hand. 

9 Do like this. Effigy. 

10 Act in that way. 

11 How can I? How do I know? 

12 Why does he not come? 

13 She looks just like her mother. 

Time after time. 

14 Make it about like this. 

15 He resembles his father. 

16 He resembles his brother. 

17 They are (born) just alike. - 

18 They are made just alike. 

19 The faces of the two resemble 

each other. 

20 This and that are similar. Af- 

fect a style. 

21 How do you want it to be made ? 

22 The sort of thing produced is 

very similiar. 

23 Is the likeness a good one? 



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70 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXX. 



J% cio; a bird. 


V& kfc; bite. 


f§f£ koi ; a fowl. 


7T phah; strike. 


■H§ ah ; a duck. 


>U pi; compare. 


Hf* * sit; wings. 


|Uj mng; inquire. 


>JttJ k&u; a dog. 


p^ tfing; agreeing. 


Jfe pue; fly. 


lUr kh&; how should it. 







lms! cle n se n . 

2 16 c4 ni oi hie" me lai ? 

3 i si ta. n rie n se n a msl? 

4 cA an ua cle n se n cb. 

5 fin cio pue ble D me\ 

6 nS k6i m sie tang. 

7 6i sie tdng a boi ? 

8 hai kau: cui ah: sua n koi. 

9 hai koi b$ : ah cih. 

10 mai sia hle n me\ 

11 koi ang: koi b$: koi kia n . 

12 i 16i nmg hau 14 

13 se n lai sie tfing sie tfing. 

14 se n l&i m siang tfing. 

15 de n se n Mi n&ng. 

16 c&ng nAng tdng sim. 

17 c£ng nftng th n ue m tAng sim. 

18 h$ cang sih mih k&i kh$ pi i ? 

19 b3kh$pi: bah* pi. 

20 m tAngie". 

21 kh$ pi ii c$k ciah cio. 

22 cie n se n c&, kh& 5iaboi? 

23 ciang l&i si u c& ni ? 

24 ah pi cio la Q sit, kha oi tAng 

cio pue, me ? 

25 i sie phah, sie k5. 



1 It is not so. 

2 How is it that you are come so 

soon ? 

3 He said so did he not ? 

4 Do as I' am doing. 

5 As fast as a bird Hies. 

6 The two are not alike. 

7 Are they alike ? 

8 A seal : teal : pheasant. 

9 A sea gull : duck's bill. 

10 Do not write so fast. 

11 Cock: hen: chicken. 

12 He has come to pay his respects 

to you. 

13 They are exactly alike. 

14 They are not alike. 

15 That sort of people. 

16 They are all of one mind. 

17 They all spoke different minds. 

18 What can be taken to compare 

with it ? 

19 Incomparable. 

20 Not agreeing in kind. 

21 It is as if there were a bird — . 

22 Could it thus be done ? 

23 How will it be in the future ? 

24 Ducks like birds have wings, but 

can they fly as do birds ? 

25 They strike and bite each other. 



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72 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXXI. 



$& sie"; to think. 

Ifl li; one tenth of a league. 

t$ * ph&; about 3£ miles. 

"Sj chun; inch. 

}\, chieh; a foot. 

3>t tMg; ten feet. 



1 ua sle n m chut. 

2 5isie n kl n aboi? 

3 ua k&i sim s!e n . c6i n ni. 

4 c&p li eft c6k ph5. 

6 c£k li lo jieh c5i tXg tflg? &u, 
nS nt. 

6 c&p hun eft cek chim. 

7 c6p chun eft celt chieh. 

8 c&p chieh eft cek t*g. 

9 sle n tflg, sle n t$. 

10 kau i n &i n c» kui chieh kui n ? 



^ tflg; long. 

$2 t$; short. 

^rf kau; kui n ; high. 

UJj ti; ke; low. 

l* e; below; following. 

p e; a time; once. 



11 nin n$ n&ng M* mih kui" 



ke. 



12 l£ual&iki n k&ikauti. 

13 1* k&i n&ng kui* kue i k&i 

n&ng. oi t£ ci k&i a boi ? 
lie hue m&i Mi. 

15 Mil eft c£k e kliu. 

16 chiu e. k*tu kl n . 

17 WQsihmihkaukl n ? 

18 p&ng to chflg e. 

19 ejit: echA. 

20 e gueh; e mln. 

21 tflg t6 cd cek e srlg. 

22 c6kec6ke thia D kl n . 

23 thi n e n&ng mueh. 

24 eft k&u chit chieh tflg. 



1 I cannot think of it. 

2 Can you think it out ? 

3 My thoughts. Year before last. 

4 Ten li make a league. 

6 How many tiig in one li of 
length ? Two years after. 

6 Ten tenths make an inch. 

7 Ten inches make a foot. 

8 Ten feet make a tiig. 

9 Think it all over. 

10 How many feet high will you 

make the dining chairs ? 

11 You two are not very different in 

height. 

12 Let us see which is ablest. 

13 You are taller than he. Is it 

any shorter than this ? 

14 Another time do not come. 

15 Take them all at once. 

16 Dependents. Opinion. 

17 What is your opinion ? 

18 Put it under the table. 

19 Another day: next time. 

20 The following month : under sur- 

face. 

21 Eeckon them all together, the 

long ones, and the short ones. 

22 Hear it stroke after stroke. 

23 All under heaven. 

24 Make it seven feet long. 



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74 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXXII. 



Tfj chi; market. 


Jj£ t6i; bottom. 


13EJ koi; street. 


^ tah; go on board. 


jlfif cun; boat. 


ty& * io ; comparative, more, 


Ijjl ph&ng; sail. 


XX th5i; instead of. 


]// hng; region. 


/J pang, P* n g'> s ^ e ? © x tent. 


]J( teng; top. 


Jj buang; cla n ; thereupon. 


1 i to* lfii b$ mueh. 


1 There is nothing in the fellow. 


2 te*U n k:l n uaniihs&? 


2 On what account do you wish to 




see me 1 


3 jtt 5i jleh ila 11 ? 


3 How late in the day is it ? 


4 thai i toa. 


4 Wait till he is grown. 


5 i kAi kia n m tieh; i k&i eft sfi. 


6 His misdemeanor; his behaviour. 


phftng cun. 


Sail boats. 


6 t6ng tun: e tun. 


6 Upper lip : under lip. 


7 cbiu t6i: kba toi. 


7 Palm : sole of the foot. 


8 1£ 6i sfri cun a boi ? 


8 Can you manage a boat ? 


9 tah m tieh cun. 


9 Did not reach the boat. 


10 io toa: io h$: io t£. 


10 Larger: better: shorter. 


11 tia th6i 1* eft. 


11 I will do it in your stead. 


12 cang ci kdi th&i hi k&i. 


12 Take this instead of that. 


13 tia *d n tab M kb*. 


13 I wish to take passage with you. 


14 p&ng 16h chflg teng. 


14 Set it on the top of the table. 


15 u ngfl, b$ mueh kia n h$ b6i. 


15 I have money, but there is noth- 




ing to buy. 


16 bfc ti bng h$ pftng. 


16 There is no room for it. 


17 eft si pang si pang. 


17 Make it perfectly square. 


18 huang kim. toa pang. 


18 Now a days. On a large scale. 


19 bwn pang; bwn mueh. 


19 Everywhere; everything. 


20 ua hhm 16, 11 buang h$ l&i. 


20 When I call you, you then come. 


cfth$cla n h$l&i. 


Do it and then come. 


21 ci hue tia buang th6i n kl n . 


21 I just now saw it. 


22 ua t8 koi cbi buang l&L 


22 I just came from market. 


23 cun ci hue h$ s&i phfing. 


23 The sail can now be raised. 


24 giia bng n&ng. koi cbi. 


24 Foreigners. Market. 



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76 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXXIII. 



tH pd; cloth; spread down. 
H£ kua n ; ngdn; hang; cold. 
or chm; ne; cold. 
^ jiet; juah; hot. 

khua n ; khuah; wide. 

khwn; khua n ; broad; gentle. 



1 ci cek tlo lo oih olh. 

2 thi n si m h6. 

3 thi n si h6 cSi. 

4 thong koi chi, bfc n&ng pat. 

5 tttisifciMShcun? 

6 chim kite hai. 

7 i k&i chili khuah khuah. 

8 si hau hi n kku. 

9 chfig p6: min pd. iu n pd. 

10 p&t k&i ti hng la u. 

11 ua la ii Ian k&i. 

12 ci kla n p6 sim khwn khuah, la 
kua n juah h6 eng; h£ c*-pu 
l&i khik b6i. 

13 cik&i oih khah juah; cfc-puMi 
khfc khwn khuah. hai toi. 

14 h6khua n khua n kia n . 

15 khua n khua n cb. 

16 chim sie n . jiet c&i. 

17 thi n si ng&n chin. 

18 phah ne ua kfti sim. 

19 thong thi n e. se n kua n . 

20 m&i lun chim chien. 

21 mt\i lun khuah oih. 

22 hi n kua n juah thong eng. 



$J oih; narrow. 

chim; deep. 

chien; shallow. 

* cd-pu; together. 
5E thong; permeate; everywhere 
sffi la; also; moreover. 



# 



9 
10 
11 
12 



13 



14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 



This road is very narrow. 
The weather is bad. 
The weather is very fine. 
Through all the market, there is 

no one who knows. 
When are you going on board ? 
Deeper than the sea. 
His mouth is very wide. 
The time is at hand. 
Table-cloth: towel. Fine cloth. 
Other countries also have. 
I also have a few. 
This kind of cloth is very wide, 
and is good for both cold and 
warm weather; come with me 
and buy some. 

This narrow space is too hot ; come 
with me to spacious quarters. 
Bottom of the sea. 
Walk leisurely. 
Do it comfortably. 
Deep thinking. Bustling. 
The weather is very cold. 
Chills my affections. 
The whole earth. Ague. 
Whether deep or shallow. 
Whether wide or narrow. 
What can be used for both hot 

and cold weather. 



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78 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXXIV. 



^ sa n ; clothes. 



kh6; trowsers. 
=F$ I; k®h> strange. 
^P phSng; peace; adjust. 
hF phS", pe 4 "; level, even. 
f£* cha, ta n ; err; differ. 



1 sa n kh6 tu. 5i ng&n a b5i ? 

2 cha m te ; cha put te. 

3 Id kang tia cft-pu khfc. 

4 n&n cft-pu lfti khft. 

5 khieh tfig khfc h&i n i. 

6 tin ka ki Mi sa n kh5 khteh m 

tleh. kua n jiet. 

7 nS Mi p6 n p£ n c£k le n . 

8 ph£ n ie n : phe n phe n Ie n . 

9 hwn kite l&i: p6i n kue l^i. 

10 hien kite l&i. 

11 i hwn Mi hwn khft. 

12 hwn ch. 

13 £ng fign ua n eft mueh kie eft 

b6i. 

14 b6i lio bS eng. 

15 m si eng cl n fign h$ b6i. 

16 tetk n ta n . 

17 c£k hio ciu boi ta n . 

18 tieh 16ng ua n cwn eft. 

19 hwn tfig kite l&i, ua th6i n . 

20 l&ig ua n tfig chui t& n . 

21 M h« pkng p£ n . 

22 te phSng jtt eft mih sa ? 

23 pheng sim l&i lun. 

24 i se n l&i keh Ie n . 

25 In&ng: i si. 

26 Id c6k cwii sie n , sim ciu ph&ig. 



(g§ hio; comprehend. 

j|? tfig; return. 

/it hwn; p6i n ; turn. 

fjjjfc hien; lift, jerk, whisk. 

?Uj hwn; flutter; turn over. 

ipf> cwn; tfig; revolve. 



1 A clothes-press. Are you cold ? 

2 Not much difference. 

3 You go with me. 

4 We will go together. 

5 Go back and return it to him. 

6 We did not get even our own 

clothes. Chills and fever. 

7 The two are just alike. 

8 Alike : just alike. 

9 Turn it over sidewise. 

10 Lift it up and invert it. 

11 He rolled back and forth. 

12 Turn the leaves of a book. 

13 To exchange money for things 

is called buying. 

14 Of no use after being bought. 

15 Not to be bought with money. 

16 You mistook in speaking. 

17 Comprehend it and you won't err. 

18 Must do it all over again. 

19 Turn it over that I may see it. 

20 Say it over again. 

21 Put it down level. 

22 What did you heretofore do ? 

23 Discuss candidly. 

24 He is naturally different. 

25 Strangers : strange affair. 

26 You think it over, and you will 

be reconciled to it. 



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80 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT 

LESSON XXXV. 

^X m ^> night. 

H\ hiah; cease; stop. 

5p hiang; emit sound. 

Hpf ce" 11 ; clear sky. 

7=T hun, hng; obscure. 

7t kuang, kng; light. 



m6ng; bright; clear, 
km; dark; secret, 
kan; space; between, 
siap; short time. 
sui; accord; forthwith, 
ceng; a bell. 



1 16 ti st ceng a bfi ? 

2 ua sui si ki n kha. 

3 sui chiu cai kue n mug. 

4 c&p im ceng. 

5 ua m6ng mSng kang 16 tk n . 

6 siap si kan jit km lio, me hng 

tieh ci kd hiah. 

7 16 k&i mftk hun km. 

8 thi n kng lio, ceng cd ni bue 

hiang? 

9 thi u kngckki n kha. 

10 thi n sic^ n m^nglio. 

11 thi n M n c^ n lio. 

12 thi n bue kng ciu kha. 

13 me 4 si, n&ng t8 ut. siap si kan. 



14 meng- nfing m cd km sa. 

n&ng cai ci Mi sa. 

15 si ceng hiah kia n . 

16 kku th6i n ki n sa si cle n 

ua sui si ciu hiah. 

17 m£hngkia n . jit km. 

18 ceng hiang u siap si. 

19 jit ki n km lio. 

20 jit bue km. c6k siap si. 

21 si ceng 5i hiang a boi? 

22 thi n kng cd h6 lfti. 

23 oi kng, 6i km. 



b$ 



se r 



1 Have you a clock ? 

2 I am going immediately. 

3 Close the door after you. 

4 A music box. 

5 I tell you plainly. 

6 It will very soon be dark, you 

must stop here to-night. 

7 Your eyes are dim. 

8 It is daylight, why has not the 

bell rung yet? 

9 Will go at daylight. 

10 The weather is fair now. 

11 The sky is clearing. 

12 Went before daylight. 

13 In the night when people were 

asleep. A little while. 

14 Intelligent people do not do dark 

deeds. No one knows this. 

15 The clock has stopped. 

16 When I saw it was so, I at once 

stopped. 

17 Early evening. At dark. 

18 The bell rung a little while ago. 

19 It is almost dark. 

20 About dark. A moment. 

21 Does this clock strike ? 

22 Come at daylight. 

23 Can produce light or darkness. 



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82 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW IHALECT. - 

LESSON XXXVI. 

^ chiah; a light brown* 
§f fig; yellow. 



jfcL ang; red. 

che n ; green; blue. 
o; black. 

peli; white; elear. 
ldm; chi n ; indigo; blue 
lek; bright green. 



a 



1 cbim ang : chien &ng. 

2 it 1dm : j! Mm : sa n lam. 

3 tun ang, khi peh. 

4 ang sh: pell sa. 

5 ang mS nang. 

6 16k 16k. ang thau cun. 

7 pang ang. kun sui. 

8 oi m£ng p6h a boi? 

9 Mai n ti c£k sek? 

10 i Mi min ang &ng. 

11 ai n jiam eft lam sek. 

12 i kai min che n che". 

13 i k&i nang m£ng pffli. 

14 eft nf 5i hle n m6ng peli? 

15 ua ai n ni fig sek, M io ni eft 

chiah sek. chiah kha. 

16 ci cek ciah cio kai sek si ctt 

se n kai a si nang ni kai? 
jtt ni6 eft. 

17 ci kai si i kai pfig sek. 

18 chue thien che n sek kai. 

19 i mak ciu o o. 

20 ua sim sie n si ua kai, io si 11 

kai. jitjiet. 

21 i ch6ng c6i n c&ig kun kue ua. 

22 i kun sui ua lai. 

23 i kun sui ua no nl lio. 



ft 






ni; jiam; dye. 
sek; color, 
kun; the heel. 
* io; io; but. 



1 Dark red : light red. 

2 Navy blue : dark blue : pale blue. 

3 Red lips and white teeth. 

4 Happy affair : sad affair. 

5 Red haired people; foreigners. 

6 Pea green. A junk. 

7 Have dysentery. Tag after. 

8 Do you comprehend ? 

9 Which colour do you want? 

10 His face was very red. 

11 Will dye it blue. 

12 He is very pale. 

13 He is intelligent. 

14 How can he be so well informed ? 

15 1 wanted it coloured yellow, but 

you have dyed it brown. 
Natural footed. 

16 Is the colour of this bird natural 

or is it artificial? Worked 
day and night. 

17 This is its natural colour. 

18 Seek an azure one. 

19 His eyes are black. 

20 I thought it was mine, but it is 

yours. The sun is hot. 

21 He formerly attended upon me. 

22 He followed me here. 

23 He has served me two years. 



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84 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXXVII. 



J§"^ huang; wind. 


|1| * t&ng; roar; crash. 


JK, hong; fame; usage. 


J5§ * ak; £ng; sprinkle. 


pjf ho; rain. 


V/\, chue; to blow as wind. 


fg lui; thunder. 


pj * th&u; to blow; swirl. 


Iff tien; lightning. 


*pj ciam; briefly. 


J0§ * thai; cyclone. 


■^ h&n; seldom. 


1 huang cui. toa huang. 


1 Geomancy. A gale. 


2 huang thai, hong sia n . 


2 Typhoon. Rumour. 


3 m&i khut huang chue tteh. 


3 Do not let the wind blow on it. 


4 m&i i ph&k jit. 


4 Do not let the sun shine on it. 


5 lui t&ng, huang th&u, &i n 18h ho 


5 It thunders, and the wind whist- 


lio. ho Mi. 


tles, it is going to rain. It 




rains. 


6 thi n o bm, hi n ldh ho. It 


6 The sky is dark, it is going to 


thoi n M n cb huang thai me ? 


rain. Do you think there will 




be a typhoon ? 


7 kl n tieh ho ciu bd eng. 


7 If it is exposed to the rain it will 




be of no use. 


8 tien kuang &u, lui ciu ai n t&ng. 


8 After it has lightened, it will 




thunder. 


9 mM i kl n huang. 


9 Do not expose it to wind. 


10 ci kui si Mn ISh ho; chau tieh 


10 It seldom rains of late; the grass 


cai ak cui.. 


must be watered. 


11 i h&n tit Mi ki n tia. 


4.1 He seldom comes to see me. 


12 huang thai th&u Mi sim toa; 


12 A great typhoon is blowing; 


tieh u lui t&ng, huang oi hiah. 


should it thunder the wind would 


han tit u ci kia n s&. 


cease. This seldom happens. 


13 khut ho ak tieh. 


13 Wet by the rain. 


14 khut h&i cui ak tieh. 


14 Wet by sea water. 


15 cai kh& £ng cui. 


15 Think to sprinkle it. 


16 ua put kue ciam Mi. 


16 1 have only just come. 


17 M ciam cti kfii jit. 


17 You stay but a few days. 


18 ci kia n su si n&ng hong sia n 


18 This is a report. The people 


k&i. peh s$ n . 


generally. 


19 huang thstu, ho l&h. 


19 The wind blows, and it rains. 



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86 FIBST LES60KS IN THE BWA.TOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXXVIII. 

lg c&ng; classifier of treesv 

3f| tiab; to pluck. 

$t p^ih; to pull out. 

TO lfaj Muf lay 19; detain* 

?j| hwt; to shoot forth. 

*fK * mkng; to pull up. 



m 


seh; snow* 


£ 


mla; name*. 


tt 


hue; flower. 


UU 


chlu; tree. 


^ 


hieh; leaf. 


^ 


kmn; root. 



1 i k&i mla sia" I16. 

2 thi n hwt o am & n 16h ho. 

3 i m&k ciu hue hue. 

4 ei k&i eMu h6 m&ng tlo. 

5 to ciang l&i Mi mla si phang. 

6 i sih mih mla ji ? 

7 M kle cd sih mih mla ? 

8 hue koi. chlu hieh. 

9 ci c&ng chlu, chlu ki, chlu kun, 

chlu phue, 16ng e6ng mai 

lAu i. 
10 chlu th&u. 
21 i k&i min seh seh p6h. 

12 ci kui e&ng hue, m&ng tio. 

13 ci ding hue hwt ldi hS th6i n ; 

tiah ktii ki Mi. 

14 ci c&ng hue khui l&i seh seh 

peh. mla sek. 

15 thi n ai n lfch seh. 

16 kun mai pdih Go, i hifrn oi hwt. 

17 l&u p&ng e jit clah. 

18 tau i m&i kh*. 

19 ci c6k c&ng chiu hue fi khui 

hue, soi n hwt hleh. 

20 K kai ua llu sim cb. 

21 m§ nl oi hwt hue. 



1 His reputation is good. 

2 The sky darkens, it will rain. 
S His sight is dim. 

4 Pull up these weecfe. 

5 Your future name willbe fragrant. 

6 What is bis name ? 

7 What i» your name ? 

8 A turkey. Leaf of a tree. 

9 Do not leave any of this tree, 

branches, roots, or bark. 

10 Largest part of the trunk. 

11 Her face is of snowy whiteness* 

12 Pull up these plants* 

13 These flowers have sprung up 

very prettily; pick a few. 

14 This- flower has blossomed snowy 

white. Reputation. 

15 It is going to snow. 

16 Do not pull out the root, and it 

will sprout again. 

17 Leave it to eat another day. 

18 Detain him from going. 

19 Before this tree blossoms it puts 

out leaves. 

20 Do it carefully for me. 

21 Next year it will bear flowers. 



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88 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XXXIX. 



ffl 






ch&n; a rice field. 

hfig; un watered fields. 

hun; clouds. 

khang; kang; kong; work. 

hu; khue; work. 

kue; kuai n j fruit. 



ci; seed; offspring. 

c6ng; seed. 
_ cdng; to plant. 
f*E sua; remove. 
$1 k6; hire. 
VY t chle n ; artizan. 



1 cb ch&n khang khue. 

2 ceh ch&n hfig n&ng. 

3 ci kd hfig, ho kd cd khang 

khue hue l&i cdng kue ci. 
ch&n hfig. 

4 ci c&ng kue ci he" kd n&ng sua 

kue hie n p6i n hfig kd c£ng. 

6 u ho ceng ci, tieh u hS ch&n 
hfig Mi c£ng ciu ho". 

6 k5 k&i hue chle n l&i cdng hue. 



7 hfig lai k£i kue ci ho" ciah lio. 



8 eng sim, kang hu c&ng. 

9 che n kuai n hS tiah khfc hoi. 

10 kd cun khfc boi kui ie n hS che n 

kuai" ltd. 

11 c6ng ci ceng ISh cMn hfig; 

hue ho" stia. 

12 ci cSng chlu sua pkng p&t kd. 

eng sim. 

13 oi ceh cliftn hfig, la oi cd 

khang khue. 

14 cb kang hu, kang hu. 

15 thong thi n 16ng c6ng si p6h 

hun. p6 ch6n. 



1 Work m the fields. 

2 A tiller of the soil. 

3 Hire labourers to plant seed in 

this garden. Plantation. 

4 Hire men to remove these seed- 

lings and plant them in the 
further garden. 
6 If having good seed, you have 
good ground to plant it in, 
it is well. 

6 Hire a gardener to come and 

plant flowers. 

7 The fruit of the garden is already 

fit to eat. 

8 Plant it nicely with care. 

9 Pick the fruit and sell it. 

10 Hire a boat and go and buy 

various fresh fruits. 

11 Plant the seed in the field; do 

not transplant it yet. 

12 Remove this tree to another place. 

Put your mind on it. 

13 He can work in the fields, and 

can work at a trade. 

14 Do it in a workmanlike manner. 

15 The sky is covered with white 

clouds. Plant rice. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON XL. 



JraT teng; a lamp. 


5I9B sie; warmth; heat. 


W. l&ng; a cage. 


S\ hue; lime. 


yjL 16; stove; grate. 


%t& * hia n ; put on tuel. 


3^ ch&; wood. 


7OU c&u; fireplace. 


f$i thda D ; coal. 


«£ kun; t° b°tf« 


Sr tiam; dot. 


T=E * n&; stay. 


1 hue tb6a n ISh ke c6k cheh. 


1 Put on some more coal. 


2 khi hue p&ng hue 16. 


2 Build a fire in the grate. 


3 khfc chtke mueh hla n . 


8 Going to gather fuel. 


4 ti kui tiam ceng ? 


4 What o'clock is it ? 


5 ta n hS tiam teng. 


5 Light the lamps now. 


6 i oi cb hue kang. 


6 He can do mason's work. 


7 si hue th6 cd Mi. 


7 It is made of mortar. 


8 teng l&ng bfc tS. 


8 The lantern is not here. 


9 ti si tiam gila ceng Iio. 


9 It is past four o'clock. 


10 hia n kun cui. 


10 Boil some water. 


11 bS chd hf hta n c&u. sie hue. 


11 There is no wood to heat the 




range. To burn lime. 


12 cio Mng b* kh*. 


12 The bird-cage is gone. 


13 hiah kha, tiam kia n . 


13 Stop a minute. 


14 tiam teng k&i si h&u. 


14 Time for lighting the lamps. 


15 hiah ft c6k tiam ceng kti. 


15 Stopped an hour ago. 


16 khieh cheh chfi khfc ct\u e hia n 


16 Take some wood to the kitchen 


sie cui. 


and beat some water. 


17 c6k lo &m, tieh tiam teng l&ng. 


17 The road is dark, you must light 


na p&ng ci kd. 


the lantern. Stay here. 


18 tiam ki teng kh4 khi hue 26. 


18 Light a lamp and go and build a 




fire in the grate. 


19 m£ hng kui n&ng ki n na tS ci 


19 To-night several people will stay 


kb, tleh khleh ke cheh ch& 


here; get some more wood and 


th6a n p&ng c&u e eng. 


coal and put in the kitchen to 


20 cuikunabQe? 


use. 
20 Does the water boil yet ? 


21 l&u i na kd sie hue. 


21 Have him stay to burn lime. 



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92 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XLI. 



thih; iron. 
tAng; copper. 
In; lead. 



& 
fc 



pewter. 
cia n ; crystal, 
hui; earthen. 






tang; tong; weighty. 

khin; light; trivial. 

bua; to rub; grind. 

b3; millstones. 

kut; smooth. 

* pun; blow, as with the mouth. 



1 peht&ng: &ngt&ng: flgt&ng. 

2 peli thih:-ctii cia". 

3 iijfehtang? 

4 Sijtehkut? 

5 mki t& n khah tang. 

6 tang sS: khin s£. 

7 eft sS khin khin, m&i khah tang. 

8 thih seh. In pit. 

9 hue ch& : ch& pe\ 

10 tieh th6i n tong i. 

11 li th6i n t&ng thih tang, a In 

siah tang ? 

12 tleh khin khin pun, m hS pun 

khah tang. 

13 ci ki teng bo pun tlo. 

14 ci kd cui cia n kio ua bua kut 

kut. 

15 t&ng, thih, fn, siah, hui, cing5 
ie n , U Ie n eng io coi? t& n ue 
khin khin. 

16 ci Mi be tang kue ci kd thih. 

17 ci kft lo kut. tieh khin khin 

kia*. 

18 ci k& t&ng khieh khfc bua kng 
kng, bua kku h6 th6i n kl n 
n&ng. cS l&i hue. 



1 White copper : red copper : brass. 

2 Tin: crystal. 

3 How heavy is it ? 

4 How smooth is it ? 

5 Do not speak too forcibly. 

6 Important affair: trivial matter. 

7 Do things quietly, do not be too 

emphatic. 

8 Iron chain. Lead pencil. 

9 Matches : wood in bundles. 

10 You must esteem it. 

11 Do you consider brass and iron, or 

lead and pewter the heavier ? 

12 You must blow it lightly, (fo not 

blow it too strongly. 

13 Blow out this lamp. 

14 Rub this piece of crystal very 

smooth for me. 

15 Which is most used, copper, 
iron, lead, pewter or earthen? 
Speak gently. 

16 This millstone is heavier than 

this lump of iron. 

17 This road is slippery. We must 

walk softly. 

18 Take this copper and rub it 
bright, so you can see your face 
in it. Matches. 



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94 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XL II. 

Hfc t\; tend to 



PI ieh; medicine. 

jlf sin; the body. 

^J pe n ; sick. 

ffi. c£ng; disease. 

WkGf 

W ui; heal; cure. 

£E ch^n; convalescent 



1 khue khue cau khi. 

2 i bue cau khf. tl kau. 

3 ca ca cau khi. i u pe n . 

4 la tl cek jit khi sin ? 

6 i tl u sih mih pe n cSng ? 

6 16 tieh ciah ieh. 

7 6i ui a boi ? huang 16. 

8 i h^frn khueh khlam coi. 

9 ua m cai che n khi lai. 

10 ce p;\ng ua ci sin pi n . 

11 i pe n io h£, bue chfrn ju. 

12 ci ie n pe n eh ui. ju me ju h$. 

13 chin sin. khih chili. 

14 i sim oi ui pe° c£ng; c6k ciah 
i k&i ieh, pe n ciu chfrn ju. 

15 hiiam pe n cSng tieh ciah ieh 
huang 6i chfrn ju. 

16 hiiam se" ch nang. 

17 hiiam n&ng tl u khih chili k^i 
pe n , tieh cai soi n ui. 

18 i te cieh sie. 

19 16 c6k khueh ieh, ciu tl kau 
pe n boi chfrn ju. 

20 mai cuah ieh, pe" c!u khue 
ch^n ju. 

21 sa n t&in, kh& hang ta. 



$k khih; khueh; deficient 

^ * cuah; lack; diminish. 

jf$£ ju; well; more; exceed. 

^ hang; cieh; dry by a fire. 

J\l hiiam; huam; all. 



1 Get up quickly. 

2 He is not yet up. So that. 

3 Get up early. He is sick. 

4 What day did you start T 

5 What disease has he ? 

6 You must take medicine. 

7 Can it be cured ? Furnace. 

8 He still lacks much. 

9 I did not think to wake up. 

10 Sit here beside me. 

11 He is better, but not well yet. 

12 This sort of disease is hard 
cure. The quicker the better. 

13 Trunk of a tree. Hare-lip. 

14 He is very able in the cure 
diseases; when you have once 
taken his medicine you are well. 

15 For all diseases medicine must be 
taken in order to get well. 

16 All born men. 

17 Any one who has a hare-lip must 
have it cured at first. 

18 He is warming himself. 

19 You at first lacked medicine, 
thereupon the ailment became 
incurable. 

20 If there be no lack of medicine, 
the ailment will quickly be cured. 

21 Your jacket is wet; go and dry it. 



to 



of 



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96 FIRST LESSOKS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XLIII. 



3F? t6; tea. 


Bu phue; accompany. 


yfc bi; uncooked rice. 


/PR cien ; to stew dry. 


£p^ cb^i; vegetables. 


Lj i n ; sign of the past. 


$$ pho; shop. 


$E keng; passed by or through. 


^ pia n ; biscuit. 


A. tau; retain; keep. 


7*P chong; infuse. 


JJK kue; the melon species. 


1 ceh ch&n n&ng. bi ph6. 


1 A farmer. A rice shop. 


2 bd slm mih kang hu. 


2 Not nicely put together. 


3 puejip thi n hun. 


3 Fly to the clouds. 


4 i bue ldi eft 16 k&i khang khue, 


4 He never made one till he came 


i m pat eft. 


to work for you. 


5 i & n cien eft Id. 


5 He is going to make it into lard. 


6 put tit i n : put tit put i D . 


6 Inevitable: cannot do otherwise. 


7 ciah pia n phue t6. 


7 Eat biscuit with tea. 


8 ci c£k ui ch nte kia n phue ktrat 


8 .Is this young lady betrothed yet? 


ndng a bue u ? tau l&u. 


Detain. 


9 i n keng eft lio. 


9 The betrothal is accomplished. 


10 peh ch&ith&u: dng chM thdu. 


10 Turnips: beets. 


11 M n b6i mueh phue. flg thdu 


11 Will buy the accompaniments of 


kia n . 


rice. Carrots. 


12 Id i n keng cien hS lio. 


12 The lard is already tried out. 


13 t6 bi: t£pua n : t£ ceng. 


13 Tea leaves: saucer: tea-cup. 


14 khfc t£ ph&, b6i t£ bi, ldi chong 


14 Go to the tea shop, buy some 


t6; tin i n keng b6i tt pia n h6 


tea, and steep it; we have bought 


phue. 


the tea biscuits already. 


15 kbfc pia n pho th6i n boi ti kue 


15 Go to the grocery and see wheth- 


ci a bd. 


er they sell fruit or not. 


16 Q h* bi, tieh fi hS chid ldi phue 


16 Having good rice, it is better to 


ju h& 


have good vegetables with it. 


17 ua i n keng 6 i klA, mM tau 


17 1 have already let him go, do not 


l&ui. 


detain him. 


18 ua tau l&u 16 ldi ci chong t6 


18 I will detain you to come here 


ciah. 


; and make some tea. 



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98 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XLIV. 



79 kak; horn; comer. 

/re. leh, 16h; a clap. 

JSpfc ka n ; dare. 

fft tiu; khng; ch6; put away. 

^L khang; kh6ng; a hole. 

/& khong; khang; empty 



1 i tui sua 1 * kha keng kite. 

2 i sie kang clah. 

8 ci koi n chii si i kfia ua sie kfing 
kai. ua n sa". 

4 la l*h khah pM. 

5 sa" kak: ng5 kak. 

6 i kai phi u khang s6i. 

7 khng khah ku ciu ai* cbau. 

8 i kua 6a tang cfr. 

9 i kai than khak thla n . 

10 tia c*ka n ? khang khak, 

11 tia tia° tteh m ka n . 

12 1* ka n , si, bS ai n kang ua ta n ! 
th&u khak tia". 

13 11 khng- tS to l&i, mai kio nftng 
ta*. 

14 16 kio ua khilg pang kft, 

15 khong cA: meng cti. 

16 kua It tui min c8. 

17 gu kak si khang khak kai, a si 
si? Bi. 

18 sie c* hue hu. 

19 pua n ua n mai leh leh We. 

20 11 kai min cd nt 6i hle D san so? 
tui min. 

21 tui ci kai khang jfp kh*. 

22 chS pang khak t6i. 

23 ua kai 11 cd tui th&u. 



?j tui; pair, opposite, by* 
E pui; fat, rich, 
fe san; s5; thin, lean, 
khak; shell; hollow. 
kai ? kiia; jointly. 
Jy{ hu ; embers, dust. 



1 He came by the foot of the hilL 

2 They eat together. 

3 This house is bis and mine to- 
gether. Change clothes. 

4 There is too much fat in it* 

5 Triangular: pentangular. 

6 His nostril is small. 

7 If kept too long it will smell. 

8 He acts conjointly with me. 

9 His bead aches. 

10 How dare I? Hollow. 

11 I surely dare not. 

12 You dare, dare yon, not to tell 
me! A skull. 

13 Lay it up in your mind, and do 
not tell anybody. 

14 You keep it for me. 

15 Confucius: Mencius. 

16 Your vis-a-vis. 

17 A cow's horn is hollow, is it not ? 
It is. 

18 Burn it to ashes. 

19 Do not clatter the dishes. 

20 Why is your face so thin? Op- 
posite. 

21 Go in through this hole. 

22 Put it away in the shell. 

23 I am your rival. 



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100 FIRST LESSORS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XLV. 



-Ef hl n ; ear; handle. 


JLL lip; establish. 


tt bue; tail; end. 


$£ k&; marry a husband. 


™ phla n ; ph&ng; betrothal. 


/j* sie; sio; small. 


~l~f k6; anciently. 


BE peng ; together with. 


3? chua; take a wife. 


^|t kiam; additionally. 


g>C siet; to institute; if. 


2*L kip; concerning; till. 


1 kang ci n : gueh kang. 


1 Wages : work by the month. 


2 lun kip mih sa? 


2 What does it relate to ? 


3 kip si. kip chl. 


3 Seasonable. Concerning this. 


4 ci Mi kio hi Mi put siang kip. 


4 This and that do not relate to 


sio sa; sie kh& &6. 


each other. Trivial matter. 


5 kip Mu ua l&i Mi si hau. 


5 Until the time when I come. 


6 11 hS phSng i lai. 


6 You engage her to come. 


7 M chua Mi su. si k6 nftng siet 


7 Marrying and giving in marriage 


lip Mi. c£k me\ 


was established of old. The whole 




night. 


8 HMic&ukia n Mtik&? 


8 Where is your daughter married ? 


9 Id Mi tau kia n chua ti kd? 


9 From where did your son take 




his wife? 


10 siet s&i 11 5i kiam i Mi sS, ciu 


10 Supposing that you can take his 


khut 11 cd. 


business in addition, I will let 


11 sio jin nftng siet lip te si m b£ 


you. 
11 What ignorant people establish 


s&. peng kiam. 


is much of it bad. Furthermore. 


12 peng b£ phla n fign cd leng 


12 Without betrothal money how 


chua L6 ? 


can one take a wife? 


13 lip sim rti n M. 


13 Made up her mind to marry. 


14 chong thAu Mu bue. 


14 From beginning to end. 


15 c6 k6 kip kiin peng b£ koh 


15 From ancient times till now there 


le n . sio jin. 


is no difference. Rude. 


10 11 Mi hi n sie sim thia n . 


; 16 Give careful hearing. 


17 ch6ng k6 Mu kim. 


1 7 From olden times till now. 


18 chua jip M chut. 


18 Marry in and marry out. 


19 kiam kip pftt nang. 


19 Refer it to so one else. 


20 ch sb bS tMu b£ hue. 


20 There is neither head nor tail 




to it. 


21 ch su u thftu ii btie. 


21 Systematically done. 


22 ciobue: gu bue. 


22 Bird's taU: ox tail.^. 



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102 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XLVI. 



^p phi; illustrate. 

PgK ju; compare; enforce. 

JJK s£ng; cia n ; consummation. 

3?i li; regulate; doctrine, 

flfp sang; pair; couple. 

Jft cin; true. 



rfcfci 
9 



k6; false, 
si; die; dead, 
uah; alive; moving, 
si; the world, 
ca; c&; recently. 
c&; formerly. 



1 tS k6 c& u\ 

2 11 th n lu n sia n , ua kAi hi D 
thia n m kl n . ke cuang. 

3 ua ch6ng k6 kau kim m pat 
thia n kl n . c£k si. 

4 bue kia n . mftg hi n . 

5 soi n kia n phla n , &u chua bo. 

6 16m chua b6, nfig k$ ang. 

7 k6 kim c6k Ie n . 

8 ca m£ u n&ng kua n si. 

9 cang thoi n kl n kai l&i phlju 
th6i n m kl n Mi. 

10 ci k&i mueh si se n s£ng u, a si 
nang cd k&i ? 

11 si cin a si ke ? 

12 11 chut si tS tl k» ? 

13 c£k sin khut i phah kau ai n si. 

14 Id ciang lai. in cai eft ni si. 

15 si sfi si cle n se n kia n . 

16 11 h#n m cai si uah ! 

17 phi ju tit h6, ci k&i li clu mfing 
p«h. 

18 s£ng sang: s6ng ttii. 

19 si cle n k&i sS ai n ci, tieh c» 
tit cta n . 

20 sik&i: uah k&i. 



1 In ancient times there were. 

2 You speak low, I do not hear 
yon. Disguise. 

3 From old time till now, I never 
heard this. A generation. 

4 Youngest child. Door-knocker # 

5 First eTect the betrothal, after- 
ward bring home the wife. 

6 Men take wives, women marry 
husbands. 

7 In the past and the present it is 
the same. 

8 Last night people froze to death. 

9 Make use of the visible to illu- 
strate the invisible. 

10 Is this thing natural or artificial? 

11 Is it true or false? 

12 Where were you born ? 

13 He was beaten almost to death 
by them. 

14 You do not know what sort of 
death you will die. 

15 That is the way of the world. 

16 You are still unaware of the 
consequences ! ' 

17 If the parable be complete^ the 
doctrine will be made clear. 

18 Complete pair : perfect couple. 

19 In transacting wordly business, 
you must carry it to a consum- 
mation. 

20 Immovable one: movable ones. 



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104 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATCW DIALECT. 

LESSON XL VII. 



1?|C p$; protect; benefit. 

T^t ciang; weapons; rely on. 

^ 1; ideas; desires. 

wS* sfc; ideas; thoughts. 

fcl| thten; supply a deficiency. 

"ftj iu; aid; help. 



f^ s6k; common. 

*$% M; teach; instruction. 

$5 pi; pun; sign of the passive 
voice. . 

5c s5u > receive. 

j§£ * liah ; catch, seize. 

J§; ki; foundation. 



1 u cek ku s6k gl cle n se n t*\ n . 
llc^ntsle"? 

2 M he siu i M. 

3 bue u khi chil tieh soi n thien 
U kha. 

4 pe" ch#n ti hng. 

5 ua ci kia n sa ch#n ch<frn ciang 
M kio ua li. 

6 m cai i Mi 1. 

7 te ti k& klmt i liah tfeh ? 

8 fe\ n tai i. p$ iu. 

9 ii sih mih 1 s^ ? 

10 b6 1 sfc. si nfing cio. 

11 m h&h i Mi \. 

12 si s6k n&ng ta. n . 

13 hlle n khah s6k. 

14 ju 11 i. ke 1. 

15 pfoig hue Mi n&ng khat i liah 
tieh a bue ? 

16 ki ti thien h£ a bue ? 

17 sih mih \ sfc? pi ua th6i n ki n . 

18 p6 iu i cek ke nang. 

19 te Mi i sfc. pun ua th6i n chut. 

20 ua pun i liah tieh. 

21 pi ua ka. sa n ni, hong s6k ciu 



tfig cd h6 lio. 



icftni t& n ? 



22 kim jit u phah ciang, me ? 



1 There is a proverb which says so. 
What do you think ? 

2 Receive his instructions. 

3 Before you build a house you 
must lay a foundation. 

4 Protect the whole country. 

5 I wholly rely on you to adjust 
this matter for me. 

6 I do not know what his idea is. 

7 Where was he when caught by 
him? 

8 Tell the sense of it. Protect. 

9 What is the meaning of it ? 

10 Senseless. A vulture. 

11 Not according with his idea. 

12 Common people say. 

13 That kind is too common. 

14 As you wish. Pretend. 

15 Has the incendiary been caught 
by him yet ? 

16 Are the foundations laid yet ? 

17 What does it mean ? Seen by me. 

18 Protect the whole family. 

19 Your intentions have been dis- 
covered by me. 

20 I was caught by him. 

21 If taught by me for three years, 
their habits would become good. 
What does he say ? 

22 Was there fighting to-day ? 



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106 FIRST LESSONS IN THE StfATOW DIALECT 

LESSON XL VIII. 

*fZ kha*u; deceased male ancestors, 
JJt pi ; deceased female ancestors. 



4S kong; public; grandfather. 

*B| ma; grandmother. 

HJE c6; ancestor. 

r*j ke; elder brother. 



jp peh; husband's or father's el- 
der brother. 

^t cek; husband's or father's 
younger brother. 

itn si; origin; commencement. . 

7&K cong; termination. 

S& tutu* ; great. 

P^ jun; intercalary. 



1 khui ki c6. 

2 si c6 khau pS. 

3 c6 pe; lai kong. 

4 co b6; l&i inft. 

5 gua c6 pe; gua kong. 

6 gua c6 b6; gua ma. 

7 c£ng c6 pe b6. 

8 l&u c6 pe b$. 
kau c6 pe* L6. 

10 thai kau c6 pe b$. 

11 toa peh, jl peh. t&i jtn. 

12 peh pe, cek pe. c6 ke. 

13 i kh* li kong si. 

14 tftng a kong ma si cek peh hia n 
ti. 

15 i b$ si, bS cong. 

16 sa n ni k&i jun gueh. 

17 cieh mng ci ui a peh nin th&i 
kong te ke me ? kong ti. 

18 a ke, nan a cek khfc ti kd? 

19 a peh, n&n a mh ai n ham a ke 
kh&ta. n tie. 

20 a cek kong. 

21 lu si cong tieh ui i. cong ku. 



1 The founder of the family. 

2 Remote ancestors. 

3 Paternal grandfather. 

4 Paternal grandmother. 

5 Maternal grandfather. 

6 Maternal grandmother. 

7 Great grand parents. 

8 Great grand parents. 

9 Great great grandparents. 

10 Great great great grandparents. 

11 Eldest and next to the eldest 
uncle. Great man. 

12 Father's elder and younger 
brother. Ancestral home. 

13 He is gone on public business. 

14 Those having the same grand 
parents are cousins. 

15 It has no beginning nor end. 

16 There is an intercalary month 
once in three years. 

17 Inquire of this elderly man, if 
your great grandfather is at 
home. A common. 

18 Brother, where is uncle ? 

19 Uncle, grandmother wishes to 
speak with brother. 

20 Grandfather's younger brother. 

21 From first to last you must help 
him. 



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108 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XL IX. 

Jjjf sim; wifeofacek. 

5y kim ; wife of a ku. 

.p§ * ta-kua n ; husband's father. 

ftp * ta-ke; husband's mother. 



J§ ku ; mother's or wife's brothers. 

jtfi ko ; father's or husband's sisters. 

5$! 1 ; mother's or wife's sisters. 

5C tie"; husband of a ko, or a t. 

JgE sS; elder brother's wife. 

!XRF m; wifeofapeh. 



1 nin a tie n -n&ng, tie n -m tS ti 
kd tlu ? 

2 a s$, nin ta-kua n tS ch sih mih 

SB? 

3 nin ta-ke kirn ni u jieh coi hue ? 

4 l&u m, un a ko chia" 16 kua a 
sim Mi clah png*. 

5 b£ ku : chi ku. 

6 toa b6 ku. 

7 s6i chi ku. 

8 toa sie m. 

9 toa ko : s5i ko. lau m. 

10 toa bS t. 

11 ua te c6 ke tah cun, Mi Mu ci 
kd, chit Mi gueh cui lo. 

12 lltisUi n khfccoke? 

13 tia phah sfcg ke kui ni hi n khiL 

14 chia n nin Mi a sim hue, Mi 
thia n . 

15 ua Mi a so Mi mng hau 1£. 

16 MM m si Id Mi a ko ? 

17 ko ciang. hue m£ ko. 



■fe^C * tie n -ndng; wife's father. 
■ffffj * tie n -m; wife's mother. 



1 Where do your wife's father and 
mother live ? 

2 Sister-in-law, what is your hus- 
band's father doing ? 

3 How old is your husband's mo- 
ther? 

4 Auntie, my aunt invites you and 
the younger aunt to come and eat 
rice. 

5 Mother's brother : wife's brother. 

6 Mother's eldest brother. 

7 Wife's younger brother. 

8 Eldest sister-in-law. 

9 Father's elder sister: father's 
younger sister. Aunt. 

10 Mother's elder sister. 

11 In coming by ship from my own 
country here, I was seven months 
on the way. 

12 When are you going to your 
native land ? 

13 I have calculated upon going in 
a few years more. 

14 Invite your women folks to come 
and hear. 

15 My sister-in-law has come to 
inquire after you. 

16 Is it not your aunt ? 

17 Indulgent: easy with. Firefly. 



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110 FIRST LESSONS IN THE 8WATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON L. 



mm 


* sim-pii; son's wife. 


*™* 


sm; reflect, consider. 


% 


jt; child. 


m 


pie; exterior. 


m 


nfig; sister's or daughter's 
husband. 


^ 


tMng; household; venerable. 


*f 


sai; daughter's or younger 
sister's husband. 


<t 


tflg; hall; chapel; house. 


iLRl 


seng; sister's children. 


u 


chin ; near relations. 


% 


sun; grandchildren. 


w. 


c6k; tribe; kindred. 


1 M h$ s* sle n . 


1 Reflect upon it 


2 sin nfig; sin nte. 


2 ; 


Bridegroom; bride/ 


3 t 


pie ci mue. 


3 Female maternal cousins. 


4 thftng hia u tl: cQang hia n ti. 


4 Cousins : second cousins. 


5 1 


pie hia" tl. 


5 Male maternal cousins. 


6 chin hia n tl. c6k hia n ti. 


6 Own brothers. Male relatives. 


7 ko pie. 


7 Father's sister's child. 


8 i 


b$kia n , bdji. 


8 She is childless. 


9 cau sun ; ca-b6 sun. 


9 Granddaughter or niece. 


10 tau sun; ta-po sun. 


10 Grandson or nephew. 


11 chua sim-pu. 


11 Bring home a daughter-in-law. 


12 i 


ai n eft chin. 


12 They are going to marry. 


13 gua seng. chin chili. 


13 Sister's child. Kiss. 


14 i 


bue ii chut mfig. 


14 She is not yet married. 



15 jl ski. mue sai. 

16 1& Mi gua seng cdng chua 
sim-pQ a hue ? 

17 nin chin, thftng, ciiang, jleh 
c6i nftng ? 

18 nfig ktl kfti kia 11 clu si pie hia" 
tl; cau kia n ciu si pie ci mue. 

19 tftng tfig Mi hia" tl ci mue pi 
c6k l&i Mi hia n tl ci mue io 
chin. 

20 u jleh coi kia n sun ? 

21 ci kai si ua kai kia n sai. 

22 l&u nftng su tieh sun hue. 



15 Husband. Younger sister's hus- 
band. 

16 Has your nephew yet brought 
home a daughter-in-law ? 

17 How many are there of you, 
brothers, cousins, and second 
cousins ? 

18 The sons and daughters of the 
men connected with us by our 
female relatives are cousins. 

19 Brothers and sisters of the same 
household are more near than 
those of the same clan. 

20 How many descendants ? 

21 This is my daughter's husband. 

22 The old man considers the young 
ones. 



m 



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112 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LI. 



jff 



$. 



tiet; brother's child, 
ng&k ; wife's parents, 
kl; successive, 
tek ; the true wife, 
su; many; nearly, 
ju; ni; ni; breast; milk. 



1 i si sang se n Mi. 

2 ci Mi kia n si i iang Mi. 

3 isi tekb6se n Mi. 

4 ng&k b6. kl be\ 

5 su be" Mi kia n . 

6 b6 chin, ju be\ 

7 ni be\ gu ni. 

8 se n cia, iang cia, pe n p6 n ai 
sieh. 

9 i Mi ngak bS si stl Mi, m si 
tek Mi. 

10 pe chiap ukia n cia ciu si su be\ 

11 khtfn thai kl bS kang chin b6 
cek ie n . 

12 M Mi tiet, tleh k6 kai ni bS lai 
chi ni. 

13 chiap, klecfcjinang, sa n nang, 
chiah kha. 

14 iang kia n thai l&u. 

15 thau the se n Mi kia n . 

16 pau hia n ti phi ju cd chiu cok. 

17 kau cok. cap cok. 

18 ti pe n cia, tleh cai ui sin hun. 
clah ni. 

19 t&ng pau ci mue. 

20 i kl i a pe Mi s&. c6i n nSng; 
Su b6. 






chiap; concubine. 

iang; nourish; adopt 

pau; uterine. 

the; the womb. 

cok; full; the foot. 

cia ; particle arresting attention . 



1 They are twins. 

2 This child is adopted by her. 

3 He is the true wife's child. 

4 Wife's mother. Step-mother. 

5 Inferior wife's child. 

6 Own mother. Foster mother. 

7 Wet nurse. Cow's milk. 

8 Those begotten, and those adopt- 
ed are alike loved. 

9 His wife's mother is the inferior, 
not the superior wife. 

10 A father's concubine, having 
children, is a su be\ 

11 Treat a step-mother the same as 
an own mother. 

12 You must hire a wet nurse to 
nurse your nephew. 

13 Concubines are called second, or 
third, or large footed persons. 

14 Rear a child for one's old age. 

15 The first begotten son. 

16 Own brothers are as the hand 
and the foot. 

17 Enough. The full measure. 

18 The sick must heal their bodies. 
To nurse. 

19 Sisters, having the same mother. 

20 He succeeds to his father's busi- 
ness. His first, and second wife. 



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114 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LII. 



3* 

§ 

m 



sla n ; holy, pure, 
kiam; salted. 
cfa n ; fresh, not salt, 
ci"; fresh, tender, 
so; crisp, flaky, 
i": round. 



1 cai cok. soi n cai nang. 

2 gu ni iu. gu ni pia n . 

3 ci Mi a n6 n keh ni a hue? chi 
cham. 

4 hah sia n cu s6 ta\ 

5 huang chue kue hfii min clu oi 
liang. 

6 tang Mi a pe, tang kdi a b$. 

7 huang chue lai kau liang. 

8 kong chin, kiam chhi. 

9 chiu ni. 

10 kiam Mi hS kue cia n kAi. 

11 cui cia n , hS puah l&i ciah; la si 
kiam ciu fi ai n . 

12 tiath6i n lHci n ci n . 

13 cS pang mfig kha la liang. 

14 ci n Mi ni io ke. 

15 anliapka n hieM a . 

16 th&u ciam, sin i n . 

17 kh$ sieh i chi cham. 

18 i chi cham c&i; It tieh th6i n 
kui. 

19 loh iam khah cie; m kau kiam. 

20 kli* h6i kui k* i n Mi so pia n . 
ieh i n . 

21 ci kai a nie kia n , kha ciam, 
chiu hi n . 



£ 


ciam; pointed. 


» 


cham; distressing. 


1t 


chi; suffering. 


£ 


liang; cool. 


* 


* la; take advantage of. 


m 


* ni; juice, gum. 



1 Contented. A seer. 

2 Butter. Cheese. 

3 Is this child weaned yet? Ex- 
cruciating. 

4 As the holy book says. 

5 The wind having blown over the 
sea is cool. 

6 The same father and the same 
mother. 

7 The wind blows cool. 



8 A mediator. 



9 The gum of a tree. 



Salt vegetable. 



10 The salt is better than the fresh. 

11 If the water is fresh, draw some 
to drink ; if salt I don't want it. 

12 To me you look youthful. 

13 Sat by the door enjoying the 
coolness. 

14 This is more juicy. 

15 As round as an orange. 

16 Pointed head and round body. 

17 Pity his distress. 

18 He suffers greatly; you must 
take care of him. 

19 Too little salt was put in; it is 
not salt enough. 

20 Go and buy a few round crisp- 
cakes. Pills. 

21 This little lady has pointed feet 
and small hands. 



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116 FIBST LESSONS IN THE 8WATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LIII. 

^ wn; bending, curved. 



^IJ * lai; sharp. 

§fc tun; dull, blunt. 

rpj * jun; tough. 

JJj§ * ch&; tender. 

flfi liam; liam; sticky 

IJf tit; straight. 



1 sim tieh tit, m h$ wn khek. 

2 i tha\u md khek khek. 

3 slobak titabue? 

4 i lai kue te. 

5 te tun, h$ khieh khfc bua lai. 

6 n6k khah jun, to khah tun. 

7 ci c6k kft gu nek ch& ch&, h$ 
ciah. 

8 ci tio lo wn wn khek khek. 

9 sien ka\i nfing sim tit, ak k&i 
n&ng sim wn. 

10 c6k lien chit wn, poih khek, 
huang ka.u hi kfc. 

11 ci n fign eng kau Id la. 

12 chiu liam liam, h6 khfc soi. 

13 wn l&i wn kh&. 

14 ak nftng sle n ak si. 

15 sien cia ciang l&i oi cie n thien 
tfig. IS lio. 

16 i k&i fie ta. n l&i lai c&i. 

17 peng m si cie n se n . 

18 lien jit than huang. 

19 lien kip p&t ndng. 

20 11 kia n jit chia n nftng kheh c& 
kui ciah siah, siah c6k ciah eft 
jieh coi ci n ? liam t8 hi bue. 



£ 



khek; crooked, 
ak; wicked, evil, 
sien; righteous. 
* 1&; enough, 
lien; connect; even. 



1 The mind must be upright, not 
tortuous. 

2 Her hair is curly. 

3 Is the account balanced yet ? 

4 It is sharper than a knife. 

5 The knife is dull, take it and go 
and sharpen it. 

6 The meat is too tough, the knife 
too dull. 

7 This piece of beef is very tender 
and good to eat. 

8 This road is very crooked. 

9 The righteous have an upright 
mind, the wicked a perverted one. 

10 A series of seven bends and eight 
crooks in arriving there. 

11 Use as much money as you need. 

12 Your hands are sticky, wash them. 

13 To curve back and forth. 

14 The wicked devise wickedness. 

15 The righteous will by-and-bye go 
to heaven. That is enough. 

16 He spoke very sharply. 

17 It is not at all so. 

18 For successive days the wind has 
blown. 

19 It involves other people. 

20 How many guests did you in- 
vite to day, and how much did 
each repast cost you? Paste it 
on at the end. 



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118 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LIV. 



rp tk>; hang, suspend 

TX1 tS; a generation. 

xg, ien; hBg; far. 

St klin; near, 

fe 15; ugly. 

•Hi cho; coarse. 



1 k&n l&i k&i hong s6k m h$. 

2 i se n ldi cho 16. cho p6. 

3 tlo khui t8 hi k&. 

4 m&i kh6 i cd. 

5 hHg kfin c6k Ie n phi" ktii. 

6 i hng hXg k& ldi. 

7 kfa" khah hMg ciu 6i phi k-tfn. 
ien kfin. 

8 kfin kd kui, h*g kd ciu phi n . 
huam jtn. 

9 bHg te Mi c6. 

10 huam se n tS si kan. 

11 pin a hue ? hue tl pin. 

12 sui pien hi n kh*. 

13 ch6ng ua Mi pien. 

14 de" se n m pien. 

15 kau tiam, pien h$ ldi. 

16 ci Mi pien si. cho phue. 

17 sui pien h6; juan. 

18 Mth6i n sIpbi D asIkui? 

19 ua chin m&k th6i n kl n . 

20 ua chin hi n thia n ki n . 

21 kho th&u, m&i kh6 bue. 

22 14 h$ kui tong i. 

23 hi Mi kui tong kue ci k&i. 
hHg hfcg. 



_- * J Qan > either; as you like. 
$!5=t * phi n ; cheap. 
jJS pien; convenient. 

^ * pin; ready. 

kui; costly; noble. 
kh6; bitter; difficult. 



=£ 



1 Recent customs are bad. 

2 He is ugly. Coarse cloth. 

3 Hang it up there. 

4 Do not trouble him to do it. 

6 Far and near the price is the same. 

6 It comes from a great distance. 

7 If you walk too far you will be 
weary. Far and near. 

8 Near by it is dear, far off it is 
cheap. Common people. 

9 Remote ancestors. 

10 All born into the world. 

11 Ready yet? Not yet ready. 

12 Shall go when it is convenient. 

13 Suiting my convenience. 

14 That is inconvenient. 

15 It will be convenient for you to 
come at nine o'clock. 

16 This is just it. Coarse skin. 

17 Whichever you please. 

18 Do you consider it cheap or dear? 

19 I saw it with my own eyes. 

20 I heard it with my own ears. 

21 Endure hardness at the begin- 
ning and not have it at the end. 

22 You should value it. 

23 That is more valuable than this. 
Very far. 



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120 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LV. 



@£ sng; sour. 

fjft tiam; sweet. 

^51 nge; hard. 

j|fc n*g; soft. 

^ * hiam; pungent. 

^ mui; ngia; handsome. 



1 mueh kia n i n keng b6i pin pin 
lio. 

2 cha tit Mg. 

3 pfig ti b6i b$, tieh khfc p&t kd 
b6i. 

4 6i jiehnge? u jiehkau? se n 
nge. 

5 sngka n kia n . khut n&ng phah. 

6 bSlUjipcil&i. 

7 s6 kue khfc Mi ni kie cd c& ni. 

8 sng tiam c&i, chfrn b5i siap. 

9 ua tb6i n kl n kdi ch&t e kue 
khoi thau khieh mueh. 

10 i Mi se n nge c&i. 

11 13. ai u b6i Mu Mi, a p$h kdi ? 

12 t£ chong Mu Mu, mai pSh. 

13 ci ie n te kbah siap. 

14 mai leb kbab hiam. 

15 si. si me? si cle u se n . 

16 ci kAi se n ldi ngia kue hi Mi. 
te 1 pSb. 

17 i si toi n it ngia. 

18 m h6 cd ch&t. m6. 

19 i l&i thau thoi". 

20 ci Mi si i Mi mui 1. 



J* 






.•Jt 



Mu; thick; strong. 
p£h; thin; weak, 
siap;. harsb; astringent, 
thau; pilfer; stealthily, 
ch&t; rob; thief. 
* e; wade; ford. 



1 The things have already been 
bought, and are ready. 

2 Vastly different. 

3 If there are none to be bought 
here, go elsewhere and buy. 

4 How hard is it? How thick is it? 
Surely. 

5 Limes. Beaten by some one. 

6 Won't let you come in here. 

7 Years that are past are called 
former years. 

8 An acidulated sweet, not in the 
least acrid. 

9 I saw a thief wade across the 
river to steal things. 

10 He is of obdurate disposition. 

11 Do you wish to buy a thick one 
or a thin one ? 

12 Make the tea very strong. 

13 This sort of tea is too bitter. 

14 Do not make it too peppery. 

15 It is so. Js it so? It is thus. 

16 This is more beautiful than that. 
The tea is weak. 

17 It is very handsome. 

18 Do not be a thief. Do not. 

19 He came to slyly see. 

20 This is his fine idea. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN TflE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON LVI. 



sai; lion, 
him; bear. 

ngio; cat. 
16; mule, 
le; ass. 
g$; goose. 



1 ciu oi ISh ho. su eng. 

2 me ce. man ce. cie ce. 

3 ke ce. ca ce. ila" ce. 

4 chim ce. chien ce. toa ce. 

5 ling se su. toa se su. 
C chut se su. leii se su. 

7 6i sng a boi ? oi tiam. 

8 sai si han thoi n ki n kAi. 

9 ci ciah him ti nang him fi si 
kau him. 

10 ngio ai n khfc thau ciah g6 nek. 

11 ]k oi kia n hHg lo a si 16 oi kia n 
hng 16 ? 

12 etig hiah to chiu kd. 

13 sk n hue. kong hue. 

14 hue tfig. hue kue min. 

15 mcai oi ce n a boi. 

16 ci ciah g£ khah san. 

17 ch6ng ua kai 1 s&. 

18 cie n se n huang seng cd nang. 

19 ctii toa. thi" o am. 



20 nftng h$. 



to ci. 

21 to 11 min c6i n . 

22 ua th6i n cd be\ 

23 i ai n c* toa. 

24 cd si s6k nang th n . 



M eng; eagle kind. 

jS< * ce; has the effect of er on? 
an adjective. 

^ft se; little; somewhat. 

tR su; ought; servicable. 

^ hue; society; convene. 

^f* * ©i; likely; will be; apt. 



1 It will then rain. Needful. 

2 Quicker. Slower. Fewer. 

3 More. Earlier. Later. 

4 Deeper. Shallower. Larger. 

5 A little further. Rather larger. 

6 Go out a little. Lower somewhat. 

7 Is it sour ? It is sweet. 

8 A lion is seldom seen. 

9 This bear is the brown bear, not 
the white-necked bear. 

10 The cat is going to slyly eat the 
goose meat. 

11 Which can travel farthest the 
mule or the ass I 

12 The eagle perches in trees. 

13 The church. Public assembly. 

14 A church. Have met before. 

15 Do not know whether it will clear. 

16 This goose is too lean. 

17 According to my ideas. 

18 Thus you may become somebody. 

19 The tide is rising. The sky is 
dark. 

20 The man is good. It is here. 

21 It is before your face. 

22 I regard it as being good. 

23 He wishes to be greatest. 

24 According to the saying of the 
common people. 



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124 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LVIL 

J5& h6 n ; tiger. 



}$$ lin ; a fabulous animal. 

Wl 16ng; a dragon. 

Kb cua; serpent. 

# bt; fish. 

jj§pt hiet; scorpion. 

5v|| hia; ant. 



1 16nghe. h&igft. cekbueht. 

2 lau ho\ ch&u th&ng. 

3 p6hh6 m k&te! 

4 peli hia, o hia, &ng hia. 

5 phi ju cfc tat. 

6 M Mi c& ua kdi kia n . 

7 liah b6 Mi ndng. 

8 s6i sa n n&ng. i se n pe n . 

9 Mi pbab si cek tio cua. 

10 ngio th&u cio. h6 n hoi. 

11 raueh kia n boi m khfc. 

12 boi m kau ptfg ci n . 

13 ta n ai n boi. boi tio lio. 

14 si kha cua. u pe n cia. 

15 lin ban hau khut n&ng tb6i n 
ki n . kau b6 cua. 

16 lin m ciah uah mueb. 

17 leng k&i mueh oi toa, oi s&i, 
oi tfig, oi t6; bS tla n tleb k&i. 

18 mai khut hiet kia n ka tieh. 

19 be h6 ciah, a si hoi h$ ciah ? 

20 ku khak. -leng cun. 

21 cua Mi phue h$ cd ieh ; me ? 

22 chle n k&i nek h£ ciah. 

23 cua be kha oi kia n . 






ku; tortoise, 
chie"; elephant. 
tMng; worm; insect. 
h£; prawns, 
boi; crabs. 



1 Lobster. Pelican. One fish. 

2 A fierce tiger. Insects. 

3 The white tiger devour you ! 

4 White ants, black ants, red ants. 

5 Likened unto a fish. 

6 You come and be my child. 

7 A fisherman. 

8 Washerman. He is sick. 

9 Come and kill a snake. 

10 Owl. Spotted crab. 

11 Could not sell the things. 

12 Did not sell for first cost. 

13 Now wish to sell. Already sold. 

14 Lizard. The sick. 

15 The lin is very seldom seen by 
people. Lizard. 

16 The lin does not eat living things. 

17 Dragons are large and small, 
long and short; they are^ not of 
any certain size. 

18 Do not get bitten by a scorpion. 

19 Which is the best for eating, 
prawns or crabs ? 

20 Tortoise shell. Dragon boat. 

21 Is the skin of a snake good for 
medicine? 

22 The elephant's flesh is edible. 

23 Serpents walk without legs. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



§|>J p&; leopard. 

%jc hfiu; the king crab. 

So ham ; scallop. 

S|| e; oyster. 

}y[ pih; turtle. 

S sai; rhinoceros. 



LESSON LVIII. 

f|J . kah; naily substance, 

gj$ l&n; scales. 

JlV jio; claws. 

>j g6; tusks. 

$j? t6i; hoof. 

5J§ chi; gills. 



1 ah t6i kha. hau peh cheh. 

2 hau peh cheh hi n cd si k&i, a 
si fti n c» uah kfii ? 

3 h6 n se n pfcji. 

4 ci k& hau jieh tang ? 

5 ci cheh ham ii jieh coi liap ? 

6 6 khah s6i liap. 

7 pih kah oi jieh kui; *u' n b6i eft 
ieh. 

8 b6i cheh sai gu phue khfc ciah 
ciu h$. 

9 h6 k&i lftn c5i, a 16ng k&i l&n 
coi? 

10 chle n g6 h6 c& tu. 

11 ngo jio lfing. 

12 lin k&i hue chin chle n gu bue; 
t6i chin chle n b6 t6i. 

13 n&ng t& n h6 n khui jio ciu m 
khui ge\ khui g6 ciu m khui 
jio; si me? 

14 pftt ie n hfi cln si n8 kfii chi; fi 
cek le n hd ; ciu si si k&i chi. 

15 chiu kah ; kha kah. 



1 Web-footed. Venitians. 

2 Do you want the slats of the 
shutters fixed or movable ? 

3 The tiger gives birth to the 
leopard. 

4 How heavy is this king-crab ? 

6 How many scallops are there in 
this lot ? 

6 The oysters* are too small. 

7 How dear is turtle shell ? I want 
to buy some for medicine. 

8 You better buy some rhinoceros 
skin and take it. 

9 Which has the most scales, the 
fish or the dragon ? 

10 Elephant tusks are good for ma- 
king chop-sticks. 

11 The five clawed dragon. 

12 The tail of the lin is like that of 
an ox ; its hoofs are like a horse's. 

13 People say that if a tiger has 
claws it has no tusks; if it has 
tusks it has no claws; is it so ? 

14 Other species offish have but two 
gills; there is one species having 
four gills. 

15 Finger-nails, toe-nails. 



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128 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LIX. 

fpi jui; but; precisely; consist in; 
and. 

Jfi^ pe; peh; clamber; climb.' 

«IL sat; lice. 

B$C bun; gnats. 

*L mang; mosquito. 

jfP| in&ng; net; sew coarsely. 



to; altogether; general; proba 
bly; fine. 

* pe; scratch. 

* p£; creep. 

* cie n ; to itch. 

* pha ; fling out. 
siu; comb; brush. 



1 to si c\e n se n . 

2 cie n kb m p£, khfc p6 thla" kd. 

3 chit ce, poih p6, kau hwt ge\ 



4 Mi a n6 n kia n te pe\ 

5 i peh cie n chu teng. 

6 11 kai min khat mang ka kau 
c&k tlam cek tiam &ng ftng. 

7 bun kS nang pi m&ng ka, ju 
cie n ,juthia n . 

8 ca ce khi l&i, siu th&u. 

9 chd siu; In siu; kak siu. 

10 pha cek e m&ng,"pha tleh c&p 
hue h£. 

11 thau sat, sin sat. 

12 tu, gu, ngio, kau, I6ng cong oi 
se u sat. 

13 nin a tia khleh mang kha khoi 
ki n pha hit. 

14 i p£ kue sua n . 

15 jui si 11 th n , ua huang siang 
sin. 

16 lambe siang sin i. 

17 ua siang sin 11 ciu si. 

18 uatom,juisil4ai n . 



1 It is probably so. 

2 Not scratching where it itches 
but where it aches. 

3 Sit up at seven months, creep at 
eight, teeth at nine. 

4 A child creeps. 

5 He climbs up on the roof. 

6 Your face has been bitten by mos- 
quitoes till it is all little red dots. 

7 The bites of gnats itch and ache 
more than mosquito bites. 

8 Rise earlier and comb your hair. 

9 Wooden comb; lead comb; horn 
comb. 

10 At one cast of the net caught ten 
fish. 

11 Head lice, body lice. 

12 Swine, oxen, cats and dogs, all 
have lice. 

13 Your father took the net to the 
river side to fish. 

14 He clambered over the mountain. 

15 Since you say so, I thereupon 
believe it. 

16 You should not trust him. 

17 I believe you then. 

18 I did not altogether wish to, but 
you wanted to. 



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LESSON LX. 


yp khia; stand up; stage. 


fa ko; withered; sere. 


Si ng8; khia; sojourn; lodge. 


B£ bin; dizzy. 


f=f * khia; perpendicular. 


4$ toi"; solid; durable. 


>|§t hue n ; horizontal. 


'fj ph& n ; porous. 


fltf sta; aslant; sloping. 


fH tin; stable; safe 


WrF khi; kia; steep; rough. 


BJ5 6; dumb. 


1 i c£k p6i n chiu ko ta. 


1 One of his arms is withered. 


S i kAi th&u khak bin. 


2 Her head is dizzy. 


3 5i hln cun a b5i ? 


3 Are you sea-sick ? 


4 i Mi sin hOn t5i n , ua k&i sin 


4 His flesh is solid, mine is flabby. 


hun ph& n . 




5 kbla t8 sang pAi n . 


5 Stand on the two sides. 


6 khia khi lfti. i eft nf tfc n ? 


6 Stand up. What does he say ? 


7 llkhlakhit*tlk»? 


7 Where do you live ? 


8 lfing«t8tik»? 


8 Where do you live ? 


9 ua khia t8 feh ph6 lfti. 


9 I live at a drug shop. 


10 sim sfi nftng n&ng tt, tdi n ph& n 


10 All men have motives, but not oi 


& sie t&ng. 


like strength. 


11 hue" tit p$ n pS n toa. 


11 The same breadth and length. 


12 ci k&i n&ng 6, b& & n Qe. 


12 This man is dumb. 


13 th&u bin, mAk &m. 


13 Dizzy and blind. 


14 ci tlo 15 khah kia. 


14 This road is too steep. 


15 huehiehkotakhft; caiakcui. 


15 The leaves of the plants are dried 




up; think to water them. 


16 hi n p&ng khia, a &i n p&ng tit ? 


16 Do you want to place it upright 




or horizontally ? 


1? jit sia heh hflg lio. 


17 The sun is almost down. 


18 cie n se n p&ng m fin, tieh teng 


18 It is not firmly placed : you must 


p&ng tin c€. 


render it steadier. 


19 toi n th6a n pi ph& n th6a n io ke 


19 Solid coal compared with porous 


ci n . 


coal, is the more costly. 


20 6 kfti n&ng kl n tieh n&ng clu 


20 A dumb man, seeing other peo- 


hi n t& n Ge. 


ple, wishes to speak. 


21 h&m i khia khui ce. 


21 Tell him to stand off a little. 



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132 FIRST LESSORS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXI. 



j|L pek; urgent. 


ypj3| mua; complete; entire. 


•^j chiet; pressing. 


$1 * ti n ; full; replete. 


3§C lo; important. 


|f* kin; pressing. 


Mu * j6; tangled; disorderly. 


$§ chd; mistaken. 


ifgE cia n ; amend; adjust. 


JR) tih; drop; drip. 


§jf * ju; neat; orderly. 


J§; toi; a dike. 


1 i kAi thau md j6 j6. 


1 His hair is unkempt. 


2 b£ cek tiam cha chd. 


2 Not in the least wrong. 


3 i mua ti kd khfc. 


3 He went everywhere. 


4 chiet io; 5 h6 cd chi. 


4 It is important; do not make a 




mistake. 


5 i u chd jip, to bS chd chut. 


5 He makes mistakes on the credit, 




but not on the debit side. 


6 mak chiet lo mai chd tboi n , 


6 Important that the eyes make no 


sim chiet lo mai chd sle n . 


error in seeing, and the mind no 




error in thinking. 


7 mua lo keh 5e n phang. 


7 The entire way a variety of odors. 


8 sb. kin kin. 


8 The business is pressing. 


9 sb 6i kin a boi ? 


9 Is the matter urgent ? 


10 si jit khah kin pek. 


. 10 The time is too pressing. 


11 11 pek kau ua cle n kin c& ni? 


11 Why do you urge me so 


kin pek. 


pressingly ? Urgent. 


12 ii sih mih chiet lo a b$ ? 


12 Is there anything specially im- 




portant ? 


13 ci kia n mueh khieh khfc cia n li 


13 Take this and go and get it re- 


hS. 


paired. 


14 chu lSi k&i mueh pai kau ju ju. 


14 Arrange the household stuff in 



15 che mai khah ti n . 

16 ISh kau i ti" ti n . 

17 ho cui tih mua sin. 

18 cek tiam cek tih bS cha chd. 

19 toi teng, toi l&i, toi gua, to h6 
kia n . 

20 cui c£k tih c£k tih, tih 16h lfti. 



fine order. 

15 Do not fill it too full. 

16 Put in till it is quite full. 

17 The rain dripped all over me. 

18 Not the least bit in error. 

19 The top, the inside and the out- 
side of the dike may be traversed. 

20 The water drops, drop by drop. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE 8WATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON LXII. 



^ 


tai; phai; vicious. 


1k 


hue; goods; comrade. 


til 


kek; extreme. 


& 


pit; surely. 


m 


g3; starve. 


m 


ki; dearth; scarcity. 



)lt * hng; famine. 

•$0 &u; obstinate. 

ffif man; fierce; savage. 

Jit cang; robust. 

5S kiang; strong. 

'gf hwn; foreign. 



1 11 tleh cai h$ tai. 

2 m cai h6 phai. 

3 a tie" boi au man, a ko ia bS 
tai 1, ang cla n8 nang slm 
siang ai. 

4 ke hue cia n li h6, khang khue 
cb chut lai huang h6. 

5 hi kai ti hng toa ki hng, hi 
kili cai. 

6 ci kia n mueh kelc h$ ciah. 

7 i kai nftng kek h6, pit bd c* 
au man kai s&. 

8 i khfc hwn p6i n kau ta n Q sa n 
cap ni ku. 

9 ci k&i nang k6k khiang cang, 

10 ci kia n s& kelc au man. 

11 kia n kau ci kd t6 lai ki g6. 

12 cfc si. g§ si. hue Mu. 

13 ham hue than lai cia n li ciah. 

14 11 ci kia D sfc au li c&i; 11 mai 
khah man. 

15 i kai nang khiang khlang cang 
cang cd 6i si ? 

16 hwn nftng. pit pit ai n . 

17 hwn p6i n lai kai. 



1 You must know good and evil. 

2 Not discern good and evil. 

3 Uncle is not perverse, and aunt 
is not vicious, so the husband and 
wife are fond of each other. 

4 Have the tools in good order and 
the work done with them will 
then be good. 

6 There is a great famine in that 
region and rice is very dear. 

6 This is exceedingly delicious. 

7. He is extremely good, and cer- 
tainly does no malicious thing. 

8 He went to foreign parts thirty 
years ago. 

9 This man is exceedingly strong. 

10 This is a most atrocious business. 

11 In walking here I became fam- 
ished. 

12 Suicide. Starve to death. A cook. 

13 Call the cook to come and get 
dinner. 

14 Your are very perverse about 
this; do not be too vehement. 

15 When he is so robust, how is it 
that he will die ? 

16 Foreigners. Surely will. 

17 An importation. 



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JR chu; assume; get. 

iJR khlam; frugal. 

j§f * siap; stingy. 

W( clam; gradual. 

^l] 11; shrewd; profitable. 

T^ hai; injurious. 



FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXIIL 

[£7 huang; screen; ward off. 

[8k hiara; danger; abyss. 

J& ngui; Luang; imminent. 

Ifl lfin; languid. 

W t6a"; lazy. 

JEj ng}\; stupid; foolish. 



1 ngit sle n . th n ngft Ue. 

2 ci k&i nftng th6i n tieh gOa mln 
ngft, i kAi sim l&i slm si 11 hai. 



3 hiam hiam khut It tk n k&u ua 


&i n . 


4 i Ian toa n c3i. 


5 clam clam bo khu. 


6 i kui n&ng cd sh khah khlam 


siap. 


7 ca me* k&i huang clam clam 


th&u, clam clam li hai. 


8 1h he cai huang i. 


9 i pe n huang hiam c&i; tieh cai 


huang fiu su. 


11 to i cun li sh, si clah i, a si 


ciah ka kl. 



11 ua ciah ka ki. 

12 tek ko phah cui, h6 th&u thla n . 

13 ci kdi nfing slm ho" chu. 

14 ci kla n sb slm kbo" chu. 

15 ci k&i sh clu ua th6i n kl n lAi, 
c£k bS kh6 chu. 

16 ci Mi si hau si ngui k&i si hau. 
huang hiam si. 

17 ha s6 phah sfrg si ng& c&i. 



1 Foolishly thought. Stupid speech. 

2 This person's appearance would 
be considered foolish, but his 
mind is very subtle. 

3 Almost persuaded by you to wish 
for it myself. 

4 He is very indolent. 

5 Gradually disappeared. 

6 He transacts business too econom- 
ically. 

7 The wind last night gradually be- 
came more violent and destructive. 

8 You better beware of him. 

9 He is dangerously ill; you must 
guard against consequences. 

10 In managing affairs on his boat, 
does he furnish your food, or do 
you yourself? 

Ill supply my own food. 

12 When you beat the water with a 
bamboo, the fishes' heads ache. 

13 This person is very suitable. 

14 This thing is very appropriate. 

15 This affair, as I understand it, is 
wholly inappropriate. 

16 This season is a dangerous time. 
Very nearly died. 

17 Your conclusion is a foolish one. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON LXIV 

WJ nai; madam; lady. 

UK * kuai; lamp; limp, 

jf^ ng$; uninstructed. 

JtB * lok; slush; mire. 

§76 tarn; obstruct; prevent. 

jfJJI go; thwart; hamper. 



iah; benefit; use. 

* Ian; omit; space between. 

Llam; reproach. 

kio; haughty; confident. 

ng&u; arrogant. 

thiam; tbi"; add; extra. 



1 toa nni, jl nni, sa n nai. 

2 M mm tarn go ua. 

8 kuai kha km' nfing cie. 

4 lu m 1)6 kio ngfcu. 

5 b$ itfm mih l! iah. 

6 11 mm' hai i. 

7 phah kau i kuai kha. 

8 M mai go tieh sfc. 

9 hai kau i kuai kha. 

10 phah kau i cek sin thia" c&i. 
kuai kha cia. 

11 hiam i kio ng&u. 

12 ngd kai nang xn thong li. 

13 ho ISh kau lo lok lok. 

14 sa n nun ngo mak, e jit mai 
ta n tflj- 16 kha ue. 

15 Id mai chue ue. 

16 mai tarn go i kai si hail. 

17 Ian cek keh, c£k keh sia. 

18 tbi" ke Ian kai. 

19 u nftng kheh lai, thiam ke kui 
Ie n chai. 

20 ua ci hue tam sim cai. 

21 b6i u, b6i b£, mai tam go. 

22 mai eft bo iah Mi s&, kliu hai 
u iah kai su. 

23 It mai tam ta n ua. 



1 Eldest, second, and third, wives. 

2 Do not you hinder me. 

3 'ITiere were but few lame people. 

4 Do not be proud. 

5 No special benefit. 

6 Do not you harm him. 

7 Beat him till he was lamed. 

8 Do not you thwart the thing. 

9 Occasioned his being lame. 

10 Beat him till he ached all over. 
The lame. 

11 Reprove his arrogance. 

12 Rude people do not comprehend 
correct principles. 

13 Rained till the road is miry. 

14 As there were but five eyes to the 
three faces, do not hereafter say 
her feet were large or small. 

15 Do not make excuses. 

16 Do not waste his time. 

17 Write in the alternate spaces. 

18 Put in a few more. 

19 A guest has come, add a few more 
kinds of vegetables. 

20 I am this time much disappointed. 

21 Whether you buy or not, don't 
delay. 

22 Do not let that which is useless, 
injure what is beneficial. 

23 Do not disappoint me. 



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LESSON LXV. 



j§r ceng; limpid; only. 


5E * che n ; raw; unripe. 


)f| cheng; clean; clear. 


#{? sek; ripe; cooked. 


yjfr kiet; khih; pure. 


Zf=J sio; digest; dissolve. 


jffc httn; turbid; confuse. 


ff=J * sie; transpire; news. 


j$C * ien; tainted. 


M\ sit; message; respire. 


ip| * t6i; interior; inside. 


9V sin; gods; spirit. 


1 sin ke cheng p£h. 


1 Elegible to office. 


2 s6i cheng khih cheng khih. 


2 Wash very clean. 


3 t6i mln ktd ien, gfia mln b5i 


3 The inside is tainted but the 


ien. 


outside is not. 


4 che" kfti k5i ien, s$k kfti mftn 


4 The raw easily spoils, the cooked 


ien. 


will keep longer. 


6 tt sih mih hS sie sit ? 


5 What is the news ? 



6 i tt kla sie sit a b$ ? 

7 k&u si ni ku bS sie sit. 

8 16 mai httn ua. 

9 stn ski. mng sin. 

10 stn, tt k^i cin, tt khi ke. 

11 ci kdi n&ng sd n lfti tt sieh sin. 

12 ci k&i n&ng th6i n tieh b* sin. 

13 s6k kdi mueh koi sio. 

14 cle n s! t6 l&i m sio ciah. 

15 cie n kuijit tt sie sit. 

16 cikuijitiosSklio. 

17 kiet ceng tl hng. 

18 che s$k mai sie httn. 

19 mki httn ua sng sio. 

20 ti t6i fi sih mih tS ? 

21 khoi t6i k&i cui cheng khih. 

22 o hun pun huang chue sio. 

23 c£k jit sio tt jieh coi bi ? 

24 ti le n mueh sio io coi? 

25 ti kft sio io ke ? 



6 Did he send any message ? 

7 No tidings for four years. 

8 Do not you disturb me. 

9 Angels. Consult the gods. 

10 Of gods there are false and true. 

11 This person has a guardian angel. 

12 This person appears spiritless. 

13 Cooked things digest easily. 

14 Did not digest the last meal. 

15 There was tidings a few days 
ago. 

16 Lately they are riper. 

17 Clean the country. 

18 D'ont mingle the green and ripe. 

19 Do not disturb my calculation. 

20 What is inside the earth ? 

21 The water in the river is clean. 

22 The wind has dispersed the clouds. 

23 How much rice is consumed in 
a day? 

24 Of which thing is the most used ? 

25 Where is the greatest consump- 
tion? 



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142 FIRST LESSORS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXVI. 



^| pit; riefa; afflnent. 


^J mit; bat; mi; elose; tight. 


W%£ hong; a high peak. 


T7 * au; rotten; decayed. 


jC , khio; phin; poor; penniless. 


71$ ntta; rotten; corrupt. 


5§ khiong; poor; exhausted. 


JB§§ ml; rotten; pulpy. 


Jffi? ngiam; stern; strict. 


||R jlo; wrinkled. 


flff * cat; thick; close together. 


Ul|S» khu; uneven. 


I phin kAi coi, pu kai cie. 


1 The poor are many, the rich few. 


2 ci kfii niing hwn si he\ 


2 Here is yet another good man. 


3 ci ding hue h^n si ngia. 


3 Here is one more handsome 




flower. 


4 eft bat bat, mai Ian khang. 


4 Make it tight, do not leave holes. 


6 ISi pfing. bat mfig. 


5 Private room. Pfenneled door. 


6 chili hap mi mi. 


6 Shut the mouth tight. 


7 hfip mi. mi bat. 


7 Close tight. Close and tight. 


8 11 he" ngiam ngiam ka i. 


8 Teach him strictly. 


9 mai khah ngiam. 


9 Do not be too severe. 


10 ci kia n &ft mit mft khfc eft. 


10 Go and do this privately. 


Hi th£u me cftt cfit. 


11 His hair is very thick. 


12 ci ding chlu hwt khi lai hleh 


12 This tree has come up with thick 


cat c&t. 


foliage. 


13 i tl mit sin kia ua cai. i nftng 


13 He sent a private letter to inform 


khio c&i. 


me. They are very poor. 


14 ci cAng chlu au khi lio. 


14 This tree has rotted. 


15 i cek sin kai n&k ml nua. 


15 All his flesh is rotten 


16 i min phue jio. 


16 His face is winkled. 


17 Id mai jlo Mi. 


17 Do not frown. 


18 sua" Id khi khu. 


18 The path is rough. 


19 16 kut kut khi khu khi khu. 


19 The road is slippery and rough. 


20 mi nua kai pe n m he theng 


20 With this putrid disease, you 


ciah mueh. 


must not eat carelessly. 


21 ci liap kue ci khah sek; ai n mi 


21 This fruit is too ripe ; it is about 


lio. khio khiong. 


to rot. Poor. 


22 ci kai nang nua c&i. 


22 This man is very corrupt. 


23 i si phin khiong n&ng. 


23 He is a poor man. 


24 c£k ni be* sie bS sit. 


24 For a year there has been no 




tidings from him. 



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LESSON LXVII. 

ftf hi\u n ; fond of; addicted to. 

pj khi; rare; unexpected. 

*|§E kuai; strange; weird. 

V§§ * Id; turbid; roiled. 

™ * sih; glisten. 

Jet! * iap; sparkle. 



1 cia n gueh, jth it. 

2 11 kfcn jit cla n khfc, ta n hftn 
ai n khfc! 

3 iap cek sih clu be kh&. 

4 ua ta. n la\i cla n a mci~a n ? 

5 11 ta.M6i cla n cla n . 

6 tan eng b8, cla n he b6i. 

7 chau Mi cu, sia cla n cla n . 

8 i Mi chhi slm b&t. 

9 i slang hau n th" ue. 

10 n&ng se n phin khiong pu kui 
kai lu thi n . 

11 i bd khi, mueh tleh mi mi cla n 
ciali tit loh. 

12 i cb sfc khi khi kuai kuai. 

13 chut khi kai sfc. 

14 ci Mi nAng khi h$. 

15 i sin cle" khtm jiak, mai kuai 
i. hien jin. 

16 cui le*, m h£ ciah, eng cheng 
Mi. 

17 thoi n tieh iap iap sih. 

18 mueh pit soi n hu, &u ciu 5i se n 
tbflng. 

19 cb cia n , mai eft chua. 

20 i ai n c&g6u. 



■gj kai; all; altogether. 

$$ hu; hfi; rotten; carius. 

%% jiak; weak; frail. 

f^ hien; g6u; wise. 

TP cia n ; c!a n ; correct; right. 

^ chua; awry. 



1 The 21st of the first month. 

2 You went recently and now you 
want to go again ! 

3 Flashed once then disappeared. 

4 Was what I just said correct ? 

5 You just spoke correctly. 

6 Wait till it is all used up, then 
buy some. 

7 Make the copy correct. 

8 He is close-mouthed. 

9 She is very loquacious. 

10 Poverty and wealth are alike from 
heaven. 

11 He is toothless, and the things 
must be pulpy so that he can eat 
them. 

12 He does marvelously. 

13 An extraordinary event. 

14 This is an uncommonly good man. 

15 He is feeble, do not startle him. 
Sages. 

16 The water is dirty, do not drink 
it, use clean. 

17 Saw it glitter. 

18. Things must be rotten before they 
breed worms. 

19 Make it exact, not awry. 

20 He wants to be a wiseacre. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON LXVIII. 



+i 


IB; a hat. 


m 


phua; broken; ragged. 


m 


* t5i n ; threshold. 


f& 


* nib; wink the eye. 


m 


thui; stairs; ladder. 




sie n ; siang; wound; hurt. 


*M 


kh&; knock; heat. 


IT 


sit; real; true. 


m 


s&u; sweep; hnish. 


* 


* ka; let drop down. 


fit 


* cun; wring; grasp. 


& 


* lauh; fall; drop. 



1 nek hu nua. nih mftk. 

2 i ka kl cfi sk n ci* hten. 

3 h6 kio gdu nfing t&ng si, mki 
kio ngS nfing tfing se n . 

4 ci Mi nfing phl n chua chui 
chua. phah phua. 

5 khi 1. khl cu. 

6 ta n u kui tiam ceng ? 

7 ISh ke tiam kia n . 

8 tin" kong nih m&k. 

ci kd p6 lftu p&ng kd s6i pua n 
ua n tia n tla n . 

10 mid i ka l&uh. 

11 cun k&u i ta ta. 

12 s6i mfig toi ° kha. 

13 shu Mu thui. 

14 kdi te 4 ceng kah Mi t£ pfta n 
khieh mi. 

15 i tS lftu thui kha. 

16 11 u t?t n sit tie a b« ? 

17 tteh, hi n tk n sit. 

18 cd s&i, mhi khh phua. 

19 HjiplAi, tiehkh&mfig. 

20 i t£ng hS ka l&uh. 

21 mfig t5i n m h$ khla. 

22 ci kfii pue khut 11 kha phua. 

23 phah Hu tSng sie". 

24 th n iie mhi thdng sie n nSng. 



1 Putrid meat. To wink. 

2 He is holy and wise of himself I 

3 Better to die with the wise than 
to live with the foolish. 

4 This man's nose and mouth are 
crooked. To break. 

5 Astonishing. Rare books. 

6 What o'clock is it now ? 

7 Put in a little more. 

8 It lightens. 

9 Keep this cloth and wash only the 
dishes with it. 

10 Do not let it drop. 

11 Wring it dry. 

12 Wash the threshold. 

13 Sweep the stairs. 

14 Bring a tea-cup and saucer. 

15 He is at the foot of the stairs. 

16 Did you speak the truth ? 

17 Certainly, you speak truly. 

18 Be careful, do not break it. 

19 You must knock when you enter. 

20 His hat dropped off. 

21 Do not stand in the door. 

22 You have broken this cup. 

23 Beaten till badly hurt. 

24 Do not so speak as to wound 
people. 



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LESSON LXIX. 



HJ)§ thia"; the main room. 

^ * tia"; an iron pan. 

f|£ siu; ciu; broom. 

$£ * pang; aboard. 

P khau; mouth; outside. 

^ ke; hard grease. 



H£j tab ; paste on. 

*j| in; lead; conduct. 

tffr * chua; guide. 

f^J chita"; bar; bolt. 

I $£ kat; kit; knit; bolt; end. 

JL 5u; moreover; also. 



1 bS siang. ua khS siang i. 

2 lai siang p5". siang sim. 

3 khin sie n , tang sie n . 

4 sit c&i, si sie" kui kd. 

5 kalaAihth6 r tik&sie"tieh? 

6 ka lauh khu, la boi phua, la 
boi sie". 

7 ci kd ji tab pang tbia n tang. 

8 ci cang chiu kat sit Ho. 

9 ai" ut tieh cai chim" mfig. 

10 b£ ke ieh h$ tah sie n khau. 

11 iu in chua ke cek nang lai kit 
cd ce mue. 

12 i kai chui tun hap mi mi. 

13 ci cek khau tia n in chua i khieh 
khfc thia" &u khng. 

14 in chua nang kheh jip nang 
kheh thia". 

15 khieh sau siu lai sau lau pang, 
si kd pang. 

16 ua lai khfc guakhau. 

17 i te gua khau. 

18 mfi£ kit. kit mfig. 

19 gu Id kit cb cek kd. 

20 ke ieh tah lio kit kin. 

21 thia" mfig kai mflg chua" 
chua" h6. 

22 ka lauh t8 lau pang ki. 



1 No harm done. I grieve for him. 

2 Internal disease. Grieved at 
heart. 

3 Slight wound, deep wound. 

4 In truth, was wounded in a few 
spots. 

5 Where was it injured in falling ? 

6 Was not broken nor injured in 
falling. 

7 Stick this letter up in the parlour. 

8 This tree has borne fruit. 

9 Before retiring, bar the door. 

10 No ointment to put on the bruise. 

11 Induced still another person to 
join the sisterhood. 

12 His lips were tightly closed. 

13 Induce her to take this pan and 
put it away behind the parlour. 

14 Lead the guest into the reception 
room. 

15 Bring a broom and sweep the 
floor. Four boards. 

16 I am going out. 

17 He is out of doors. 

18 A bolt. Bolt the door. 

19 The suet has set in a lump. 

20 The salve hardened after putting 
on. 

21 Put up the bar of the door of the 
main room. 

22 It dropped on the floor. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON LXX. 



3& ch6i n ; a small broom. 


vE§ ie n ; fuse metals; melt. 


J£| ai; eng; dust. 


^Jt chit; wipe with a dry cloth. 


J§§ tin; teng; dust. 


flpl * jft; wipe with a wet cloth. 


|$j hu; a set; aid. 


f| cih; fold up. 


>j^ tMng; tub; bucket. 


Jp. toa"; alone; single. 


i|^J chlu; scrub; scour. 


IS t£k; sole; only. 


1 chit tlo eng t£ng. 


1 Wipe off the dust. 


2 t£ si cbftn hit chit k&u kim 


2 Rub all the tea-spoons very bri- 


kim. fign toa". 


ght. Money order. 


3 cang ci Mi p£h thih th&ng s6i 


3 Use this tin pan for washing the 


pua n ua n . 


dishes. 


4 sa D kh5 cih h6 pang tu l&i. 


4 Fold up che clothes and put them 




in the press. 


5 ci cheh bi boi jieh coi ci n ? 


5 What did you pay for this rice ! 


6 i toa n se n ci kfii kia n . 


6 She has had only this child. 


7 toa n toa n u* ci cek Mi. 


7 There is only this one. 


8 11 h#n Ho jfi bQe Mu. 


8 You have not yet rubbed it 




enough. 


9 khi ti cttu ieh a b8 ? 


9 Do you use tooth powder ? 


10 t6k it Mi cin sin. 


10 The sole true God. 


11 toa n t6i. sang t6i. 


11 Undivided hoof. Divided hoof. 


12 eng koi mS ch6i n Idi stui tlo 


12 Take a feather brush and brush 


tin ai. 


off the cobwebs. 


13 tek ch6i n . hi" choi n . 


13 Bamboo brush. Ear broom. 


14 ci kha thang chB ii kui hu pua n 


14 How many sets of dishes does 


ua n ? 


this tub hold ? 


15 kha thang. mln th&ng. cui 


15 Wash tub. Wash basin. Water 


thang. tlo th&ng. puah th&ng. 


bucket. Bailed pail. Drawing 


n8 hi n tMng. 


pail. Two eared kettle. 


16 sie Mu jiet oi ie n a b5i ? 


16 If heated will it melt? 


17 kim, fign, t&ng oh ie n ; toa n 


17 Gold, silver and brass are hard to 


toa n in siah koi ie n . 


melt; lead and pewter only melt 




easily. 


18 thong sin chlu s6i. 


18 Scrub the whole person. 


19 cla n hu. hu shl 


19 Principal and vice. Assistant. 



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152 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXXI. 



m eng; ought; proper. 


* hfcu; filial; dutiful. 


Jgl &ig; a lot; correspond. 


§# kai; ought; deserve. 


Kg In; answer; respond. 


S ngi; proper; fit. 


a tng; adequate; suitable. 


W su; need; forced. 


^ tig; pawn; pledge. 


jfff chiu; beard; tassel. 


ill t&ng; serve a purpose. 


PS * tiang; person. 


1 c* 16i fa h&h m6k. 


1 They do not please me. 


2 tdk kia" bd h&u. 


2 An only son is undutiful. 


3 pit su kia n h&u pe bS. 


3 Must obey parents. 


4 i si put h&u k6i kia n . 


4 He is an unfilial son. 


5 i jieh c5i k&i hfcu ct h&u hfi. 


5 How many sons and daughters- 




in-law is she ? 


6 i ii h&u sim. 


6 He has a filial heart. 


7 eng hon tit jleh coi ? 


7 What was your portion ? 


8 It eng kai cle n se n t& n . 


8 You should say so. 


9 si It tng eng kai c* kfii. 


9 It is what you ought to do. 


10 It pit su tieh kh4 eft. 


10 You must certainly do it. 


11 ua mng i, i m In. 


11 I asked him and he did not answer. 


12 It i n keng In ua hf ciu eng 


12 What you have said you would 


kai tieh cle n se n kia n . 


do, you should do. 


13 c6k Sng b6i jieh c5i ci n ; siig 


13 How much did you pay for the 


ua thia n . 


lot ; reckon it up. 


14 ii kle ii in. 


14 The demand brings the supply. 


15 kle k&u i In. 


15 Call till he answers. 


16 cle 8 siang Sng. 


16 The former and latter correspond. 


17 thi tui Sng ua k&i ae. 


17 Exactly fulfills my words. 


18 m kai cie n se n . 


18 It should not be so. 


19 kai jieh coi fign? 


19 How much should be pay ? 


20 It kai si. tl tiang? 


20 You deserve to die! Who's there? 


21 tng si i io s6i. 


21 When he was small. 


22 i k&i ph6 tilg kimt ua. 


22 He has pawned his shop to me. 


23 c6k n&ng tng c&p n&ng. 


23 One man equal to ten men. 


24 i n8 n6ng ni hue siang tng. 


24 The age of the two is equal. 


25 m k& n tng. m hfih ngi. 


25 I dare not presume. Improper. 



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154 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXXII. 



3i cu; owner; lord. 


^ tarn; bear; sustain. 


f¥ pai; reverence; kneel to. 


$|cj£ klu; rescue; save. 


3H a; a crow. 


jg£ an; ua"; peaceful. 


^p le n ; sheep kind. 


§jj[ ue; comfort; soothe. 


3TO mi; floculent; refuse silk. 


3>5 m&u; appearance. 


jjjsl I6i; rites; decorum. 


j|y chl; spines; prickles. 


1 i slang ua kai tang*. 


1 He is caught by my stratagem. 


2 mM siang nftng kai t&ng. 


2 Do not be taken in by people. 


3 11 pai sih mih sin ? 


3 What gods do you worship ! 


4 hue pai. pai kl n . 


4 Return a visit. Pay respects to. 


5 i pat I6i sto. 


5 He knows the rules of society. 


6 i kai 16i m&u li6. 


6 He has good manners. 


7 chit jtt c£k kai I6i pad. 


7 Sunday once in seven days. 


8 I6i pai tfig. I6i mueh. 


8 A church. Formal presents. 


9 I6i slo. sio jin nftng. 


9 Etiquette. A rude person. 


10 thi n slo. klu si cu. 


10 Destiny. The Saviour. 


11 11 ua n sim khil cb. 


11 Do it with a restful mind. 


12 ph6ngan! mngua n . 


12 Peace! Inquire after. 


13 chia n 11 ua n . ua n sin. 


13 I salute you. Set up a god. 


14 ua n ue i k&i sim. o a. 


14 Comfort him. A crow. 


15 mln m&u. bS I6i. 


15 Countenance. Unceremonious. 


16 ua tarn tng i. 


16 I take his responsibility. 


17 ci tio lo se n chl. 


17 This road is thorny. 


18 klu! bSklu. 


18 Help! No salvation. 


19 i se n Mi bfc le n bS sle n . 


19 He has no form nor likeness. 


20 ua" hiah. ua n c$. 


20 Stop and rest. Sit at ease. 


21 ai n ble i Mi ie n sle n . 


21 Will sketch his likeness. 


22 11 khi klu Sng i. 


22 You go to his relief. 


23 ci k&i 16i ua tng m khi. 


23 I am not up to these formalities. 


24 i b5i tit tleh klu. 


24 He cannot be saved. 


25 i m si toa n toa n ua k&i klu cu. 


25 He is not my Saviour alone. Be- 


tarn tng. 


come responsible for. 


26 ml le n , sua" te n ti hun plet 


26 There is a difference between 




sheep and goats. 



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156 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON L XXIII. 

3?j5 n&i; a yellow plum. 
$fc thS; peaches. 
■jg? * sQai n ; mango. 



^ chan ; a meal. 

|g| * tig; meal; spell; turn 

^ lu; pummelo. 

^ l&i; the pear kind. 

5$5 li; the plum kind. 

>f§: bue; prunes. 



1 ii. time? bue a. 



2 u eng. 



i u sfi. 

3 i u li. tteh u. 

4 pit tieh ti. ti jteh coi ? 

5 11 h* khu ua n tie i. 

6 ke cu; ke cu nle. 

7 11 ka ki cu 1. 

8 i boi cu i. 

9 h6 n jd n ciah !e n . 

10 h&h ngi a m Mh ngi ? 

11 chi\cut8G W? 

12 ci k&i sfi c* m h&h ngi. 

13 c6k jit sam chan. 

14 u n6ng ciah sa n tig, u n&ng 
ciah n8 tig. 

; 15 mln ju thfc hue. 

16 ciah tig, gS tig u sio kfii. 

17 t&i chan. ck tig. 

18 m£ hng tig. c£k tig png. 

19 tig tig ciah nek. 

20 u si ii, u si bfi' 

21 u Mi m plen. 

22 huam s6 u. c6k liap n&i. 

23 i si ti hng cu. 

24= l&i phue. lfti sim. 

25 tiah kui Uap kit ka n . 

26 hwn l&i. hwn ct. 



cla; sugar-cane, 
kit; limes, 
eft; potatoes. 



1 I have. Have you ? Have not 
yet. 

2 Useful. He has business. 

3 He is in the right. Must be. 

4 Certainly. How many are there ? 

5 You go and console her. 

6 Master; mistress. 

7 Decide for yourself. 

8 She cannot choose for herself. 

9 Tigers eat sheep. 

10 Is it proper or not ? 

11 Where is the owner of the house? 

12 This affair is unjustifiable. 

13 Three meals a day. 

14 Some people eat three meals, and 
some eat two. 

15 Face like a peach blossom. 

16 Eat a meal and fast a meal and 
some will digest. 

17 Dinner. Breakfast. 

18 Supper. A meal. 

19 Eat meat every meal. 

20 Sometimes has, sometimes has not. 

21 Some are not expedient. 

22 Whatever there is. A plum. 

23 He is the owner of the place. 

24 Pear rind. Core of a pear. 

25 Pick a few sour oranges. 

26 Pine apples. Irish potatoes. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXXIV. 



5f2 beng; form; shape. 

;Jfi kui; custom; rule. 

jftL kl; usage; regulation. 

^ pau; wrap;, bundle. 

-JX i; garments; dress. 

)1J£ h6k; clothes. 



1 &i n kh*pun ti tiang? 

2 ci k6i si tl tiang Mi ? 

3 m cai si tl tiang. 

4 i l&i tiang si, ua t$ ciab. 

5 c& tiang si u. 

6 hi tiang si u. 

7 i tl tiang si &i n k&u ? 

8 u tiang si i l&i. 

9 te tiang si & n khfc? 

10 tia n kui. nfig pi. 

11 kak h&ng kak hang kM kui. 

12 kui cla n . pau khi l&i. 

13 kui k£ si n&ng n&ng tieh ii. 

14 i bS kui bS k*. 

15 11 ua siang kui cla n . 

16 pau kin. c6k pau. 

17 m siang hft. 

18 i k&i sim c&p. 

19 cAp sek. sin th6i. 

20 cd c&p kang. 

21 eng i cd phah c&p. 

22 h£ng m&u se n l&i mih le n ? 

. 23 ci pau i h&k jieh coi kia n ? hu 
Mh. 

24 ke cti si ke cu k&i i h6k, n6 pi 
si n6 pi kfti i h6k; ti hun piet. 

25 i sin th6i nfig jiak. 



^J hft; agree, as an impression 
with a seal. 



r>wi _ e&p; heterogenous. 
i0L nd; servant; slave. 

p|; slave. 

th6i; body; substance. 

* tiang; classifier. 



1 To whom will you give it ? 

2 Whose is this ? 

3 Do not know who it is. 

4 When he came, I was eating. 

5 Aforetime there was. 

6 At that time there was, 

7 When will he arrive? 

8 He sometimes comes. 

9 When are you going ? 

10 Settle a rate. Female slave. 

11 Each guild has its own rules. 

12 Admonitions. Bundle it up. 

13 All must practise propriety. 

14 He is lawless. 

15 We admonish each other. 

16 Wrap up tight. A package. 

17 The parts do not match. 

18 His mind is distracted. 

19 Variegated. The body. 

20 Do all sorts of work. 

21 Take him as man of all work. 

22 What is his appearance ? 

23 How many garments in this 
bundle? Matching. 

24 The master's dress and the ser- 
vant's dress are different. 

25 He is weak in body. 



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160 TIBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXXV. 



||g * thi; thi; respectable. 

Up thiap; supply; adjacent. 

f^ cng; bricks. 

^g sie n ; chest; box. 

f!EE 6i; shoes. 

yjy ui; enclosure. 



i&£ lui; classifier of flowers. 

5§ tie n ; classifier of things in 
sheets. 

'fit nia; classifier of upper gar- 
ments; collar. 

$5 phue ; a blanket. 

$£{ khun; roll; bind. 

/E phit ; a whole piece. 



1 u thi mln. 

2 h6ng th6i. sla n th6i. 

3 Mi pua n , ki pit, k* cng. 

4 kha sie n , ciah cun. 
6 tio seh, tie" cua. 

6 nia phue, p6 tft. 

7 p£g cheh, pau ieh. 

8 liap ka n , lui hue, ckng chlu. 

9 c5 chit, ui ch&n, koi n pfing. 

10 btie hfi, khun p6. 

11 teng b3, phit p6. 

12 sang 6i, tui koi. 

13 c£k tio cua pue 18h l&i. 

14 c6k ai tfii j!n. 

15 sa D s6i ti kui nia? 

16 ua h&n tit fi. chia° bde. 

17 i tt I6i; ft kui k± 

18 l&i t6i ft. 

19 thiap sin k&i i h6k. 

20 thiap sin k&i n6 pi. 

21 ua th6i thiap te. 

22 hi n ni c* the hue sek. 

23 i k&i i sa n &ng &ng. 

24 i m h&u n thia". 

25 imhk D tli B . 

26 phue khun hS } khxig p&ng sie n 
t6i. 

27 cAp gQa phit p6 khun c* c6k g. 



1 Honored and dignified. 

2 Bodily frame. Emperor's person. 

3 A tray, a pen, a brick. 

4 A box, a boat. 

5 A rope, a sheet of paper. 

6 A blanket, a bunch of chop-sticks. 

7 A book, a packet of medicine. 

8 An orange, a flower, a tree. 

9 A house, a field, a room. 

10 A fish, a roll of cloth. 

11 A hat, a piece of cloth. 

12 A pair of shoes, a pair of fowls. 

13 A snake glided by. 

14 A great man. 

15 How many jackets did you wash ? 

16 I seldom have. Wait a moment. 

17 He is well bred. 

18 There are some inside. 

19 Garments next the body. 

20 Body servants. 

21 I accommodate you. 

22 Will dye it pink. 

23 His garments were red. 

24 He is not willing to obey. 

25 He would not say. 

26 When you have rolled up the 
blanket, put it in the chest. 

27 Over ten pieces of cloth rolled up 
together. 



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162 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXXVL 

Ifc seng; means of living; doctor. 
"^ mien; dispense with; evade. 
Ill thk; earn; profit. 
^C th$; secure; prepared. 

p6; repair; recruit. 

siii; to sleep. 



ke n ; a watch of the night. 

* tSng; on; in; near. 

ch6; mercy; kindness. 

eu; all; implying doubt. 
f , „ thftng; if; supposing. 
^ jiak; if; same as; then. 



;CS> 



m 



1 mfig seng. ui seng. cu seng. 

2 ria n seng, sie seng. 

3 mien kl n . seng li. 

4 mien l&L cu huam. 

5 mien, cu ui. 

6 cu c£ peh ke. 

7 cuju ii ci Mi ie n , h* b6i. 

8 cu ju u ci Mi s&, c» ni ? 

9 kdi gueh th&n jieh coi ci n t 

10 tMng jiak ttan ii ci n , tteh cai 
ciah p6 ieh. 

11 ci kia n s& tieh li th6 thiap. 

12 ci Mi ndng th6 tftng. 

13 ci ku ue tk n l&i m th6. 

14 i t8 p6 6i. cbfc b6. 

15 p6 leh. p6 sa n . 

16 p6 flgn cui. ju jtak. 

17 sa n phua, si & n kit a si hi n p6 ? 

18 chia M Mi 16i seng lfii kla n 16i. 

19 jit ba p& chan c$k tilg, m6 bS 
un sui sa n ke n . 

20 chiu tSng. sin tSng. 

21 chft sim. chfc hi. 

22 th&ng jiak. jiak si. 

23 jiak si bt ho. 



1 Disciple. Physician. Scholar. 

2 Great and inferior actors. 

3 He need not come in. Business. 

4 He need not come. Totally. 

5 It is unnecessary. You, sirs. 

6 All classes of authors. 

7 If there is this kind, buy some. 

8 If this happens, then what ? 

9 How much do you earn per 
month? 

10 If you earn money, you must 
take a tonic. 

11 This business must be thoroughly 

done. 

12 This man is reliable. 

13 That was not well said. 

14 He mends shoes. Loving mother. 

15 A restorative. Mend clothes. 

16 Make up the deficiency of weight 
in money. It seems — . 

17 Do you want the hole in the gar- 
ment darned or patched ? 

18 Invite a master of ceremonies to 
perform the rites. 

19 Without one full meal in the day, 
there will not be three watches of 
sound sleep in the night. 

20 In the hand. On the body. 

21 Tender heart. Affection. 

22 Premising. If it be so. 

23 If there be no rain. 



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164 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON L XXVII. 

f$ * s6ng; banyan. 
@j£ ltu; sulphur. 
fjfc toi"; indigo. 



] J y sua; sand. 
%j cleh; stone. 
§ffl kJlg; steel. 
yfC Mk; timber. 
£:£ se n ; cast iron, 
h&n; alum. 



1 phah i. Si tit phah i. 

2 tia jiak la si phah i. 

3 ua ciang &i n phah i. 

4 tteh phah i. phah ! 

5 h&m i phah i. 

6 t8 phah i. s£ng chiu. 

7 ua i n keng phah i iio. 

8 i bue jln, ua i n keng phah h6 
lio. 

9 pe bue k&u, ua ciang bi° phah 
h$ lio. 

10 ua pi i phah. 

11 ua oi khut n&ng phah. 

12 ua ia si khut n&ng phah. 

13 ciang l&i tia &i n siu i phah. 

14 tieh siu i phah. 

15 h&m i siu phah. 

16 t8 siu i phah. 

17 tia i n keng khut i phah h$ lio. 

18 i bue c6ng khut i liah, ua soi n 
siu phah. 

19 16 bue c6ng 5i th n chut pit hi n 
siu i phah. 

20 p6h hfrn. che n h#n. 

21 Mk sat. p6 thiap. 

22 liu fig. mien kui si. 



JP ka; glue. 
j§j£ chak; varnish. 
^ suan; gems. 



1 Beat him. Can beat him. 

2 If I should beat him. 

3 I am about to beat him. 

4 Must beat him. Strike! 

5 Tell him to beat him. 

6 Is beating him. Banyan. 

7 I have already beaten him. 

8 Before he confessed, I had already 
beaten him. 

9 Before his father comes, I shall 
have beaten him. 

10 I am beaten by him. 

11 I can be beaten. 

12 If I am beaten by anybody. 

13 Sometime I shall take a beating 
from him. 

14 Must take his beating. 

15 Tell him to take the beating. 

16 Getting a beating from him. 

17 I ha ve alread y been beaten by him. 

18 Before he was caught, I had been 
beaten. 

19 Before you can say anything you 
will surely be beaten. 

20 Alum. Copperas. 

21 Bed bugs. Make up a loss. 

22 Brimstone. It won't be long. 



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166 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXXVIII. 



j£!i hu; arrive; repair to. 

jJR stin; yield to; obey. 

2* * hu; to effect,- avail. 

fif ch!eh; matting. 

Xh *; ready; provided. 

'fff pi; prepare; provide. 



0t h6k; uncertain; either. 

*fi tun; pile; pile up. 

fJ$f heh; scare; intimidate. 

P§ toah; shout at; reprimand. 

£gp sien; ringworm, 

ill sang; rust. 



1 ua to" khm hit siah. 

2 hu m tteh cun. 

3 hu hue. hu sS. 

4 cun a\i n khui, kfa n khue c€ cia n 
hu. 

6 jit khah ua n ; k!a n k&u h4 k» 
m hu. 

6 sb li kau h6 ciu m hu. 

7 cbfeh pau. ch&u chieh. 

8 soi n fcpih6. 

9 ua in. ceng & ci k&i sS. 

10 fi pi phah bfi pi. 

11 i n keng S pi pin lio. 

12 i" keng pi cok lio. 

13 h6kciaiki n mi. 

14 th6 tun p&ng hue hfig. 

15 tun cb c£k tun. 

16 i si heh 1* k&i. 

17 m&i heh toah i. 

18 mua ti kb thSng heh n&ng. pi 
pin a bue ? 

19 14 heh i, toah i. 

20 14 toah i eft me ce. 

21 se n sien. se n sang. 

22 heh si n&ng. 

23 ci kia n sb kio ua li thS thiap 
th6 thiap. 

24 i p6 thiap ua. 



1 I am going to repair to supper. 

2 Did not catch the boat. 

3 Attend a meeting. Attend to 
business. 

4 The boat is about to start, walk 
faster so as to get it. 

5 It is too late in the day; to go 
there is impraticable. 

6 To settle the matter is unavailing. 

7 A matting bag. Straw mat. 

8 Get ready beforehand. 

9 I am not yet prepared for this. 

1 Forewarned is forearm ed. 

11 Already quite prepared. 

12 Already fully provided. 

13 Perhaps he will come. 

14 Pile the earth in the garden. 

15 Pile it up in a pile. 

16 He is browbeating you. 

17 Do not threaten him. 

18 Frightening people everywhere. 
Are they made ready yet ? 

19 You bully and scold her. 

20 You shout out at him to hurry. 

21 Have tetter. Get rusty. 

22 Scare people to death. 

23 Regulate this business throughly 
for me. 

24 He made it up to me. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXXIX. 



ke; cakes ; pastry, 
ktie; loaf; cake, 
mue; congee. 
* 4m; porridge, 
thng; soup, 
ciu; wine. 



siam; ginseng. 
n*g; eggs, 
tbfig; sugar. 



m 

/pf hun; flour. 

^ k& n ; yeast. 

PS mi; wheaten. 



1 jiak i lAi 1* kang i t& n . 

2 cu ju ti ftgn clu h6 b6i. 

3 jiak ia si i m hau n clu hiah. 

4 siet jiak h£ cb ciu eft. 

5 siet sai i th n ci kAI ue — . 

6 h6kciaithia n l£t& n . 

7 ia si m t8, 16 tfig lai. 

8 thi n si h6 ciu &i n cd. koi nHg 
ke. 

9 Q hS huang clu hi n kh*. 

10 u kang ciu u fign. 

11 u png ciu hi u ciah. 

12 u cun ciu ai n tah cun; bS cun 
ciu&i n kia n lo. kh n b*. 

13 ti n&ng jip l&i It ciu l&i ham. 

14 i l&i khieh ciu pun i khieh. 
thng si. 

15 ii ciuh6; bS, ciubS siangkan. 

16 ii n&ng khft, ua &i° cd-pu kh*. 

17 ch jit soi n S pi, kirn jit 5i tit 
tieh hu cun. png km. mi 
htin. 

18 bS kiu si cu ui i, ti tiang 5i tit 
uii? 



1 If he comes, you tell him. 

2 If there is money then buy. 

3 If he don't want to, then stop. 

4 If it is well to do it then do it. 

5 Suppose that he says this — . 

6 Perchance he may listen to you. 

7 If he is not there, come back. 

8 (If) the weather is good I will 
work. Sponge-cakes. 

9 (If) the wind is fair I will go. 

10 If work, then pay. 

11 If there is any rice I will eat. 

12 If there is a boat I will go by 
boat ; if there is no boat then I 
will walk. Yeast. 

13 If any one comes in, then come 
and call me. 

14 If he comes to get it, then let 
him have it. Spoon. 

15 If there is, then well; if not, 
then no matter. 

16 If anybody goes, then I want to 
go along. 

17 If you had yesterday made ready, 
to-day you might have embarked" 
Eice water. Flour. 

18. If the Saviour had not healed 
him, who could have healed him ? 



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170 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXXX. 



556 kie; egg-plant. 


W$ cun; bottle; flask* 


3§- sun; sprouts. 


$£ * ue; earthen pot. 


5f g£; bads; shoots. 


KHi au ; a covered cup. 


-S: kie n ; ginger. 


jEfij k^n; jar; cruse. 


f|1 kun; napkin. 


^ tih; Httle plates. 


3^ chek ; unhusked rice. 


jUt kang; kng,- jar. 


1 Id ei n& nang bd eng. 


1 If yeu do not have these two 




men, all is useless. 


2 i ta n , bd sun Mesai k&i kui kl 


2 They said, if you do not observe 


ciu boi tit klu. o thfig. 


the law of Moses you cannot be 




saved. Brown sugar. 


3 11 in hau n ciu biah. 


3 If you don't want to, then stop. 


4 mai Uiu ui seng khfc lio, kim jit 


4 If the venerable physician had not 


ciu si ai n b6i ieh. 


gone, to-day we should have 




bought medicine. 


5 ii ci n than, ua ciu Mi. p&h 


5 If there is money to made, I will 


tbfig. 


come. White sugar. 


6 ua tah cun k&i si hau, 11 ia si 


6 If you see me when I am embark- 


th6i n kl n ua— . 


ing—. 


7 po thiap sa n hun cui. ctii kng. 


7 Add three tenths to make up the 




deficiency. Water jar. 


8 mai hiah t& hi k&, kim jit ciu 


8 If we had not stopped there we 


kau. 


should have arrived to-day. 


9 p6 tbiap i Mi kang ci n . 


9 Supply the deficiency in his wagesv 


10 l&k jit than, c£k jit hiah. 


10 Work six days and stop one. 


11 mien theng hau kti. 


11 Unnecessary to wait long. 


12 mien eng cd. 


12 There is no need to do it. 


13 jiak la si b6i seng, h6 l&i kai 


13 If you succeed in buying it, come 


ua ta n . 


and tell me. 


14 i kai sim nge kue thih. 


14 His heart is harder than iron. 


15 ua sun 11 ciu si. 


15 I will obey you. 


16 c& b&k kang Mi, lAi lio. 


16 The carpenter has already come. 


17 i sa n kh& btie fi pin. 


17 His clothes are not ready. 


18 hue cieh. than ciah. 


18 Flint. Earn a living. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON LXXXI. 



fpg tAng; tube ; cylinder; a gill. 

^| tiah; buy (rice.) 

Pf| pun; spurt; snort. 

^j5 liam; pinch up. 

}Q1 kng ; carry on a pole between two. 

$f * ktta n ; carry at the side by a 
handle. 



1 kie" fig. tek sun. 

2 kfii kfti kle pang ue t6i. 

3 ci k&i sua" se n l&i kio sun cek 
le n . ph8 a n6 n . 

4 ci Hap hue ci hwt g6 lio. 

5 18h ho thi n , hue b&k clu koi 
chut g6. 

6 che n kie n 5i sio clah. 

7 chiu kun. tMu kan. 

8 sua ue. tS kfrn. hue kang. 

9 hue kng. toi n kng. hue hu 
sek. 

10 etii kng. t£ au. 

11 au ua n pua° tth. hue hu. 

12 i Mi thAu tl kim b5. 

13 tang chut si ka.u ta n . 

14 tang cA, tia pat s6i. 

15 cS tang ua lAi ciu b5i. 

16 tang soi n ti kAi. 

1 7 tang ca jit 6 pi pin lio. 

18 ipland n khfc tiah bi. 

19 be, si tl t$ thAu t&ng kAi mueh. 

20 kang cieh p£ n toi". 

21 pun c£k chili cui. 

22 pun tAng. bi tAng. 

23 ci le n pia" c6k tAng jieh coi 
ci n ? kQa n cui. 

24 chiu liam c£k lui hue lAi phi n 
phang. khut i k6ih khtt. 



ff 1 * pi; carry in a cloth on the 
back. 

j^ * ifi; carry on the back. 

f£j ph§; clasp in the arms. 

y£ k6ih ; carry under the arm. 

J|£ tl; carry on the head. 

$£ * tang; during; from. 



1 Tumeric. Bamboo sprouts. 

2 Put the egg-plants in the pot. 

3 This mountain is shaped like a 
cone. Carry the baby. 

4 This flower-seed has sprouted. 

5 In rainy weather plants readily 
germinate. 

6 Fresh ginger aids digestion. 

7 Handkerchief. Head-cloth. 

8 An eared pot. Tea-pot. Vase. 

9 Flower-pot. Blue dye pot. 
Gray. 

10 Water-jar. Covered tea-cup. 

11 The dishes. Ashes. 

12 He wore a crown. 

13 From his birth till now. 

14 I washed it a little while ago. 

15 From the time I came it has not. 

16 There used to be some. 

17 It has been ready since yesterday. 

18 She went, carrying the baby, to 
buy rice. 

19 A hat is worn on the head. 

20 As solid as a stone. 

21 Spurt out a mouthful of water. 

22 Chinese flute. Rice measure. 

23 How much are these cakes per 
roll ? Carry water. 

24 Picked a flower to smell. Carried 
off under his arm. 



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1 hu cie. p6h hu cie. 

2 hu jln. &ng cie. 

3 hiam cie. hue cie, 

4 kai luah. chui chau. 

5 i Mi n&ng u hiam luat. 

6 luah kie n . tau hu. 

7 11 bae pat clah tSeh luah kie". 
hu jln. 

8 hwn kuah. ji tien. 

9 cui o. 16k tau. fig tau. 

10 o m&k tau tui peh m&k tau. 

11 b6i kui liap chang th&u. 

12 clah shg th&u clah lio chili oi 
chau. 

13 ang c6k Hap kai ci hie" toa. 

14 ci k&i si g6k a si cleh ? 

15 b$ slm mih hun plet. 

16 ta n ai n chau slo. 

17 cang ci k&i ji tien k&i ji kai ua 
chau ktie l&i. 

18 ci cheh chd sng c&i. 

19 ci ie n hd tieh ii kie n cho, cia n 
ho clah. 

20 k6 tien. tien sit. 

21 tien ku. tien tong. 

22 kai chai. tl tau. 

23 o th&u. khah hiam luah. 

24 shg th&u ; sxlg hieh. 



174 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXXXII. 

$j hu; h6; Tartar. 

"R g6k; jade; precious stone. 

^ft tien; canon; ritual. 

=5§fc luah; biting; hot. 

0B ch6; vinegar. 

t02 cie; pepper. 



[ x chang; onions. 
-jp o; taro. 
?F kai; mustard. 
_E£ tau; beans; pulse, 
kuah; creepers. 



as* s *g; g arlic 



1 Black pepper. White pepper. 

2 Tartars. Cayenne pepper. 

3 Chillies. Red peppers. 

4 Ground mustard. Bad breath. 

5 He is a fiery fellow. 

6 Pungent ginger. Bean-curd. 

7 You do not know what it is to 
suffer. Women. 

8 Sweet potatoes. Dictionary. 

9 Water taro. Green peas. Dry 
peas. 

10 Disagreement between equals. 

11 Buy a few onions. 

12 If you eat garlic your breath will 
be bad. 

13 As large as a mustard seed. 

14 Is this jade or stone? 

15 Not much distinction. 

16 Will now transfer the account. 

17 Copy the characters in this dic- 
tionary for me. 

18 This vinegar is very sour. 

19 This sort of fish needs ginger 
vinegar to make it edible. 

20 Ancient records. Document. 

21 Ordinances. Consider valuable. 

22 Mustard greens. Pea-nuts* 

23 Yams. Too peppery. 

24 Garlic roots and tops. 



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176 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXXXIII. 



Jft t6i n ; to mortgage. 

^ kua; khiia; suspend; anxious. 

J& IS; anxious; care for. 

tfff t5a; girdle; draw on. 

ftfi) thoa; to drag. 

)ft sok; p&k; M; to gird. 



1 ku ie. phue toa n . 

2 i si si M kun. 

3 ai n soi cek tui fig khau kah 
k&i am nia. sok toa. 

4 M i k&i am. 

5 i cang phue t6a h& ie. pftk ie. 

6 i e Mi ciam ciatn. 

7 i khfc. tio am si. 

8 th6i n k*tuam tflg tflg. 

9 tlo am cS cin. 

10 tio am seh. 

11 chu si kio n&ng toi n k&i. 

12 i k&i ph5 ai n t6i n klmt n&ng. 

13 ci koi n chu chut toi D . 

14 u toi n , b3 boi. 

15 i t5a ha. sa u ni. 

16 lu mien eng kua IS ua. 

17 ie tSng kua ki te. 

18 tda h& kui n ce, da n boi thoa 
tieh th6 e. 

19 sa n fig mai cd khah khuah. 
50 i eng jieh coi kun sa n kS cau 

kia n . 

21 IS kau Su Ifti kfii sfc. 

22 i IS sh io tflg. 

23 ua sim khua sim. 

24 si ceng kua t5 thia n teng. 



3p * hit; mourning. 

ffl kun; petticoat. 

^fl * £g; sleeve. 

§p| * Sm; neck. 

#| Mi; chin. 

Ijll ie; waist. 



1 Hump-back. Quilt cover. 

2 She always wears a petticoat. 

3 Going to wash a pair of cuffs and 
a collar. Fasten a belt. 

4 Put it around his neck. 

5 He girded himself with a leathern 
girdle. Gird. 

6 His chin is sharp. 

7 He went and hung himself. 

8 Looking with outstretched neck. 

9 Suicide by hanging. 

10 Hangman's rope. 

11 The house is a mortgaged one. 

12 His shop is to be mortgaged. 

13 This house is to mortgage. 

14 To be mortgaged, not sold. 

15 He wears mourning three years. 

16 You need not be anxious about me. 

17 A knife hung at the waist. 

18 Gird it up a little higher so it will 
not drag on the ground. 

19 Do not make the sleeves too wide. 

20 How many suits for her daughter's 
wedding outfit? 

21 Take thought for the future. 

22 He makes precautionary plans. 

23 I am very anxious. 

24 Hang the clock in the main room. 



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178 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON L XXXIV. 



4m hu; foolish; confused. 


ftfl • k6; paste. 


^C ch"; cook; boil; steep. 


J$ff c&m ; to chop. 


3J£ pu ; s&h ; cook with water. 


Wi * tok; split. 


lH ceng; pound with pounder. 


r|J siak; hew. 


Jffc * chue; cook with steam. 


<hJ phoi; pare. 


ETC * 16 ; to pickle. 


plj * kueh; scrape; abrade. 


1 cl clah. c£ png. 


1 Cooking food. Boil rice. 


2 c€ sek. hu sueh. 


2 Cook through. Nonsensical. 


3 hu luan. hu hun. 


3 Incoherent. Not perspicuous. 


4 pu cui c& k6. 


4 Heat water for making paste. 


5 bi ceng peh p6h. 


6 Pound the rice very white. 


6 png m&i c& khah ml. 


6 Do not cook the rice too soft. 


7 c&m cbiu ltah cio. 


7 Cut down the tree to catch the 




bird. 


8 16 kftu jit cia n h$ ciah. 


8 Pickle it enough and it is good. 


9 se n h$, c€ pfig peli. 


9 The handsome are good cooks. 


10 ci kdi a sim n&ng mia ke chue 


10 This woman is a skillful cake- 


kue. 


maker. 


11 ci tie™ ji cang k6 tah p&ng lo 


11 Get paste and stick this placard 


teng khut n&ng th6i n . 


up by the road to be seen. 


12 phoi tio i k&i phue. 


12 Pare off its rind. 


13 siak kftu ciam ciam. 


13 Whittle it to a point. 


14 ci Mi siah te k^n eng kueh te, 


14 Use a scraper and scrape this 


kueh i kng. 


pewter tea-pot bright. 


15 ti tiang siet lip khi th&u pu 


15 Who first invented cooking ? 


mueh c€ mueh ? 


16 Boil the eggs hard. 


16 koi nng h£ sah s6k. 


17 He began to come to-day. 


17 i kia" jit khi th&u ldi. 


18 It is the one at the top. 


18 th&u cek k&i ciu si. 


19 Stand off a little, so he won't hit 


19 khia khui ce, m^i i tok tieh. 


you (in splitting.) 


20 c6m kui ki ch& l&i pu png. 


20 Chop a few sticks of wood to 


c&m tio. 


boil the rice. Chop off. 


21 mS kueh chengkhih, cia n h$ 


21 Scrape the hair off clean, then 


chue. 


steam it. 



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LESSON LXXXV. 



%fir khi; vessel; utensil. 


ffi. buah ; rub on ; smear. 


J=V kfi; implement. 


fjfij kuah; cut; divide. 


§£ lib; 11; split; tear; rip. 


|fg cham; mingle; mix. 


iplj pak; peh; peal; flay. 


-0 * cau; even; equal. 


fj£ ka; beat; stir. 


H ceng; swell; enlarge. 


f^ * 1&; stir around. 


^ hut; kernel; stone. 


1 khl kfi. kim flgn khl. 


1 Utensils. Gold and silver vessels. 


2 m seng khl kfti n&ng. 


2 A man unfit for the place. 


8 ci k&i n&ng sim si sie khl. 


3 This man is very small minded. 


4 g£k khl. h6 ku. 


4 Jade vessel. Umbrella and clogs. 


5 c6k hu t$ kfi. 


6 A set of dishes for making tea. 


6 thia" kl n ci Mi tie, i clu lih tio 


6 When he heard this, he at once 


i kfti sa n . 


rent his garments. 


7 i ka kl lih khui. 11 tio. 


7 It split open itselt Tear. 


8 i Mi i h6k phua lih. 


8 His garments were tattered. 


9 pun huang chue lih. 


9 Torn by the wind. 


JO lih ci chit poih kd. 


10 Ripped into seven or eight pieces. 


11 lih mftk. phah lih. 


11 Fissured eye. To rive. 


12 i kai phue pak kau cheng khih. 


12 Peal its skin off clean. 


13 peh tio phue cla n h$ ciah. 


13 Peal off the skin then eat it. 


14 koi nfig k& c&u c&u. 


14 Beat the eggs thoroughly. 


15 koi nfig ko tieh 1& c&u. 


15 Stir the cake thoroughly. 


16 an6 n kia n huel&l&k6. 


16 Children are always stirring. 


17 buah khui, ciu be kue. 


17 Brush it aside so we can pass. 


18 buah Go 16ng ua n sia. 


18 Rub out and write again. 


19 peh tio phue, khu, tio hut, &u 


19 Take off the skin, take out the 


sfih thflg, s&h mi mi, kle eft ko. 


stones, stew in sugar to a pulp, 




and call it jam. 


20 buah ieh. buah ke ieh. 


20 Rub on medicine. Smear with 




salve. 


21 cang ci k&i ieh buah kui jit, au 


21 Smear on this medicine for a few 


cla n b5i c6ng. 


days then it will not swell. 


22 kuah ti. cham cau cau. 


22 Cede territory. Mix evenly. 


23 ti kha pun cui kuah kau kla 


23 The foundation has been cut off 


kia. 


'sharp by the water. 



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182 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWA TOW DIALECT. 

LESSON LXXXVI. 

^7w chiu; autumn. 



jfi tang 1 ; east. 

E5 sai; west. 

|$| lfim; south. 

Au pak; north. 

§?S chun; spring, 

J| he; summer. 



^T tang; winter. 

^p khui; season; crop. 

^g h6ng ; meet unexpectedly. 

-pf cai; again; likewise. 

IE] * cun; moment. 



1 11 kui sio kuah pang ua. 

2 kuah c& n8 p6i n . 

3 sa n si le" cham cd c6k S. 

4 cham ke c&k cheh ldh khil. 

5 mai cham tleh mb6 k&i. 

6 mai sie cham. 

7 ci ie n mueh cham tieh hi ie n 
bd eng khil. 

8 buah m cau. 

9 tai ke pun c&u c&u. 

10 sai pak. tang lAm. 

11 tang pak. sai 16m. 

12 11 k&i chun chiu jieh coi? 

13 chun khui k&i i h6k. 

14 ko b&k b6ng chun cai hwt g& 

15 chun hun, chiu hun, jit me* pe n 
pun. 

16 si si h6ng tfeh i. 

17 he hue thi n . 

18 6ih 16 sie h6ng. 

19 tang jit khS ai. 

20 cek nt si khui. 

21 cie n khui, e khui. 

22 ua ci cun k&u, 

23 ci cun mueh tieh khfc. 

24 Id ci cun ta n kai. 

25 hi cek cun u. 



1 Turn jour account over to me. 

2 Cut it into two portions. 

3 Three or four kinds mingled. 

4 Mix in a little more. 

5 Do not mix in the bad ones. 

6 Do not mingle them. 

7 This sort is so mixed with that as 
to be rendered useless. 

8 Not rubbed on evenly. 

9 All share alike. 

10 Northwest. Southeast. 

11 Southwest. Northeast. 

12 How advanced in years are you ? 

13 Autumn garments. 

14 Sere trees bud again in spring- 
time. 

15 At the vernal and autumnal 
equinox, the days and nights are 
equal. 

16 Always coming across him. 

17 The hot season. 

18 Met in a narrow path. 

19 The winter sun is desirable. 

20 One year has four seasons. 

21 Early and late crop. 

22 I this instant arrived. 

23 Must go this instant. 

24 What you just now say. 

25 At that moment there was. 



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184 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON L XXX VI I. 

J§1 peh ; sunder; break in two. 

=p pua n ; half; part of. 

=p * ue ; a piece of; half. 

W tap; reply. 

46 chah; insert. 

!§g chftk; chisel. 



1 16 cai ta n m6ng p6h. 

2 is! pakp6i" hiikai. 

3 i he thi n si khfc pak th6u. 

4 tang* thi n sf ng&n. 

5 11 tang soi n la si mai hiab, ci 
cun ciu kau. 

6 tang thi n si chau b&k I6ng 
c6ng ko ta. ku.chll. 

7 llmh$caide n se n . 

8 ua cai sa n kio i ta n . 

9 ua cai m lai lio. 

10 che n chun put l&i. 

11 peh m khui. 

12 c^k toa pita", ku \. 

13 pua n me\ pita 11 jit. 

14 pita" si. pita" c£. 

15 c6k nftng, pua" nftng. 

16 b6 pua n nSng t8. 

17 pua" 15. bd #n b3 ku. 

18 pua" u, pua" b3. 

19 l&u c£k ue pun tia. 

20 cham c£k sie ue ciu h$. 

21 i In tap m l&i. 

22 chah boi tit jip. 

23 ci kfti khang chak toa ce. in 
ui tieh. 

24 u sih mih #n ku ? 

25 kiii Ifth khfc, khi tau. 



m 


khi; pray. 


H 


tau; suplicate. 


m 


kui; kneel. 


ffi 


#n; cause. 


tt 


kit; reason. 


B 


in ; because. 



1 Please repeat it clearly. 

2 They come fom the north. 

3 They go north in summer. 

4 In winter it is cold. 

5 If you had not before stopped, 
you would now have arrived. 

6 In winter, vegetation is all dried 
up. Therefore. 

7 Do not again do so. 

8 I told him again and again. 

9 I'll never come again. 

10 Youthful days never return. 

11 Did not succeed in sundering. 

12 The larger portion. Obstinate. 

13 Midnight. Half a day. 

14 Middle aged. Son-in-law. 

15 Scarcely any body. 

16 Nobody at all there. 

17 Halfway. No reason for it. 

18 Now it appears, then it is gone. 

19 Keep a half for me. 

20 Mix in less than half. 

21 He could not answer. 

22 Not succeed in inserting it. 

23 Chisel this hole out a little larg- 
er. Because. 

24 What is the cause of it ? 
26 Kneel down and pray. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT; 



LESSON LXXXVIII. 


Jj^ kAu; monkey. 


/ pl( t£; fall over. 


JpV chd; rat species. 


1 HP tin; tien; apex; upset. 


J\L thd; hare. 


iSi t4; tau; invert; pour out. 


im thoah; beaver. 


jgg. pAk; fasten; bind. 


Hi a^5 ajar. 


7$; kua n ; really; truly. 


^C buah; leavings; powder. 


#ft jten; truly; however. 


1 ci c£k ue pun pAt n&ng. 


1 Give this piece to some one else-. 


2 kuah cSk pua n . 


2 Cut off half of it. 


3 Id cek ue, tia cek ue. 


3 You half and I half. 


4 in ui tieh ci kia n s&. 


4 Because of this affair. 


5 mai tin td cd. 


5 Do not make it upside down. 


6 tia ham Id cle n se n , Id tin td 


6 I tell you this way, and you do 


hie" se n . 


the other way. 


7 mai tien tien tau tau. 


7 Do not turn things upside down. 


8 i piia n me* kau. 


8 He arrived at midnight. 


9 1A1 ii pua n kAi gueh. 


9 Came a fortnight ago. 


10 #n in i Mi a hia n bS lai. 


10 Because his brother did not come. 


11 hai i t6 ISh khfc. 


1 1 Made it tumble down. 


12 i kia n kau pua n me. 


12 He walked till midnight. 


13 kai, ptia n kAi, u. 


13 There is scarcely one. 


14 kla n kau pua n lo ciu hiab. 


14 Went halfway, then stopped. 


15 gueh pua n kha ai n khfc. 


15 Will go the middle of the month. 


16 pua n peli, pua" o. 


16 Mottled black and white. 


17 #n in si c& ni? 


17 Why is all. this? 


18 cio pue pua n thi n . 


18 Bird flying in mid heaven. 


19 pua n thiMui. 


19 A species of noisy beetle. 


20 i lAi pai hau Id. 


20 He comes to pay his respects to 




you. 


21 a ma nAng s£ chah k&i fign 


21 Women's head ornaments. Pour 


hue. td tio. 


it out. 


22 kua n jten si 


22 It is certainly so. 


23 n8 kai se n lAi jien jien. 


23 The two are precisely alike. 


24 ieh buah. peli ieh buah. 


24 Powdered medicine. Quinine* 


25 pale kau kin kin. 


25 Fasten it tight. 


26 tft pang ua n k&. 


26 Pour it into a bowl. 


27 tie" c& ktii afcg. 


27 Decant it into several jars* 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT 

LESSON LXXXIX. 

* c6ih; to slice; mince, 
coih; intercept; cutoff. 

* kua; period of six hours. 
^Jfff cS; a trough. 
$pj| kau; a ditch. 
4j£ t5; a pocket; bag. 






1 ko ca fi, hin kim M 

2 jiak jien si. 

3 klam chai ang. 

4 ka kl cfi se n jien. 

5 cui ang. hui ang. 

6 tau g3 ang. 

7 th t6 lai ciah. 

8 phah t$. phah m t$. 



cieh ang. 



kho tio. 



9 t$ tS tt. p6 te. 

10 c6ih c£k k& mi pau. 

11 t8 pua" lo khut i c6ih cu. c6ih 
cu. 

12 c6ih cb si c6ih. 

13 ju kua" si cle n se n . 

14 cti jien, jd jien. 

15 s£ i n jten. thang kho kha. 

16 tngjtenkai li. 

17 cie n kua; e kim. 

18 m£ kua; jtt kua. 

19 jft kim, j6 &u. 

20 ng5 nang jd i\ 

21 cikaij6i n . 

22 tiam ce n kai tl hng. 

23 11 h6 tiam tiam. 

24 b6 cd. cui kau, thang kho. 

25 fi£n tS. ce\kho. 



[13 kho; a circle. 

j§| ce n ; quiet; still. 

Sjjfc * tiam; still; silent. 

^f c6 n ; a well. 

§& he; a sign; mark. 

ffij j&; yet; but; still. 



1 Anciently there was, but there 
are none now-a-days. 

2 If it is really so. 

3 The hollow above the collar bone. 

4 It is itself naturally so. 

5 Water jar. Earthen jar. 

6 Bean-sprout jar. Stone jar. 

7 Pour out some tea to drink. 

8 Knock down. Did not succeed 
in knocking down. Blot out. 

9 Fell on the ground. Bag. 

10 Cut a piece of bread. 

11 Was stopped by him midway. 
Intercept. 

12 Cut it into four slices. 

13 If it be really so. 

14 Underived, self-existent. 

15 These reasons. Bandy legged. 

16 Its natural properties. 

17 Forenoon; afternoon. 

18 Night time; daytime. 

19 Now and henceforth. 

20 Five men in all. 

21 Only this and nothing more. 

22 A quiet spot. 

23 You keep still. 

24 Manger. Drain. Hoops. 

25 Purse. Well rounds. 



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190 FIRST LESSONS IX THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XC. 



yZ sit; lose; slipf err. 


^fjj cheng; denominate. 


jjjjij sfc; sacrifice to ancestor*. 


! ^§ cheng; fit; corresponding. 


$) (m; twist off; break. 


j V*f- hu; breath out; call. 


19} * 6 ; snap; break. 


1 $*£ chili; fragments. 


1/T cth; snap in twa 


i H? cut; drunken*. 


i^ll * cih; compensate. 


| P|I lr; adverbial* particle denoting- 




excessively. 


I i Mi sa n u k&i ftm tS. 


1 Her dress had a secret pocket. 


2 ua kho c& lie. 


2 I will make a circle for a mark. 


3 11 kAi pho he, c* mih hS ? 


3 What is the sign of your shop T 


4 i cd kai am he. 


4 He made a secret sign. 


5 i fan ce" eft kai sh, ta n hien 


5 What he did secretly, is now 


bin chut lui lio. 


come to light. 


6 ngio chC ngio chl kia n . 


6 Rat. Mouse. 


7 i ce tS ce n kt\ 


7 He sat beside the well. 


8 ua n ce n . am ce n . 


8 Quietly. Privately. 


9 buah o cd he. 


9 Blacken it for a mark. 


10 16 li hKg, to li khun. 


10 The road long, the belly empty. 


11 ci tio cfti kau khah 6ih ia khah 


11 This ditch is too narrow and toe* 


chlen. ciu cui. 


shallow. Drunk. 


12 thi n li Ifth ho. pita n k&i fign. 


12 It rains so. Half-dollar. 


13 ua li m tan 1£. 


13 I shan't wait for you. 


14 ilm ce n clah cl n . 


14 Take a bribe. 


15 sit 1; sit sim. 


15 Miss his purpose ; lose heart. 


16 fan ce n thfai. hm ce n thoi". 


16 Secret gain. Secretly saw. 


17 hm cell ce n . sit loi. 


17 Prowling about. Disrespectful* 


18 sit chiu; sit kba. 


18 Lose hold ; slip up. 


19 sit hue. sit cfti 


19 Catch fire. Slip into the water. 


20 bwn bS cek sit. 


20 Not the least mistake in it. 


21 sit sin. sit se\ 


21 Absent minded. Driven homeless. 


22 sd tfig. se n sfi. 


22 Ancestral hall. Image of one 




living. 


23 cihcajiehcoict u ? 


23 How much in compensation ? 


24 fai clh; & cih. 


24 Bend to breaking; snap short 
off. 

25 Pay for rations. Designate, 


25 cih ciah. cheng hu. 


20 ch£ng \. pd chui. 


26 Suit the taste. Rags, 



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192 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XCL 



J[j5£ sta n ; a tenth; fall. 

?Hk cie n ; a thick fluid. 

Jfj si"; a fan. 

$£ ch»; file. 

^ p6; hatchet; to hack. 

£§|| tft; hoe; mattock. 



*f- 



ffii 



cap; juice; sap. 

* mueh; meddle with, 
lau; leak; filter. 

* liu; to dig out 
kut; dig; delve. 
tMg; break off. 



1 cla n jit. c£k sia n slo. 

2 cih c& chit sia n sfcg. 

3 i ai n poih sta n . 

4 bS sta n slo. 

5 hi cie n . ml cie n . cui cie n . 

6 ai n liu tlkha. 

7 cui Jau. oi lau a boi ? 

8 ah mS sl\ chu teng 5i lau. 

9 p6 thau. t6 th&u. ki chd. 

10 eng t6 thau kio ua kut tBg. 

11 ci tio soh ai n tBg. 

12 khat i mueh tio. 

13 p6 thau pang tS chlu kha. 

14 It kai tft thau mai liu tMg ci 
cang chlu kan. 

15 hft cap lau chut kvfrn gua. kut 
p6. 

16 11 inai mueh tio ci ki cbd. 

17 ci tto thih, eng ch& lai ch* tMg. 

18 mai kut khah chim. 

19 cap lau tio sa n sia" khit 

20 ci le n kue ci io ti cap. 

21 cang p6 thau tok chui chtii. 
liu kai khang. 

22 11 mai mueh tieh ua. 

23 liuc6\ gSmdsi". 

24 ci lfap ka n bfi mih cap. 



1 The entire day. A tenth of them. 

2 A dividend of seven tenths. 

3 He wants eighty per cent. 

4 Not the full number. 

5 Congee. Starch. Broth. 

6 Will dig the foundation. 

7 A filter. Does it leak? 

8 Duck's feather fan. The roof 
leaks. 

9 An axe. A hoe. A file. 

10 .Chop it off for me with the hoe. 

11 This rope is going to break. 

12 Destroyed by him. 

13 Put the axe by the tree. 

14 Do not, in digging, cut off this 
root with the hoe. 

15 The fish gravy has leaked out of 
the pot. A pick. 

16 Do not handle and spoil this file. 

17 File this bar of iron in two with 
a file. 

18 Do not dig too deep. 

19 Three tenths of the sap has run 
out. 

20 This sort of fruit is more juicy. 

21 Take an axe and cut it up fine. 
Dig a hole. 

22 Do not meddle with me. 

23 Dig a well. Goose feather fan. 

24 This orange is not very juicy. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON XCII 

Xft IS; spiral; a conch. 

Wfi si; spiral shells. 

JH hun; fumigate; smoke. 

tH ,in; smoke; vapour. *fa 

JP bu; mist; vapour. iff 

J^ m6ng; fog; small rain. 



hiang; hie"; fragrant, 
khi; breath; vital force, 
thai; the thigh. 
* coi n ; cfig; toes; fingers, 
ci; ki; to point; refer. 
cia; screen; cover. 



1 Id khak. 1$ si. 

2 hun nek. hun ta. 

3 ciii hun. hun tfing. 

4 pue ch4. in tftng. 

5 pang in hiie. ciah hun. 

6 hie n in. o in. 

7 cui in. hue hun cun. 

8 hue chia. thi n hwt bu. 

9 pua" sua 11 In bu. 

10 s5i h5 m6ng mAng. 

11 thi" si hwt m6ng. 

12 sie hie". kia" hie". 

13 hie" hu. hie" 16. 

14 tiara kui ki hie". 

15 hie" cM. hie" buah. 

16 i khui hie" phd. 

17 hiang khi. t£ hiang. 

18 sin khl. b$ sin khi. 

19 11 c!e" si kai khi sek h$. 

20 huang khl pe". se" khi. 

21 hong khi. khl si ndng. 

22 liah i Mi chut khl. 

23 chiu thi" h6 thi" khi. 

24 he thi" Mi thi" khi juah. 

25 mai phi" tieh th6 khl. 

26 thi" khl. khl lat. 

27 ho cia. cia jit. 

28 14 ki ua th6i". 



1 Sea shells. Corkscrew. 

2 Smoked meat. Dry at a fire. 

3 Smoking tobacco. Tobacco pipe. 

4 Flying squirrel. Chimney. 

5 Let off fireworks. To smoke. 

6 Smoke of pastilles. Lamp-black. 

7 Steam. Steam boat. 

8 Steam-car. It is misty. 

9 Low thick vapour. 

10 Drizzling mist. 

11 The weather is foggy. 

12 Burn incense. Worship. 

13 Ashes of incense. Incense pot. 

14 Light a few incense sticks. 

15 Sandal-wood. Incense powder. 

16 He has an ineense shop. 

1 7 Fragrance. Aroma of tea. 

18 Vitality. No vigor. 

19 Your countenance is healthy. 

20 Miasmatic disease. Get angry. 

21 Climate. Exasperate one. 

22 Bring him to vent spite on. 

23 Fine autumn weather. 

24 Summer weather is hot. 

25 Don't breath the malaria. 

26 Temperature. Energy. 

27 Umbrella. Screen from the sun. 

28 You point it out to me. 



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196 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XCIII. 



W 






* khui; nervous matter, 
pi; avoid; escape, 
siam; evade; spun, 
piah; partition; wall. 
ia n ; shadow; image. 

* mua; shawl; wrap. 



1 i u khui u 1& t. 

2 i b$ kd chut khui. 

3 i sim khui thia". 

4 »h kha khui. 

5 pi si. jit ia n . 

6 pi c£k poi", klmt i kite. 

7 keh piah. kia piah. 

8 cieh piah. chie n piah. 

9 keh piah k&i. c£k nia mua. 

10 min piah. gueh ia n . 

11 n&ng ia n . hue ia n . 

12 u ia n . t>3 ia n . 

13 t6 ia n . tio mua. 

14 mua c£k nia mua. 

15 mua tS sin t&ng. 

16 klam n£k, klam khak. 

17 i kAi cih lai c&, kio klam c6k 
le n . ci mih sm ? 

18 i k&i ie kua ki klam. 

19 phi" ua n . be ua n . 

20 cS tS U ua n teng. 

21 be tieh ii ua" ce khu cla n un. 

22 po kia". c£k po cek po. 

23 eft sb tieh 16u ti po. 

24 leng kia", h6 n po. 

25 gd kia", ah po. 

26 ho sua", si pie. pui pun. 



JjftJ klam; straight sword. 

%C ua n ; saddle. 

^J? po; step; pace. 

sp sua"; umbrella; shelter. 

5j5£ * pie; a watch. 

3?S P un > ordure. 



1 He has stamina. 

2 No way to vent his feelings. 

3 His nerves are disordered. 

4 Lose strength in the legs. 

5 Seclude one's self. A shadow. 

6 Dodge one side to let him pass. 

7 Partition wall. Precipice. 



8 A cliff. Dividing wall. 



A shawl. 



Night shadow. 
Shadow of 



9 Next door neighbours. 

10 Opposite wall. 

11 Person's shadow, 
plants. 

12 Evident. Without evidence. 

13 Cast a reflection. A long shawl. 

14 Wrap up in a shawl. 

15 Wrapped around the person. 

16 Sword and scabbard. 

17 He is very sarcastic. What does 
it refer to ? 

18 He wore a dirk. 

19 Bridge of the nose. A saddle. 

20 Sit on a saddle. 

21 There must be a saddle on the 
horse in order to sit steadily. 

22 Go on foot. Step by step. 

23 Leave some room for grace. 

24 A proud bearing. 

25 A mediocre appearance. 

26 Umbrella. A watch. Manure. 



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198 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XCIV. 



^ plo; make known. 


I^r the"; to pole a boat. 


KS im; obscure; dark. 


S|if pi"; the queu. 


Wl tang; brilliant; male. 


|jl? pl«; to braid. 


4D pMk; hail. 


lp 16i; plough. 


^K* cie n ; an oar. 


JJR cle; enlighten; like. 


f$. * kft; to row. 


JjjjlJ sueh; brush; brush on. 


1 kio ua pio mGng p6h. 


1 Represent it plainly to me. 


2 pio chut i kai kht i. 


2 Disclose its wonders. 


3 pie chin. 


3 Relatives of a different surname. 


4 im kan. tang kan. 


4 Hades. The land of the living. 


5 im lfang. thi n sf im im. 


5 Cool and shady. Dull weather. 


6 kuang im. im iang. 


6 Duration. The dual powers. 


7 ci l&i khah im. 


7 It is too dark in here. 


8 sieh chun im. 


8 Improve the moments. 


9 thai lang, thai im. 


9 The sun and moon. 


10 ISh phak. cle piah. 


10 To hail. Illuminated wall. 


11 clekl n thong sin. 


11 Illuminate the body. 


12 gueh cle jfp pang lSi. 


12 The moon shines into the room. 


IS jit cle. sueh p^h. 


13 The sun shines. To whitewash. 


14 cle kl n nftng ia n . 


14 Reflect one's image. 


15 cle 1£ ta n . htf n cle. 


15 As you say. Reflected light. 


16 cle koi chl kai Ie n . 


16 According to the market. 


17 clecik»ile»kh*c&. 


17 Make according to this pattern. 


18 tlo kui ki teng lang cle kau Id 


18 Hang up some lanterns to light 


kng kng. 


the road. 


19 c6k ki sueh kia n . 


19 A white- wash brush. 


20 poih cie" cun. 


20 An eight oared boat. 


21 siai" the*asiai n U? 


21 Shall we pole or row ? 


22 pi n kio ua pi" h6. 


22 Braid my queu for me. 


23 ch&n eng gu kh* 16i. 


23 Take the ox to plough the field. 


24 cieh k&i 16i l&i 16i chan. 


24 Borrow a plough for ploughing. 


25 khteh sa n ki cie" ldh cun. 


25 Take three oars to the boat. 


26 pi ki klam t$ sin t&ng. 


26 Carry a rapier on the person. 


27 bS kha po, bfc nang ia n . 


27 No signs of it. 



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200 FIBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XCV. 



fljj mla; life; lot; fate. 

ftp meng; command; charge. 

5? phang; bee; wasp. 

%f£ bit; honey; sweet. 

fljPl sft ; an island. 

3f| s$; lock. 



1 cau khik slam ho. 

2 siam mflg. cu klam. 

3 te kiam. h£ mla. 

4 kh6 mla. thien meng. 

5 8^" mla. silg mia. 

6 oi ciah tfig mla. 

7 t$ mla. ua n mia. 

8 it it ju meng. 

9 sun i k&i meng. 

10 tia meng i cb cle n se n . 

11 mla p£h. se n mla. 

12 bit phang. fig phang. 

13 ua kh6 mia n&ng. 

14 phang bit. tiam kue bit. 

15 s6 si. sS th&u. 

16 s$ mfig. noi hue. 

17 bit ldh. ngo kak. 

18 bS sua" bS sfc. 

19 n6i khui hue Ho. 

20 mua tau sek b6h. 

21 b£ h5, bi b5i hwt khi ldi, 
nftng go si. 

22 hfii sSL ml b6h. 

23 ci k£i stt kle cb mih mia ? 

24 pak be-h cb ml io h6 ciah. bah 
ch6n. 

25 n6i hue khui Mi si hau kle eft 
he thi n . 



j£ n6i; lily; lotus. 

fjji| mua; hemp. 

fg£ * kak; grains; corn. 

>|pt * sek; soy; pulse. 

^ b6h; wheat. 

^ lab; wax. 



1 Run under shelter from rain. 

2 Screen doors. Students' rapier. 

3 Weapons. Happy lot. 

4 Luckless. Fate. 

5 Existence. Calculate fortunes. 

6 Have a long life. 

7 Short-lived. Easy life. 

8 Everything done as required. 

9 Obey his commands. 

10 I ordered him to do so. 

11 Luck is bad. Horoscope. 

12 Honeybee. Hornet. 

13 I am an ill-fated one. 

14 Honey. Sweeter than honey. 

15 Key. A lock. 

16 Lock the door. Lotus flower. 

17 Beeswax. All kinds of grains. 

18 The open sea. 

19 The lotus has blossomed. 

20 All sorts of crops. 

21 If there be no rain the rice does 
not come up, and people starve. 

22 Islands. Wheat. 

23 What is this island called ? 

24 The northern wheat makes better 
flour. Wheat-field. 

25 The time when lilies blossom is 
called summer. 



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m 

m 



202 MBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XCVL 

^Jfc * khta; to hold; carry* 



chiak; ciah; sparrow. 

lo; dew. 

sng; frost. 

pia n ; ice. 

ki; a flag. 

siu; receive; gather in. 



1 mllla ciah cio. n6i ci. 

2 fig chiak. phah cheng. 

3 khta h5 sua". cHg kia". 

4 khfa pit ai n cia°. 

5 16 th6i n i Mi chiu t£ng khla 
ki mih mueh ? 

6 chiu khia ki si". 

7 kak cip c6k i. 

8 kak cip cek sueh. cip i. 

9 kak cip c£k li. 

10 M la s3 cip ka kl kfti 1, sh clu 
m tit. 

11 k&i n&ng cip c6k kla n si. 

12 cip sh jieh coi nftng? 

13 hue lo cui. lo cui tftng. 

14 me* jit, t&ng lo. 

15 thi n s! tfti chin, ISh sng ISh 
seh. hue ki. 

16 sng si thi n t£ng ISh kai; pia n 
si cui kat k&i. 

17 khia ki cd hS. 

18 ng5 kak toa siu seng. 

19 cheng ieh, cheng ci. 

20 siu kuah. siu khi. 

21 siu phd. phah k6. 

22 siu b6i. phah 16. 



cip; retain; engage in. 
cllg; anger, 
chdng; gun. 
1*; gongs. 
k6; drums. 



1 The house sparrow. Lotus seeds. 

2 Goldfinch. Fire a gun. 

3 Carry an umbrella. Gimlet. 

4 Should hold the pen upright. 

5 What do you think that is which 
he holds in his hand ? 

6 Held a fan in his hand. 

7 Each retains his own notions. 

8 Each holds to his own explana- 
tion. Obstinate. 

9 Each maintains his own doctrine. 

10 If you persist in your own idea 
the matter will not be settled. 

11 Each man attends to one sort of 
business. 

12 How many managers are there ? 

13 Perfumery. Heavy dew. 

14 Hot sun makes heavy dew. 

15 Very cold weather with frost and 
snow. U. S. flag. 

16 Frost falls from the sky; ice is 
congealed water. 

17 Hold up a flag as a signal. 

18 The harvest home. 

19 Powder and shot 

20 Reap the harvest. Gather up. 

21 Shut up shop. Beating drums. 

22 Buyer. Sound gongs. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON XCVII. 



$H tui; to beat; pommel. 


wl chai; ieh; guess; doubt. 


fSS thui; hammer; mallet. 


jfit hueh; blood. 


$B thui; beetle; club. 


7S5 cek; candle. 


fH io; ie; to bale out; dip. 


*Mk thfii; tAi; stand; platform. 


iSk to'; !e; to wag; rock. 


i£ sang; present; wait on. 


49c suah; thAi; to kill. 


/fb tek; a deer. 


1 sa n kak beh. tui phah. 


1 Buckwheat. To thump. 


2 tui sa n cieh. 


2 Stone to pound clothes on. 


3 tui ieh. tui Id ko. 


3 Pound up drugs. Strike gongs. 


4 ju tui ke e, ju hS. 


4 The more you pound it the better. 


5 eng thih thui khik tui, m h6 


5 Use a hammer to pound it, do not 


eng cbft thui. 


use a beetle. 


G phah thih thui. phah k6 thui. 


6 A sledge hammer. Drumstick. 


7 tAng Id thui. t&ng thui. 


7 Gong hammer. A mace. 


8 iec^k toa ua n . 


8 Bale out a big bowl full. 


9 ie m ta. 


9 You can't bale it dry. 


10 ie mai khah ti n . 


10 Do not dip it too full. 


11 ie tb&u, ie chiu. 


11 Shake the head, and the hand. 


12 ie lai ie kh*. 


12 Rock back and forth. 


13 ie i c&u. 


13 Shake it up thoroughly. 


14 mai suah se n mla. 


14 Do no murder. 


15 thfti nftng, pang hue. 


15 Murder and arson. 


16 th&i thau. suah si. 


16 Decapitate. Put to death. 


17 suah se n . th&i si n&ng. 


17 Butcher animals. Murder. 


18 M. ieh th6i n si sih inueh. 


18 You guess what it is. 


19 M. k&i sim mai th&ng chai. 


19 Do not be curious. 


20 ieh m tieh. te chai th6i. 


20 Can't guess. Guess at it. 


21 ciang ldi jiak ai n thdi i. tui 


21 If in future you wish to kill it — • 


ie. 


Thump the loins. 


23 suah hueh. cek tfti. 


22 Shed its blood. Candlestick. 


23 teng tai. lau thai. 


23 A trellis. A platform. 


24 sang I6i mueh. 


24 Make formal presents. 


25 sangkia". t^k kak. 


25 Accompany. Antlers. 


26 l&h cek. tdk n$k. 


26 Wax taper. Venison. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON XCVIII. 


Tg kua"; kwn; coffin. 


TO tah; to tread on. 


S& * huah; to straddle. 


zp: kl; elevate. 


fH tin; rattan. 


IKf teng; tSng; shake* 


fffll cit; ke n ; weave. 


J|W kie; sedan chair. 


:$§. * ha; roar; hum. 


•J§ ^ n g? waves. 


ttt th6; to vomit. 


fjp cue; sin; offense. 


1 sun huang siang sang. 


1 May you have a fair wind. 


2 sang kh*t 11. 


2 I give this to you. 


3 sie sang, tin i n . 


3 Reciprocate gifts. Rattan chair. 


4 klu se n mla. sang i khA. 


4 Save life. Accompany him. 


5 sang sun huang. kie hu. 


5 Favorable wind. Chair bearers. 


6 16 sangi kau ti k^? 


6 How far did you go with him ? 


7 i sang 11 kui kia n inueh. 


7 He presents you several things. 


8 ci Mi si nang sang Mi. 


8 This was a present. 


9 kua ft bak. ha ha kie. 


9 A coffin. . Gurgle. 


10 siu kwn. kui tio tin. 


10 To encoffin. Several rattans. 


11 i bue ii siu kwn. 


11 He is not yet encoffined. 


12 huah m kue. huah kfce. kha 


12 Can't straddle across. Straddled 


tah. 


across. Foot-stool. 


13 io tong nang sim. 


13 Agitate the feelings. 


14 cit po: ke n p6. c8 kie. 


14 Weave cloth. Go in a sedan. 


15 cit chau chieh; cit chiu kun. 


15 Weave matting; weave napkins. 


16 cit chut u hue ji. 


16 Weave in figures. 


17 mai ha ha kie. 


17 Do not vociferate. 


18 chiu, ktrat huang chue tieh, 


18 The trees, blown by the wind, 


ha ha kie. 


reverberate. 


19 nang be ha ha kie tui ci k& 


19 A crowd went clamoring past 


kue. kng kie. 


here. Bear a sedan. 


20 kha tah i n . kha mai tah. 


20 Foot-stool. Don't tread on it. 


21 11 mai tah tieh ua. 


21 Do not you step on me. 


22 kl chiu. kong kl kai nang. 


22 Raise the hand. Candidate put 




forth by the public. 


23 kl tong toa pang; 


23 A good deportment. 


24 kl mak bd chin. 


24 A stranger in a strange land. 



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208 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON XCIX. 



flJE that; escape; relinquish. 


JH k3;* price. 


UJfi * thilg ; pak ; strip ; take off. 


jp|i hue; wares. 


3p # cheng; put on garments. 


,^1 kai; boundary. 


3r * chng; perforate; bore. 


|||| chue; marrow. 


§fl thai; sieve; sift. 


*pT kut; bone. 


1H # t&k; worth; value. 


^ kie; bridge. 


1 ua bS p£g cl n , ph6 lfii bS hue. 


1 I have no capital, so my shop 




has no stock. 


2 b6i sih mih kd ci n , It hS t& n 


2 Tell plainly what price you 


ra&ig. 


bought it for. 


3 ci sang 6i sih mih k6 ci D ? t&k 


3 What is the price of this pair of 


ci n . 


shoes ? Costly. 


4 pak chiah kha. pak tio b9. 


4 Bare-footed. Take off a hat. 


5 b6 ua" k!e. cheng sa n . 


5 An arched bridge. Wear clothes. 


6 thut phue. chng ci n . 


6 Cast the skin. String cash. 


7 thAu khak kng kng; bd ti b9. 


7 Bare-headed ; no hat on. 


8 kh$ i n thut sin. 


8 Managed to escape. 


9 ci k&i nfing sim si thut s6k. 


9 This person is very refined. 


10 b* k& h$ chut thut. 


10 No way of egress. 


11 thfcg tio sa n . thfcg tio 6i. 


11 Undress. Take off your shoes. 


12 cheng tflg sa n . kut th&u. 


12 Wear a long gown. The bones. 


13 thut tio i k&i chin. 


13 Break off a betrothal. 


14 chng hi". cheng khd. 


14 Perforate the ears. Put on 




trowsers. 


15 i kfti i h6k cheng chut Mi sim 


15 She was very prettily dressed. 


h$ th6i n . tl kfci. 


A boundary. 


16 chng h6, tio p&ng chlu t£ng. 


16 Bore a hole through it and hang 




it up in a tree. 


17 st kS. chi kS. 


17 Current rate. Market price. 


18 k£ ct D kili cfii. 


18 The price is exorbitant. 


19 b* U. bS t& n U. 


19 Priceless. No false price. 


20 sit k£. bd n8 kd. 


20 The real price. No two prices. 


21 hue inueh. p6h kut. 


21 Stock in trade. Dry bones. 


22 kak ie n hue se, m t&n. 


22 All descriptions of goods. 


23 kut n6k. lift Mu chue. 


23 Blood relations. Fish brains. 



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210 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON C. 



m 



kua"; pursue; hasten. 

t6k; jio; drive; press. 

jiang; clamor; bawl. 

* put; take with both hands. 

mit; exterminate. 

ng#n; origin; innate. 



1 16 kai cue si t&ng. 

2 huang eng toa cfti. 

3 eng hle n toa ua m ka n kh&. 

4 mai jiang. pek chiet khiu. 

5 ua tit cue 16. 

6 kua n khile ce. kua n lo. 

7 kua n chut, jio m tieh lio. 

8 16 tieh kua n kin c*. 

9 16 jio uam tieh. 

10 kua n ci hue siin cui, h6 khui 
cun. 

11 16h6kb&jIoi me" cS. 

12 jio kau bS mfig bS le. 

13 kua n t6k. jio tlo. t6k chut. 

14 jio i chut khiL iong i. 

15 16 he khut ua khfu. 

16 khiu kha., cun a m cun ? 

17 gua mm tS jiang kha si 16 a 
msi? 

18 16 jiang mih sfc? 

19 i jiang t6 khun. 

20 iong ua ta n c£k ku ue. 

21 phl n kl n bue, nua cui ciu lau. 
kua n lau. 

22 cle ngftn le n . 

23 phui nua. nglfrn lai. 

24 mit tio kha.. mit c6k. 

25 mit mfig. ng<frn nftng. 



jjjfc lau; flow; circulate. 

|l|| * nua; saliva; spittle. 

R^ * phui; to spit out. 

?§t iong; bear with; style. 

?|E cun; permit; grant. 

5J£ khiu; beseech; beg. 



1 Your offense is great. 

2 It is very rough. 

3 The waves are so high, I dare not 

4 Do not yell. Beg urgently. 

5 I have offended you. 

6 Hurry up. Go faster. 

7 Drive out. Couldn't overtake. 

8 Do it as quick as you can. 

9 You can't catch up with me. 

10 Let us start now and avail our- 
selves of the tide. 

11 You go and hurry him up. 

12 Driven to extremities. 

13 Expel. Drive away. Exorcise. 

14 Drive him out. Bear with him. 

15 Grant my petition. 

16 Was the petition granted? 

17 It was you halooing out there, 
was it not ? 

18 What are you clamoring about t 

19 He bawls because he is hungry. 

20 Let me speak a word. 

21 Smelling plums makes the mouth 
water. Follow the tide. 

22 The same as before. 

23 To expectorate. Previously.. 

24 Exterminated. Extinct clan. 

25 Extinct family. First owner. 



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212 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CI. 



i5ffc liu; class j fluid; vagrant. 
|* hfo; lower; below, 
cek; glutinous millet, 
su; millet. 
Byfi ciah; foot-mark; trace. 
/RV ieh; contract; treaty. 



1 p£g ngifrn. ng<frn 1. 

2 ngifrn l&i si cie n se n . 

3 ngftn m kai cle n se D . 

4 lftu cui toa. lfiu hueh. 

5 Mu mAk cap. l&u ti n . 

6 nfig liu. liu ISh. 

7 hia ltu. Luang ltu. 

8 tfig l&u cui. liu li sit sS. 

9 iong m&u. m iong i. 

10 l&n iong. pau iong. 

11 ch6ng iong. cun ua khiu. 

12 kh&siiongkoi? 

13 ua m cun 16 cle n se° c&. 

14 khiu mia. 

15 hi &i n th&k ch, pien si th&k c*, 
m h6 cha n . 

16 bS ia n , b$ ciah. 

17 ua cai ia n ciah. 

18 oi kia n sin s6 cd Mi sft ciah. 
m h£ s£g. 

19 mit ieh. tham sim. 

20 lu b6i mueh h6, ciu.lfti, mai 
khfc ti 1A chd". 

21 Mthia n uapienthia", mthia", 
pien p5. 

22 p& chi. p& kang. 

23 ng8 tieh. sie nge. 



p5; desist; quash. 
ngS; to meet; happen, 
tham; covet; bent on. 

* cb& n ; loiter; play. 

* sfig; frolic; sport. 
hiu n ; wadded jacket. 



1 Primarily. First intention. 

2 It was originally so. 

3 By rights it should not be so. 

4 The tide is rising. To bleed. 

5 Shed tears. The tide is full. 

6 Womankind. Squatters. 

7 Lower classes. A hearsay. - 

8 Everflowing water. Vagabonds. 

9 Style and looks. Not endure 
him. 

10 Inexcusable. Long enduring. 

11 Forbear. Grant my request. 

12 Is it so easy ? 

13 I will not allow you to do so. 

14 Strive for a reputation. 

15 If you are going to read, 
and not loiter. 

16 There is no evidence of it. 

17 I know its marks. 

18 Can work miracles. Do 
play. 

19 Private understanding. Cove- 
tous. 

20 When you have bought the things 
then come back ; do not go loiter- 
ing about. 

21 If you listen to me, well and good ; 
if not that ends it. 

22 Closed market. Strike for wages. 

23 It happened. Meet each other. 



not 



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214 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CII. 



# 



7& 



ktfn; rule; sway. 

* kfig; a duct; tube, 
cit; ciab; spine; ridge. 

* nia; dorsal fin. 
sit; chl; side fins. 

* kite; comb of birds. 



1 16 kua n ua m tieb. 

2 ua k^i cun m6, kua n i Mi cun 
tit tleh. 

3 kua n ci ciab h6 Q , kua n kau 
jieh hXg ? 

4 kua n ci k&i lau, io me* kau. 

5 11 tS c6 ke tl tiang si khi sin 
l&icikd? 

6 kbi sin a bue ? 

7 poib gueh ai n khi sin. 

8 ci ciah kau 6i k& n&ng a boi ? 

9 i th6i n c& kbi bue. 

10 ISh hue. khi hue. 

11 cbut hue. hue kba. 

12 be ie ciabkut. md kfig. 

13 a chiu coi n kut. 

14 ji sia l&i Q kut l&t. ktii kut. 

15 kut pi n nelc. kut thau hu. 

16 cieh Hi. si kai. 

17 pun 13 kai. bi thai. 

18 thai bi. p& chiu. koi md k%. 

19 t&kjiehcoi n ci n ? 

20 si t&k ci n kdi mueh. 

21 m t&k c6k Mi ci". 

22 ai n p& put l£ng. 

23 ktf n li. siu ktf n. 



& 



cb6i B ; silkworm, 
cu; weevil, 
sut; cricket. 
ngAk; crocodile, 
sua; shark. 
# %by porpoise. 



1 You cannot keep up with me. 

2 My boat is a fast one, and can 
overtake his boat. 

3 How far did you pursue the tiger? 

4 If we follow this tide we shall 
arrive sooner. 

5 When did you start from your 
country to come heTe ? 

6 Have they started yet ? 

7 Will start in the eighth month. 

8 Is this dog apt to bite ? 

9 He considered it a rare article* 

10 Ship off goods. Land goods. 

11 Take delivery of goods. Gar- 
blings. 

12 No backbone. Hair duct. 

13 Crack the finger joints. 

14 The characters are vigorously 
written. A fine figure. 

15 Meat next tbe bone. Bone dust. 

16 A boundary stone. This world. 

17 Settle the boundaries. Rice 
sieve. 

18 Sift rice. Stop work. Quill. 

19 How much is it wortb ? 

20 It is very valuable. 

21 Not wortb a single cash. 

22 Could not cease from it. 

23 Govern. Take control. 



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FIBST LESSONS IN THE 8WATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON cm. 



@| li&n; relating to China. 

JJHS mfig; evening; late. 

^ sua"; thread; cord. 

tf§| hwt; hair; moss. 

53* si; silk; fiber. 

^4 u; bunting; plumes. 



1 ng8 kl". ngS h&h. 

2 i kfii ng8 h&h slm h$. 

3 ndng se n chiet \o si ngS h&h. 
gS mS kfig. 

4 i ng8 tieh sih mih s&? 

5 ua m pat ng£ tieh i. 

6 ngS tieh ISh ho. 

7 ng£ u sih mih s"a? 

8 bS h6ng ciah. I ciah. 
x 9 kha ciah. sim ciah. 

10 mit ciah. mi hue. 

11 m&i mueh se n ciah. 

12 lip h&p ieh. tham ciah. 

13 u km ieh. c6ng kwn. 

14 ieh ua cft-pu khiL 

15 sia ieh slo. chu cit. 

16 se sua". Id se. u md. 

17 m ju ieh. 

18 tham ut. tham ci n . 

19 c&p hue phd. kwn slo. 

20 kwn i m cu. kwn sh. 

21 kwn ke. kwn b&ng. u se. 

22 Id kwn e jieh coi n ndng? 

23 b&k mi. ml hue te. 

24 Id mfing. IS p6. h6 hkn. 

25 toa hhn. thi n h&n, hun h&n. 

26 h&n jin. mua jin. 

27 IS h&n. IS pua n . 



Bfc 


ni ; broad cloth. 


4® 


mi; cotton plant. 


il 


IS; open worked. 


# 


se; gauze; cotton. 


m 


jlo; crape. 


At 


j6ng; woolen cloth. 



1 See unexpectedly. Occurrences. 

2 He had first rate luck. 

3 Luck is the important thing in 
life. A goose-quill. 

4 What happened to him? 

5 I never happened to meet him. 

6 It happened to rain. 

7 What happened ? 

8 No clue of him. Miracles. 

9 Foot-print. Sentiments. 

10 Destroy the traces. Raw cotton. 

11 Do not disfigure it. 

12 Make a treaty. Gluttonous. 

13 A secret agreement. Overseer. 

14 Agreed that I should go with 
him. 

15 Write the bargain. Ridge of roof. 

16 Spool-cotton. Gauze. Plumes. 

17 Not according to contract. 

18 Sleep inordinately. Avaricious. 

19 Fancy store. Book-keeper. 

20 He is beyond control. Boss. 

21 Steward. Janitor. Camlet. 

22 How many do you oversee ? 

23 Cotton plant. Cotton bale. 

24 A net. Lace. Lusty. 

25 Tall and stout. Milky way. 

26 Chinamen. Manchus. 

27 Budhist worthies. Compass. 



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218 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CIV. 

2p tlu; species of hemp. 
W[ t5; ferry; ford. 
HfJ phek ; open up. 
|^ * pit; crack; disclose. 

* phang; a chink; crack. 

hong; phenix. 



1 si sua", si po. 

2 si hwt. tlu sua". 

3 Mk sua", tlu p6. 

4 tang- sua"; thih sua". 

5 khiang b&n. h$ ban nang. 

6 mi se. khan gu. 

7 ci kai pd, si ch6i" si ke" kai, a 
si mi se ke" kai? 

8 hi cek tio p6 ai" li cfc nS ue, 
16 cek ue ua cek ue. 11 h$ 
khan i khil. 

9 tah to cun khfc. khui phek. 
20 kite to. kam sim. 

11 ua cd kam ? 

12 11 kang tia b6i c£k peh ci" si 
sua". 

13 ua kam ng^n. 

14 11 khSng khfc, me ? 

15 kh6ng a m kheng? 

16 k ham kai tit phah. 

17 se" phang: pit phang. 

18 tah thi" kng ca kai to cun, kue 
khoi. to th&u. 

19 ca to: ua" to. 

20 chfig pit phang Ho. 

21 sin ceng kai chie" koi pit 
phang. m hau". 

22 cd kau <frn ch#n. 



jfipi ng^frn; wish; desire. 
"fir kam; agreeable; willing; 
* kheng; bau n ; willing; assenting*.. 
>g kbam; worthy; sustain, 
khan; lead; pull. 



+±* 



•jXl ifrn; finish; conclude. 



1 Sewing silk. Silk cloth. 

2 Unspun silk. Linen thread. 

3 A line made with ink. Linen* 

4 Brass wire; iron wire. 

5 Robust. Chieftains. 

6 Cotton yarn. Take care of cows. 

7 Is this cloth made of silk or of 
cotton ? 

8 Tear that strip of cloth into two 
parts, one tor you and one for 
me. You lead him. 

9 Go by ferry boat. Develop. 

10 Cross the ferry. Submissive. 

11 How can I be willing? 

12 You buy a hundred cash: worth 
of sewing silk for me. 

13 I am willing and desirous* 

14 Are you willing to go ? 

15 Are you willing, or not ? 

16 Deserving of a whipping. 

17 To crack open. 

18 Take the early ferry-boat across 
the river. The ferry. 

19 Early boat: late boat. 

20 The table has cracked. 

21 Newly pounded walls easily 
crack. Unwilling. 

22 Finish it completely* 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON CV. 



W cie; make known; induce. 

^§ * fah; beckon. 

tft4 cio; assume; confess. 

i§i cle n ; condiments. 



im 



lui; to triturate. 



;AJ kh&u; to cry; weep. 



jFz, chle; smile; laugh. 

Jgpt hl n ; theatre; play. 

#& ngfiu; simmer; seethe. 

flfj( ttin; boil by putting the dish 
into water. 

$Jj hu; 6; a lake. 

*£ che"; a star. 



1 ua sim so ng^n. 

2 #n lio sim ng-wn. 

3 cfi ng^n. m ng^n. 

4 eng <frn lio. tfrn chfrn. 
6 ^n kang. <frn pi. 

6 frn lio. t& n <frn lio. . 

7 m kham. kham eng. 

8 slu kh6 ldn kham ? 

9 kam kit. kam ho\ 

10 cfi kam. kam kam Mi. 

11 kam chau. khan lien. 

12 khan si. khan kua. 

13 ci k&i tl hng sim khai phek. 

14 khai phek : khui phek. 

15 in&i l&n pbang. 

16 cS cio. cio hu. 

17 chut cie thiap. cie thiap. 

18 cie ua n . mhi khftu. 

19 cie n&ng IM cd kang. 

20 cie ang. 

21 i cS cio jln. 

22 si i cie in Mi kfti. 

23 iah i l&i. cie i lAi b6i. cie i 

m. 

24 tau cle n . lui thui. 

25 hl° chle. khfc th6i n hl n . 

26 hi n kia n . hi n stfg. 

27 cdhl n . che n kuang. 



1 What my heart desires. 

2 Gratified the heart's desire. 

3 Own free will. Averse. 

4 All used up. All concluded. 

5 Finish the job. All made ready. 

6 Got through. Through speaking. 

7 Unworthy. Fit to use. 

8 How can I bear this suffering ? 

9 A willing bond. Timely rain. 

10 Voluntary. Luscious ones. 

11 Liquorice. Implicate. 

12 Stretch silk. Held in suspense. 

13 This place has a wide view. 

14 Having a fine prospect. 

15 Do not leave chinks. 

16 Bring upon one's self. Wait 
upon. 

17 Issue a handbill. A poster. 

18 Proclaim amnesty. Don't cry. 

19 Advertise for laborers. 

20 To take a son-in-law. 

21 He owns to the charge. 

22 The one introduced by him. 

23 Beckon to him. Lead him to 
buy. Induce him to come. 

24 Bean-sauce. A pestle. 

25 Ridicule. Go to the theatre. 

26 Actors. To frolic; tease. 

27 Perform a play. Starlight. 



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222 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CVL 

ch^n; pak; to string on. 
* kua 11 ; cured by drying, 
kang; clean; entirely. 



cu; a pearl; bead, 
tien; precious; rare. 
p6; valuable; noble, 
pile; rich; precious, 
phau; cannon; fireworks 
khu; a mortar. 



% 



1 ke* cu; cm cu. 

2 cu p6. c6k pak cu. 

3 kua phi" phang kai hie" cu. 

4 L6 mAk hun cu. 

5 me 4 me'ng cu. kht tien. 

6 tien tong. tien pS. 

7 U ke p6. Ang p6 cleh. 

8 11 pat p6. 

9 lAm p6 cieb. p* sua bun. 

10 p$ long. p6 pile. 

11 ue ta." lAi m c£k ch^n. 

12 chun kite khfc. 

13 i kio i cb^n tang. 

14 am ce n kio i sie ch\vn. 

15 chvvm hAh. cb^n thong, 
cb^n phau. 

16 hS phau. c£k mfig phau. 

17 pbau thai, phau cbia. 

18 ci celt mfig phau hSphueujieh 
coi hue feh, jieh t&ng kAi phau 
ci? 

19 mfig kba khu. bi khu. 

20 kang ceng. boi kang ceng. 

21 phak c&kua". 

22 c£k nAng kang c6k pue. 

23 to pAng. hue sit. 

24 ua c£k sf cbong chong. 

25 lu. b6 tiam tiam kia n . 



ebong; hurried. 

* tiam; continuously. 



1 False pearls; real pearls. 

2 Jewelry. A string of beads. 

3 Wear a scent bag. 

4 Mixing fish-eyes and pearls. 

5 A brilliant gem. Exquisite. 

6 To prize. Precious things* 

7 Invaluable. A ruby. 

8 You are a judge of the value. 

9 A sapphire. Emery. 

10 To esteem. Valuable. 

11 That just said is irrelevant. 

12 To string through. 

13 They were banded together. 

14 Secretly leagued with them. 

15 Banded together. Intercommu- 
nicate. String of fire crackers. 

16 Signal gun. A cannon. 

17 A fort. Gun-carriage. 

18 How much powder, and how 
heavy a cannon ball, are required 
to load this cannon ? 

19 Socket for door-pivot. Rice 
mortar. 

20 Limpid. All sold out. 

21 Dry it in the sun. 

22 Each person drained a glass. 

23 Kitchen. Cook-room. 

24 I was in a desperate hurry. 

25 You walk right along. 



N 



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224 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CVII. 



£7 keng; a bow; a measure. 

flu ci n ; arrow; bowshot. 

flL la; pull; tug; drag. 

H*J sla; shoot; spurt. 

WL h\h; hunt; the chase. 

2^ 16ng; agriculture. 



T& kui; ghost; a spirit. 

Jfil m£; demon. 

}$£ klah; clogs. 

$§ ui> mast. 

toa; t&i; rudder, 
iu; even; so; rather. 



m 
m 



1 i chong chong ciu khil. 

2 b6 16i. 16nghu; 16ngjfn. 

3 i cd i tiam tiain kh&. 

4 i tiam tlam t&" cek jit. 

5 i cd i tiam tiam th n , m ku pdt 
ndng. 

6 ha. p&ng i tiam tiam ta n k&u 
<&n. h\h k&u. 

7 thi n tiam tiam 16h ho. 

8 la mua keng. la cii. 

9 khui nge keng. h$ cl n . 

10 jieh coi keng po. 

11 hiang keng hiang cl n . 

12 khui keng m p&ng cl n . 

13 ci ki keng khah t&ng, la m 
khui. hue cl n . 

14 pita" ndng, pua n kui. 

15 a wn ci k&i keng. 

16 16ng ke. lah jtn. 

17 becl n . phah'tth. 

18 po cl n . mS kui. 

19 p&ng ne* ci". t&i kong. 

20 celt cl n kfti ti. sia cl n . 

21 kuang im su cl n . 

22 hm cl n sie n n6ng. 

23 jit ia n sla jip Mi. 

24 sia tieh c£k ciah cio. 

25 phdng cun. ui hue. 



1 He went hurriedly off. 

2 Uncivil. A farmer. 

3 He went right along. 

4 He talked on the whole day. 

5 He talked right on without re- 
gard to any one else. 

6 I let him talk right on till he had 
done. Hunting dog. 

7 It rains incessantly. 

8 Draw a bow. Hold fast. 

9 Draw a stiff bow. Good shot. 

10 How many bowshots is it ? 

11 A whizzing bow and arrow. 

12 Empty threats. 

13 This bow is too heavy, I can't 
draw it. A rocket. 

14 Half man, half devil. 

15 Bend this bow. 

16 Agriculturalists. Sportsman. 

17 Mounted bowmen. To hunt. 

18 Unmounted bowmen. Evil spirit. 

19 Shoot at a venture. Helmsman. 

20 A bowshot. Shoot arrows. 

21 Time flies like an arrow. 

22 To secretly injure. 

23 The sunshine streamed in. 

24 Shot a bird. 

25 Sailing vessels. The mast head. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON CVIII. 


Bm nau; brains; bead. 


JJ2£ sai; jaws; jowl. 


5§ * tai; case; cover. 


JH 1 kua"; liver. 


j^ sin; vindicate; redress. 


JJii * ktin; gizzard; tripe. 


'fl* * cbun; stretch out. 


Jf& ta"; the gall; courage. 


5& wn; ill usage; vex. 


fliB hui; the lungs. 


53i mi; bewitch; delude. 


Kraf * be"; interrogative assent. 


1 lu tr>oi " ki"kui, he". 


1 What are you afraid of? 


2 11 til" kui Qe. 


2 You speak empty words. 


3 kui sin. lu h£. 


3 Supernatural beings. Better. 


4 kui thftu kui nau. 


4 To eaves drop, and peep about. 


5 i klmt kui mi tieh. 


5 He is possessed by a devil. 


6 la Ii6 sin i kfti wn. 


6 You should redress his wrong. 


7 wn kui. toa fri. 


7 Unavenged spirit. Mainmast. 


8 kui hue. sa n ki ui. 


8 Will-o'-wisp. Three-masted. 


9 kui liah kui. 


9 A rogue catching a rogue. 


10 li hai kiie kui. 


10 Hatefuler than a devil. 


11 toa hue. liah toa. cun tai. 


11 The part of the rudder in the 




water. Steer. Rudder. 


12 16 thftu nau. 


12 No head for the matter. 


13 nau &u ki" sai. nau tai. 


13 See the jaws from behind the 




head. Pericranium. 


14 chun chiu, chun kha. 


14 Stretch out the arm and leg. 


15 chun tit kha. 


15 Stretched out, as dead. 


16 chun tfig chut lai. 


16 Stretch it forth. 


17 sin wn. lu toa. 


17 Obtain redress. Even larger. 


18 wn ke ch ku cia n chin ke, chin 


18 The estranged at length wed, and 


ke cb ku cia n wn ke. 


the wedded become estranged. 


19 ham wn; kle wn. he". 


19 Declare a grievance. Yes. 


20 bun mi m cai n&ng. 


20 Stupefied or dazed. 


21 mi sit lo th&u. 


21 To lose the road. 


22 cip mi. sim kua n tMu. 


.22 Wilfully dull. The chest. 


23 ai" ni tu kua 11 sek. 


23 Color it dark brown. 


24 kua" hue. t*i" cap. N 


24 Temper. The bile. 


25 ta n toa. b3 ta". 


25 Courageous. Cowardly. 



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228 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CIX. 



JpHJ sun; unmixed. 

wf t£ng; to hail. 

$T teng; a nail. 

flt Hang; capacity. 

Ht liang; take counsel. 

jl nie; measure. 



1 se u kua" hue. kua" hue toa. 

2 i sim kua n m he. 

3 tia toa ta n lAi ta n . 

4 hui hue. sun ceng. 
6 sun p§h. sun che". 

6 sun o. sun chftn. 

7 sun si. t£ng thih teng. 

8 cang teng khil t£ng mueh. 

9 t£ng kin. thi liang i. 

10 kimt bit phang t£ng tieh. 

11 i 6i t£ng naug. 

12 hai Hang, l&t Hang. 

13 cd sb tieh Hang l&t. 

14 cfi liang. h6 liang. 

15 siang liang. khl liang. 

16 nie th6i n jieh tfig. 

17 nie bi, nie p6. 

18 seng li. si hai thong siang. 

19 siang liang; kau nie. 

20 su nie. siang kheh. 

21 iam siang. c£k seng bi. 

22 cap ldk nie ui c£k kun. 

23 cap ci u ui c6k nie. 

24 cap hun ui celc ci n . 

25 jieh coi kun nie ? 

26 bS knn tau. c6k b6 cMn. 

27 n8 t&ng cd c£k seng. 

28 c6p seng cd c£k tau. 



p?) siang; su; kau; trade. 

PR nie; an ounce. 

jX kun; pound or catty. 

77 seng; a pint. 

^1 tau ; a peck. 

HA b6 ; Chinese acre. 



1 Get angry. High -tempered. 

2 His disposition is bad. 

3 I venture to come and tell. 

4 Fever. All uniform. 

5 Pure white. Unmixed green. 

6 Plain black. Sincere. 

7 Pure silk. Drive a nail. 

8 Take a nail and nail a thing. 

9 Nail fast. Respect him. 

10 Stung by a honey bee. 

11 It is apt to sting people. 

12 Capacity. Powers. 

13 Do things with ability. 

14 Self-esteem. Fine abilities. 

15 Good feeling. Calibre. 

16 Measure and find its length. 

17 Measure rice, measure cloth. 

18 Business of a merchant. Com- 
merce. 

19 Consult about; talk it over. 

20 To bargain. A trader. 

21 Salt-merchant. Pint of rice. 

22 Sixteen ounces are a pound. 

23 Ten mace make a tael. 

24 Ten candareen make a mace. 

25 What is the weight of it ? 

26 Somersault. Acre of rice-field. 

27 Two gills make a pint. 

28 Ten pints make a peck. 



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230 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CX. 



lH khtfn; 100 acres. 
^T* * siu; person; handy. 
^jf kvfrn; kindred; regard. 
/Sj ciu; environ; circulate. 
jia ciu; a year; revolve. 
fip cha; to fry dry. 




ffjji * luah ; to fry in oil. 
7>§| pek ; to toast. 
jIU sien; an immortal. 
yg\ kun; sinews; tendon. 
HJt ng&n; the eye. 
jffp pue; dry over a fire. 


1 c&p hun ui c3k b6. 




1 Ten tenths make an acre. 


2 cek b6 chan sin jieh coi < 

ke k^ii. 
S chue siu. keng cl n siu. 

siu. suah siu. ca siu 


Aek? 

phau 
. cui 


2 How much paddy from an acre 
of ground ? The family. 

3 Players on wind instruments. 
Archers. Gunners. Executioner. 


siu. phah siu. 
4 lauchiu. miachiu. kite chiu. 


Copyist. Waterman. Pugilist. 
4 An old hand. A skilled hand. 


sek chiu. 
5 h£ cd chiu. ehiu e. 




To transfer. An expert. 
5 Work of art. Subordinates. 


6 cie n chiu; e chiu. 




6 On the left ; on the right. 


7 e chiu; cie n chiu. 




7 Another time; the other time. 


8 cle n chiu kang; e chiu 
peh chiu cd. 


kang. 


8 Master workman; apprentices. 
Do a thing off hand. 


9 cie n chiu si tia cd; e chiu si i 


9 The other time I did it; next time 


lfii c*. 




he does it. 


10 peh chiu seng ke. 




10 A self-made man. 


11 khang cliiu. che n chiu. 

12 sa n ciah chiu. sun chiu 

13 cu k^-n. k^n ku. 

14 ciu bat. ciu chifrn. 




11 Empty-handed. A raw hand. 

12 Light-fingered. By the way. 

13 Household. Regard kindly. 

14 Well defined. Bring about. 


15 ciu cai. si ciu ui. 




15 General knowledge. All around. 


16 ciu nt, ciu pueh, ciu jit. 

17 sin sien; sien nang. 

18 cui sien hue. thien sien 




16 Complete year, month or day. 

17 Invisible beings; fairies. 

18 The narcissus. Angels. 


19 ti sien. klam sien. 




19 A human immortal. Fencer. 


20 sien kut. poih sien. 

21 che n kun. toa kun. 

22 hueh kun. mi kun. 




20 Fairy-like. The eight genii. 

21 Veins. Tendons of the body. 

22 Blood vessels. Tough dough. 



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232 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXI. 



YQ ph&u; to soak soft. 


pf sien; kidneys. 


tilt hiah; forehead; fixed. 


laft flgn ; the gums. 


m$ sin; sin; the sinciput. 


hS * ngoih ; to crunch. 


!p[ pin ; hair on the temple. 


Pg^ du; throat; windpipe. 


%M * kih; side of face; cheeks. 


P§§ leng; aesopbagus. 


>H jin; humanity; kernel. 


j|jl khi; sort; class. 


1 ii ng&n b$ cu. du leng. 


1 Undiscriminating. Throat. 


2 ngdn c6i n ii sh, me? 


2 Have you immediate business ? 


3 hong ngdn. pin pi". 


3 Long, narrow eye. The temple. 


4 h£ ngdn ldt. hiah slo. 


4 Quick perceptions. Legal num- 
ber. 

5 Look upon with contempt. 


5 th6i n m cie n ngdn. 


6 ngdn sin. du 16ng kia". 


6 Expression of the eye. Palate. 


7 hiah mln sin. hiah kak. 


7 The forehead. Above the temple. 


8 ieh tah pin pi n . 


8 Stick medicine on the temple. 


9 sien ndng thdu. 


9 Tbe image in the eye. 


10 mdk ciu jin. p6h jin. 


10 Tbe eyeball. Wbite of the eye. 


11 mdk chl md. hiah ke. 


11 The eyelashes. Forehead low. 


12 sin mflg; hiah sin. 


12 The fontanel in a babe. . 


13 u hiah a bS hiah ? 


13 Is there a fixed rate ? 


14 kih kau. ojin. 


14 The cheeks. Tbe iris. 


15 jin &i. tbS jin, tau jin. 


15 Benevolence. Meat of peach- 




stone, and pea-nut. 


16 sien ci le\ sim sien. 


16 Oval. The heart and reins. 


17 kbi flgn. ngoih khi. 


17 The gums. Grate tbe teeth. 


18 du leng thla n . du ta. 


18 Throat sore. Thirsty. 


19 du se n gS. koi nfcg jin. 


19 Quinsy. Yolk of an egg. 


20 nge du. ntf g dfl. 


20 Windpipe. Aesophagus. 


21 16 kdi du bS sia n si #n in 16 


21 You are hoarse because you have 


pek chiet kang ndng sie Jiang. 


been so vehemently scolding. 


22 hfiam ai n ciah kdi mueh pit ai D 


22 Whatever is eaten must pass down 


kue du l&ig. 


the throat. 


23 ta" ue t» du 16ng t6i. 


23 Talk in a whisper. 


24 ci khi, h6 khi, m tdng Ie n . 


24 The two sorts are unlike. 



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234 FIRST IJISSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXII. 



* 



lih; tih; rootlets; stems, 
ngftk; roof of the mouth. 
koi n ; the shoulder, 
heng; the thorax. 
phia n ; beach; Hats. 
nia; a ridge; range. 



1 jiang kail Au b$ sia n . 

2 16 in tap m kong. ua kai i cd 
tong pe. 

3 tong kl n . 

4 u no khi, cek khi si tiam, cek 
khi si ktam. 

5 m&k kha phue. heng c6i n . 
&u leng ktfg. au 16ng lih. 

7 heng c6i n kut. kun lih. 

8 png si kut; koi n kah. 

9 kue sek, lih loh. heng kua n 
c6i". 

10 tiah tlo lih. 

11 cie n ngdk. koi n th&u. 

12 khui heng sa n . 

13 koi heng; ku heng. 

14 tui heng. sim heng. 

15 sim heng khuah. chek e. 

16 i kdi sim heng leng ua n kio 
nfing m t&ng. 

17 hai phia. khoi phia. 

18 sua" nia. nia thftu. kue nia. 
nia 16. nia kha. kia n kau 
pua n nia hiah hek. nia teng. 

19 chiu pi. si coih. 

20 chiu thHg. c£g kah. 

21 phah chek kiii. 



^ pi; forearm. 

pjj coih; festival; term. 

pjj cak; joint; restrain. 

HJ * thng; elbow. 

fffi chek; the knee. 

Jjjjflf hiap;' side of the body. 



1 Scream till hoarse. 

2 Your answer is not to the point. 
I will be bail for him. 

3 An intermediate agent. 

4 There are two kinds, one is sweet 
and one is salt. 

5 Eyelids. The breast. 

6 The tonsils. The palate. 

7 The breast bone. Rootlets. 

8 Shoulder blade. 

9 The melon being ripe the stem 
falls off. The breast. 

10 Pick off the stems. 

11 Roof of the mouth. Shoulder. 

12 Jacket opening in front. 

13 A projecting breast bone. 

14 Beat the breast. Disposition. 

15 Magnanimous. One's children. 

16 His disposition is different from 
other people's. 

17 Flats by a sea or river. 

18 Mountain range. High peaks. 
To pass. The pass. Foot of the 
pass. Went half up the steep and 
stopped to rest. Highest point. 

19 The arm. Stated times. 

20 Elbow. Thumb-nail. 

21 Bend the knees. 



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236 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXIIL 



]p9 # wt; hinge joint. 


j5l u; a porringer. 


J}J|£ ^ n ; tne wrist. 


Jl^C m£h; the pulse. 


gjfi 1!; fence or wattle. 


%fe thfon; phlegm. 


flU liam ; calf of the leg. 


VT kua n ; perspiration. 


EH * te°; heel of the foot. 


jggf tflg; intestines. 


\4 ui; the stomach. 


Ijj^ * keh; arm-pit. 


1 ci Mi nia k6i n c&i; lien cio hi n 


1 This is a lofty ridge; it would be 


pue kite khfc. h#n si eh. 


difficult for even a bird to fly over 


2 kue ci Mi nia hla " p6i n m cai 


it. 
2 It is unknown what country is 


sih mih ti kfti. 


beyond this range. 


3 hu 6a cek pi Mi ldt. 


3 Lend us a hand. 


4 cd coih. kue coih. 


4 Keep holiday. Spend holiday. 


5 cak eng. cak khiam. 


5 Economize. Be frugal. 


6 cn"g th&u kong ; kha cfig thftu 


6 The thumb; the big toe; small 


kong; kha cfig kia n ; c6i n kah; 


toes; finger nails; toe nails. 


kha cfig kah. 




7 chiu c6i n , kha c6i n . 


7 The fingers and toes. 


8 chiu cfig th&u, kha cfig th&u. 


8 All the fingers and toes. 


9 chiu cak. 


9 A finger ring, finger joint. 


10 hiap e. th&u khak chue. 


10 The side. The brains. 


11 ka ki kdi hueh m£h. 


11 One's own kith and kin. 


12 kha tflg t6. thdin k^n. 


12 Calf of the leg. Spittoon. 


13 sio jin khl. kha &u te n . 


13 Ill-bred. The heel of the foot. 


14 i bS sih mih khl Iftt. 


14 He has not much energy. 


15 Idi c$ 6a kha th&u u. 


15 Come sit on my knee. 


16 l&u kua . sim heng 6ih. 


16 Perspire. Illiberal. 


17 &n m£h. chiu tin. 


17 Feel the julse. The wrist. 


18 wnl&t. phiaMikut. 


18 Strength of wrist. The ribs. 


19 tek It. tfiu 11. 


19 Bamboo fence. Trellis for peas. 


20 kha liam kut. sim tflg. 


20 Shin bone. Bowels. 


21 he sim tflg. cfik m£h. 


21 Kindly disposed. Of one blood. 


22 m$h 1L 


22 Philosophy of the pulse. 


23 hwtkua n ieh. pio kQa n . 


1 23 A sudorific. Produce sweat 



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238 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXIV. 

5J ia; desert; wild. 



fch tau; island; rock. 

4t kok; ravine; gulch. 

lW tfing; cave; gorge. 

/\ h^t; den; cavern. 

}%k cMu; tau; nest. 

^ khuang; vacant. 



1 keh th&ng e. un cui. 

2 cui ui khan, hai tau. 

3 ui khan khui. un sek. 

4 khd. ui hue. un p6. 

5 khui ui. kha liam phi n . 

6 m khui ui. sua 11 kok. 

7 hang ui. hwn ui. 

8 ui ng&n. un Oi. 

9 un cu. un p&. 

10 sua" mfog kok eng. 

11 khong kok. kok khau. 

12 meng wn. ia se n . 

13 cio meng, be meng, t6k mSng. 
meng k6. 

14 sien tang, tang hfrt. 

15 tang p&ng hue cek. 

16 hiahfrt. cio tau. 

17 tit ttt khfc phah ch&t kdi chau 
h#t. 

18 put jip ho n h#t ua n tit h6 n 
ct. b$ ch&u h#t. 

19 khuang ia. pSh hwt. 

20 chau ia. ch&n ia. 

21 iajin. sua n pa. 

22 po th&u. iam po. 

23 toa po th&u. keh e. 

24 b$ n&ng gfc i tit cu. 



nR pa; low banks. 

±p po; mart; port. 

$P g&; cause to desist. 

Rl| m£ng; to cry out; buzz. 

J§[ un; tepid; genial. 



1 The arm-pit. Tepid water. 

2 Pit of the stomach. Islet. 

3 Have an appetite. Familiarize. 

4 Cleanse the blood. Tonics. 

5 Excite an appetite. Shin. 

6 Not appetizing. Valleys. 

7 Indigestion. Turn the stomach. 

8 Weak stomach. Warm the sto- 
mach. 

9 Review studies. Warm and fed. 

10 The vales echo the hills. 

11 A gorge. Bed of a torrent. 

12 Cry out for redress. Restive. 

13 The cry of a bird, a horse a deer. 
Sound a drum. 

14 Fairy grotto. Cavern. 

15 The nuptial chamber. 

16 Ant-hole. Bird's nest. 

\7 Straightway go and destroy the 
robber's den. 

18 You do not enter a tiger's den 
and quietly take the cubs. House- 
less. 

19 Wilderness. Self-sown. 

20 Desert. A common. 

21 A rustic. Low banks. 

22 A port. A salt depot. 

23 A great mast. Arm-pit. 

24 Nobody can withstand him. 



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240 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXV. 



$R sia n ; city; citadel. 

Qi ip; city; fief. 

$$ hie"; village; country. 

ffi, li; neighborhood. 

^ c6; a hold; stockade. 

>|^J' chng; hamlet. 



1 &u leng gfc. s6i 6k. 

2 ti tiang ka n k\A gm i. 

3 kha wt; chiu wt. 

4 ua pat kftu i ke. 

5 l&i sit. sit ke. 

6 sting sim. sang se n mia. 

7 phah 6k. jfi 6k. 

8 h6Mihie n li se n t5 tikfc? 

9 cun i n keng jip kang khan. 

10 sta n chte n : sia n infig. 

11 sdi i kh& sia n l&i. 

12 ip jtn. sla n l&i hue. 

13 sia n chi n&ng. tfinghie". 

14 hie" e. i hie n . 

15 ht ti; n6i ti. 

16 soi 6k koi n . se n ti khut. 

17 cuikhut. hieMikia". 

18 ci k&i hie" chng ciu ui long 
c6ng si ti khut. 

19 hie n chng k&i n&ng coi n&ng 
U n kbit ti s6i 6k. 

20 chut sia n mfig gua ciu si kang 
cui. hie n li gua. 

21 tang ci sia n kail nin ce lfi-i ii 

jieh coi li lo ? 

22 kia n kttu ti ki" khut ki n k», 
tieh cai th6i n lo. 

23 ci kang pi° a jieh coi hie* 
chng? 



jfy ti; pool; pond. 

Y3L kang; river; canal. 

^fjj khut; hole; cave. 

£$| sting; lose; bereft, 

|g sit; abiding place. 

*#£ &; to bathe. 



1 Adam's apple. To bathe. 

2 Who ventures to withstand him ? 

3 Knee joint; elbow joint. 

4 I have been to his house. 

5 Inner room. Household. 

6 Discouraged. Lost his life. 

7 Take a bath. Sponge bath. 

8 Where does that village stand ? 

9 The boat has entered the river. 

10 City wall: gate of the city. 

11 Send hiin into the city. 

12 Towns-folk. City people. 

13 City-people. Towns-man. 

14 The country. Strange country. 

15 Fish pond; lotus pond. 

16 Bath house. Full of hollows. 

17 A tank. A little village. 

18 All around this village there are 
pools and caves. 

19 Of the villagers there are many 
who dare bathe in the pools. 

20 Outside the city gate is the river. 

Outside the village. 

21 How far is it from this city to 
your village ? 

22 Having arrived at the pools look 
to your steps. 

23 How many villages are there by 
this river ? 



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242 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXVI. 

PQ ham ; pitch down. 

^ cua"; a spring. 

^ ngwTi; source. 

]|| huang; sovereign. 

*l^* tl; potentate. 

ty slo; juvenile. 



j^[j khe"; pit; trench. 

J^C kham; precipice. 

tfc kham; pit. 

i^f khS; uneven. 

AW pang; fall in ruins, 

f@ khS; dry up; ebb. 



1 sua" khe n . kia kham. 

2 khe n cui tui ci k» lau ISh lai. 
lau khS. 

3 cek p6i n si kia sua", c£k p6i" 
si chim khe n . 

4 khe n kham. kau cua". 

5 ci tto khe" kai ngftn thau t& 
sua" teng, 6i chut cua" ciu nt 
boi kh$. 

6 kham kha. ce" cua". 

7 sim kham. kham kh$. 

8 ham hai. ham khe". 

9 khe n ham. »la" ham. 

10 sua" pang, tl ham. 

11 chie" pang tio khfc. 

12 cui khau pang khfc. 

13 h<5 13h kau sua" th6 pang cek 
16. cui khi thau kh$. 

14 cui cua"; pue cua". 

15 fig cua" b£ lau sio. 

16 cui ngfrn thau. slo nf. 

17 ciah cui tieh su tieh ngfrn 
thau. lau slo. 

18 huang tl. huang tl ui. 

19 sam huang ngo tl. 

20 g£k huang siang tl. 

21 tl huang tl b§. pang ham. 

22 ng^n cua n kun kun. 



1 A ravine. Precipice. 

2 The water of the ravine runs down 
here. The tide ebbs. 

3 One side is a steep mountain, the 
other a deep ravine. 

4 A gorge. The other world. 

5 The source of this stream is a 
mountain spring which flows all 
the year round. 

6 Foot of the cliff. Wellspring. 

7 Pit of the stomach. Irksome. 

8 Unjustly implicate. Pitfall. 

9 Entrap. The city has fallen. 

10 A landslide; state in ruin. 

11 The wall has fallen down. 

12 The spout is demolished. 

13 Rained till the soil slid on to the 
whole path. Tide begins to ebb. 

14 A fountain ; a cascade. 

15 In the grave there are no years. 

16 Headwaters. Youthful. 

17 In drinking think of the fountain. 
Young and old. 

18 Emperor. The throne. 

19 The famed eight-rulers. 

20 The highest of the gods. 

21 Wear a crown. Fall, as a cliff. 

22 A boiling spring. 



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244 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXVIL 



3l uang; king; rojal. 


)f$ kai n ; a district. 


^ kun; ruler. 


Jjl kia n ; capital. 


IS kok; kingdom. 


^ kua n ; official. 


-f=t se n ; province; save. 


J|L kun; troops. 


Jnf hu; prefecture; gentlemen. 


^J g£; tribunal. 


7H ciu; a political division. 


>§r thah; pagoda. 


1 kun uang. kok kun. 


1 Princes. The sovereign. 


2 hu kun. kok uang. 


2 The deceased. The king. 


8 kok ke. uang ke. 


3 Reigning family. The king. 


4 gila kok. s6 a c! n . 


4 Foreign lands. Save money. 


5 kok ke k&i su. uang bS. 


5 National affairs. A crown. 


6 s6 n kang. kua n hu. 


6 Save labor. Magistrates. 


7 c* kua n . 14k kua n . 


7 In office. The Six Boards. 


8 kua n 15. ge 1 roflg. pak kia n . 


8 Highway. Yamun. Peking. 


9 15 t£ng. sla chan. 


9 By the road. The sacrament. 


10 ci kla n sH 6i eft tit seng ciu si 


10 If this thing can be accomplished, 


t« hu s!a n . 


it will be at Hu city. 


11 kua n hu i n keng chut g& mflg. 


11 The magistrates had left the court. 


gQa kok n&ng. 


Foreigners. 


12 nin ce'k s6 n ii jleh c5i hu ciu 


12 How many political divisions has 


thia" kai n . 


your province 1 


13 tong kok kfing Q c&p poih s6 n . 


13 China has eighteen provinces. 


uang ke mueh. 


Appurtenances of kings. 


14 ua kia sin lA.i khfc hue kl kok 


14 I am sending a letter to my re- 


khut ua k&i chin n&ng. hu sia n . 


latives in America. The prefec- 




tural city. 


15 tong kok k&i huang ti c5 Qi 


15 How long since the Emperor of 


k&u ta n Q jteh coi nl; 11 kang 


China ascended the throne; you 


uat&°. 


tell me. 


16 kia n kua n pi kak s6 n kdi kua 


16 The officers of the capital are grea- 


io toa. 


ter than those of the provinces. 


17 cfc ck H c^k ki kua" kun tui 


17 A while ago a staff of officers 


tbah kha keng kite. 


went past the pagoda. 


18 kun be\ sam kun. 


18 A regiment. The army. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON C XVI 1 1. 



tec 



ia; sire; noblemen. 

kh#n; authority. 

tok; order; oversee. 
$; huap; law; rules. 
Jj£ to; measure; limit. 
^£ huam; transgress. 



1 toa l5u la. slo ia. 

2 thai ia. uang si. 



3 ji ia, sam ia. 



ia mfig. 



4 sie n st. phgng sie n nftng. 

5 sie n sie n u. i sie n . 

6 ju sie n . sie n sie n . 

7 tan chut chiu. 

8 chiu it, chiu si. 

9 che th&u e. cbe se n . 

10 a che ke. che lfii. 

11 che si. tng che. 

12 che che kfti si hau. 

13 che chut, che chifc. 

14 te tang chiu kui ldi ? 

15 kia n jit m cai chiu kui. 

16 kirn jit si jih kui ? 

17 che khui thi n ti. 

18 bd l&i uang. Q Idi uang. 

19 tiang sie n . tiang jit. uang 
hwn engjieh kti. 

20 i n tiang. tiang l&i ciu b&k. 

21 i uang tiang cle n se n . 

22 sla cue. t&i sla thi n e. 

23 sla kue 11 c6k ch* lio. 

24 huap be* kh6 sla. 

25 sla mien. kh<frn l&t toa. 

26 c6ng tok. huam huap to. 



WL sla? pardon. 

<f3L uang; pass. 

$J) chiu ; first- ten days of the moon . 

%JJ che; beginning. 

^V sie n ; frequent. 



1 Your honor. Young squire. 

2 Your worship. In the past. 

3 Official attendant and his servant. 
Clerks in yamun. 

4 Constantly. Common people. 

5 Always have. Unusual. 

6 As customary. Frequently. 

7 Wait till the first of the month. 

8 First and fourth of the month. 

9 From the beginning. Firstborn. 

10 A raw hand. Newly come. 

11 In the beginning. At first. 

12 At the very first. 

13 First of the season. First-time. 

14 What day did you come ? 

15 Do not know what day it is. 

16 What day of the month is it ? 

17 At the creation. 

18 No intercourse. Intercourse. 

19 Heretofore. How long does it 
take to go and come ? 

20 Gone. Current account. 

21 It often happens so. 

22 Pardon offences. General am- 
nesty. 

23 I have once forgiven you. 

24 The law does not pardon. 

25 Forgive. Great power. 

26 Governor. Violate the rules. 



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248 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXIX. 



J© k&m; excite; act upon. 

TU hue; change; alter. 

Hi sla; acknowledge; decline. 

fft httn; resentment. 

3$ vfrn; abhor; dislike. 

ijg^ * 16; u; hate; scorn. 



i® nau; nS; anger. 

Wf koi; loosen; explain. 

EST k6i; amend; change. 

PYf k6i ; deliver over. 

ipi lut; statute; usage. 

%fc lui; lfli; bind; involve. 



1 u kh^n; b£ kh^n; chong 
kh#n; kh#n li; 16 hfcn; kh$ 
hUn ; frn hfin. 

2 tok kang. tok li. 
8 k& tok. kok huap. 

4 I6i huap. tfti huap kok. 

5 siet huap ; lip huap. 

6 hu huap. cla" huap. 

7 bd huap. huap to. 

8 eng sih mih huap ? 

9 to se n kuejit. 

10 to slo. to jit. 

11 bS to. eng khfc kue to. 

12 to Hang. Hang to. 

13 toa to; s6i to; tfig to; tS to; 
huap lut. 

14 chiu cfig thau chun chut lai io 
u tfig t6. 

15 sin sien phah ko Q si ta\ 

16 huam jin. huam cue. 

17 huam huap. che huam. 

18 cki huam. hiiam tieh. 

19 kam sla. kb eng. 

20 kam hue. koi tlo. 

21 nang u cue eft ni leng tit koi 
thut ? lui la. 

22 khut i thoa lui tieh. 



1 Authoritative; without authori- 
ty ; yield to expediency ; control ; 
hate; odious; bear a grudge. 

2 Oversee work. To direct. 

3 Instruct. Laws of a country. 

4 Code of politeness. France. 

5 Establish rules. 

6 Lay a spell. Correct laws. 

7 No expedient. Regulations. 

8 What plan can be resorted to ? 

9 For the time being. 

10 Periods. Spend the day. 

11 Limitless. Spend extravagantly. 

12 Moderate. Good natured. 

13 Generous; contracted; wide la- 
titude; limited; law. 

14 All the fingers cannot be of the 
same length. 

15 Even angels sometimes beat the 
drum out of time. 

16 A criminal. Commit a crime. 

17 Transgress law. First offence. 

18 Repeated offences. Encounter. 

19 Thank you. Recompense. 

20 Lead to repentance. Unloose. 

21 How can a sinner be set free ? 
Obliged to you. 

22 Was implicated by him. 



\ 



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250 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXX. 



W chiang; customary. 


^ pia n ; soldier ; troops. 


lg[ khftn; flock. 


^ cut; retainess. 


W la; g^; cocoa. 


, s£ *)&; military. 


SH clen; battle. 


^ * kdk ; beat, a* with stones; 


jRr clang; leader. 


3c * Mm; phia n ; k&k; to throw 




away. 


Jif hof a sovereign. 


J teng; adult. 


1 M sie n eng kai kam sla i a 


1 What cfco you think as to its be- 


mien? ta n m pat t6 khfc. 


ing necessary to thank him ? Not 




know what to say. 


2 pheng chfang. uang chiang. 


2 Commonplace. Heretofore. 


3 chiang chiang. be i n . 


3 Habitual. Carpenter's bench. 


4 pia° be\ uang be. 


4 Dragoons. Imperial horse. 


5 ch& be\ c£k khuu ie n . 


5 Saw-horse. Flock of sheep* 


6 bu clang, clen kah. 


6 A general. Armour. 


7 clen ku\ clen clang. 


7 Weapons. Warriors. 


8 clen ti. clen cun. 


8 Battle-ground. Ship of war. 


9 sio hue. m hue. 


9 Digestion. Indigestible. 


10 k& hue. sie hue. 


10 Improve by teaching. Burn 




charms. 


11 hue se n . uang hue. 


11 Metamorphoses. Civilization. 


12 hue ci n . hue sin. 


12 Burn mock money. Transform. 


13 coi sia. sla thiap. 


13 Many thanks. Card of thanks. 


14 sia ciu. sia kheh. 


14 After dinner call. Decline a visit. 


15 sia si. kit ^n. 


15 Die. Harbour animosity. 


10 mki ?frn thi n , ^n ti, vfrn p&t 


16 Be not dissatisfied with heaven , 


n&ng; tieh vfrn ka ki. 


earth, and men, but with yourself. 


17 hwt n5. k6i ua n . koi cla n . 


17 Get angry. Exchange. Be vise. 


18 koikue. k6ijit. 


18 Amend. Change the day. 


19 k6i m£ng peh. k6i sueh. 


19 Explain clearly. Make clear. 


20 koi huam. 


20 Deliver up the prisoner. 


21 ia ci. ge* ci khak. 


21 Cocoa-nut. Cocoa-nut shells. 


22 pia n clang, lau clang. 


22 Military leader. A general. 


23 uang ho. thai ho. _ 


23 Empress. Empress dowager. 


24 be pia". po pia n . 


24 Cavalry. Infantry. 


25 sio cut. nang teng. | 


25 Camp-followers. People. 



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252 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXXL 



jgR * hia; a calabash. 

$) p£»; handle; haft. 

^ lSng; order; occasion. 

33J* hong; invest with. 

323" huang; seal up. 

p5 khdi; covenant. 



m 

is 

» 



In; stamp; seal. 

ngiam; verify. 

sat; stop up; abstruct 

si; carcase. 

cilg; bury; entomb. 

* thiu; a plane; to plane. 



1 pia n teng. hS leng. 

2 leng nftng se n khi. 

3 leng n&ng hi si eh. 

4 sf leng. khftn pe n . 

5 b£ ue p& n . ch& hia. 

6 ho sua" pd n , sl n p6 n , te pe n , 
p6 th&u p& n . 

7 c£k huang sin; c£k huang flgn; 
huang mflg. 

8 huang In. huang t&ng. 

9 huang cun. hong sin. 

10 hong kua n . si si. 

11 hong pe b6. 

12 p6h kh6i; fing kh6i; kh6i 
kia n ; kh6i pe; khdi cd hia n ti. 

13 chu khbi. ieh khoi. 

14 sat phi\ sat chili. 

15 cui cd sat kh&, ctii boi kia n . 

16 sin si; si sin. si chin. 

17 ngiam toa". ngiam si. 

18 ngiam thoi". £ng ngiam. 

19 ngiam sie n ; ngiam kiie lio. 

20 chia n ngiam. hap c&g. 

21 cilg sua 11 ; c&g huang cui. 

22 sang c&g. ciig kim. 

23 cfcg kua n . thiu p3 n p6 n . 



1 Soldiers. A written order. 

2 Make one vexed. 

3 Cause people to love. 

4 Times and seasons. Power. 

5 Nothing plausible. A dipper. 

6 Handle of an umbrella, fan, 
knife, and axe. 

7 A letter; a money packet; a 
sealed door. 

8 Close the seals. An envelope. 

9 Impress a boat. Deify. 

10 Appoint to office. A corpse. 

11 Invest parents with a title. 

12 Unstamped deed; stamped deed; 
devoted child; a god- father; 
covenant brothers. 

13 Deed of a house. Contract. 

14 Cold in the head. Silenced. 

15 The trough is obstructed so the 
water does not flow. 

16 A dead body. The mourners. 

17 A permit. Hold an inquest. 

18 Examine into. Verified. 

19 Inspect the injuries. Proven. 

20 Invite examination. Bury to- 
gether. 

21 The burial ground. 

22 Carry to the grave. Inurn. 

23 Encoffin. Plane it even. 



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LESSON CXXII. 

g kai; overtop; screen. 

if kua; a cover. 

S kbap; set; imprint. 

nL kham ; cover with a cover. 

S kah ; wrap up. 

g kam; a cover; cover up. 



1 thiu cih. cek ki thiu. 

2 thiu kut kut. cia kai. 

3 kai in. kai thau, kai min. 

4 kai au. kai mi mi. 

5 kai si. kbap c^ be. 

6 kbieh kai au kua kham kai au. 
kbap In. 

7 kah phue, kali biu n , kab sa u . 

8 kai 6a n kua pit khfc. 

9 kbam po phang, kham kau am 
am. 

10 mueh kia u kbam kin kin, mai 
ngio ch& tbau ciah. 

11 te kvvn kua. sie n kua. 

12 kham au kiia. hah hfie. 

13 kah to, kah koi" thnu. 

14 kab khah mi khab juah. 

15 kiia khah s6i, kham m ldb. 

16 kham koi n chau cbu, to sua" 
kha kd tlu. 

17 ci kft u kbam phang, io liang. 
khap lai m bin. 

18 11 tieh khap si cla n si cla n , 
khap khi lai cla n h6 th6i n . 
meng leng. 

19 tia n kam. kam mi mi. 

20 ke hue. hue kl. slu hue. 



« 


ke; tools; gear 




UK 


hue; furniture. 




% 


hue; comrade. 




ti- 


kl; comrade. 




lt 


kdi; scheme; compute. 


II 


slu; embroider. 




i : 


Blade of a plane. 


A plane. 


2 Plane it smooth. 


To screen. 


3 Because that. Screen head and 


\ 


*ace. 




4 Covered tea-cup. 


Cover up close- 




iy. 





5 World-wide. Set a mark. 

6 Take the cover and cover the 
covered cup. To print. 

7 Wrap up in a coverlet, wadded 
jacket, and tunic. 

8 The cover of the bowl. is broken. 

9 Cover with an awning so it will 
be very shady. 

10 Cover the things closely so they 
will not be eaten by rats. 

11 Tea-pot lid. Trunk lid. 

12 Covered basin cover. A pall. 

13 Wrap the belly and shoulders. 

14 Bundled up too warm. 

15 The cover is too small to fit. 

16 Has set up a straw shed, and 
lives at the foot of the hill. 

17 The awning here makes it cooler. 
Not printed clearly. 

18 You must set it squarely down 
and then the imprint will look 
well. Mandate. 

19 Spider cover. Cover tightly. 

20 Tools. Partner. Embroider. 



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© ia n ; camp; military. 


^ hak; Sh; learn. 


%L iong; plan; cast about. 


^f sip; practice: used to. 


13E ki; secret; moving power. 


?K si; make known. 


V& kui; machine; loom. 


fi£ jiam; liam; moustache. 


f3i siap; ooze; divulge. 


Au ni; a nun. 


fjj| c£; debt; freight. 


■^ phua; an old wife. 


1 k6i khui m6ng p$h. 


1 Compute it exactly. 


2 eng k6i ham hai nftng. 


2 Use a malicious stratagem. 


3 kang koi jieh coi ? 


3 How much altogether ? 


4 am k6i. ia n pua n . 


4 A dark plot. A camp. 


5 k6i sfcgh6, cla° l&i. 


5 Decide upon it, then come. 


6 ia n p&ng. jip la n tng pia n . 


6 Barracks. Enlist as a soldier. 


7 thau ia n . keng iong. 


7 Surprise a camp. Shrewd. 


8 iong se n . iong ui. 


8 Get a living. Attend to business. 


9 mia ke keng iong. 


9 Fertile in ways and means. 


10 kun ki. chia kui tbdu. 


10 Army tactics. A chain pump. 


11 ki hue. ki khl. 


11 Opportunities. Machine. 


12 ki bat. thien ki. chia kui. 


12 Occult. Destiny. Lathe. 


13 kl n ki. ki p£h p6. 


13 Improve the chance. Long cloth. 


14 eng cln sim ki. 


14 Use every device to attain it. 


15 cit p5 kui. c£k kui pd. 


15 A loom. A web of cloth. 


16 sfi ki siap lau. 


16 The plan has leaked out. 


17 siap tieh khl. cS cu. 


17 Lost its savour. Creditor. 


18 thien ki m h& siap lau. ce 


18 Should not divulge the designs of 


kia n . 


heaven. Debtor. 


19 khiam c& su hai" c£. 


19 Debts must be paid. 


20 pang cS. ciu cS. 


20 Shave notes. Tavern score. 


21 ci n c$ s6i ku. 


21 The debt is of little consequence. 


22 hak sip. khui Sh. 


22 Learn. Begin to study. 

23 Practice military exercises; school- 


23 dh bu; Sh tfig; Sh kua"; 11 


Sh tit pat, me ? 


room ; superintendent of schools; 




can you learn ? 


24 ka si. ni ko. tau lau. 


24 Educate. A nun. Detain. 


25 lau phua. lfiu a phua. 


25 The wife. My good woman. 



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LESSON CXXIV. 



9Jf ka; shear; clip. 

SgJ ka; pivot; hasp. 

%&> ai; sorrow; woful. 

3pT llo; estimate; strass; stuff. 

fjlf chto; dynasty; facing. 

i£JJ cio; early. 



fet kheng; rainbow, 
bth; splints; slats, 
ngiap; patrimony; trade. 
sfc; scholar; statesman, 
tha; that; other, 
ui; majesty; awful. 



m 
± 



1 cai ctte. jin cQe. 

2 ka te. ka p6. ka sa l 



kh6. 



3 i oi ka oi cA. cek cio. 

4 lai te kuah cui m tMg. 

5 bua ka te phah s6 si. 

6 hui khi cfig k&i pit khfc. 

7 i Sh chui Sh cih. 

8 16 m&i Sh le n Sh sle n . 

9 &i n Sh sia ji pit soi n tleh dh 
bfe. 

10 b6i cek peh ki thih teng. 

11 ai khftu. ai frn k&i sia 11 . 

12 th&u kh&u, thuu khia. 

13 ai tf& ai ai pe b<. 

14 ai khiu. cio llo. 

15 llo li. llo sljukl". 

16 put chut ua s£ lio. 

17 be lio. put llo. cfc lio. 

18 kia n lio. lio khi. 

19 ch&n lio. ieh lio. sek lio. 

20 lio mueh. l&n lio. 

21 ctt lio eft m lfii. 

22 c& chio. cS chfo. 

23 chioki n . pfigchio. 

24 chto p&ng. chio h6k. 

25 cS tang chio sai. 

26 nS n&ng cS sie chio. 

27 sa ngiap; ke nglap. 



1 Aware of bis sm. Confess sin. 

2 Scissors. Cut cloth. Cut out 
clothes. 

3 She can cut and fit. In a trice . 

4 No knife will divide water. 

5 Preparing to do mischief. 

6 The crockery is all cracked. 

7 He mimics them. 

8 Don't you imitate him. 

9 If you would learn to write, you 
must first learn tracing. 

10 Buy a hundred nails. 

11 Weeping. A piteous wailing. 

12 Crying while she besought. 

13 Motherless bairn. Alas, my 
parents. 

14 Supplicate. To oversee. 

15 Manage. You will find it so. 

16 It is no more than I expected. 

17 Provender. Unforeseen. I think. 

18 Best sort of strass. Imitation 
stone. 

19 Fertilizers. Drugs. Coloring 
stuff. 

20 Materials. It is hard to say. 

21 I think it cannot be done. 

22 Ancient dynasties. Hold court. 

23 Go to court. Our dynasty. 

24 Audience room. Court dress. 

25 Sit on the east facing wfest. 

26 The two sit facing each other. 

27 Employment; estate. 

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LESSON CXXV. 



1& ISng; disembodied agency. 


K khi; whatever; wherever. 


fgC khlo; aperture; pore. 


gjfl 6; overplus; remnants. 


flR khdn; importunate. 


TO tu; abut; mulct. 


|BJ * khun; a moment. 
f7 thSng; stop; arrange. 


10C ti; bear the consequences. 


$R p*; requite; inform. 


Xt ci; halt; desist. 


jll sie"; reward. 


1 sfc cut; kun stt. h&k s*L 


1 Warriors. Cabinet minister. 


2 stt, 16ng, kong, siang. tha 


2 Scholars, farmers, mechanics, and 


n&ng. tha hng. tu tha khd. 


merchants. That man. Other 




places. Let it go. 


8 ui hong; h6 n ui; & ui; hwt 


3 Awfiil; terrible; dignified; threa- 


ui; ui ngiam; ui bu; kua° ui. 


tening; solemnity; martial; au- 


bd ui khi; ui 16ng. 


gust. Undignified; efficacy. 


4 16ng ki. b#n bwn se n 16ng. 


4 Effective contrivance. The living. 


5 im l£ng. ldng I. 16ng £ng. 


5 Ghosts. Supernatural. Effective. 


6 m khui khlo. 16ng khio. 


6 Uncomprehending. Accumen. 


7 k&u khlo. chit khlo. 


7 Passages of the body. The senses. 


8 sim khlo. khtfn khiu. 


8 The intellect. Beg earnestly. 


9 t&n c£k khun kia n . 


9 Wait a minute. 


10 ke cSk khun kia n . 


10 Presently. 


11 thSng kang; th§ng chiu; 


11 Stop work; stay your hand; 


thfing ci; thSng tig. 


cease; well arranged. 


12 sa n th£ngl5i n keng kfa° lio 


12 Of the three stages we have 


nS th£ng. 


already walked two. 


13 m ci sa n k&i. ci hueh. 


13 Not merely three. Staunch blood. 


14 ci i m ctt. khl 6. 


14 It can't be stopped. What is over. 


15 bd tla n ci. ci £u. 


15 No definite object. Quench thirst. 


16 cai khi it, m cai khi jl. 


16 Know one but not the other. 


17 khi tang, khi ch*. sie tu. 


17 Therein. The next. Abut on. 


18 & tl. ii ft. 


18 Unused space. More than enough. 


19 bS a. 6 l&t. 


19 None to spare. Extra force. 


20 tu tit cu. t&i ti. 


20 It will not give way. In general. 


21 ti cfie. tu slo, ti sio. 


21 Bear the blame. Pay a mulct. 



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LESSON CXXVI. 



$$: bfte; a go-between. 


&\ sin; guard house. 


JJjJ pb6ng; friend; consort 


^ tiig; post-station. 


^5C fa; companion. 


>f^f kua n ; staff; post. 


'fH p6k; vassal; menial. 


jftT * boi; blinking. 


ffi I; posterity. 


3ft I&ng; deaf. 


3§? kun; restrict; forbid. 


jf|£ bui; negative. 


1 ti mia. tu i. 


1 Compensate for a life. Mulct 




him. 


2 tu nAng mia. 


2 Make atonement for a life. 


3 pft Sng. pft tap. p5 ak. 


3 Requite. Reward. Revenge. 


4miii cang ak p£ ak. pft kia D . 


4 Requite not evil. Courier. 


5 p&i cai. tit tieh sie n . 


5 Inform him. Get a reward. 


6 tieh ti c£k Mi n&ng khfc k&ng 


6 There must be some person to go 


i t& n tie; kang i th n ue k&i 


and do the talking; the one who 


n&ng kle eft bue. phSng iu. 


does the talking is called a go- 




between. Friend. 


7 bue phfta. 


7 An old woman who settles mat- 




ches. 


8 sla bfte nftng. 


8 Remunerate the go^betwfeen. 


9 kua n bue; si kua n siet k&i tl 


9 An official go-between: the ma- 


hng, huam hu jin, hQam t&ng 


gistrate appoints a place where 


cue kdi, kua° ciu kim i tS h£ 


undutiful wives may be shut up ; 


kd; ju eng kai 13ng ua n k& 


and from there they are again 


k&i, ciu sui kua n bue ctj 1 hwt 


married off according to the will 


kS. 


of the go-between. 


10 chin ph&ig. sa" ph£ng si iu. 


10 A relative. A coterie of friends. 


11 h6 ph£ng. lSu phSng in. 


11 Good friend. Old friend. 


12 iu di. iah iu. 


12 Fraternal. Helpful friend. 


13 n6 p6k. pi p6k. 


13 Man servant. Servants. 


14 Su i. i sun. ia D sin. 


14 Posterity. Descendants. Guard- 




house. 


15 p6k p6k. sin ti kua n . 


15 Drudge. Station-master. 


16 c&p li ciu ii k&i t%. 


16 The stations are a league apart. 


17 ia n , tHg, sin, sa n kia". 


17 Three sorts of halting places. 


18 ui kua n ; ki kua n . 


18 A mast ; a flag-staff. 


19 ke eft hi n ldng. 


19 Pretended to be deaf. 


20 m^i kio n&ng si hui. 


20 Do not contradict people. 



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LESSON C XX VII. 



<PP * he" ; asthmatic. 

jfU sia; purge; flow off. 

£fi cu; tSu; small-pox. 

Itt pang; poi D ; blotched; mottled. 

^ * thue; aboil; ulcer. 

Jjf| l&ng; pus; slough off. 



m 






koi; the itch; a scratch, 
chng; an eruption, 
phi; scab of a sore. 
ph&; a blister, 
liu; tumor; wen. 
* chai; spasms; fits. 



1 khtm kia n i hi n l&i. 

2 chia n theng cu khiln kia n . 

3 h8 hiah h6k c£k khiln kia n . 

4 hS tbeng kha cek khiln kia n . 
6 clam chia n thSng chiu c£k si. 

6 chia n theng kang c^p jit. 

7 ngo loi pai, theng b6i boi c£k 
jit. klm ci. 

8 It se n k6i, tieh ciah liu fig 
buah. 

9 ua ca me gut bo cek khiln 
kia n . h$ khl hueh. 

10 ci pfig cheh ciam p&ng to ci 
k&, khiln kia n ua l&i khieh tfig. 
klm tl. 

1 1 ua pat ng8 tieh i. 

12 klm cut. klm sia n . 

13 mak hoi hoi. sia cio mak. 

14 he n pS n . sia ieh. sia t6. 

15 n£k liu. hue sia; juah sia. 

16 sia ne* ch^. sia cui. 

17 chut cu. cie n cui. tau cie". 

18 cSngcu; cSng tfi-u. minpoi". 

19 poi n kile h6 n h5i. 

20 p&ng l&ng. Mng hueh. 

21 phi bue h£ peh tio. 

22 kit phi. hueh liu. 

23 tieh ie n cMi. ta b8 ch&i. 

24 se" chng. kha se n ph&. 



1 He is coming presently. 

2 Stop a little while. 

3 Rest a little while. 

4 Stay your steps a little. 

5 Just stay your hand a moment. 

6 Let us stop work for ten days. 

7 When Sunday occurs, traffic stops 
for a day. Prohibit. 

8 You have itch, and must take 
sulphur. 

9 I slept scarcely any last night. 
Fresh and plump. 

10 I will leave this book here, and 
in a little while come and get it. 
Forbidden ground. 

11 I have met him before. 

12 Turnkey. The closed citadel. 

13 Squint-eyed. Cross-eyed. 

14 Asthma. A purgative. Purging. 

15 Fleshy tumor. Fever with purg- 
ing. 

16 Purged twice. Open a sluice. 

17 Have small-pox. Pustules. 
Virus. 

18 Vaccinate. Pock-marked. 

19 More spotted than a tiger-crab. 

20 Let out the pus. Bloody slough- 
ing. 

21 Do not pick off the scab yet. 

22 Form a scab. Vascular tumor. 

23 Have fits. Convulsions. 

24 Have a humor. Foot is blistered. 

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LESSON CXXVIII. 



fjg 16k; king's evil. 


fi?£ * ka; hack; cough. 


flfc thiu; lift; draw; levy. 


*3K 8nu > clear the throat. 


flg[ * tftu; chicken-pox. 


9X khuang; sio; insane. 


3^* * mtie; measles. 


ippj tien; crazed; silly. 


Wi sng; aching. 


Ji chia D ; moreover; still. 


/fit pak; the caul. 


JL th6; earth; territory. 


1 i si ua k&i sim pak kfii ph&ig 


1 He is my bosom friend and it is 


hi, m pi si ciu n&k kAi phSng iu. 


not as if he were merely a boon 




companion. 


13 i kio ua si chin, hui pi tha 


2 He is my own near relative, and 


nftng. 


it is not as if he were another. 


3 hau* sueh si hui ue pien si si 


3 He who is fond of gossip, is a 


hui n&ng. 


gossip. 


4 bShuikft" sil*? hui loi. 


4 Is it really you ? Indecent. 


5 si si a si hui ? 


5 Is it a fact or is it not ? 


6 hui jlen. ck m£g. 


6 Really not so. Early and late. 


7 pit hui bS ku. 


7 It is certainly not without a cause. 


8 khahuikiii! 


8 How can it be unintentional ! 


9 ka sau h$ lio. thiu kan. 


9 His cough is cured. Cramp. 


10 thiu khi idi. cui th6 h$. • 


10 Draw it up. The soil is good. 


11 ke it thiu. thiu tio t6i. 


11 Adda tithe. Take out the bottom. 


12 thiu sin cd i kbit 


12 He took himself off. 


13 ciah tau, clah mue. 


13 Have chicken-pox and measles. 


14 sngthia". kut sng. 


14 Aching. Rheumatic pains. 


15 kha sng, chiu nfig. 


15 Weak and weary. 


16 t6 pak toa. i si sio. 


16 A big paunch. He is crazy. 


17 khau bit, pak klam. 


17 Honey tongued and false hearted. 


18 khau si, sim hui. 


18 Specious and insincere. 


19 ci pak ui hun. 


19 Betrothed before birth. 


20 ka sau. khuang pe\ 


20 Cough. Insanity. 


21 hwt khuang. sio kau. 


21 Out of his head. Mad dog. 


22 khuang huang, me* h5. 


22 Furious gusts and driving rain. 


23 tien khuang. hwt tien. 


23 Raving mad. Become delirious. 


24 cu tien. ua chia n mng ML 


24 Pedantic. Let me now ask you* 



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268 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXXIX. 



3C bun; literary; elegant. 

TO kia n ; keng; classics. 

ft$ si; poems; odes. 

47] tah; diagrams. 

$E I n ; ink-stone. 

3® pin; plen; circuit; whole. 



1 I n pua n . pit tAng. 

2 sueh bun. p£h bun. 

3 3hk6. lAi liam ua tliia". 

4 chia n k!a n chia n kh&u. 

5 bun li; s! bun; k6bun; bun 
cie n ; bun huap; bunSh. 

6 ngo kia"; kia n cu; tah kia n ; 
ch kia n ; si kia n ; stn si. 

7 hwnsa n plen. liam keng. k6 
si. 3h si ku. t&i Mk. 

8 sitjl; uahjl; hHji. 

9 pit b&k I n khleh l&i. 

10 kl tit. m kl tit khfc. 

11 l&n c$k cue. pio cie n . 

12 pin ti fig kim. 

13 th&k ke ktii plen. 

14 plen koi n p&ng. kl hS. 

15 th&k s6k lio h6 hwn. 

16 kua n ue; p£h ue; tho ue. 

17 bun bu. bunjtn. bun kua n , 
bu kua n . 

18 It th&kukuicie 11 ? 

19 th&k celc plen ua thia n . 

20 b$ cue. pit cue. se n cue. 



fjf thap; pen-case. 

fT * cue; line; column; seam. 

J^L cie n ; chapter; essay. 

j@J ham; learn by heart. 

H$ * ®h; narrate; recite. 

§B kl; record; remember. 



1 Writing tray. Pen holder. 

2 Discuss letters. Plain text. 

3 Tell stories. Recite it to me. 

4 Crying as he walked along. 

5 Style; current literature; ancient 
literature; fine writing; gram- 
mar; scholar. 

6 Five classics; the classics; the dia- 
grams; history; poetry; hymns. 

7 Review three times. Chant pas- 
sages. Ancient poetry. Recite 
rhymes. Great Science. 

8 Nouns; verbs; particles. 

9 Bring writing implements. 

10 Remember. Quite forgotten. 

11 Omit a column. A memorial. 

12 All the earth is golden. 

13 Read it a few times more. 

14 The whole room. A mark. 

15 Read it perfectly then review. 

16 Court dialect; common language; 
unlearned speech. 

17 Civil and military. Literary men. 
Civil and military officers. 

18 How many chapters have you 
read? 

19 Read it over to me once. 

20 Seamless. To crack. Cracked. 



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LESSON CXXX. 



* 


lio; hut; shed. 


JS8 


bie; fane; temple. 


J* 


kh&; treasury; magazine. 


m 


p6 n ; staging; shed. 


& 


kam; prison; oversee. 


iM 


chng; granary; bin. 


ffi. 


g£k; prison; jail. 


n 


h&ng; warehouse; guild. 


/nB 


am ; religious house. 


& 


l&u; labor; toil. 


& 


keng; temple; palace. 


® 


tie"; to hook; bait. 



1 bun ngia; si ci tleh nfing Mi 
ie n sie n . 

2 It h$ Sh ua thia n . Sh k6. U 
pAng. g£k cut. 

3 ci nS kit tie si ci ti cek kia n s« 
th n ? ii Mu It. 

4 M ki c6k kia n sb ldi phi ju ua 
thia n . cM lio. 

5 fign kh5; chng kh&; ti g£k. 

6 klm kam, siu kam. c§ kam. 

7 c&u kam hQam. kam tok. 

8 am tflg. jip am. 

9 ni ko am. Mm am. 

10 uang keng. keng bie. 

11 6h keng. t8 ne keng; phah 
l$h n£ keng. 

12 ke bie; c6 bie. sin bie. 

13 bl n p£ n ; tahp6 n ; l5tb&up6 n ; 
ke n pe n ; chau lio. 

14 chek chng. khui chng. hue 
chng. Mng ph6. 

15 hftng ke. t&ng Mng. 

16 cai h&ng, m cai h&ng. 

17 hfinghiie. lksfn. 

18 i si sih mih Mng t&ng k&i 
nSng? tie n h6. p^ng lio. 

19 l&u lftt l&u sim. tle n ke. 



1 Intellectual; refers to the ap- 
pearance of persons. 

2 Relate it to me. Narrate stories. 
Stable. Jailor. 

3 What do these two sentences 
refer to ? Have troubled you. 

4 Point out something which will 
illustrate it. Wooden shed. 

5 Treasury; storehouses; hell. 

6 Put in jail. Be in prison. 

7 Escaped prisoner. To boss. 

8 Budhist temple. Enter a nun- 
nery. 

9 A nunnery. A monastery. 

10 Royal palace. Temple. 

11 College. Sent to the residence 
for discarded concubines. 

12 Ancestral temple. Idol temple. 

13 Theatrical stage; put up a stag- 
ing ; shed by the road ; watch- 
man's shed ; hut. 

14 Granary. Dispense grain. Depot. 
Place of business. 

15 Head manager. Same firm. 

16 Versed or not versed in this bu- 
siness. 

17 Wares. Careworn. 

18 What is his craft? Catch fish. 
Shanty. 

19 To labor. Be anxious. Fish- 
pole. 



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W&L t5i n ; palace; temple. 

|$| kwn; bar; belong to. 

Bg kwn; hall; caravansary. 

^f c&n; tier; degrees. 

3St theng; window. 

A hia; tiles; 



FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT, 

LESSON CXXXL 

yjf pho; spread; bedding. 

tfifiL 6°; beams. 

5CT kak; rafters; lath. 

*H tu; a brace; impede. 

ft|| cie; plantains. 

™ kh&; dextrous; apt. 



1 lau 11 kio ua cd. 

2 lau tSng. m k& n lau tong M. 

3 chu kak. kwn sim. 

4 keng toi n . toi n e. 

6 kim toi n . khui kwn. 

6 ninkuihu tS tl k&? 

7 pang kwn. kwn khau. 

8 m kwn ua sfi. 

9 11 b$ kwn sim th6i n . 

10 se n si kai kwn thau. 

11 ui ktfn; ciu kwn; kong kwn; 
ch ktfn; hue kwn; kau l&u 
ktfn; ktfn tl; khui kwn, k6i 
ktfn. 

12 sa n can lau. theng mfig. u 
kuican? thi D theng. c&n chut 
put khiong. ti c6n ch&. h&ng 
theng. tfing theng phSng iu. 

13 pho hia; pho chau chleh; pho 
siet; phah pho; t&ng pho; pho 
pang. 

14 tusat. tuchui. tucS. khfeh 
ki mueh khfc tu, tu kin kin. 

15 keng cie. kh! kM. 

16 kha chle n ; kMie n ; khakang; 
s5i kha. 



1 Trouble you to do it for me. 

2 To trouble. Dare not bother you. 

3 Roof slats. Attentive. 

4 Palace. Crown prince. 

5 Golden halls. Unbar. 

6 Where are your gentlemen ? 

7 Let pass. Place for passing. 

8 It is none of my business. 

9 You did not pay attention. 

10 A matter of life and death. 

11 Hospital; tavern; public hall; 
library; club-house; restaurant; 
a post; open and close a session. 

12 Three story building. Window. 
How many steps up? Skylight. 
Endless series. Has gradations. 
Poor student. Fellow students 
and classmates. 

13 Lay tiles; spread matting; set in 
order; make up a bed; bed- 
fellow; bed boards. 

14 Wall up. Gag the mouth. Obs- 
truct. Take something and brace 
it very firmly. 

15 Bananas. Ingenious. 

16 Cunning hand; curious pattern; 
skilled work; complex. 



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274 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXXXII. 

w P™> place properly. jf[|!| 

yl] liet; range; state. 

$g hfcn; ring; link. $J 

fSi kifc; saw; toothed. 

SIR Ram; sickle. 

£9 kau; hook; barb. 



PL 



* k6 n ; flail. 

* chiang; shovel, 
hun; confused. 
Ian; difficulty, 
cai; calamity, 
htiam; tribulation. 



1 MpAi hAngt5i n kui ? 

2 kui nAng c5 cb cek pAi. 

3 ie n pAi kut. tu pAi kut. 

4 ua n pai. pAi tit tit. 

5 pAi liet n$ p6i°. 

6 khui liet mSng peh. 

7 pAi c& cSk liet. 

8 cek liet jieh coi cAng chlu ? 

9 chiu hfcn; kha hfcn; hl n 
h#n; mflgh^n; tAng hfcn. 

10 U khi; kt tlo. 

11 kau liam; liam te. 

12 tie" kau; kau chut lAi; h* n 
kau; kau lien. 

13 khia ki ke n khi phah chek. 

14 phue chiang. s6i kit 

15 chiang kui kAi khang. 

16 nAng mueh hun hun. 

17 hun loan; sim hun hun. 

18 pAi Ian, k6i hun. 

19 cai Ian; cui cai, hue cai ; thien 
cai; cai bai. 

SO huam Ian; bd &u huam. 

21 put htiam bd nAng, ci huam 
bS ci n . 

22 U tek, kAi W, khi io bAt. 

23 ci ki «■ m h£ U khah t«. pAi 
eft c6k tit. 



1 Which are you, among the sons t 

2 All sit down in a row. 

3 Mutton chops. Ribs of pork. 

4 Rearrange. Set straight. 

5 Ranged on two sides. 

6 State the case clearly. 

7 Place them in file. 

8 How many trees in each row ? 

9 A bracelet; anklet; ear-ring; 
door-knocker; brass ring. 

10 Teeth of a saw; saw it off 

11 Pruning-hook; sickle. 

12 Fish-hook ; hook it out ; ear-drop ; 
coadjutors. 

13 Take a flail and thresh rice. 

14 A crow-bar. Small saw. 

15 Shovel out some holes. 

16 Everybody in confusion. 

17 Bustling; perplexed. 

18 Explain a misunderstanding. 

19 Adversity; flood and fire; cala- 
mity; afflictive. 

20 Affliction; no sad results. 

21 Not distressed for lack of men 
but for lack of money. 

22 Thinned out bamboos grow better. 

23 Do not saw this beam off too 
short. Set them in a row. 



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276 FIRST LESSONS IN THE 8WATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXXXIII. 



jflS p£ ; a harrow. 


j§C chim; sleep; rest. 


fT ah; compel; escort. 


JP£ kla"; a reflecting surface. 


f»f ap; pawn; keep. 


JfiS, si; see; behold. 


$R kd; frame; rack. 


K§ kui; return; revert. 


J5t cim; pillow; contiguous. 


jffit ltam ; splint screen. 


IRr ta; tie"; curtain; tent. 


^) * sieh; a ladle. 


1 ah khft klm, ak khft thai. 


1 Take to prison, to execution. 


2 kam ah jieh ku ? 


2 How long was he under arrest ? 


8 ah hue khft. ah h5,u. 


3 Escort back. Compel to wait. 


4 ua ah i m cii. 


4 I could not arrest him. 


5 ah hue. sie ap. 


5 Convoy goods. Pawn-shop. 


6 ah siing n&ng. 


6 The guard of a prisoner. 


7 eng kui nftng kh4 ah i ? 


7 How many must go to his arrest ? 


8 ap sio. ldh kai hue ap. 


8 Leave security. Put on a mark. 


9 ap titlio. capjikS. 


9 Settled by pledges. A cross. 


10 sa" k$; b3 k$. 


10 Clothes-horse; hat rack. 


11 k£ mueh. cio kd. 


11 Support a thing. Head off. 


12 k& khi. cim th&u. 5u cim. 


12 Prop up. Pillow. Occiput. 


13 hl n cim. cim tleh. sie cim. 


13 Hollow pillow. Touching. Ad- 




join. 


14 cim kue kh& ce. 


14 Overlap them a little. 


15 cim pi n Qe. t&ng cim. 


15 Private talk. Using one pillow. 


16 mang tie", siet tie". 


16 Mosquito bar. Fix a curtain. 


17 pho tie". tAng chim. 


17 Canopy. Bed-fellow. 


18 chim ciah put ua". 


18 No leisure to eat or sleep. 


19 kla" thai, chiu kla". 


19 Mirror. Hand mirror. 


20 cie sin kla". choi" li kla". 


20 A pier-glass. A telescope. 


21 peh hue kla". m6ng kla". 


21 A kaleidoscope. A reflector. 


22 mftk kla". mak kfcn si. 


22 Spectacles. Near-sighted. 


23 kla" hue cui gueh. 


23 Reflected flowers and moon. 


24 si sb. sia si. 


24 Examine a case. Side glance. 


25 si n&ng ju ki. 


25 View others as yourself. 


26 tit si. mflg liam. 


26 Direct observation. Door screen. 


27 si si ju kui. 


27 Look upon death as going home. 


28 t£g kui p£g kok. 


28 Return to native land. 



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278 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON C XXXIV. 



ft 



tfi; subtract; besides, 
thifrn; promulgate, 
sip; collect; arrange. 
phua n ; associate. 
* kueh ; a piece, 
puah; eartben basin. 



1 kui hai°ll. liam lfti. 

2 bieb leh kui kun. 

3 ci kai n&ng kui k*n tla n tieh 
be. kau kui. 

4 n&ng si kui tb6. 

5 pun kui piig h&ng. 
kui cue pang i kd. 

7 kui tft. t6 tio ho- hok. 

8 tft pe n . t& hai. 

9 tfi bui si lu— . 

10 tft elm cu gfta clu bo. 

11 t6 siu &u, h#n khlam jieh coi? 

12 cam chau, t6 kan. 

13 tfcsinang! 

14 hien mui kia". mm' s5i. 

15 tb6i" tieh mui mui. 

16 mui mueh; mui elite. 

17 £n mui; 6n chang; 6n £n. 

18 6n sfi; 6n mia, In se u . 

19 cu 6n sua™ lim. 

20 chlu lim; tek lim. 

21 ch&ng kau mi mi. 

22 ciu hu. th#n ka. 

23 th^nsueh; thifrnleng; thfrn 
ue; co th#n; thfrn si. 

24 siu sip. pbtia" l£ng. 



z 



mui; trifling; minute. 
6n; obscured; retired. 
cMng; conceal, 
bu; a tankard, 
lim; forest; grove, 
cu; in regard to. 



1 Give back to you. Secluded. 

2 The leaves revert to the roots. 

3 This man's antecedents are good. 
Arithmetical processes. 

4 Men die and return to dust. 

5 Analyze the constituents. 

6 The sin reverts upon him. 

7 Division. Lay aside mourning. 

8 Remove disease. Suppress evil. 

9 Premising that it be you — . 

10 Besides this, there are none. 

11 Besides what has been received, 
how much is due? 

12 Completely eradicate it. 

13 Enough to kill any body ! 

14 Microscope. Atomic. 

15 See the least specks. 

16 A trifle; a passing smile. 

17 Abstruse; hidden; occult. 

18 Retired scholar; retired life. 

19 Hid away in the country. 

20 Forest; bamboo copse. 

21 Very closely concealed. 

22 Wine-jug. Propagate doctrines. 

23 Legend; promulge orders; trans- 
mit information ; tradition ; make 
known. 

24 Gather up. Watch by the dead. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



Afl. chu; maggots; larva. 

ff$ tham; phueh; converse, 

fjpr siu: adjust; renovate. 

^ lAng; harass; vex. 

$|§ * pong; pop; burst. 

fg ae; draw; paint. 



LESSON CXXXV 



1 bfc he kdi tftng phiia n putju 
t6kkia n . 

2 kle ua sie phua n . 

3 phueh kftu pua n me. 

4 ieh tia n jit ci. im gauh. 

5 ci ptfg cu cbeh si sia k&i a si 
In kfti? putju. 

6 tMm lun; tho thfim. 

7 chle tham. th&m pia n . 

8 mai klik kang i phueh Qe. 

9 tham k6 liin kim. 

10 i bd mih sin khi, mai kio i 
phueh khah ku. 

11 cih se n chu. cui se n elm. 

12 phak l&h kh*. phak ke. hu 
h6k. h6k pia n . 

13 mue si; mue jit; mue ni; mue 
n6ng; mue sS; mtie mue ju 
chl. 

14 siu li; siu po; siu sin; siu sim; 
lftng ui. 

15 s& bu. bu pit. 

16 kong bii; ke bu; guabu; bu 
gua. 

17 p5ng phua khil. pong lih. 

18 kha th&ngp5ng kho. 

19 can gauh. gftuh khi. 

20 gauh sia n . tie sua n ctii. 



# 



hu; phak; stoop down. 
h6k; lie prostrate, 
bu; business; make effort, 
cau; celebrate; perform, 
gftuh; music, 
mue; every; each. 



1 If you have not good company- 
it is best to walk alone. 

2 Called me to go with him. 

3 Chatted until midnight. 

4 Fix a certain day. The octave. 

5 Is this book written or printed ? 
Nothing like. 

6 Discuss. Local pronunciation. 

7 Repartee. Discuss the war. 

8 Do not go and talk with him. 

9 Talking of things old and new. 
10 He has not much vitality, do not 

talk too long with him. 



11 Festers on the tongue. 



Wiffo-lers. 



12 To stoop down. Bend over. 
Bow down. Troops in ambush. 

13 Every time; every day; every 
year ; each person ; every affair ; 
always like that. 

14 Regulate; repair; act well; cul- 
tivate the mind ; harass. 

15 Business. Indispensable. 

16 Public affairs; private affairs; 
outside affairs; strive for some- 
thing else. 

17 Burst assunder. Cracked open. 

18 The tub has burst its hoop. 

19 Make merry. Musical instru- 
ments. 

20 Musical. Draw landscapes. 



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282 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON C XX XVI. 



jJSl * ph&ng; explode. 






5R1 



h<ii n ; defame; slander, 
p&ng; vilify; malign, 
hua; concord; union, 
cun; venerate; honor. 
k£ng; revere; respect. 



1 16 m h$ Mng ui pftt n&ng. 

2 hui n p&ng. hua ph&ig. 

3 hua khi. kang hua. 

4 hua ieh. hua sun, hua h6. 

5 sim hua khi phSng. 

6 cun kui. cun k&ng. 

7 hau k6ng. kSng t5ng. 

8 chie n p£h. chie n soi n . chie n 
ktiechiu. chie n ci n h6 n . chie n 
tit kh&. 

9 cip phiah, s£ n phta n . put ju. 

10 c£k c&m lo. tht kip. 

11 kua" kau jit am cla n kau c&m. 
phu khi ldi. 

12 tht khi. thi huang. 

13 thi ch6" i k&i sim. 

14 thi phu. th&u k6ng k6ng. 

15 p£t n&ng b$ k&i s&, 16 m h6 
hui n p&ng. 

16 nin hia n ti tieh siang kSng 
siang ai. 

17 limlnchieV phu ph& n . 

18 kui Ie n hua c& c£k e. 

19 thi khi i k&i mia ua ciu se n khi. 
5i ph5ng. 

20 16 tieh cun i c& t5a. 

21 i Ung 16, 16 cb ni tin tfc hui n 
p&ng i ? 



ffj chie"; clutch; engross. 

j$F phiah; pbia D ; partial; base* 

yp earn ; a stage of a journey. 

$§ thi; bring forward. • 

^ phu; lift up; rise; float. 

jb * k&ng; fuddled; dull. 



1 You should not harass others. 

2 Slander. At peace. 

3 Complaisant. Treat of peace. 

4 Treaty of amity. Accordant. 

5 Reconciliation after strife. 

6 Venerate. Reverence. 

7 Revere. Hold in esteem. 

8 Make a clean sweep. Thrust 
one's self forward. Snatch out of 
the hand. Robber. Take by force. 

9 Prejudiced. It is the best way. 

10 One stage. In regard to. 

11 Followed till dark before reach- 
ing the stopping place. Float up. 

12 Suggest. To warn against. 

13 Intimate it to him. 

14 To bring to notice. Heavy headed. 

15 When other people have done 
nothing, you should not malign 
them. 

16 You boys must be respectful and 
kind to each other. 

17 Secretly appropriate. Become 
light. 

18 Several sorts united in one. 

19 If you introduce his name I shall 
be angry. Explosive. 

20 You must defer to him. 

21 He honors you, why do you turn 
about and slander him ? 



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LESSON C XXX VII. 



ffi khfip; to hit against. 


Ig. cua n ; cup; wine saucer. 


l)g * tak; to nod. 


%jE gi; doubt; suspect. 


\*\1 kh&u; tap; knock the head. 


ff|) mua; deceive; hide. 


%? khau; question; examine. 


fg£ jio; fertile; affluent. 


^pj- * h\ n ; shake; quiver. 


flU bfin; to hear. 


5£ kau; blend; hand over. 


4§t se; shuttle. 


1 khAp th&u, khdp hiah. 


1 To run against each other. 


2 sie tak thdu. i tS tak. 


2 Nod to each other. He is nod- 
ding. 

3 Asleep and nodding. Suspicion. 


3 tak mak gut. chai gi. 


4 kh&p thftu; kh&u thau. 


4 Kneel and knock the head. 


5 sa Q kui, kau kh&u. 


5 Three kneelings and nine knock- 


6 kh&u kl n . khau mng. 


ings. 
6 Visit a superior. Examine. 


7 khftu m tfeh. kh&u tit tieh. 


7 Not pass examination. Pass the 


kh&u jieh kui n ? khau tieh it 


examination. How high did he 


t6ng. 


stand ? In the first grade. 


8 h\ n tio eng t£ng. sin bun cua. 


8 Shake the dust off. Newspaper. 


9 kau chiu. kau i n . kau pue, 


9 To hand to one, to swap. Arm- 


ua n cua n . 


chair. Wedding cups. 


10 teng cua". kau sa n tiam. 


10 Lamp cup. Just three o'clock. 


11 sim gi se n ftm kui. 


11 The imagination creates ghosts. 


12 kui ldh kh* kMp tMu. 


12 Kneel and hit the forehead. 


13 i mih s& to cai. 


13 He is well informed. 


14 khieh #n s&i #n. 


14 Spends all he gets. 


15 eng cia mhi gi; gi cia mhi 


15 Do not distrust what you use 


eng. 


nor use what you distrust. 


16gipe\ 6n mua. kau Mi n . 


16 Irresolute. Secret. Deliver over. 


17 sit put siang uiua. 


17 I will hide nothing from you. 


18 pit jio. jio s£k. so kia n . 


18 Fertile. Abundant. Shuttle. 


19 c&p poih se cun. 


19 Eighteen shuttle-shaped boats. 


20 pui jio k&i ti hng. 


20 Fertile tract of land. 


21 h£ kd kdi n&ng khio. 


21 The people there are poor. 


22 11 mua ua m tit. 


22 You cannot deceive me. 


23 ci n fign lun kau chiu. 


23 Money passes from hand to hand. 


24 16 c6ng mua i, i s6 i n hi n gi 


24 You have deceived him, therefore 


16. 


he will distrust you. 



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LESSON CXXXVIII. 

¥U kuah; thirsty; dry. 
^xf thun; swallow; gulp. 
Pgf * po; chew; ruminate, 
thl; shave. 



* thang ; the wherewith, 
cam; needel; pin. 
su ; summer heat. 

* nfig ; to hem ; overstitch 
niap ; to darn ; fell. 

* thi n ; sew; baste. 



Pw ltoi ; liam ; while ; come to. 
jjjjft * chiah; crochet; knit. 



1 pua° sin, pua° gi. 

2 ua bd thang h$ hfii\ 

3 be thang eng, tleh l&i boi. 

4 bd thang h$ cheng. 

5 bd thang h£ c*. 

6 ii thang ciah, ii thang eng. 

7 cam khang, cam bue. 

8 si pie cam, si ceng cam. 

9 cam po khah tfig; mai chiah 
hle n tfig. 

10 phang chl. huang h<5 cam. 
h&ng su cam. cam tui. 

11 ci kui ku cvl si cam tui kua n 
hu sueh. kau cam. 

12 ci cie n cu Mi 1 kio toi n it cie n 
k&i 1 cam tui. 

13 cam phi", chng cam. 

14 h&ng l&i su uang. 

15 siu su. sie n su. 

16 su khl. kh* su. 

17 &u ta; &u kuah. thl thdu. 

18 ci kuah; k6i kuah. po mi. 

19 kiam cui &u ta nAng ciah. 

20 thun ldh khfc. thun m ldh. 

21 thun liap ieh i". thi te. 

22 liam kuah kh* kut ce n . 

23 chiah l&i ngia c5i. 



1 Half believing, half doubting. 

2 I have not the wherewith to pay. 

3 If you have not what you need 
use, you must buy some. 

4 Not wherewith to be clothed. 

5 Nothing to do it with. 

6 Something to eat and to use. 

7 Eye and point of a needle. 

8 Hand of a watch and clock. 

9 The stitches are too long; do 
not take them so long. 

10 Sting of a bee. Barometer. 
Thermometer. Identical. 

11 These sentences are indicative of 
the official words. Backstitch. 

12 The meaning of this chapter 
elucidates that of the first. 

13 Eye of needle. Thread a needle. 

14 Heat and cold alternate. 

15 Sun-stroke. Injured by the heat. 

16 Sultry heat. Cooling. 

17 Thirsty. Shave the head. 

18 Quench thirst. Chew fine. 

19 The thirsty will drink any water* 

20 Swallow it. Could not swallow. 

21 Swallow a pill. Razor. 

22 Wait till thirsty, then dig a well. 

23 It is very neatly stitched. 



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LESSON C XXXIX. 



n 



seng; ascend; rise, 
ktinj?; descend; degrade, 
reduce to terms. 



u 6' 



tau j have recourse to. 
me; revile; abuse, 
sih; incroach on; lose. 



1 seng kua n . seng tlii". 

2 u seng, u kang. 

3 ci jit kau seng ! 

4 seng ki. seng tfig. 

5 kanglim. kang si. kanglSh. 
kang se". 

6 hang pia n . tau hang, kui 
hang, tail hiah. tau m6ng. 
tau bun cu. ue m tau ki, pua n 
ku te. 



7 jit sih; gueh sih. 

8 boi sih pfig cek ue. 

9 sua" ngiap pi a pe se boi tio. 
khi th&u ka\u suali biie. ciah 
m tieh cui tho. 

10 sio sih; eng sih. 

11 kau liap; kau kai; kali pint; 
kau th n ; kau koi n chu; kau 
ciah cun. 

12 6i khi thau boi suah bue. 

13 lu ca me to tl kd hiah suah ? 
suah hiah. 

14 gu be" ci gu kia n . 

15 kau to ngiet tu kut. 

16 tah i Mi k6i n th&u. 

17 se i k&i th&u khak. 

18 i hau n sfig, 16 tieh me i. 






«l 



* kau; whole one. 

suah; sojourn; halt. 

ci; lick; lap. 

ngiet; gnaw; craunch. 

tah; phah; pat. 

se ; rub with the hand. 



1 Promoted in rank. Go to heaven. 

2 Some were promoted, some de- 
graded. 

3 May you soon be promoted ! 

4 Raise a Hag. Sit on the bench. 

5 Come from the sky. Descend 
into the world. Decended. Be 
born. 

6 Quelled troops. Surrendered. 
Return to allegiance. Seek a 
lodging. Make known to. Hand 
in dispatches. Of unwelcome 
words, half a sentence is too 
much. 

7 Eclipse of the sun and moon. 

8 Sold for half its cost. 

9 The estate which was sold by his 
father. From beginning to end. 
The climate disagrees with him. 

10 Waste away ; wear away. 

11 A whole pill; a whole one; the 
whole piece; whole picul; the 
whole house ; the whole of the 
boat. 

12 Can begin but cannot end. 

13 Where did you stop last night ? 
Take lodging. 

14 The cow licks her calf. 

15 The dog gnaws a bone. 

16 Pat him on the shoulder. 

17 Stroke his head. 

18 He is fond of play; you must 
scold him. Di c 



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390 FIBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXL. 



m 



lun; wheel; rotate, 
lin; barrow; transport, 
khwn; khuang; encircle. 

* leng; push; thrust 
thl; crow; coo; wail. 

* b&n; times; turns. 



1 chiah lu n hi\ cam kang. 

2 thl n b&t bat. thi n kau cam. 

3 thi° khah cho. thl n iu n lu\ 

4 si ke n a si chiah ? 

5 lun tieh i. sie lun. 

6 lun ctf n. chia lun. 

7 lun cun. hi" lun. 

8 lun htfn. lun Hu. 

9 lin chia. lin kiie Mi. 

10 lin toa ph&u. mdg khwn. 

11 m&k kla n khuang. kia n 
khuang. cio khuang. 

12 k!a n m chut khuang. 

13 ui eft cSk khwn. 

14 kta n c6k toa khwn. 

15 mfti leng i puah. 

16 leng t$. leng khui. 

17 tht tht khftu kh&u. 

18 koi thi sa n ISh. 

19 o a te kie. khfckui hue; kh* 
kui t£g; kh* kui h5n; kh* 
kui chu. khu cek cau; khu 
c£k cua. kh^ si cua lio. 

20 cua cua ngS 16 m t!eh ; ci cua 
ngS tieh lio. 

21 cau huang; cau cui cai; cau 
Ian; cau ch&t. 

22 siang pue. pue Su. 



iig cua; time; occasion. 

3qff cau; encounter; endure. 

l*A * puah; fall; slip down. 

f| pue; piie; back; behind. 

Tf% bueb; stockings. 

N/L cuh ; to suck. 



1 Stitch it neatly. Needle work. 

2 Sew it closely. Backstitch it. 

3 Sewed too coarsely. Sew finely. 

4 Is it woven or knitted? 

5 It is his turn. Take turns. 

6 Revolve. Cart wheel. 

7 Wheeled boat. Rim of the ear. 

8 Turning wheel. In rotation, 

9 A wheel-barrow. Roll it over. 

10 Gun-carriage. Door-casing. 

11 Rim of spectacles. Frame of a 
picture. Bird ring. 

12 Not go outside the ring. 

13 Form a circle around it. 

14 Went on a wide circuit. 

15 Do not push him down. 

16 Push over. Push open. 

17 Moaning and weeping. 

18 The cock crew the third time. 

19 The crows are cawing. Went 
several times. Went once. I 
have been there four times al- 
ready. 

20 Time after time I missed you; 
this time I have met you. 

21 Meet with storms; encounter 
floods; endure hardship; fall 
among thieves. 

22 Back to back. Behind it. 



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LESSON CXLL 



$$ pAi; tablet; buckler. 

g ci; scope; decree; will. 

y|J ph6; register; record. 

<ni un; dip; immerse. 

jfeg elm; soak; immerse. 

^f| cek; hoard; increase. 



W 



* teh; crush; repress. 

* jih; press down. 
iS cu; cast in a mould. 
'fit nia; receive; manage. 
5\ sek; sample; a dime. 
§J£ * liu; shovel; sp 



1 cieh pAi. hue pai. chia n pAi. 
tin pal c£k hu cua pai. hi n 
pAi. sie n BgnpAi. ho" thau 
pai. phah pai. 

2 cuh ni. cuh hueh. cuh cap. 
cuh kau ta. 

3 cie n ci. ci 1. kam ci. 

4 sio ph6\ cie n pho. jit kl pho. 
hAh sek. 

5 un ctii. un tAm. 

6 elm si. elm thflg. 

7 cek ak, cek sien. 

8 cek ci° fign. cek ni. 

9 cek eft cek e. 

10 teh si. teh cu\ 

11 jih 13h khfc. jih jip. 

12 cu ci". cit phau. cu uang p$. 
teh m cu\ 

13 uang p$ c6k kd ngo cAp nie 
t&ng; si fign. 

14 nia ci n . nia sm hu. 

15 ua m kA n kang i pau nia. 

16 ua bd pun nia. 

17 chau kue ph5. 

18 nia toa n ; siu toa n ; hue toa"; 
fign toa". 

19 kak sek. lAk sek. 

20 1* hai i puah ISh kh*. 



1 Stone tablet. Express. A per- 
mit. Rattan shield. A pack of 
cards. Flat ear-rings. A medal. 
Yamun tablets. Gamble. 

2 To nurse. Suck the blood. Suck 
the juice. Suck dry. 

3 Synopsis. Purpose. Delicious. 

4 Account book. Enter in account. 
Diary. Like the sample. 

5 Dip in the water. Wet, by dip- 
ping. 

6 Drowned. Merge in sugar. 

7 Accumulate guilt or merit. 

8 Amass wealth. Added years. 

9 Pile it up together. 

10 Crush to death. Repress. 

11 Pressed down. Press it in. 

12 Coin money. Cast cannon. Coin 
sycee. Cannot suppress. 

13 A sycee is fifty ounces in weight, 
and is of silver. 

14 Receive money. A consul. 

15 I dare not be bail for him. 

16 I have not the ability. 

17 Transfer the account. 

18 Order; receipt; bill of lading; 
draft. 

19 All sorts. Six dimes. 

20 You made him fall down. 



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294 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXLII. 

5ft * sui; the mulberry tree. 
4(jJ s&i; persimmon. 
J?j tlam; stand; inn. 



fee. tla n ; arena; an area. 

$* tie ; floor for drying grain; arena. 

ff£ cat; conrey; load; lade. 



Jl*. pfti; subvert; ruin. 

^S hui; degenerated. 

§| httai; spoiled; destroyed. 

fjjg tek; virtue; goodness* 

fln * siap; sleepy; dull. 

}a tau ? **> path; principle. 



1 sng sui. &ng s&i. 

2 thftn tfiu li. tau to. 

8 sin tek. pai htlai. hui httai. 

4 ci ciah cun 6i cai kui n&ng ? 

5 mdk siap. 6ng sSi kfe. 

6 6ng sai kfe cle". sfti pia n . 

7 16 si cle" se n feb ua. 

8 thia n tS li kai si hau m hf 
mak siap. 

9 sal pia° khieh kh4 gOa tia° 
ph&k. im tek. 

10 mai pSi hSai tteb i k&i tek. cek 
tek. 

11 tlam lfci k&i mueh k!a n long 
e6ng hui huai khfc. 

12 kbue kbue cai sng sui bleb lai 
chi ch6i n . 

13 lam tie". pSi tie*. 

14 bi tie", hft tie". 

15 bun tie" kh&u lio, ciu kbau bu 
tie". 

16 cla n tau. t&i tau. 

17 M k&i cftn cai mib Mi ? 

18 lo tau pbSng. pai h&ai. 

19 t$ ci koi n tlam suah biah. 

20 tlam ke. tlam ph5. me tlam. 
biah kheh. 

21 kheh thau pb5. ph5 cu. 



1 Mulberries. Persimmons. 

2 Promnlge doctrines. The way. 

3 Faitb. Spoiled. Ruined. 

4 How many will this boat carrj^ ? 

5 Sleepy. Tomatoes. 

6 Catsup. Dried persimmons. 

7 That is what you promised me. 

8 At tbe time of preaching, you 
should not get sleepy. 

9 Put the dried persimmons to sun 
in tbe area. Goodness. 

10 Do not destroy his worth. In- 
crease in virtue. 

11 All the things in the stall were 
spoiled. 

12 Speedily carry mulberry leaves 
to feed the silk-worms. 

13 Salt pans. Spoiled market stuff. 

14 Aice stall. Fish stall. 

15 The literary candidates will be 
examined, then tbe military. 

16 Correct doctrine. Tbe great doc- 
trine. 

17 What does your boat carry ? 

18 The road is safe. Subvert. 

19 Lodge at this inn. 

20 Taverns. Eating stand. Lodg- 
ings. Lodgers. 

21 Hotel. Tbe proprietor of an 
inn. 



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Sl phun ; a basin. 

fH] 6i n ; leisure; unoccupied. 

#£ iu; idle; rove and enjoy. 

^ sue; rent; duties on goods 

10± co; rent; income. 

Qfc kun; trim; bind; cord. 



LESSON C XL III. 

s#n; choose; select. 



tSh; pick out; prefer. 

cin; stimulate; rouse. 
_. * tin ; jogg^; stir. 
1J1 bok; again; return. 

to; map; plan. 



1 mln phun. iu hl n . 

2 6i n tl; 6i n mueh; 6i n Ge; 6i n 
sft; 6i n nftng; Q 6i n . 

3 iu chiu hau n 6i n . 

4 ua m k#n na\ng kdi 6i n si. 
ua m 6i n . 

6 6i n si 6i n hui. 

6 sue ph6. sue k#n. 

7 siu tl sue. ci ie n mueh ai n 
ktie sue engjieh coi ci n ? 

8 ci koi n chu si ka ki kdi a si 
sue Mi ? ti t6. 

9 siu hfing co. 11 u jieh coi 
koi n h&ng ph6 co n&ng ? 

10 i c£k ni toa n toa n siu co fign 
ciu u* cap bwn. 

11 ai n kun o. kun tfo. kun pi n , 
kun kim pi n . 

12 stf n tSh Mi ngia kfti. 

13 che n ci n bwn swn. 

14 tSh cheng khih cheng khih. 

15 11 tSh ti cek Mi ? 

16 cun co. h6k se n , hok uah. 

17 ui cin si Mi. t&i cin ke sia n . 



18 ma\i tin t&ng. hue h6k. 

19 chiu b5i tin tftng. 



1 A washbasin. Frequent theatres. 

2 Vacant ground; unused thing; 
idle talk; trifling; idler; at leisure. 

3 The idler loves to loaf about. 

4 I have nothing to do with their 
foolishness. I am busy. 

5 It is idle gossip. 

6 Rent a shop. Custom-house. 

7 Collect ground rent. How much 
is the duty on this article ? 

8 Is this house your own or is it 
hired ? An atlas. 

9 Collect store-rent. How many 
shops have you rented to people 1 

10 In a year he receives a hundred 
thousand dollars of rents alone. 

11 Will bind it with black. Trim- 
ming. Braid for trimming. 
Trim with gold braid. 

12 Pick out a pretty one. 

13 One good cash in ten thousand. 

14 Pick it over till it is clean. 

15 Which do you prefer ? 

16 Boat-hire. Return to life. 

17 He is one who can arouse the 
whole country. His energy has 
made his family famous. 

18 Don't stir. Return an answer. 

19 Cannot move his hands. 



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thu; reekon on; scheme, 
thd; withdraw; decline, 
mang; dream. 
yfj klu; search out; examine, 
tui; follow; pursue, 
thu; follower; futile. 



£ 
¥ 



it 
ft 



LESSON CXLIV. 

tE$ * karo; hold in the mouth. 

OH ham; tolerate; full. 

i2$ kiu; a ball; globe. 

57 kong; meritorious. 

57 * kang; strength; efficacy ► 

tflf * ia; scatter; sow. 



1 tham thfe thu mta thu li. 
lu th6i n ci kia n sfc u thu a b$ 
thu? 

2 ci kfiikia" tl bft thft. 

3 ci kia" s& oh thu. 

4 to heng. heng t6. 

5 to t6. td thd. 

6 thd chin, thd ct n . 



7 thd hue phd. thd sek. 
8thdpo. thdau. thdsfi. thd 
pia". 

9 den pai, thd cau. 
10 mang ki n . cek tie" toa mang. 
3.1 mang m kau kai sh. 
12 kang kiu. khau kiu. 
23 tui kiu. ehim km. ngfam 
km. tuikua". 

14 1£ tile ua kai chili bue t& B . 

15 tui m tieh. kin kin tui. 
26 tui hong i k&i pe b£. 

17 tui su. tui pia". 

18 thu ti. mfig thu. ham chie. 

19 b$ I6i cu thu. 

20 thu lau b$ iah. 

21 thu lau b$ kong-. 

22 hue ham Mm, bue khui. 

23 pau h&m. hai hftm. 

24 Mkaichuite^gkamsihmueh? 



1 Calculate upon. Scheme how to 
become powerful. Do you think 
there is likelihood of this ? 

2 This boy is of no account. 

3 This is hard to calculate on, 

4 A sketch. The outline. 

5 Map of the country. Shirk. 

6 Break a betrothal. Abate the 
price. 

7 Warehouse. Faded out. 

8 Step backward. Draw back. 
Withdraw from the businessv 
Retreat. 

9 When defeated, beat a retreat. 

10 Dreamed. One long dream. 

11 Dream did not come to pass. 

12 Elucidate. Find out by questions* 

13 Pursue the investigation. Search 
into. Examine strictly. To chase. 

14 You say it after me. 

15 Did not overtake. A close chase. 

16 Get posthumous honors for pa- 
rents. 

17 Reflect upon. Soldiers in pur- 
suit. 

18 Pupil. Disciple. Smile. 

19 An uncivil rascal. 

20 Trouble without advantage. 

21 Effort without achievment. 

22 Flower just ready to open. 

23 Inclosed in. Lenient. 

24 What have you in your mouth ? 

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300 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXLV. 

^H cip; convene; compile. 

ffc kai; inhibit; caution. 

JflJ h£ng; legal punishment. 

Jvl * hia n ; jurisprudence. 

g5J h#t; offense; penalty. 

H|) po; tribunal; total. 



„ liam; reflect upon. 

TF cak; do; act. 

cwn; single; sole. 

pten; pl n ; change. 

phien; delude; cheat. 

cu; assemble. 



1 kang l&t. eng kang. 

2 kong lau. s6ng kong. 

3 u kong. kong tek. 

4 kong mia. mln phun k&. 

5 ciang kong p6 cue. 

6 ciah ua n 6i n Mi png. 

7 t&n ua 6i n , ua kio 11 cfc-pu 
chut koi. 

8 soi oi thd sek. 

9 i cb mfig thu. kl Ham. 

10 ua kl liam i. 

11 cin cak. cwn mfig. 

12 cwn k6 ciah cun. 

13 cwn sim cwn \. 

14 cwn mfig ui mdk. 

15 cwn khfrn. cwn it. 

16 cS cwn. cwn cwn. 

17 cak ui. pe n hwt cak. 

18 i 6i plen cd nftng. 

19 mang si iu chu plen hue kai; 
chu si iu chau cui s6 se n kai. 

20 koi pi n . pien thong, plen 
sim. pl n mln. 

21 cd chat k&i nang hoi tit phien 
chu pi"; th&u ciah kai nang 
boi tit phlen nge Cm. 

22 cu cip. heng hftt. 

23 hia n po. 



1 Efficacy. Work hard. 

2 Merit. Finished work. 

3 Meritorious. Virtue. 

4 Honor. A wash-stand. 

5 Make merit offset sin. 

6 Eat the bread of idleness. 

7 Wait till I am at leisure and I 
will go out with you. 

8 If washed it will fade. 

9 He is a disciple. Recollect. 

10 I bear her in mind. 

11 To encourage. A specialty. 

12 To charter a boat. 

13 With all the heart and mind. 

14 The specialty of an oculist. 

15 Having sole power. Particularly. 

16 Take on one's self. Especially. 

17 Doings. The ailment has retur- 
ned. 

18 It will change into a man. 

19 Mosquitoes are generated from 
larvae; larvae are produced in 
stagnant water. 

20 Reform. Adapt to. Change the 
mind. Change countenance. 

21 The thief cannot deceive his 
neighbour; one who steals food 
does not deceive his throat. 

22 Assemble. Punishment. 

23 Board of Punishments. 



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302 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXLVI. 



|3J hlang; towards; from. 


Hi lun; jim; bear; suffer. 


WR kai; injunction. 


*jP cie n ; siu; keep; guard. 


-ft tlo; summon; cite. 


51 ll; officer; deputy. 


isE che; envoy; send. 


JP h5 ; an inner door. 


Jft seng; accept; succeed. 


But n&i; endure; forbear. 


J8? sfc; confer; bestow. 


4p kwt; inclose; include. 


1 hwn hwn h6k h6k. 


1 Repeatedly ; to reiterate. 


2 h6k mSng. 


2 Report on a commission. 


3 6i t6i hd lun kau chui chua. 


3 The sole enduring till its mouth 


pau kwt. sie sfc. 


is awry. Contain. To reward. 


4 ku chle pib bS m$. 


4 Pot calls kettle black. 


5 cie" png b6i nQa; cie n b6 b5i 


5 A watched pot never boils. Live 


t5a. kai khau. 


sparingly. 


6 hGam sh khi th&u Iftn. 


6 Everything begins with difficulty. 


7 sek leng se tt kba. 


7 Familiarity produces skill. 


8 ue h6 n Qe phue, ton tie kut; 1 


8 You paint the tiger's skin, not 


cai nftng cai min, put cai sim. 


his bones; you know men's faces, 




not their hearts. 


9 b« i n cap la Ifii. 


9 Half a loaf better than no bread. 


10 hta" p&ng. kia n heng. 


10 Criminal bureau. To punish. 


11 lftk p6; tl p5; I6i po; h5 po; 


11 The six Boards; the Board of 


pia n po; hfa n p5; kang p6. 


Civil Office; of Rites; of Reve- 


lun m khfc; n&i ffl kbft; jim 


nue ; of War ; of Punishments ; 


m kh*. ! 


of Works. Cannot endure it. 


12 jim kbi thun sia n . 


12 Restrain anger by silence. 


13 n&i tit kbi. & n&i. 


13 Can stand it. Not durable. 


14 jim m cti. cie 1 ' chit. 


14 I cannot bear it. Watch the 




house. 


15 siu pfig htin. 


15 Keep to your own business. 


16 mUg h$. cun h5. 


16 Household. Boat people. 


17 h5 khau. hlang ti celc pdi n ? 


17 Population. Which way does it 




face? 


18 inflg ho siang tui. 


18 The families are of equal rank. 


19 ke ke b5 h5 cle n se". 


19 Every family does thus. 


20 htang lfti. c6k hlang. 


20 Hitherto. For a while. 


21 hlang c6i n khik. tarn sdng. 


21 Go ahead. Guarantee. 



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304 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXLVIL 

^ hun; scar 5 mark; trace 
f*J" hii; enjoin on; give to. 
if£ thSh ; intrust to. 



$£ mok; have oversight. 

fjjfi su; sai; master. 

>fj| cln; advance; progress. 



1 hiang i cieh fign. 

2 hiang uata n . 

3 hiang pak. ji cap si hiang. 

4 sim hiang hlang ai u khu sng. 

5 seng jln. seng siu. sai pe. 
seng tng. seng ciap. 

6 m cai oi tit seng ciap i kai ui 
a boi. 

7 ci cek ku Qe pau kwt I6ng 
cong. eng hu. hu phue. 

8 ucekhe bunkia" kiecdobun. 
inak cap hun. 

9 mai ueh se n hun. 

10 crig kah hun. hu theh. 

11 kau hu. hu lai. 

12 si lu hu ua Mi. 

13 e jit m hu la cle n se n . 

14 hu theh lu. mok su. 

15 theh lu. mok ie n . 
1G kla chi, theh cu. 

17 lau su. sai hia n ti. su ia. 
cui su. \ih su. kun su. pang 
su; co su. 

18 sie ciap. cln kfin; kla" bua. - 

19 cln c6i n . bua lai. 

20 cham che lo thAu. 

21 juhS? hSpitjuchu? 

22 b$ kh6 n&i h3; bS n&i hS. 



§* 

£ 



hu; allow; acquiesce. 

* bua; approach, 
ciap; cih; meet; connect. 

* sek; knowing; wily. 
7J> n&i; resource. 

^ cang; a loft; go-down. 



it»M 



1 Borrow money from him. 

2 Attend to what I say. 

3 Facing north. Points of com- 
pass. 

4 His mind is on his play. 

5 Confessed. Accepted. Boss. 
Undertaken. Take in charge. 

6 Do not know whether he can 
supersede him. 

7 This sentence includes it all. 
Grant. Betroth to. 

8 There is a species of gnat called 
black gnat. Traces of tears. 

9 Do not get it scratched. 

10 Mark of thumb nail. To com- 
mission. 

11 Transfer. Receive from. 

12 It is what you 'permitted me. 

13 I shall not allow it again. 

14 Commit it to you. Pastor. 

15 Commission you. Tend sheep. 

16 Commit to wife and children. 

17 Learned man. Chums. Secre- 
tary. Marines. Teacher. Stra- 
tegist. Examiners. 

18 To splice. To approach. 

19 Make progress. Draw near. 

20 Place where roads meet. 

21 What way? What need of this? 

22 There is no help for it. 



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LESSON CXLVIII. 



jg§ sok ; belong to. 

JPR chai; notice; greet. 

«tW sia; relinquish. 

tH pha"; dread; fear. 

Ml chai; wealth; profits. 

>BR h£i; gyves; device. 



*$ IS; gabbling. 

*^ meh; bleating. 

9& kok; clucking. 

IqX cok; sputtering. 

BhR ok; twittering. 

[5j a; final particle. 



1 c& chfia chui. cang pang. 

2 s& pun #n. cang co. 

3 11 kl n c6ng tok cSititka"? 
sok e. 

4 eng kai cd mih si cia n oi tit 
pheng an ? 

5 11 cle n jit s6 cd kai sii si bue 
ceng kai tia t& n . 

6 11 phah siig ai n chia n ti kai 
ui seng lai ? thien chfti. 

7 11 cai tit cai ci kai sfe ? 

8 11 cai meng, & ? 

9 i m chdi nan. 

10 11 si ai n sang s£ n mia a ? 

11 11 ka n , si, ai n sia tio 11 kai 
se" mia, &? 

12 Id ai n ch#n sia tio ke ngiap 
a? 

13 thiap jieh coi cia n kau cok ? 

14 he cd ni siu sip ? 

15 ciap i sia n bue ta n . 

16 tang ca kak ua si 11 a? ci kdi 
si s6k ti tiang ? 

17 mai chai i. hwt cMi. 

18 tham se n pha n si. 

19 chai cu. khi hai. kun hai. 

20 IS IS kie. meh meh kie. kok 
kok kie. cok cok kie. 



1 Making faces. Go-dowD. 

2 Bestow it upon us. Storage. 

3 As for seeing the governor, how- 
dare you ? Subordinates. 

4 What should be done in order to 
be at peace ? 

5 What you did the other day you 
have not yet told me. 

6 Which doctor have you decided 
to call? A windfall. 

7 How could you know this ? 

8 You comprehend, do you ? 

9 They pay no attention to us. 

10 You want to lose your life, do 
you? 

11 You dare be willing to lay down 
your life, dare you ? 

12 Your would wholly sacrifice 
your property, would you ? 

13 How much will suffice? 

14 How can it be regulated? 

15 Say it after him. 

16 The one that hit me a while ago 
was you, was it ? Whose is this ? 

17 Don't notice him. Get rich. 

18 Covet life and dread death. 

19 Rich man. A contrivance. Wea- 
pons. 

20 Gabble. Bleat. Clucking. Sput- 
tering. 



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LESSON CXLIX. 


JTO lun; whirl; engulf. 


*J|S tio; omen; prognostic. 


U buang; destroyed; lost. 


JjjX pan ; tune ; a plank. 


Km hok; happiness. 


WL p6i n ; slab; a register. 


JfQ k6k; a game; affair. 


7& chai; variegated; lucky. 


Tpf kit; fortunate. 


JS^I tio; engrave; carve. 


P*I hiong; unfortunate. 


5gyJ khek; sculpture; carve. 


1 sim ai n clah, bd n&i ciah m 


1 I would like to eat, but I am 


ISh. kek gua. 


full. A neutral. 


2 nang ui chai si; cio ui ciah 


2 Men die for sake of wealth; birds 


buang. 


perish for sake of food. 


3 tia jiang kau au b8 sia D , i hfrn 


3 I halooed till I was hoarse, but 


lio m chai tia. 


he paid no attention to me. 


4 kla n kJa n si ua s$ s6k. 


4 Every one of them belongs to me. 


5 tia s6k t§ thi n , 14 sok t8 tl. 


5 I am of heaven, you of earth. 


6 si buang. buang jin. 


6 Exterminated. Fugitive. 


7 lun hue. lun btiang. 


7 Chaotic. Lost in perdition. 


8 ti hok khl. boi tit lio k£k. 


8 Blessed. You can't bring it about. 


9 tng k6k cia, mi. m s£ng k£k. 


9 The dullest are those who play 




the game. A flash in the pan. 


10 iehkSk; ci n k6k; ui Mk. 


10 Dispensary; mint; hospital. 


11 k6k phlen. jip nang kai kek. 


11 Play a trick. Fell into the trap. 


12 kek gua kai nang. kong kek. 


12 A looker-on. A council. Steam- 


cie siang k£k. cu kek. c6ng 


boat office. Printing office. A 


k£k. hun k6k. lun tai k£k. 


depot. An association. Consi- 




dering the best interests of. 


13 kit tio. hiong tio. 


13 Auspicious sign. Bad omen. 


14 kit jit, kit sfi, kit jin. 


14 Lucky day, affair, fellow. 


15 tai kit li chi. 


15 Good chance for a speculation. 


16 hiong che n ; hiong ni. 


16 Baleful star; unpromising year. 


17 pd hiong, pd kit. 


17 Convey bad or good tidings. 


18 m pat pan. c£k kd p6i n . 


18 Not know the tune. A slab. 


19 k6 pan k&i nang. 


19 An old-fashioned person. 


20 tiii pan. sam pan. 


20 Follow the tune. A row-boat. 


21 pan thau. kuang chai. 


21 The une. Brilliant. 



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310 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CL. 

*E5 m&ng; sword-grass. 
jfjX tng; satin; glazed cloth, 
^J£ ng ; young rice ; sprouts 
>p> ki; a game,, like chess, 
kan; terse; condense. 



5a .]&> entail; bequeath. 



|§* hi; snicker; titter. 
BSj he-; giggle; expel the breath 
a; caw; babble. 

* in ; to wind up. 

* thau; unwind, 
hek; black; dark; dull. 



m 



2 hi hi kle. he he* kie. a a kle. 
ki Mk. 

2 hue tng. o tng. 

3 chie n ki. ki pua n . ki ci. 

4 bS chai. h$ ch&i. chai th&u. 

5 ngo chai, che", fig, chiah, peh, 
hek. jiii meng. 

6 ui ki. jiii hia. 

7 jQi cu. jiii 16h lai k&i. 

8 jui pak Mi kia n . am hek. 

9 jui pun kia n sun. 

10 hek pSh Mn hun. 

11 hek km. ta n kan. kan kan. 

12 kan liak. cak liak. 

13 ci tio sua n h$ thau tio. 

14 in bua ci tio soh. 

15 m cai ci kia n mueh kha hu lu 
eng me ? 

16 M bue si h&m 6a li khui ka ki 
Mi ti hng, a ! 

17 bS p&t he s& oi tit tS pi ci Mi 
si. in bua. 

18 11 kha ki tit M hu tng si s$ 
tk n , me? 

19 oi tit pi ciang lai Mi hok khi 
a boi? 

20 hSi n cai? 

21 kha m eng tng tieh cle" se n ? 



1 Tittering. Giggling. Cawing. 
Game of chess. 

2 Brocade. Black satin. 

3 Chess. Chess-board. Chess-men. 

4 No chance. Good chance. A 
chance. 

5 The five colors, green, yellow 
brown, white, black. Dying 
orders. 

6 A game like chess. Bequeath. 

7 A will. Inherited. 

8 A posthumous son. Benighted. 

9 Left to his descendants. 

10 Good and bad indistinguishable. 

11 Dusky. Be brief. Laconic. 

12 A synopsis. Summary. 

13 Unwind this thread. 

14 Wind up this rope. 

15 I do not know whether this will 
suit your use. 

16 You call one to leave my own 
land, do you ! 

17 There is no other way to escape 
this death. Wind it up. 

18 Do you remember what you then 
said? 

19 Can it compare with the bliss of 
the future ? 

20 How should I know? 

21 Ought it not to be so? 



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312 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLL 



W pua; strew; promulgate. 

^Ff pien; discriminate. 

Iffc peh; dispute ; argue. 

H| pien; dispute; wrangle. 

^7 cham ; concerned with. 

^ m6k; a negative, 



1 ki chau tiam lo. 

2 c* nl h6 c& Mi huap; M kha 
pat a m pat ? 

3 In tap 16i & tui pan. 

4 e jit si ka n lfii hiam pe bS, me ? 
cham p&i. 

5 kh& m si eng kai l&u mfik cap ? 
hun pien. thong thiet. 

6 kh& m si tng eng kai cle n se n ? 
m pien cin ke. 

7 cb k&u ne tui tui. 

8 la k&i ue m&i kip tieh ua. 

9 s6ng cie n khi e. 

10 cek ku c£k kti pien tit ineng 
peh. pien piet. 

11 pien m chut, thiet toi. 

12 pien peh. pien ltin. 

13 mien l&t. mien kiang. 

14 i mien kiang khu cd. 

15 mien kiang i khu cd. 

16 kiang khiu. kiang k&uihau n . 

17 pu kiii m6k kiang khui. 

18 kiang ki. mien kiang kia n . 

19 mok hui si 11! m6k hui si. 



thiet; pervious. 

thflu; throughout. 
ySl mien; constrain. 
5*R kiang; compel; force. 
$£ pin; a fine tooth comb. 
@ ne; intensifying particle. 



20 m6k sneh — . m6k t&i. 

21 m6k tSi Mi kong lAu. 

22 sueh tit thiet. th&u thiet. 



1 Every blade of grass gets its own 
drop of dew. 

2 How would it do to make it- a 
rule ; do you know ? 

3 The answer is not to the point. 

4 Hereafter dare he reproach his 
parents for it? Obeisance. 

5 Is it not a thing to weep for i 
Discriminate. Perspicacity. 

6 Ought it not to be so? Not dis- 
criminating between true and 
false. 

7 Made just exactly the same. 

8 Do not put your sayings upon me. 

9 The first involves the second. 

10 Explain it sentence by sentence. 
Distinguish between. 

11 Did not discriminate. Penetrate. 

12 Contradict. Debate. 

13 Strenuous. Do by constraint. 

14 He forced himself to do it. 

15 Compel him to go and do it. 

16 Prevail on. Urge him to consent. 

17 Rank should not prevail. 

18 Try to recall. Do by compulsion. 

19 You don't say it is you ! Can't but 
be. 

20 Wonder not if — . None greater. 

21 No greater merit than this. 

22 Explain clearly. Thoroughly, 



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LESSON CLII. 



^ * thang; pass through. 

*sC Wang; dear; sonorous. 

]ffig kiu; sok; shrink. 

"^f ngan; a word; speech. 

jff, kwn; observe; display. 

^ tang; faction; sort. 



^f thiah; break open. 

^ mang; tui; pull. 

JU k£ng; still ; more. 

J5 keng; change; amend. 

flf^ slang; examine into. 

fT heng; actions. 



1 chlm kau thau thau. 

2 thang kue hie" poi". thang 
kau h6 t6i toi. 

3 t8 li thang cSi. 



4 thang sim. sek thang. 

5 ua thoi n tiling i Mi s&. 

G hio m thau. meng liang. 

7 hiang hang. Hang se. 

8 cheng liang. sok t&. 

9 s6i, i oi kiu bua. 

10 th&sok. ngdn gtt. siet ngAn. 

11 hue ngan. kha ga. 

12 khau chut toa ngan. 

13 sit ng&n. khui ng&n. ngdn 
gua k&i \. 

14 6i" kwn. tan kwn. 

15 kwn thien bftn. tan£ tan£. 
1G chat tang, kat tang. 

17 hie n tang, thiah sin. 

18 thiah pi", thiah huang. 



19 ju keng toa. ju kSng h6. 

20 keng ua"; keng plen; keng 
koi; kengi; keng lun. 

21 cham siang. slang mng. 

22 siang s5i. sfang bun. 

23 m slang, hue slang. 

24 tek heng. ng&n heng. 



ho sim h$ heng. 



1 Soak it thoroughly. 

2 Pass it through to the other side. 
Pass it down to the bottom. 

3 The doctrine h Yery comprehen- 
sive. 

4 Throughout the heart. Quite ripe. 

5 I see through his affairs. 

6 Not understand. Transparent. 

7 Musical. Lustrous gauze. 

8 Neat and clean. Shrunk up. 

9 If washed it will shrink. 

10 Retreat. Words. Hypothesis. 

11 Exaggeration. Eloquence. 

12 Bragging, talking big. 

13 Slip of the tongue. Begin to 
speak. An implied meaning. 

14 Sight-seeing. Great performance. 

15 Astrology. Same faction. 

1G Band of robbers. Form cabals. 

17 Village junto. Open a letter. 

18 Unbraid the queu. Open a 
packet. 

19 Still larger. Still better. 

20 Substitute; change; alter; change 
the dress; alternate. 

21 Take counsel about. Ask the 
facts. 

22 The details. Official report. 

23 Not particularly. Joint inquiry. 

24 Virtues. Words and actions* 

25 If the heart be good, the conduct 
will be good. 

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LESSON CLIII. 



HH kan; hardships. 


JjsJI thak; kick. 


Y§ * im; inundate. 


US} * tak; butt; gore. 


^§t * sua; follow in connection. 


ffSj chok; excite; stirred. 


•fll sun; diminish; lose. 


jgg cMi; lim; thereupon. 


jgjfc thlo; leap; jump. 


Pgj ki; chirping. 


^?| bti; posture making. 


fl|| hi; snickering. 


1 ci c£k pe tu thiah khui. 


1 Undo this bundle of chop-sticks. 


2 ci cek ng&n. sueh khuah. 


2 This specific word. Unfold clear- 

3 Explain it minutely. 


3 11 h$ sueh s6i slang. 


4 bwn si t&" boi <frn. 


4 Myriads that cannot be counted. 


5 11 kwn thoi n ka ki Mi sa. 


5 Attend to your own business. 


6 cip kin ci Mi toa\ 


6 Hold fast to this check. 


7 ju meju h$. 


7 The quicker the better. 


8 i ju kSng se n khl. 


8 He was all the more angry. 


9 ju c5i ju h$. 


9 The more the better. 


10 ci Mi pi hi kdi ju Mng s6i. 


10 This compared with that is still 


kan l&n. 


smaller. Hardships. 


11 i ju Mng chut sia n . 


11 He made a still louder noise. 


12 ju chut lat ju m kfa n . ju hdh 


12 The more strength he put out the 


ua sim; ju hah cin li. ak 


less it moved. More in accor- 


taug. 


dance with my feelings; with 


• 


true principles. The wicked. 


13 lai thia n 11 Mi kim ng&n. 


13 Came to hear your discourses. 


14 11 m cai jieh kan kho ! 


14 You do not know how hard it is ! 


15 i kh& thlo khoi si. 


15 He went and drowned himself. 


16 boi tl kau u sih mih su. 


16 Cannot lead to any thing. 


17 tl kau i oi Mi u ua. 


17 So that he can repay me. 


18 ci Mi lie lim lim lio, ua ciu jip 


18 This being said, I went in and 


Mi sua ta°— . 


continued saying — . 


19 bSi sun tieh c6k tto thftu mS. 


19 Not lose one hair of your head. 


20 kan kh6. thlo 13h Mi. 


20 Difficult. Jump down. 


21 thlo bu. thlo kiie Mi. 


21 Dance, leap. Jump over it. 


22 c£k thak kha. b6 thak nang. 


22 At one kick. Horses kick people. 


23 thak tieh kha. ua lim lim Mi. 


23 Stubbed his toe. I just came. 



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LESSON CLIV. 



$j| tt B ; to bandage; botber. 

j a; a crotch; fork* 

J hai; a tine. 

gg| ngi; to deliberate. 

H jim; sustain; trust. 

Hi jim; an office; post. 



Jpt ceh; duty; office. 

eg? mS; gaze; look. 

^fe bttang; full moon. 

0jj hah; chuckling. 

»{$ ng6ng; agape. 

|9E ua; screaming. 



1 khmt gu tak tieh. 

2 kha thak tieh cieh. 

3 msu' thak tieh kha. 

4 n$ ciah gil sie tak. 

5 tak tieh u-a k&i m&k. 

6 chok tieh i clu se u khi. 

7 chok huam tieh i. 

8 chok khi ua k&i sim. 

9 cle n se n chAi si tS li. 

10 ua huang ch&i ldi. 

11 cle n se° cMi si. 

12 lu chia n ua, ua huang chai lAi. 
ua ua kie. 

13 11 eh h$ h$, ua cMi khut Id. 

14 ua If in lira &i» kb* 11 k& c8, 
11 ciu l&i. 

15 ti n kha. ti n thdu p6. 
1G 11 mhi ti n kha ti n chiu. 

17 ci kia n s& i tang m6ng khi lai 
ti B k&ujttttoi. 

18 a che. khui a, pun a. 

19 hia th&u. ngi liin. 

20 kong ngi. ngi sh. 

21 jim eng. jlm i. ceh jim. sin 
jim. 

22 cie n jim. cle n jim. lau jim. 
cih jim. 

23 ng6ng ng6ng. hah hah kle. 



1 Gored by a bull. 

2 Stumbled over a stone. 

3 Do not stumble. 

4 Two cows butting each other. 

5 Came within my sight. 

6 Excited his wrath. 

7 Make one's self obnoxious to him.* 

8 Stirred up my feelings. 

9 That is just the principle. 

10 I have but just come. 

11 That is just the thing. 

12 If you invite me then I shall 
come. Screaming. 

13 When you have learned it ; then 
I will give it you. 

14 Just as I was going to sit with 
you, you came. 

15 Bind the feet. A turban. 

16 Don't you hang around me. 

17 He was bothering about here 
from morning till noon. 

18 A crotch. To fork off. 

19 Young slave girl. To discuss. 

20 Public debate. Criticise. 

21 Employ. Get your wish. Res- 
ponsibility. Confide in. 

22 Enter on an office. Former in- 
cumbent. Retain a post. Take 
office. 

23 Agape. Laughing aloud. 



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320 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLV. 



jjSfc niu; button; knob. 
$$ * phang; loop. 
fit su; formerly. 

* so; plain; simple. 

kd; indict; accuse. 

ktlu; inform; announce. 



4b. 



4^ hi; joy; delight, 
niu; fallacious. 



P*? 



g$5 si; decline; leave; resign. 

f§£ s6; words; argument. 

^ phu; phS; idol; god. 

$H sat; third class of saints. 



1 Inn jlm. cell siu. 

2 si ceh. ku me. 

3 hi chut me gUa. 

4 bo so me. sit me. 

5 me m kl n . m© kau ta n . 

6 thong pe\ sa n niu, niu pln\ng. 

7 niu he\ pheng si*. 

8 su se ". pheng jit. 

9 su m sie pat. 

10 su lai m ua n hun. 

11 s5 cuang. so i hok. 

12 chengkhfcsosothoi 11 tiehkeng 
h£. to me. 

13 ng#n kd. pi kd. 

14 k& si. chut k& si. 

15 phS kft. ai n khfc kft i. 

16 kau si. kau peh. ki\u tk&. 
tai niu. pue niu. cha niu. 
niu th^n. 

17 ua kai 11 sie si. sueh sft. si 
piet. si kia n thiap. m si lau 
kho. p6 pi n . 

18 gl &6; ngfin st. sfc kii he. 

19 kak cip cek sft. 

20 phS sat. pai phu sat. 

21 pheng su i si eft ui seng. 

22 i n keng chut u ci Mi kd si. 
niu khans:. 



1 Present incumbent. Manage. 

2 Hereditary title. Long expected. 

3 Beyond all expectation. 

4 Nothing to hope for. Lose hope. 

5 Cannot see. Expected till now. 

6 Public notice. Button and loop. 

7 Button it up. Heretofore. 

8 Uniform character. Formerly. 

9 Have not known each other. 

10 Does not mind his own business. 

11 Plainly dressed. Plain dress. 

12 If plainly dressed she would look 
better. Gazing. 

13 Plaintiff. Defendant. 

14 Proclamation. Issue an edict. 

15 Pleader. Going to impeach him. 

16 I take leave. Notification. 
Renounce. A great mistake. 
Blunder. Error. Misleading. 

17 I take leave of you. Plea. Take 
leave. A p. p. c. card. Does 
not avoid toil. Selvedge. 

18 A rejoinder. An apt remark. 

19 Each held to his own notion. 

20 Idols. Worship idols. 

21 He was formerly a doctor. 

22 When this proclamation had been 
issued. Button hole. 



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322 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLVL 



3W 



^ 



cuang; bump; collide, 
sia; depraved; bad. 
s6ng; chant; hum. 
ce; abstain; study, 
ceh; reprove; reproach. 
* chua n ; a sliver. 



1 hi lAk. hi khi; hi long, hi 
hua n ; hua n hi. sang hi. pd 
hi. 

2 ua kai lu. hua n hi. 

3 sie cuang. cuang tleb. cuang 
thftu cuang hiah. cun tMu 
sie cuang. 

4 peh cuang. cuang pan. cuang 
mfig. cuang phua. 

5 sia t&u. stahuap. sia sin. sia 
sim. k6i siakui cla". sia khi. 
siu sia. 



6 song sin si. 



s5ng keng. 



7 ce k&i. ciah ce. cu ce. hi n 
khil jip cu ce. 

8 c» ceh. ceh hfrt. ceh mng. 
kile ceh. ceh pi. 

9 khut chua* 1 chah iip crfg kah 
t6i. ch& chua". tok ceh. 

10 i M n tui ceh 16. 

1 1 ngelc l&u, ng^k huang. 

12 ng£k c£. m&i ng£k i 
h#n ng£k. ng£k t&ng. 

13 thie teng. thie khui, 
s#n. thie siu. 

14 sie ce n sie Jiang, ce 
khua n uah. khuai Mk. 



kAil. 



thie 



sor* 



§j£ ng&k; resist; oppose. 

X 'b thie; pick; select. 

^ ce"; wrangle; strive. 

%k khuai; khua"; glad. 

|HC * hua"; gratified; pleased. 

K^ lftk; pleasure; joy. 



1 Happy. Happy look. Delighted. 
Two happy events come toge- 
ther. Foretokens luek. 

2 I congratulate you. 

3 Run against each other. Bump. 
Thumped foreheads. The two 
boats collided. 

4 Go in on pretense. Make a dis- 
cord. Thump the door. Break 
against. 

5 Heretical doctrine. Unlawful 
rules. False gods. Corrupt heart. 
Forsake the wrong and return to 
the right. Mad. Contaminated. 

6 Sing hymns. Chant liturgies. 

7 Abstinence. Fast. Student's 
room. Going to school. 

8 Self-reproach. Punish. Question. 
Punish. Reprimand. 

9 Got a sliver under my nail. A 
splinter. Expel. 

10 He will chastise you. 

11 Against wind and tide. 

12 Froward child. Do not oppose 
his wishes. Rebel. Rebels. 

13 Raise the wick. Pick open. 
Pick out. Select for a hareem. 

14 Quarreling together. Strive to 
excel. Comfortable. Happy. 



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324 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLVII. 



ty sam; deal; pine. 



it* 



*6 

JJJS 



khiong; apprehensive, 
iii; fear; dread, 
mit; somber; secret, 
thak; to poke. 
m6h ; a film ; filmy. 



1 thie phua thue. inai me &u. 

2 i cuang tieh thau. 

3 ai n s£ng ci kai ki hue. 

4 sam kia n . sam cd kai. 

5 khiong pha n . khiong ui. 

6 ui siu ui bue. 

7 siang ui. siu kui n . 

8 hue siu. kta n kau mfig siu. 

9 siu bue siang ku. mit liam. 

10 ui siu. chut siu. hu siu; 
khau siu; h6k siu. 

11 mit mit kh& cd. mit si. mit 
sia. mit iu. 

12 khi thak. thak i khui. 

13 th&ng phua m6h. ti tau jin 
m$h. 

14 cek t£ng ne m$h m£h. 

15 khfcg k&i. khfcg mien, khhg 
si bun. khng hua. siang 
khilg. 

16 ce n pien. cie n chiu. 

17 ste n n6ng mia. pue sie\ sie n 
hAi n . sie n ieh ke n . 

18 pue loi. cle pue. pue h&i n . 
pue put si. 

19 hwn ngels. hwn pwn. pile 
pwn. 11 pwn. pwn cMt. m 
ui. 



m 
m 
m 
m 
m 



siu; head; chief, 
khhg; exhort, 
cie"; camphor, 
sie"; indemnify, 
pue; make up a loss, 
pwn; revolt; rebel. 



1 Open a boil. Don't look behind. 

2 He bumped his head. 

3 Will take advantage of this 
chance. 

4 A young pine. Made of deal. 

5 Fearful. Afraid of. 

6 I want nothing to do with it. 

7 Much afraid. The. leading dis- 
trict. 

8 The leader. Reached the street 
door. 

9 Look after both ends. Meditate. 

10 Acts as leader. Turn state's evi- 
dence. Bend the head down. 

11 Did it secretly. A vision. Write 
from memory. Secret help. 

12 Tooth-pick. Poke it open. 

13 Break the film. The thin skin 
on kernels of pea-nuts. 

14 A very filmy layer. 

15 Exhort. Incite. Moral tracts. 
Exhort to peace. Admonish 
each other. 

16 Bicker. Camphor-tree. 

17 Indemnify for a life. Indemnify. 
Restore. Repay for the mede- 
cine. 

18 Return a call. Pay the value. 
Repay. I own I am wrong. 

19 To revolt. Insurrection. Cons- 
pire against, 
ance. A rebel. No fear. 



Throw offallegi- 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON CLVIII. 


m& song; litigation. 


fl| kia n ; alarm; scare. 


fPJF su; to state; expose. 


Jg| s6k; redeem; ransom. 


J^t » tid"; raise; lift. 


j|?tt * a"; to cover up. 


JUI tte"; puffy; swollen. 


ff| * a"; to snuggle. 


t)t clang; staff; cudgel. 


HE n^k; clandestine. 


<55 kuai; staff; crutch. 


pg * tlam; elude search. 


1 kia n ui. k&u su. 


1 Afraid. Accusation and defense. 


2 1ifl k&, iia li u sit. 


2 You may accuse, I can refute. 


3 hau" song, song s6. 


3 Fond of litigation. An indict- 




ment. 


4 kia n si nAng. kia n I. 


4 Scare anybody to death. Frightful. 


5 chah song, mftk tle n phft. 


5 Enter into a case. Lift the eyes. 


6 ua tie" khi mftk kh* th6i". 


6 I raised my eyes, and looked. 


? chiu tie" tit, kha tie" tit. 


7 Lift your hand and foot. 


8 khakhfehphu. chiu khieh kbi. 


8 Raise your foot. Lift your hand. 


9 c6ng tie", tie" Ifing. ctii tie". 


9 Swollen. Puffed up with pus. 


khi tie". t6 tie", pa tie". 


Dropsical. Flatulent. Belly 


sio tie". 


swollen. Repletion. Relieve 




swelling. 


10 ktiai ciang. cip ciang. 


10 Old man's staff. Chief mourners. 


11 clang ceh poih c&p. 


11 Gave him eighty blows. 


12 phah jieh coi tek p6i" ? 


12 How many blows did he get? 


13 ciang c6k peh. 


13 Inflict a hundred blows. 


14 s6k tfig l&i; s6k cCie; sok cue 


14 Ransom; commute a punishment; 


klu nftng; s6k hue. 


redeem ; take out of pawn. 


15 cang p& a" mi i k&i m&k. 


15 Blindfold him. 


16 a" sat ctii khang. 


16 Stop up the leak. 


17 koi be" a" koi kia n tS i sit e. 


17 The hen hovers the chickens un- 


a" a n6". 


der her wings. Snuggle a baby. 


18 h n bua sin pi", a" phi". 


18 Snuggle it up. Hold the nose. 


19 cfc s6i t\" kau toa. 


19 Brought it up from a baby. 


20 a" min. a" ffi. cii. 


20 Cover the face. It won't stay shut. 


21 a n c6kp6i". Ifahhfi. 


21 Cover half. Blind man's buff. 


22 a" mi. a" si. a" kin. 


22 Cover close. Smother. Stop tight. 


23 a" m&k cau tlam. cMn n£k. 


23 Hide and seek. Abscond. 


24 tlam to hu* lai. nSk mia. 


24 Hidden away there. Anonymous. 



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LESSON CLIX. 



iB * ii n ; usurp; take by force. 

fitf ii; consort with; in. 

$f£ * kuang; delude; mislead. 

Hf chiu; enemy; abhor. 

j&£ tek; foe; rival. 

vfcfc uang; oppress; needless. 



m 



khut; crouch; to wrong", 
ku; dwell; dwellings. 
p6; dried meat, 
chiang; leader; starter. 



thlanj] 



j°y ( 



6L chin; vassal; statesman. 



1 a n lai, a n khu, a n m kau hai u 
i. 

2 nek thiap. 6i n ku. 

3 & n ua kai chii. kuang phlen. 

4 & n n&ng k&i chi nfig. 

5 chan tl pun i & n kh&. 

6 ti hng ci kui nt pun i ciam 
ciam a\ n khfc. 

7 ai n & n , ciu si. 

8 11 th6i n & n tit khfc. me ! 

9 s$ & n Mi. mai kuang ua. 

10 ua bS 1 sb. 

11 kuang 11 kaU ci n a si kuang 11 
kai fign ? 

12 ua kai ue si bS siang kuang k&i. 
chiang siu. chiang khi thfiu. 

13 tia kio 11 b$ wn b£ chiu. 

14 pd chiu. chiu tek. chiu hSn. 

15 tui t6k. t6k chiu. ku cii. 

16 t£k tit cu, t&k m cti. 

17 t6k kok, t£k pia n . 

18 uang khut. toa wn uang. 

19 uang hui sim sin. 

20 uang ku nftng si. 

21 put uang 11 eng hie" coi kang. 

22 16ng khut 16ng sin. 

23 khut suah h£ nang. 

24 ku sim. t£ ku. thlang khuai. 



1 All I can rake and scrape there 
is not enough to pay him. 

2 Anonymous placard. Live at 
ease. 

3 Seized my house. To deceive. 

4 Take other people's wives. 

5 Took possession of my fields. 

6 He has been for several years 
gradually usurping the land. 

7 He wants to usurp it, that's it. 

8 You see whether he can grab it ! 

9 What he seized. Do not mizzle 
me. 

10 I am not concerned in it. 

11 Have I fooled you about about 
your cash, or your dollars ? 

12 My words are not misleading. 
The inventor. The leader: guide. 

13 1 have no disagreement with you. 

14 Got revenge. Enemy. Detest. 

15 Inimical. Competitor. Reside. 

16 Could or could not master him. 

17 Enemy's country and troops. 

18 Oppress. A great wrong 

19 You have lost all your pains. 

20 You are of no use in the world. 

21 You need not take so much pains. 

22 He can stoop or stand. 

23 Kill an innocent man. 

24 Heart set upon. Tea shop. 
Joyous. 



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LESSON CLX. 

chia; on credit. 



fpf che'ng; human passions. 

~/f chai; capacity; talents. 

ftPj nftp; receive; take in. 
ii 

JJ& * sa; claw; catchup; grab. 

5|JJ ngeng; go out and receive. 

f$|5 lin; contiguous; near. 



1 cham l&i cham khfc. 

2 b6i tit pien poh. 

3 s6 mng hui s£ tap. 

4 16 s6 In tap hui 6a s6 mng. 

5 l"a. k6i sueh i thia n . 

6 khlo th&u me. khlo thfiu man. 

7 Su lai 16 clu kl n i kai kat bue. 
ktam ah p6. tie" ie n . 

8 thoi n cikai nAngcdni katkSk. 

9 kang khi kku kat bue. 

10 kun chin, khun chin, tai 
chin, bun chin. 

11 c6k ctte hun. khau chai. 

12 u nang che'ng, bS n&ng cheng. 

13 bS ch£ng; p£h chSng. to* 
cheng. cng che'ng. b$ ch&i 
ch£ng. sit ch6ng. chSng li. 

14 ciap n&p. ng£ng cih. 

15 l&i chAl; gua chai. 

16 chle n&p. n&p liang. 

17 16 nfip a m nap? 

18 sa lfti sa khu m kau eng. sa 
tieh i kai sa n . sa ki tui kh^ 
jlo i. sa tieh. 

19 sit ngeng. ng£ng huang. 

20 lin kfin. lin kok. 

21 si lim. chia boi. 

22 ciang iang. kuai ciang. 



4tJ * hua; waste; spend. 

Jjrfl tie"; appoint; adjust. 

5j| ciang; display; publish, 

%%} iang; spread abroad. 

5|E kuai; sulky; crafty. 



1 Intermingling. 

2 No chance for argument. 

3 What was asked was not an- 
swered. 

4 Your answer is not to my question . 

5 You explain it to him. 

6 Ready ability. Slow perceptions* 

7 You will see the upshot of it alL 
Pried salt duck. Strut. 

8 See what end he comes to. 

9 Explain the consequences. 

10 Prince and ministers. Courtiers. 
High officials. Civil officers. 

11 A crease. Fluency of speech. 

12 Have or have not a kind heart. 

13 Ungrateful. Grateful. Cordial. 
Stolid. The real circumstances. 
Common sense. 

14 Welcome. Meet and welcome. 

15 Education; endowments. 

16 Smilingly take. Get a cool breeze. 

17 Bo you take it in or not ? 

18 All I could rake and scrape was 
not sufficient. Caught up his 
jacket. Catch up a club and 
drive him away. Clawed. 

19 Not meet at the door. Pace the 
wind. 

20 Neighboring. Conterminous sta- 
tes. 

21 Neighbors. Buy on credit. 

22 Bruit abroad. Cross-grained, 

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Liang-; enjoy, 
ngi; righteousness. 
ng8; arouse; aware. 
J7L chong; fill; fulfill. 

tua n ; an altar; terrace. 
* aih n ; uai n ; uaih n ; creak. 



LESSON CLXI. 

khua; boast. 



t# 



m 



VX pe; ripple; wave. 

HI! ciet; soon; then; that is. 

^ff * ua; very; much. 

Je cl; reach to; very. 

U$£ cue; exceedingly. 



1 s& bue lio kat. 

2 sat pin. chia slo. 

3 ci k&i ue th n ktlu thong thiet. 

4 im tlo i k&i tl hng. 

5 ta n lim lim cla n Mi. 

6 i lim lim khu lio. 

7 huang pten. huang khS. 

8 c£ng kua n ki n siang ngi. 

9 nin c&ng n&ng ch6ng ua cia 
ciu se n , m ch6ng ua cia ciu si. 
si cl. bS s5 put cl. 

10 1 me ciang l&i 5i tit cd toa 
kua n . cl h6. cue soi. 

11 11 kio ua thoi chia. 

12 Ih. kai tia chia l&i. 

13 hua tlo i k&i ke ngiap. 

14 cek n&ng cu tie" m ju ne n&ng 
k&u nie. 

15 khai ciang. khua ciang. 
ciang kua. fang pe. 

16 kuai kh&. khah kuai. cui po. 

17 pe pheng. khua khau. 

18 hianghok. ngice n . ngipia". 
jin ngi. ngi chng. ngi pe. 
ngi khl. ngi p6k. 

19 cunge. che n ngo. 

20 chong mua; chong cok. ci chl. 



1 The affair is not terminated. 

2 Fine tooth comb. Credit account. 

3 Tell all the consequences. 

4 Inundated his grounds. 

5 Have only just now come. 

6 He has just now gone. 

7 All ready. Quite suitable. 

8 The nobles will consult. 

9 Those who follow me will live, 
those who do not follow me will 
die. All around. Universal. 

10 Hopes hereafter to be a great 
mandarin. The best. Very 
small. 

11 Have it charged to you for me* 

12 You charge it to me. 

13 Spent his property. 

14 The lordship of one is not so 
good as the council of two. 

15 Open out. Self-laudatory. Fes- 
toon. Dash up in waves. 

16 Wily. Too cunning. Ripples. 

17 Smooth water. Boastful. 

18 Enjoy happiness. Public well. 
Patriot volunteers. Righteous. 
Public granary. Adopted father. 
Honorable. Faithful servant. 

19 Bethink one's self. Arouse. 

20 Fill full. On this account. 



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LESSON CLXII. 



*ft 



* fa"; beat; excel; win. 
su; beaten; lose; submit. 

* kie n ; k*ang; superior to. 

* a; argue; dispute. 
t& n ; toss down ; pitch, 
tau; dice. 



1 jim tui m tHg. 

2 n&ng k&ng tong 16. 

3 nang kili tong kue ie\ 

4 ai n pun cd ktxi a. 

5 thiap pi n . mia phlen. 

6 pai thiap; I6i thiap. 

7 ua kAi ue khut 11 tin t& cd khft. 
i m ui nang. 

8 khut la khfrg kau ua kai sim 
c£k pila n ai n khu. cih sin. 

9 p ke. ji ke hua n hi. 

10 iang mia iang sia n . 

11 iang iang tit i. 

12 iang chiu. chong tng. 

13 i cong kti m ng8. 

14 chong kong. ia n ci n . 

15 cl cheng c\ li kai ue. 

16 a ia n . phah ia n . cau ia n . 

17 su kio ia" tui mm. 

18 cau su kai nang. sie a. 

19 ci cheh kie n kue hu cheh. 

20 tX n tau. t& n tleh. 

21 phlen si. coihphlen. hiaphien. 



leng kd si. 



22 leng k* m ai n . 

23 16ng kfc pun 11. 

24 bi so. h6 bl. sit bl. hah bl. 
khl bl. kam bi. 

25 b5 bl bS sd. sap sap kle. 



Jr phien; Hake; slip; thin. 



leng; rather. 

* kft; rather; better. 
gfc bl; taste; flavor. 
}H[ * sd; savor; taste. 
^ * sap; chattering. 



1 Endure beating withoutbreaking. 

2 People respect you. 

3 Men are more worthy than sheep. 

4 Will separate into several bran- 
ches. 

5 A facing. A visiting card. 

6 Visiting card of several folds. 

7 My words were perverted by you. 
He is afraid of nobody. 

8 Was advised by you till I half 
wished to go. Receive a letter. 

9 Both parties. Both are pleased. 

10 Spread his name and fame. 

11 Every one to his liking. 

12 Flourish the hands. Pill a station. 

13 He never fully understands. 

14 Revert to the state. Win money. 

15 Language of the utmost truth. 

16 Out argue. Beat. Outrun. 

17 Losing is the opposite of winning. 

18 The loser in running. Dispute. 

19 This is superior to that. 

20 Throw dice. Cast and hit it. 

21 Little while. Shave thin. Pot- 
sherds. 

22 Rather not. Rather die. 

23 Rather give it to you. 

24 Flavour. Luscious. Lose savour. 
Palatable. Odor. Delicious. 

25 Insipid. Loquacious. 



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ffit 



m 



ku; fear; awe. 

* chap; consort with. 

ca; pheh; settlings; dregs 

lien; discipline; wrought. 

chl; try; test. 

cfia n ; mean; ignoble. 



LESSON CLXIIL 

nelc; doating; excessive. 

hui n ; break down; raze. 

den ; to shiver. 

* khlu; tofrg; trembling. 

mong; that one. 

lin; damask. 



1 ai cheng. nelc ai. keng ai. 
ai sieh ke ke. ji ke hi sieh. 
tit i hi sieh. 

2 khah ai sieh tl s£ng vfrn. 

3 kha ft n&ng ai sieh a b£ ? 

4 pi sla 13ng in chua. 

5 11 mai kia n che n i. 

6 pi chiu tek chle. 

7 i siu na*ng tiang khut. 

8 khut i kuang phlen. 

9 u cle n se n ki. ciet si. 

10 lin kSn Hi sia n khut i hui" tlo. 
ngo bi ke\ 

11 kiii ctia n . lien kSi kill ku. 

12 h i m kue. 

13 hlhi akhfc. hla cQa n . 

14 b3 li a kau ii li. i toa kia n 
ku. 

15 h m kha. 

16 tMi la n Mi nang. 

17 cau su k&i ndng. 

18 11 kai s5 ciet ua kAi sS. 

19 ciet st. ciet jit. Id ciet khA. 

20 kia n kau khlu; kia n kau tofcg. 

21 sim kia° nelc clen. 

22 hwt clen. thong sin hwt clen. 

23 chl thoi n . chl i lien i. 

24 mong kd u k&i ble. kau chap. 



m 



1 The affections. Foolish fondness. 
Reverential love. Love much. 
Reciprocal love. Gain his love. 

2 Inordinate love engenders hate. 

3 Would anyone love such ? 

4 Lead by the Holy Spirit. 

5 Do not wake him up. 

6 Laughed at by his enemy. 

7 He was oppressed. 

8 Was deluded by him. 

9 It is thus recorded. That is it. 

10 The neighboring city was destro- 
yed by him. Cruet-stand. 

11 High and low. A tried weapon. 

12 Cannot out argue him. 

13 To bandy words. Base born. 

14 Make the worse appear the better 
reason. He greatly fears. 

15 Cannot carry the point. 

16 The victor, in fighting. 

17 The defeated, in running. 

18 Your business is mine. 

19 At once. Soon. Go at once. 

20 Trembling from fright. 

21 So terrified that the flesh creeps. 

22 To shiver. He shook all over. 

23 Try it and see. Discipline him. 

24 In a certain place was a temple. 
To associate. 



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LESSON CLXIV. 



Jl£ chek; cta n ; kin. 




iffi t6ng; freeze; congeal; icy. 


^J Liang; taxes; duties. 




9fpt niap; forceps; nip. 


Jjyj * lap; to pay stated sum? 


j. 


lfjj[ kek; worry; vex; beat upon* 


jj^t nie; rations; taxes in kind. 


J5J(f poi"; phoi n ; manage; do. 


f$ * liip; cover tight; smother. 


pfr * hah; petals of a flower. 


Sp> pui; pleheian; mean. 




[M Ap; casket; little box. 


1 m cai hn cui i ciu aili" 


aih n 


1 If you do not think to dip it in 


kie. tok poi n . 




water it will creak. Oversee. 


2 i kai s& n cheng h6. 




2 His disposition is good. 


3 hue ii cih tieh M kai sin. 




3 Not yet received your letter. 


4 chut khd. ngeng cih i. 




4 Go out and greet him. 


5 hue ceng cih clang, soi r 


1 khi 


5 Before he had received the mourn- 


ai. 




ing staif, he began to mourn. 


6 htfn sin, min chfig ciu 


ath- 


6 When he turns over, the couch 


ath n kie. pui cua". 




creaks. Low and mean. 


7 ci tieh sih mih su ? 




7 What does this refer to ? 


8 h$ nang ciap nfip i. 




8 No one received him. 


9 bd ua bng. cuah m ua. 




9 Not far. Does not lack much. 


10 i si ci jin tek kai hu jin. 




10 She is a most faithful woman. 


11 hiang hok ci kek. 




11 Obtain the highest bliss. 


12 cui t6ng. h£ tong. t6ng 


soh. 


12 Water freezes. River frozen. Icy. 


t6ng si. t6ng cui. 




Freeze to death. Ice water. 


13 mai kau chap i. 




13 Do not associate with him. 


14 chin chek: chin cia n . 




14 Relatives, of another surname. 


15 kok chek. gua chek. 




15 Emperor's kin. Distant kin. 


16 hiang ktfn. hiang 


fign. 


16 Custom house. Revenue. Re- 


hiang toa n . kue hiang. 


pia n 


ceipt for duties. Pass the cus- 


hiang. lap hiang. 




tom-house. Rations. Pay duty. 


1 7 lap jieh coi co fign ? 




17 How much rent does he pay? 


18 lflpuangnie. binie. khaunie. 


18 Pay taxes. Eatables. Victuals. 


19 16 ceng tirn nie a hue ? 




19 Have you paid your taxes yet? 


20 ci n nie. kang nie. 




20 Salary. Provisions for a journey. 


21 hwt nie. nie chau. l&p 


nie. 


21 Pay wages. Fodder. Pay rations. 


22 niap kia. poi n i kai svl 




22 Tweezers. Manage his business. 



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340 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXV. 



* sfc; set in order. 

te; a kiln; furnace. 
^J si; cQa; oath. 
$T k&n; capable. 
j§£ cie n ; palm of the hand. 
i$t * khieh; collect; gather. 



1 i cl chiet ai n kh&. 

2 sfc li hS lio, khah man. 

3 cl toa. cl sla. cl khiet. 
4siangkui n . slang jiet. slang 

man. 

5 sim m& slm ku. sim ngia. 

6 cue hMg. cue sien, cue ngi. 

7 cAp hun h6. cfip hun hua" hi. 

8 cuah hoh coi. phoi n cQe. 

9 pi M io gftu. pi phoi n . 

10 pi ci io khin. sfc li. 

11 ju keng ch6 n ng8. hia ie. 

12 pi Id io u ldt. pi 11 keng h6. 

13 poi n tit hS. hui ie. ie mflg. 
sie le. 

14 hwt si. tng thi n m£ng si. 

15 16ng kan. cMi kan. kan sih 
mih sh? ktln t&i s&. hip si. 
hip sie. 

16 huefe. th6a n ie. 

17 i se kh6. chiu cie n . 

18 i to khieh hlang. 

19 khieh mueh hia n . khieh ci n . 
khieh sip. khieh c* c£k e. 

20 a pe, oi ! a c6 a ! chu pi n 5 ! 

21 6i c4. hfi Ian cue. cui sai. 



5f 



tui ; let down by a rope. 

* se; squirm; wriggle. 
6i; low of stature, 
cue; wen; tautology, 
cui; appendage. 

* S; a; oi; vocative. 



1 It is of the utmost importance 
that he should go. 

2 When ready, it was too late. 

3 Greatest. Holiest. Purest. 

4 Tallest. Hottest. Slowest. 

5 Quickest. Longest. Handsomest. 

6 Farthest. Most righteous. 

7 Perfectly good. Wholly pleased. 

8 Much diminished. To punish. 

9 Wiser than you. Make ready. 

10 Lighter than this. Regulate. 

11 More watchful. Kiln for tiles. 

12 Compared with you, is the stron- 
ger. Better than you. 

13 Well managed. Pottery kiln. 
Mouth of a furnace. Pit. 

14 Take oath. Swear before Heaven. 

15 Power. Talent. What is he able 
to do ? Capable of great things. 
Suffocated. Warm up. 

16 Lime kiln. Charcoal kiln. 

17 He wriggled off. Palm of the 
hand. 

18 He is employed in the Customs. 

19 Collect fuel. Collect money. 
Store up. Gather it together. 

20 Father ! Sister ! Neighbor ! 

21 A dwarf. A wart. Daughter's 
husband, living in the house. 



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LESSON CLXVI. 



m 



cl; will; purpose. 
p£ng; what can be proven. 
kS; testimony; evidence, 
ceng; proof; testify, 
hok; serve; what serves. 
sfi; serve; obey. 



tai ci. bS 
sim cl nge; 



1 ci kia n ioia n ; hi kia n So su. 
chl ce. 

2 boi su kiie hi k&i. 

3 ua 6i cau ta n i. 

4 l£ng kd si, m khfc. 

5 kie n kue hia n ti. 
G kte n ktie pat kok. 

7 ia n kue hi kia\ 

8 su kue ci c£k kXa n . 

9 mai ta n khah cue. 

10 jip cui; cie cQi. 

11 u ci khl. lip cl. 
ci khl Mi nang. 
sim cl ling. 

12 u p6ng. p6ng tong. 

13 b3 peng kfc. p6ng 11 ta n . 

14 khau sueh bS p£ng. 

15 peng toa". kS siu. u hS c& 
ceng kl. 

16 bS ceng b3 kfc. eft ceng kl n . 
cSng sit. u h$ ui cdng. 

17 h6k sS. hlen cl. cl bun. 

18 chin m phu. chin phu. 

19 tali m ttie. cio teh dab. 

20 chueh te\ teh m phua. 

21 b£ nai i hd. 

22 nai h$, nai hS ? 

23 kue n&i h$ kie. 



^ 



hlen; offer in worship, 
cl; bring oblation. 

* chin; lift up. 

* tue; adhere; stick, 
teh ; to peck ; pick, 
chueh; sip; suck. 



1 This sort is superior; that sort is 
inferior. Try it. 

2 Is not inferior to that one. 

3 I can outrun him. 

4 I rather die than go. 

5 Superior to his brethren. 

6 Excelling other kingdoms. 

7 Surpassing that sort. 

8 Inferior to this kind. 

9 Do not reiterate too much. 

10 Go to live with a wife's father. 

11 Resolute. Fix the resolve. Great 
purpose. A shiftless fellow. 
Strong resolves; weak resolution. 

12 There is proof. A broker. 

13 Unfounded. It is as you say. 

14 Words do not serve for proof. 

15 Receipt. Guard vigilantly. 
There is proof of it to be had. 

16 There is no proof of it. Be a 
witness. Proof. There is proof. 

17 Serve. Make offerings. Elegy. 

18 Lift without raising. Lift and 
raise. 

19 It does not stick. Birds eating. 

20 Sip tea. Could not peck it open. 

21 There is no help for it. 

22 What can be done now ? 

23 Cross the Budhist Styx. 



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344 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXV1L 



^ h5ng; offer or take respectfully. 

W * t6ng; weigh; adjust. 

4^p chin; steelyard. 

^ff chun; retain; leftover. 

-fl£ tak; poison; noxious. 

^fc k<5; khau; depend on. 



1 ke hue lien ku. cun siu. 

2 mong kdi l&u m. 

3 m6ng nang; m6ngjlt; tn6ng 



c» 



mong sh. 



ci 



4 t8 m6ng kd 
m6ng mueh. 

5 ci he nang. hti hS mueh 
h@ chu. 

6 mai khfc chap i kai sh. chap 
jip i kai tang. 

7 n£k cui. n£k tfng. 

8 hSngstt. hSngmeng. thulua. 

9 t6ng th6i n B jieh coi kun. 
khieh ki chin khfc t6ng. 

10 ciah chun kai. bSchun. chun 
sim. chun lau. p6 chun. 
eng chun. siu chun. 

11 u kai tak ft* kai boi. 

12 tak sim. tak ieh. talc chiu. 
tak kai. tak kin. tak si 
nang. h6k tak. liu tak. 

13 i n ko. bSi bS k5. khau m 
cu. khau sua n ciah sua", 
khau cui ciah cui. 

14 m i 16. i 16 kai ue. i jien; 
i ku. cun i. 

15 ua tS chle n . ua t8 i n . bS 
n&i cu thu. bd h$ Jig. mai 
lua nang. 



1pJ i n ; ua; rely on; lean on. 

^ i; conform to; trust to. 

JeH n&i; ng; depend on; trust. 

35t * lua; falsely accuse. 

JilS * lang; callous: corns, 

ag; cun; comply; obey. 



1 A long tried weapon. Obey. 

2 A certain old woman. 

3 That man; that day; at the 
time. 

4 In a certain place, doing a cer- 
tain thing. That thing. 

5 This sort of person. That stamp 
of thing. This kind of house. 

6 Have nothing to do with his af- 
fairs. Entered that cabal. 

7 Submerged. Infanticide. 

8 Serve. Get orders. False 
accuser. 

9 Weigh it, and see how many 
catties. Take steelyards and 
weigh. 

10 The food left. Nothing left. 
Settled purpose. Keep back. Con- 
serve. Remnants. Store up. 

11 Some are poison, some are not. 

12 Malicious. A poison. Villain. 
Malevolent. Malaria. Poison 
people. Poisoned. General bane. 

13 Lean against. Nothing to de- 
pend upon. Unreliable. Lands- 
men depend on land, watermen 
on water. 

14 I cannot agree with you. As 
you say. As usual. Compliant. 

15 Lean against the wall. Recline 
in a chair. Loafer. No depen- 
dence. Don't falsely accuse. 

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346 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXVIIL 



$p * chfig; squat; crouch. 
U\ * pu; to brood; hover. 
!§? se ; set at variance. 
jglj chang; create; found. 
is cftu; construct; make. 
plj * kiam; kbau; scrape out. 


5§t * chlo; powerful; strong. 

jpj * phuh; feeble; weak. 

B pa; clap; slap. 

>RU ke; the cangue. 

JPI tiu; pongee. 

$j§ kl; a mole; a spot. 


1 Mb cie n . tue kin kin. 

2 koi ju hv/n cie n . 

3 phah i cek e pa cie n . 

4 hok tak thu loa. 

5 hlen cl sin. chang si kai. 


1 Join the palms. Adhere tightly. 

2 As easy as turning the hand. 

3 Give him a slap. 

4 A self poisoned accuser. 

5 Offer to gods. Create the world. 


6 ua chin i m phu. 


6 I cannot raise it up. 


7 lu ciang lai ii h6 cu jit. 

8 ka" b6 m kau, i m phu. 

9 m cai eft ni mueh si. i khwn 


7 You will have a prosperous life. 

8 With too little yeast it will not rise* 

9 I do not know how he was killed. 


thai lujieh h6? 
10 lu mai kh* hok sti i. 


How did he treat you ? 
10 Do not go and serve them. 


11 hi tieh jim naa. 


11 You must have patience. 


12 heng li. h£ng li coi. 

13 ua ai n kh* koi chi; tui ti kft 


12 Luggage. Much baggage. 

13 I wish to go to the market; 


kh* ? ak tak. 


which is the way ? Virulent. 


14 i b6 ang bS kia n h6 kbut i 


14 She has no husband nor children 


ilg. 
15 koi ciang cluiu, eft tau, se n 
Sng, chfig l$h khd. pu kia n . 


to depend on. 
15 A hen takes grass, makes a nest, 
lays eggs, broods on them, and 
hatches chickens. 


16 se song, ka se; se ka. 


16 Stir up litigation. Stir up strife. 


17 chang cau. chang sfi ngiap. 
khai chang. chang si. chang 
hue tflg. sin chang. 

18 cau hue. che cS-u. khi c&u. 


17 Create. Found an estate. Ori- 
ginate. To make first. Found 
a church. Newly founded. 

18 Form out of. Invent. Begin. 


kirn c&u. c&u ngAn. 


Skillful work. A fabrication. 


19 i li chlo, fin li phuh. 

20 ki chiu. kiam cheng khih. 


19 They are strong and we are weak. 

20 Hair on a mole. Scrape it clean. 



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348 FIKST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXIX. 



3J * tang; sting. 

|tj$ hGa; woe; misery. 

4fli hi; sleazy; sparse. 

J9K se; open; distant; coarse. 

p pok; phok; divine; guess. 

lEp khue; cast future events. 



jfjfc kwt; occult doctrines. 

jjj sua"; scatter; disperse. 

$(& liana ; to pinch up. 

g£| khau; lot; ballot. 

Tpjt bue; fossil coal; soot. 

|iEL c$; impede; stop. 



1 ciang cleh kak si. 


1 Stone him to death. 


2 ciang phi jii ka i. 


2 Teach him by parables. 


3 ciang h$ Qe khilg i. 


3 Entreat him with good words. 


4 cang p6 cia mi mi. 


4 Screen closely with a cloth. 


5 khut fig phang tang; u phang 


5 Was stung by a bee; there is bee 


tak tS n6k t6i, ti kau i ceng 


venom in the flesh, so that it is 


thla n . 


swollen and aches. 


6 hiet tang tieh i. pok khue. 


6 Scorpions sting him. Wizzard. 


7 cun ua kai 1. 


7 Comply with my wishes. 


8 khut ho ak thau thau. 


8 Wet through by the rain. 


9 bue u thi n ti, hue u n&ng 


9 Before there were heavens or 


mueh, bue c6ng chang cau 


earth, before there were people, 


bwn mueh cu c6i n , ti ci c6k ui 


before all things were created, 


sin. hQa huam. 


there was this God. Calamities. 


10 hi hi. thi n t6ng kai che n hi 


10 Sparse. The stars are far apart. 


hi. p6 hi. hi se. 


Cloth sleazy. Sleazy. 


11 mue pu hi ce. 


11 Make the porridge thinner. 


12 se thong, se chai. se sit. 


12 Clear out. Enlarge. Mislaid. 


13 b$ chin se kau pSh. chiu lim 


13 No difference on account of kin- 


hi se. hue bue. 


ship. Sparse trees. Soot. 


14 i ke* cuang cb pok khue. plen 


14 He disguised himself as a fortune 


khue. 


teller. Luck has changed. 


15 phok th6i° hS a m h£. 


15 Divine whether good or ill. 


16 khau kwt. sua" khui. sua" 
lio. 


16 Gibberish. Dispersed. Scattered. 


17 liam khau. bue thda n . 


17 Draw lots. Mineral coal. 


18 c£ ci. c£ keh. c£ gai. c6 Ian. 


18 Make to stop. Impede. Retard. 


c6 huang. 


Hardships. Head wind. 


19 cua bue; ctia in. 


19 Paper match, which holds fire. 



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35Q FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXX. 



si ; influence; power. 
H3[ * sua"; medical powders. 
^ tau; exchange; barter. 
W: niej girder; bridge. 

pi n ; a whip; lash. 

hia; boots. 



1 h€ khtf n nfmg. bi s6. 

2 sng, kam, kho, hiam, kiam, 
kle eft ng5 bi. 

3 sua 11 tien hai bi. kiie bl. 

4 i n keng ehong h6 lio, bi so 
klmt nnng eng khii, s$ chun 
Mi phoh kle eft ca. 

5 i n ci kia n sft to se n . 
S" ei ku tie oi tit jip. 

7 l n cui kek si. min kl. 

8 i n te thai si. phah cie n . 

6 i" lu ae tia n 11 cue. 

10 thoi" chiu cie n huiu 

11 biia te cieh. iang pi n . 
1& cSng ku. tiam sim. 

13 &1 lat. khftn si. heng si. 

14 ieh sua", kap eft sua". 

15 tau fcgn, tau ci". tan ua n . 

16 h6 si thftu. si 11 Mi nfing. 

17 si s£ pit jien. hui su. 

18 seng si. lai si sim hiong. 

19 kap ieh. kap p&ng. kap hue 
sua. kap sek lio. kap kin. 

20 phi n nte. thang nie. 

21 hia ang. bueh ang. 

22 khtiang chia n . lid khuang! 

23 ph§ng lun. phoi pheng. 

24 phoi toa\ phoi hue. 



'pj' * kap; unite; mix. 

f2 uai; to scoop out. 

^f pheng; discuss; revise. 

*fJK phoi; criticise; lease. 

jf^ * tt; hui; expend; trouble. 

£JL khu&ng, moreover. 



1 That sort of people. Relish. 

2 Sour, sweet, bitter, spicy and salt r 
are the five tastes. 

3 All sorts of dainties. Past its 
prime. 

4 When it is steeped, and the 
relishable part has been used 
what is left is called dregs. 

5 By this means he lives. 

G By this saying can enter in. 

7 Drowned by the waters. Freckles. 

8 Slain by a knife. Clap- the hards^ 

9 Condemn you by your words. 

10 Scrutinize the lines in the hand. 

11 Whetstone. Flourish a whip. 

12 Testimony. Stay the stomach. 

13 Influence. Authority. Aspect. 

14 Mixed drugs. Make up powders. 

15 Change money. Exchange. 

16 Good omen. Sycophant. 

17 I am compelled to do so. Fussy. 

18 Improve the occasion. Savage 
looking.. 

19 Mix drugs. Room together. 
Mix mortar. Mix dye stuffs* 
Unite. 

20 Bridge of the nose. Bucket 
handle. 

21 Leg of boot. Leg of stocking. 

22 Still further. How much more I 

23 Discuss the merits. Revise. 

24 A lease. Official reply. 

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LESSON CLXXL 


fffc * hoi n ; closed; shut. 


Hljj kan; soap. 


j£j iu; cia n ; on the right. 


8^ ngim; intone; hum. 


/£ c$; tb; on the left. 


rf=jt chlang; sing; carol. 


fH huai; to harbour; cherish. 


J^K * bi; to dive under water. 


:ffj hi; expect; rare. 


}$3 siu; swim; float. 


iffc cu; vermilion. 


7 j nai; may be; then; but. 


1 phok khd. si kit a si hiong ? 


1 Was the divination lucky or 


mng pok. khi hue. 


unlucky ? Guess fates. Embers. 


2 phoimeng. ph&ngphoi. phoi 


2 Comment on. Side notes. Re- 


peh. nia phoi". 


verse the decision. Take a lease. 


3 hui sim. hui tlo. htii tlo i 


3 I' ve put you to trouble. Use up. 


kai ke ngiap. 


Spent his property. 


4 ua Mi mfig h5i n t8 kd m ceng 


4 My door is closed but not yet 


chita". siu kue khoi. 


bolted. Swim across the river. 


5 mSng sa n ; chiah seng kai sa n . 


5 A seamless garment. 


6 lai Ham khau khieh thoi n ti 


6 Draw lots to see whose it shall 


n&ng kai. bl cui. 


be. Dive into the water. 


7 ci kia n sh kau toi si cd ni; M 


7 What is the gist of this matter; 


k&ng km ua thia n . 


you explain it to me. 


8 ciah chun kai, lau pang mua 


8 What is left after eating, put 


khi. kap bua. 


aside till to-morrow. To double. 


9 s&ng kue i. seng pai nai pia n 


9 Overcome him. Victory or 


ke sie n sfc. 


defeat is wounds for soldiers. 


10 cie n se n nai si. nai ham Id 


10 Thus it is. But I may call you. 


khil. iu chiu, c6 chiu. 


Right and left hand. 


11 cla n chiu, td chiu keng coi 


11 Right and left hand is the more 


n&ng th n . 


common way of speaking. 


12 iu p6i n , c6 p6i n . 


12 On the right and left sides. 


13 c6 iu. c6 t&u. 


13 Near by. Erroneous doctrines. 


14 c6 se iu sie". kuai kha. 6h i 


14 Thinking of this way and that 


kuai kha kia". 


way. Lame. Imitate his limping. 


15 hi han. huai hfin. huai pho. 


15 Seldom. Cherish ill-will. To 


huai mhei. 


hug. Harbour evil thoughts. 


16 fign cu. cu pit. 


16 Vermilion. Red pencil. 


17 hi mo. hi khi. 


17 Hope. Rare. 



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jut. 



m 



nA; a bailed basket. 

kheng; basket without a bail. 

lua ; deep open basket. 

ldih; a splint hat. 

6; a low; round basket. 

ki; two-eared basket. 



LESSON CLXXII. 

* he; vacation. 



HE * s$; spend; use. 

f& lAng; lAng; sack; bag, 

JgjT s£ng; superior; excel. 

Wr seng; adequate; bear. 

jg k6ng; prospect; aspect. 



1 bfte th&a n si lu sua" t6i Mi 
thd s$ se n chut lai Mi; hue 
tlida" si fu nAng cAm chA pang 
te le t6i sie kAi. 

2 oi khi hue pun nang cieh sie. 

3 mai kh& cb kie n kue khi cd. 
chi nA. 

4 tng jit i n k£ng su nie kiie. 

5 ai n sim Ham tta n tia n . 

C fing siu he se n ; 1dm siu ho si. 

7 ci kAi mueh kia n eft c£k hue 
long c6ng tk n khfc. s6 hui. 

8 u jieh coi pua n ti? 

9 h£ khuang ci kia n k£ng kan 
kho ! pun ki. 

10 h$ khuang ci kAi Mng kui 
tong ! s6 hui. hwn kAn. 

11 khuang chia n si ua lAi. 

12 ua mien eng s6 hui tieh pua n 
ti. chi n A hi n . 

13 te s£ hui i jieh coi pua n ti ? 

14 I6ih kua. tek 16ih. 

15 s£ng keng. kuang k6ng. pAi 
keng. mui k6ng. sun keng. 
chok keng se n chSng. 

16 m seng jira. put seng ngAn. 



pane 



he. 



1 Fossil coal comes from the 
mountains; charcoal comes from 
men's cutting down trees and 
charring them in a kiln. 

2 Build a fire and warm one's self. 

3 Not to do it is better than to do 
it. A market basket. 

4 The day when the bargain was 
made. 

5 Wish only remembrance of it. 

6 For women an easy child-birth ; 
for men an honorable death. 

7 Take all these things away at 
one time. Expenditure. 

8 How much is the fare ? 

9 How much more difficult then is 
this ! A carrying basket. 

10 How much more valuable then is- 
this! Expenses. Soap. 

11 Furthermore, I am come. 

12 I need not expend any thing for 
fare. Bail of a basket. 

13 How much was your passage ? 

14 A conical cover. Bamboo hat. 

15 Picturesque. Prospect. To dis- 
play. Fine site. Well situated. 

Cautious and discreet. 

16 Inadequate to the post. Beyond 
description. Give a vacation. 



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3J)6 FIRST LESSONS IN TnE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXXIII. 



^y coi; even; complete; at once. 
^ chi; tranquilize; classify. 
in tl; TXl ^ e well; remedy. 


'R? j°k> mattress; cushion. 
$E pan; grade; series. 
i^£ min ; the people. 


#Jf * pong-; pong-; splash; bang. 
yy thek; to mount; go up. 
*Jf 1 Q M species; class. 


fpp ek; interpret; translate. 
nrf teng; class; order; rank. 
Ifti kua"; few; solitary. 


1 boi cek kd thui sim nek. 


1 Buy a piece of lean meat. 


2 keng khiiang h6 me ? 

3 Id mm c£ ci i. nang teng. 

4 i tfrg kue i a pe cek poi n cbiu. 


2 A re the prospects favorable ' 

3 Do not prevent him. People. 

4 He is his father's right-hand. 


ti pe". si kiing kia". 


Practise medicine. A cast away. 


5 chia n ceng hia" ti lai ci pni 


5 Invite the brethren to meet here 


tng hue coi uau Qe ai" kang 


at the chapel; I have something* 


i til", put t6ng. 


I wish to say to them. Unlike. 


6 siu sip coi cia". 


6 Arrange them methodically. 


7 c£k coi h\i. ne c6i coi. 


7 Come all at once. Very uniform. 


8 ke hue m c6i cb h£ cd khang 


8 The tools not being complete 


khue? ti gek. 


how can we work ? Try causes. 


9 chi pi. bwn mueh chi pi, ci 
khlam tang huang. 


9 All ready. All things are ready, 
and merel}' lack east wind. 


10 put leng chi ke ua" l£ng ti 
kok? 


10 If you cannot govern a family 
how can you rule a kingdom ? 


1 1 chi ch<frn ; coi cfig. 

12 coi sim. m c6i. 


11 Complete throughout. 

12 Of one mind. Not uniform. 


13 phah pong siu. pong pong kle. 

14 mfig pong pong kle. 

15 thek si kang kia n ldu. 


13 Splashing about. Banging. 

14 The door is slamming. 

15 To float on the tide. 


16 thek sua", thek de n thui teng. 


16 Ascend a hill. Mount a ladder. 


thek khi khfc. thek m khi. 


Mount up. Cannot get up. 


17 i si th&ng lai. cio lui. sien 


17 It is of the insect order. Bird 


lui. ak lui. tang lui. I lui. 


kind. Righteous. Wicked. 


18 hun cdjieh coi teng? 

19 lun pan. c6k pan n&ng. 


Same species. Strange kind. 

18 Divided into how many classes ? 

19 Take turns. A class of men. 


20 siu kua n hti jin. 6k Qe. 


20 A widow. Translate. 



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358 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXXIV. 



^j khut; beg; ask alms. 


lj$ 16k; bridle; restrain. 


j£ th6ng; young; lad. 


f?J si; preside over; control* 


17C hu; uphold; help. 


*ipk l^ng; billows; surges. 


$£ ftng; a flood. 


>1W * g$; manacles. 


£H? h6ng; vast; immense. 


M& lio; fetters. 


f^| t6; puah; gamble; risk. 


3gg lien; lock and chain. 


1 kh6 sie n . kh6 16 httn. kli6 


1 Thinkable. Fit to hate. Biam- 


ceh pi. bd kh$ hiam. 


able. Irreproachable. 


2 cek jit n&i tit khi. 


2 Can stand it for one day. 


3 11 ti ciah hun me ? 


3 Do you smoke ? 


4 fig bun; s^k hun; ohun; ctii 


4 Tobacco; dry; dark; smoked 


hun; che n hun; phi n hun. 


through water; green; snuff. 


5 ie nft. hue lua. phang hie n 


5 Cradle. Lime basket. A per- 


ftp. hie n Iftng. 


fume box. Incense bag. 


6 be ftp. g6k ftp. ftp kia\ to 


6 Hat-box. Alabaster box. Tiny 


ftp. kiain ftp. 


box. Sheath of a knife. Scab- 




bard. 


7 boi c£k tui pun ki. 


7 Buy a couple of eared baskets. 


8 tieh cd p&ng ftp, i kfti hiang 


8 You must put it in a box, so the 


khi da n boi cau. 


scent will not be lost. 


9 ci kfti te kiam tleh u ftp; bd 


9 This sword must have a scab- 


kfti ftp khiong tii go tieh ka ki 


bard; without a scabbard I fear 


sie" tieh sin. 


accidentally wounding myself. 


10 bib nft. bih I6ih. 


10 Splint basket. A reed hat. 


11 siang teng; hia teng. 


11 First-rate; second-rate. 


12 kua n put tek cSng. 


12 I am no match for so many. 


13 kbut ciah. khiu khut. 


13 Beggar. Supplicate. 


14 thong lftm. th6ngfing. th6ng 


14 A youth. A virgin. Youthful. 


ni. sin th6ng. 


A bright lad. 


15 hu i khi lfti. hu chiu. 


15 Help him up. Support. 


1G brig cui. hong hok. 


16 The deluge. Vast happiness. 


1? phah kua n si. puah ci". 


17 Institute a law-suit. Gamble. 


18 to khi, cu to. to thftu. to 


18 Disgusted at. Get gamblers to- 


tie", kim to. huang l&ng. 


gether. A stake. Gaming hall. 




Prohibit gaming. Billows. 



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360 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXXV. 



iHjt cb&; be"; nua; female. 




H& 


khng; chaff; husks. 


#ji hiong; kang: kak; male. 




*i 


cau; sediment; dregs. 


4t pbin; be"; lftn; female. 




i& 


buang; forget; neglect. 


$t mong; k6; kang; male. 




*i 


pbun; grave; mound. 


If^ kbia; to ride. 






mS; tomb; sepulcher. 


— ' * ce; once; one time. 




w 


pi; tablets; pillars. 


1 sie n lang b$ i h6k. 




i 


No clothes in his bag. 


2 kfin Mi kai keng kbuang 


h$ 


o 


How go the times with you . 7 


me? th6i n mm* keng. 






See the fine view. 


3 ci kai k6ng sek he" c&i. 




3 


The aspect is fine. 


4 kfin l&i kAi keng kbuang m 


ho. 


4 The immediate prospect is bad. 


khiakoi u be. 






Ride on the shoulder. 


5 M chia n theng* cek theno-. 




5 


Please wait a little while. 


6 s£ si he sb ? 




6 What does be preside over? 


7 puah su, puah ia n . 




7 Lose or win in gaming. 


8 6k eft p£g ti Qe. 




8 Translate into the vernacular. 


9 lek seh. kbia sla. 




9 A bridle. Mounted archers. 


10 1* eft 11 kbi, ua eft ua kh*. 


10 You go your way and I will go 


kbia be. 






mine. Ride a horse. 


11 ai n khui Mi cu ce. 




11 


Going to open a school. 


12 ci kai hie" li u cu ce. 




12 


This village has a school. 


13 coi coi nang sie hu ti. 




13 


Many joined in the clamor. 


14 koi ang; koi b$; ah b$; 


ah 


14 


Cock; hen; duck; drake; female 


heng; cio be; cio kak; 


g* 




bird; male bird; cow; bull; 


be; gu ko; be be"; be 


k6; 




mare; horse; female sparrow; 


ciab b6; ciab kang; sai 


b$; 




male sparrow; lioness; lion; 


sai kang; koi nua; tu be" 


; t* 




pullet; sow; female pig. 


Ian. 








15 kbia ho n Ian hia. 




15 


He who rides a tiger finds it 
difficult to dismount. 


16 b6h kbng. cho kbng. 




16 Wheat bran. Paddy chaff. 



17 phin cua n cu kau put kh6 
buang; cau khng en chi put 
hla thang. 



17 Mean connections cannot be 
ignored ; nor can a wife from the 
dregs of the people suit a mansion. 



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302 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXXVI. 



^K * jue; rub between the hands. 


fT tA; thAm; do; acton. 


JfX Ham; repress; gather in. 


-RT pAn ; apparel ; rig out. 


iZZ so; roll under the hand. 


HSJi th^ng; hearken and decide. 


IEE ci n ; felt; drugget. 


jj}|{ lang; porch; corridor. 


PtfJ liang; both; dual. 


JBL hu; dovetail; mutual. 


Sy* * slam; wanting; short. 


ffcf| heh; a crane. 


1 ciu cau. 


1 Dregs left after distilling spirit?. 


2 cau nek; cau lift. 


2 Corned meat; corned fish. 


3 phun m$. m$ pi. cteh pi. 


3 A grave. A grave-stone. Stone 


pikl. 


tablet. Inscription. 


4 buang ki. buang pun. 


4 Forget. Forget a benefactor. 


5 hni chim buang clah. 


6 Lose sleep and forget to eat. 


6 b$ nAng siu kw/n. 


6 There is no one to take charge. 


7 min m&u cho 15. peh h$h. 


7 He is very ugly. White crane. 


8 put tio th6 pun. 


8 Clear away the rubbish. 


9 U tiang cd thong s&? hue ue 


9 Who acts as interpreter? The 


kAi nAng. kau hu. 


interpreter. Blended. 


10 khua" khua n liam soi. 


10 Gradually diminish. 


11 i cau khfc tlam. 


11 He ran and hid. 


12 i tiam te tl kd? 


12 Where is he hidden ? 


13 thara khak. jip llano. 


13 Tie a knot. Enshroud. 


14 bAk cih; kat cih. siu liam. 


14 Tongue-tied. Neutralize. 


15 bl sng kai se" te liam. 


15 Acids are neutralizing. 


16 se sua", so hie", seed celt kd. 


16 Twist thread. Roll incense sticks. 


se cua tio. se chiu. 


Roll it into a lump. Make 




allumettes. Rub the hands. 


17 ci" bS. ju c8 cam ci". liang 


17 Felt hat. Uneasy as if sitting on 


p6i" sie thAi. 


needles. Civil war. 


18 liang sim siang hAh. liang 


18 Congenial minds. Both sides. 


• phAng. m ta kin. 


Not important. 


19 tA th£ng. tA pAn. ta chiu 


19 Inform yourself. Costume. 


huang. slam chin. 


Raise the wind. Short weight. 


20 fing ptin lAm cuang. 


20 Women in men's clothes. 


21 nle siam tAu; slam chieh. 


21 Short measure in pecks; in feet. 



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364 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CL XXVII. 



TQJJ phang; spin; reel. 

gff cell ; splice threads. 

f^f Ho; skim or rake out. 

$©, * t£; strain through a cloth. 

PIS * kti; swallow; gulp. 

j§* k6 n ; choke; stick. 



|Ej * ut; turn; revolve. 

§fj( * elm; lay; spread out 

1& hn; apply; arrange. 

jfgL 16; divulge; expose. 

$|C tap; tok; trickle; drop. 

V$- th& n ; prop; support. 



1 thdng i lfti. phang se. 

2 th£ng khi ctt jlen. 
8 th£ng thi° tu mla. 

4 bit siang kau hah. ktt loh. 

5 hu siang l&i uang. 

6 i t8 phang ceh. ceh mua. 

7 phah seh; k& seh. Ho khi. 

8 hai t6i m6ng cam. 

9 lto S khak. 

10 kfc m ldh. 

11 c* c£k chin* kft ISh kh*. 

12 kfc lio miii k6 n tieh. 
18 k6 n tfeh h6 kut. 

14 aul6ngk6 n tieh. 

15 ut tfig th&u; hue trig th&u. 

16 mai ut chua. hu siang. 

1 7 cha chau chteh. tfip tap tih. 

18 hu ieh. put hu eng. 

19 to h£ kd la si put hu, li l&i ua 
ci kd khleh. 

20 chiah sin 16 th6i. 

21 16 h£ng. 16 kut. 

22 m&k khah 16. khah 16 kut. 

23 tfip t&p kle. tok tok kle. 

24 khui mfig th& n theng. 

25 i ai n ka l&uh, khieh ki nnieh 
khfc th&». 

26 td tlo phoh. 



1 Come as he likes. Spin yarn. 

2 Let it be as it may. 
8 As Heaven decrees. 

4 To dovetail together. Swallow. 

5 Constant intercourse. 

6 She is spinning. Twist hemp. 

7 Make ropes. Haul up. 

8 Dredge in the sea for a needle. 

9 Dredge for oyster shells. 

10 Could not swallow it. 

11 Swallow at one mouthful. 

12 Do not choke in swallowing it. 

13 Choked with a fish-bone. 

14 Stuck in his throat. 

15 Turn the head around. 

16 Do not twist about. Responsive. 

17 Lay down matting. Patter. 

18 Put on medicine. Insufficient. 

19 If yon have not enough there, 
come here and get some. 

20 Stark naked. 

21 Show the shape. Emaciated. 

22 Hollow-eyed. Bones prominent. 

23 Pattering. Trickling. 

24 Open the doors and windows. 

25 It is going to fall, get something 
and prop it up. 

26 Strain out the dregs. 



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366 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT, 

LESSON CLXXVIIL 

HI iia"; case in law. 

^Sf> sim; investigate; judge. 

^PJ pb^ii; decide; verdict. 

i^ hai; startled; scared. 

f|f chie n ; a spear; pike. 

t/u ttm; sink; lost. 



ffi* * phfteh; froth; foam. 
)H cifc; to drench; tint. 
]j^ * sd; to sop up; wipe up. 
7sK kip; hasty; urgent. 

* An; tight; straightened. 

kb£ng; ang; whale. 



m* 



ua" kfa"; ua n chflg; kong 
ila n ; kat na n ; ua n bun; fta n 
Su; ua n chSng; toa ua n , sio 
tia"; mla tia"; 6i n ua n ; tlo 
ha n ; tla n ua"; chun ita"; 
h^n ita n ; hwn ua\ 



2 ua n c& n ; kft iV; sim ua n ; 
tS tia n ; mfig ua n ; b£ thAu 
kong ua n . 

3 sim ph^n. sim rang, tui 
sim. sim sit. ngiam sim* 

4 h£ ph& n . hfti 1 kia n hSi. 
Mi ang. kin kip. 

5 khui kip. sS kip. k&u kip. 
kip c£ng. 

6 lu Mi sim mi\i kip. 

7 kip kip jft lut leng. 

8 tui An An. phue An An. 

9 ck kt\u thftng tMng. 
20 sd kftu ta ta. 

11 tim lftn. tim mit. tim D^k. 
tim toi. 

12 gu ni phueb. lAu phueh. 



1 A casein court; the Bench; an 
action; close the case; official 
records; merits of the case; cir- 
cumstances of the case; impor- 
tant and unimportant cases; 
murder case ; a case that may be 
postponed ; order a case up; give 
decision; copy on file; revise the 
ease; rehear the case. 

2 At the bar; an old case; judge 
a case; in court; try a case; no 
cause for action. 

3 To judge. Judicial inquiry. 
Confront witnesses. Final judg- 
ment. Severe inquiry. 

4 Scared. Astonishing. Startle. 
A whale. Urgent. 

5 Out of breath. No time to lose. 
Report danger. Virulent disease. 

6 Do not be in such a hurry. 

7 As hasty as Mercury. 

8 Draw it tight. Skin drawn tight. 

9 Thoroughly drenched. 

10 Wipe it up dry. 

11 Irretrievably lost. Ruined. 
Drowned. Sunk to the bottom. 

12 Cream. Froth at the mouth. 



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LESSON CLXXIX. 


Vt * bih ; secretly; ambushed. 


^Jp[ bte; ceng; to spy out. 


ffg * kauh; k£g; to roll up. 


JgJ. an; grace; favor. 


*SL iam; kui; to peek; peep. 


•TO pua"; remove; move. 


Jpj si; reconnoitre; spy. 


<$£ un; to scorch; burn. 


Jpj &h ; to wait upon. 


flSj * lut; to shed. 


^ thitin; spy; explore. 


Jj& * ko; mould; mushrooms. 


1 1 klen. jin hi. kong ngi. 


1 Opinion. Charity. Just. Abil- 


pun nia. kong ph6ng. se n 


ity. Welfare. Mouldy. Justice. 


ko. kong tau. sb h&u. 


To wait upon. 


1? phua nua. pehse". 


2 Sloughing ulcers. The people. 


8 bih thoi" i ta n mih Qe. 


3 Secretly find out what he says. 


4 Id ce n ce n bih thoi" i ci mih 


4 You quietly spy out what he is 


sb. pua n chu, pua n ke. 


doing. Change one's residence. 


5 fia bih cek kua thia u i n8 nang 


5 I kept hidden a long while and 


to U\ n Jim ce n ue. 


heard the two in secret conclave. 


6 liam kauh khi. tham kia n . 


6 Roll up the curtain. A spy. 


7 clmu chieh kfig h$, khieh khi. 


7 When you have rolled up the 


sb hau kai nfing. 


mat, put it away. Attendants. 


8 mai kliB thau iam i. 


8 Do not go and peek at him. 


9 nang hi n kui si i. 


9 Some are going to reconnoitre it. 


10 ta tham. th&m mng. thftm 


10 To sound one. To inquire into. 


thoi". thkm thia n . 


Explore. Try to hear about. 


1 1 ceng thftm. bie thoi n . 


11 Explorer; scout. To spy out. 


12 khai an. un cheng. 


12 Show favor to. Kindness. 


13 an chiang chiu pd. 


13 Requite evil for good. 


14 i pua" kha pat kd. 


14 He has moved to another place. 


15 un hie", un sie. un hue. 


15 Burn incense. Burn. Burn up. 


un k&u tiling thang. 


Burn it all up clean. 


16 te un c6 ke, chiu thi" si chlu 


16 In our country, in the autum the 


bak kai hieh ciu khi thau lut; 


trees begin to shed their leaves, 


kau tang thi n si ciu long cong 


and in winter they have shed 


lut #n khm. 


them all. 


17 hi* Qe kAi chu Uk khut 1« 


17 I will draw a plan of the house, 


thoi n . kam un. 


for you to see. Grateful. 



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370 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXXX. 



khai; summing; rap. 

cang; mane. 

cang; coiffure. 

ding; wig; peruke. 

khun; the fist. 

t6i; subscribe; compose. 



1 khl khai. cek khai. 

2 i kai khl khai h6 cai. 

3 tai khai. khun thau. 

4 be cang m£. tu cang m6. 

5 siucang; tacang. thau cang. 
ke cang. 

6 khun thau saipe. phahkhun. 
thi khi. 

7 t6i ci n . toi si. 

8 11 soi n thi thau. 

9 s6i t6i toa ch. 

10 mai khut i ue tieb. 

11 ci ie n pe n oi tre nang. 

12 ue tteh sa n si nang. 

13 leng hun. hun phelc. sam 
hun chit phek. 

14 kia n kau b£ hun. 

15 b3 sim b£ hun. sit him. 

16 11 ka n si hun m te sin. 

17 hun pue phek sua". 

18 kha chiu ne ngui ngui. 

19 ut tau. ut sa n kh6. 

20 cek khai u jieh coi ? 

21 chiu mang i be cang inS. 

22 kia n jit kai cang siu khfc ngia 
cad. sai kia n . 

23 11 kai cang u ciap cang ab$? 
ua kong; tau hai n 11. 



thi; to bring to notice. 

* ue; spot; infect. 

him; the wits; the inanes> 
phek ; the animal spirit, 
u; ut; to iron; rub. 

* ngui; numb. 



1 Resume. Altogether. 

2 His general appearance is fine. 

3 On the whole. The fist. 

4 Horse's mane. Hog's bristles. 

5 Arrange the coiffure. The head- 
dress. False hair. 

6 A teacher of boxing. Boxing. 
To promp*. 

7 Subscribe money. Compose ver- 
ses. 

8 You first broach the matter. 

9* Make to much of a small matter. 

10 Do not let him daub you. 

11 This disease is contagious. 

12 Infected three or four people. 

13 Soul. The departed soul. Three 
souls and seven spirits. 

14 Frightened out of his wits. 

15 Abstracted.. Lose the wits. 

16 You have n't your wits about you. 

17 The soul departs, the life ceases. 

18 My hands and feet are very numb. 
1& A flat-iron. Iron clothes. 

20 How much in one lot ? 

21 Holding on to the mane. 

22 Your coiffure is very prettily 
arranged to-day. Apprentice. 

23 Do you wear false hair ? I will 
give you fair pay. 



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372 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT 

LESSON CLXXXI. 

-f? lien; sordid; stingy. 
5fc j m > flexible; meek. 
B^ m6k; affable. 



$f? sok; demand; bind. 
Jgfc hok; delude; lead astray. 
if! hun; ardor; zeal. 



7uR pm; commiserate. 

pj> iu; entice; lure. 

j|/l| hun; instruct; teach. 

% hJL ~ 

/AL khip; grieve; lament. 

tf*l> hut; disregard; abruptly. 

PP pin; rank; conduct. 



1 tham lien, bua mok. lek sok. 
kau kl. ch6 pui. ka hun. 

2 thengcft. katkho. khin hut. 
hwt hun. jin ngi. hue k6i. 

3 un tien. lien sieh. pun heng. 
heng ui. iu hdk. gi hok. 



4 ai khip. m lien. 

5 sok mla. hun si. hut 
pin m&u. un jiu. 

6 hut m^ng hut am. siang pin. 



jien. 



7 be pin. kek pin. pin pheng. 
iniu. iuphlen. mi hok. h6k 
si. 

8 thl thi khan khau. hun ne. 
khau khip. siap htin. 

9 jiu jiak. nrfg jiu. se n cheng 
jiu. hut nge. 

10 swn nfig jiu kai. 

11 M t6ijiehcoi ci u ? 

12 M mai khah lien. 

13 un jiu hie", mok c6k. 

14 hun khl. km si. 

15 iu i khu ch m be sfc. 

16 hut khiang hut jiak. 



1 Covetousness. Harmony. Ex- 
tortion. Elevation. Compas- 
sion. Education. 

2 Careless. Perseverance. Con- 
tempt. Zeal. Benevolence. Re- 
pentance. 

3 Favour. Close-fisted. Charac- 
ter. Behaviour. Temptation. 
Suspicion. 

4 Vexation. Open-handed. 

5 Involve one's life. Instructions. 
Abruptly. Countenance. Meek. 

6 It appeared and disappeared sud- 
denly. The best sort. 

7 Abandoned. Highest rank. Clas- 
sify. Entice. Befool. Inveigle. 
Delude mankind. 

8 Sobbing and crying. Angry. 
Lament. Vent his feelings. 

9 Gentle. Pliant. Meek disposi- 
tion. It happened. 

10 Pick out a limp one. 

11 How much did you subscribe? 

12 Do not be too stingy. 

13 An humble village. United clan. 

14 Ardor. Choked to death. 

15 Tempt him to wickedness. 

16 Regardless of strength or weak- 
ness. 



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LESSON CLXXXIL 



m 



ft 



hiii; clever; intelligent, 
tl; sagacious; prudent, 
tbek; tliiok; cattle; animals. 
l£h ; to pass by or to. 
liang; benignant, 
biong; malevolent. 



1 mn bui. tl hQi. thek se n . sla 
siit. kvvt sut. chfii hit. Mk 
kang sai pe. 

2 lui kong it hue. 

3 it cbiu mai ta- n . 

4 cbie n cek e it, nftng ciu kia n . 
sa" khd kbieh khd. u huang 
kd; cek e it ciu koi ta. hiong 
cbiu. 

5 biong khun pbab put tit nftng 
chle min. 

6 biong ak. hiong p&u. kia n 
hiong. p&u pe n . 

7 khiang hiong p&u ak. 

8 ai sia n . lai 16h. leh lai. 

9 kau lau. lau sit. mfcg seng. 
kun cu. 

10 ceng se n , lak thiok. 

11 chat sui sio jin, u si tl seng 
kun cl. 

12 leh ni. leh ku. leh chio. l£h 
16h kh£ slo. lab jit. 

13 liang sim. liang sien. liang 
jin. b$ liang sim. Hang ke 
hu n"ng. huap sut. 

14 liang be. liang cai. liang 
leng. p&u ngiak. 



sut; tricks; arts, 
hue; mouldy; grimed. 

* lab ; heavenly bodies. 

* it; to zigzag; wave, 
ngiak; harsh; cruel, 
paii; cruel; fierce. 



1 Kindness. Wisdom. Brute. 
The black art. Superstitions. 
Clerk. Master carpenter. 

2 It thunders and lightens. 

3 Motion to him not to tell. 

4 When the spear is waved they go 
on. Put the clothes in a windy 
place; if they flap they will easily 
dry. Murderer. 

5 Even the hand of violence cannot 
strike a smiling face. 

6 Wickedly cruel. Fierce and 
cruel. Act cruelly. Violent ill- 
ness. 

7 Unscrupulous and violent. 

8 A moaning. Annals. Continu- 
ously. 

9 Restaurant. Innocent. Discip- 
les. Modest; cultured. 

10 All sorts of animals. 

11 The thief though uneducated is 
somtimes sharper than the cul- 
tured. 

12 For a series of years. Long since. 
Successive dynasties. I can count 
all to this time. Almanac. 

13 Conscientious. Virtuous. My 
goodman. Hard hearted. Gen- 
telwomen. Magical rules. 

14 Gentle horse. Genius. Natural 
skill. CrueL 



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376 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXXXIII. 



jSfc ngiii; counterfeit; false. 


'ffi khim; feathered creatures. 


jTi kang; traitorous; corrupt. 


f&( slu; wild animals. 


1p| ng6; image; abruptly. 


*§r l^ak; somewhat. 


yv * ang; effigy; image. 


Tp pang; classifier; succor. 


T^Pl ngwn; passive; mulish. 


ijy cS; assist; succor. 


JlK khi; cheat; abuse. 


ifR s£ng; real; sincere. 


1 ca ngiii. sim sut. ngiii sim. 


1 Hypocritical. Designs. False 


bfc phleil b$ ngiii. 


hearted. Guileless. 


2 kang ca. kang chin, lau 


2 Fraudulent. Traitorous. Trai- 


kang. kang hiong. kang 


tor. Inordinate. Villain. Trai- 


ch&t. kang tdng. 


torous cabal. 


3 khim slu. peh slu. 


3 Wild beasts. All kinds of beasts. 


4 n6ng mln slu sim. 


4 Man's face and beast's heart. 


6 pue khim cau slu. 


5 Birds and beasts. 


6 ng6 sle n . bdk ng6. ng6 ng8. 


6 Images. Effigy. Happened. 


pai ng6 slang. ng6 jien. 


Worship idols. Unforeseen. 


7 ang kia\ ang than. 


7 A doll. A mask. 


8 ngtfn nge. khlam iak. 


8 Obdurate. Frugality. 


9 pang c8. pang po. 


9 To aid. To eke out. 


10 s6ng sit. ciah m kam bl. 


10 Sincere. Not relish food. 


11 ngtfn cieh. ngtfn min. phi 


11 Inert stone. Unlettered people. 


ngtfn. tai liak. 


Stupid. On an average. 


12 khi n&ng. khi sim. 


12 Rascal. Deceive one's self. 


13 16 mui khi i s5i. 


13 Do not abuse the little ones. 


14 liak liak hio. 


14 I comprehend it slightly. 


15 pang chui. c£k pang cun. 


15 Speak for another. A fleet. 


16 th&u pang t£. 


16 First gathering of tea. 


17 ah pang, pang thiap. pang 


17 The escort.- To eke out. Help. 


chiu. pang t5a kua n . 


Lieutenant-colonel. 


18 hu c8. s&ns: sim. 



18 Assist. True-hearted. 


19 cS M c6k pi cm tot. 


19 I will lend you a helping hand. 


20 s£ng kSng. seng 1. ci seng. 


20 Real reverence. Truthful. Per- 


ndng s$ i n i khim slu cia t8 ti 


fect sincerity. Wherein is the dif- 


M? 


ference between men and beasts ? 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON CL XXXIV. 



M\ sek; rest; savings 

Ufe m6ng; stratagem. 

Ji5 ha; vacant; untrue. 

5^ cit; sickness; toucby. 

igjj? leng; treat vilely. 

^ jok; insult; shame. 



0k iang; misfortune. 

fpflt khiam; unobtrusive. 

j|g sun; humble;- docile 

Ijfg iu; mournful. 

p5j bun; sad; unhappy. 

35> kiong; venerate; polite. 



2 an sek. kdi m6ng. cit pe". 

leng jok. eai iaag. khiam 

stin. 
2 iu bun. cui pe hun. jlo hu»n. 

b£ hun ciah. 
8 jim j6k. siujok. khatijok 

tieh. j6k kok. boi jok tieh i. 

leng ngiak. 

4 khi leng. hiah sek. ehut sek. 
c£ sek. se n sek. sek ne. 

5 m6ng ha?i. m6ng se n . mong 
sft te nang, seng s* te thi\ 
m6ng chai ktt suah. cu mong. 

6 jiam cit. kip eit. cit si. 

7 khiam ha. kite khiam. khiai» 
kiong. put sin*. 

8 kiong hi I khang ha. kioBg 
kiong keng k£ng. 

9 kiong kSng put j& ch&ng 
*»eng. hu ngAn. 

10 bu sim. sim hu. baji. ha 
to kuang im. ha th<frn. ha 
jiak. ha phi\. 

21 c& chat nang sim ha. 

12 ha mia, ha li. 

13 cheng ha ui cue. 



2 Sabbath. Stratagem. Disease. 
Insults-. Misfortunes. Humility. 

2 Grief. Hippies oa water. Puck- 
ered. No trace of it. 

3 Endure insults. Receive insults. 
Insulted by bin*. To disgrace 
the country. Does Hot dishonor 
him. Maltreat. 

4 Abuse. To rest. Perquisites. 
Posterity. Bear interest. Pacify. 

5 Plot against. Devise means of 
living. Man proposes but heaven 
disposes. To- murder for money. 
Contrive? of plots. 

6 Infected. Urgent. Iritably. 

7 Lowly. Too retiring. Unobtru- 
sive. Disrespectful. 

& Happy New Year ! Unoccupied. 
Reverently and in awe. 

& Obedience is better than subser- 
viency. Idle prating. 

10 Unprejudiced. Apprehensive. 
Adverb*. Waste the time. Idle 
tale*. Decrepid. Nonsensical* 

11 The thief ever fears danger. 

12 Vain is fame, empty are riches. 

13 Conscious that he merits punish- 
ment. 



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380 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CLXXXV. 



5|jsJ Song; splendor; glory. 

#t1 *°> lustrous; bright. 

j\j hi; curse; imprecate. 

=9, * cu; curse; swear. 

IJrC p Q i> to bark; howl. 

>jg * nga; snarling* 



1 long 10. clu cu. iak kill to. 
kuang lo. 

2 lo mak. i6ng j6k. 



3 kuang co io cong. 

4 hu. bfi. bu sueh. bu ham. 
bu k&. bu lua. ui ngek. ui 
pue. bu si h6k min. 



5 chiu niing, chiu mueh. 

6 ciu me. ku ui lio. 

7 pel) leh. chong meng. 

8 chong meng tl hui. 

9 ui meng. 



ui ka. bS ui. 



10 iang hong im ui. 



11 se n eng. put khe sa n jit. 
1*2 no ciah kau sie ce n ciah. 

13 i phu to ciii min lau. 

14 pue au ngi lun nang. tng 
min kang i ta n . 

15 ci kia n sb ua cai si bu i kai. 
chiu tfig lai. 

16 kau nga nga kie, si sie ce n sih 
mueh ? tSu heng. 

17 jiang kau koi thl kau pui. 
pui kau jieh ku. 

18 tl tiang phah kau wn kai kau 
h&u n hau n kle. 



bu; false; lie. 

* chiu; ransom. 
_. chong; astute. 

H* ui; oppose; disregard, 
eng; goitre; a wen. 

* h&u n : yelping. 



1 Glory. Malediction. To average. 
Magnificent. 

2 Dazzle the eyes. Glory and 
shame. 

3 Illustrious ancestors. 

4 Visionary. Falsehood. Involve 
unjustly. Falsely accuse. Falsely 
charge. Oppose. Disobey. Mis- 
leading and deluding mankind. 

5 Ransom people, or things. 

6 To curse. Long since I saw you. 

7 Tell more than the facts. Astute. 

8 Very quick witted. 

9 Disregard orders. Disobey in- 
structions. Let none disregard. 

10 Agree to his face, and oppose 
behind his back. 

11 Has a wen. Only three days. 

12 Two dogs fighting over food. 

13 It floats on the water. 

14 Talk about people behind their 
back. Say it to his face. 

15 I know this is calumnious about 
him. To ransom. 

16 What is the dog snarling at? 
Cleverness. 

17 Scolded till the cocks crew and 
the dogs barked. Bark long. 

18 Somebody beat our dog till it 
yelped. 



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382 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CL XXXVI. 



™ iap; press down; repress 

j^ bu; bear on tbe back. 

J2J tong; loyal; honest. 

7C ngftn; first; primary. 

/ij£ nie; rub; feel. 

3l§ * bin; howling. 



1 khi iap. kbi kun. kbi bfi. 
pue bii. 

2 bu un. bu kbut. ba sim. 
bu ieb. 

3 huang tbi n put htt khd sim 
n&ng. iap kia n . 

4 inp t6. tong k^u. 

& i si ciang si Mt iap i. 

6 me se. khui chwn. 

7 i gut kau to hua n . 

8 tong ngi. tong sim. sai hau. 
& thue ciah. kuah tieb kai hun. 

sie n hun. huang hau. 

10 ng<frn ni; ng&n jit. ng^n 
kbi put cok. ng<frn si. ng^n 
me. 

11 cau kau chw^n. 

12 cek min se n kau cin si pui. 
b6 n hm bm kle. 

13 min cle n se n hob coi tbio. 

14 cek me hua n kau thi n kng. 

15 fign cek peb ng^n. 

16 cia n gueh chiu it kle c& nglfrn 

1 7 kau cek e tbSng tieh, i ciu hm 
hm kle. 

18 kau bin bin kle si tboi n kl n sib 
mueh ? 

19 ua ce tboi" ciu cai. 



ch^n; pant. 

* hua n ; to snore; 

* thlo; a pimple, 
pui; prickly heat, 
hau ; roaring of beasts. 

* bm; growling. 



1 Oppress. Deceive the ruler. 
Impose upon. Carry on tbe back. 

2 Forget favors. Suffer a wrong. 
Unappreciative. Break a treaty. 

3 Heaven never ignores the sorrow- 
ful. Calm one's fears. 

4 Overthrow. Honest hearted. 

5 He conquered him by bis strength. 

6 To stroke. Shortness of breath. 

7 He is asleep and snoring. 

8 Faithful. Sincere. Lions roar. 

9 Scar of a boil. Scar of a cut. 
Scar of a wound. Wind roars. 

10 Tbe first year; first day. His* 
constitution is not sound. In the 
beginning. First night. 

11 Ran till out of breatb. 

12 Her face is a covered with prick- 
ly beat. Tigers growl. 

13 His face is all pimply. 

14 Snored until daylight. 

15 A hundred dollars. 

16 The first day of the first month 
is called tbe first day. 

17 If you touch the dog he growls. 

18 What does the dog see, that he 
is howling so ? 

19 If I see it once I shall know. 



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LESSON CL XXXVII. 


J7E * tio; to toss up. 


§f| unj rhymes. 


}ti} * hit; vibrate. 


jylj li; classify; rules. 


ffg * lam; hug; clasp. 


j§S cuah; phuah; spatter. 


ffi thio; pillar; column. 


$H iak; skip; leap. 


iff sie°; to taste. 


§§ li; lining; inside. 


pjv phai; branch; ramify. 


Rjt lio; colleague. 


1 n&ng ciu sin heh c5i chu tong 


1 In the whole body there are ma- 


meh. 


ny throbbing pulses. 


2 mai kia n tong i. 


2 Do not startle him. 


3 Mu tong 11 k&i kui po. 


3 I have disturbed you. 


4 ci ie n m tong ua kAi sim. 


4 This does not stir my heart. 


5 Mh ll. sSng ll. ui ll. 


5 According to usage. Become a 




custom. Transgress the rules. 


6 b$ li put kh6 khi; u li put 


6 Without rules one cannot begin ; 


kh£ ci. 


with rules one may not stop. 


7 cuah c^k lau teng. 


7 Spattered all over the floor. 


8 cui mai cuah tieh chie n . 


8 Do not bespatter the wall. 


9 phuah kau c£k sin lok lok. 


9 Spattered all over him. 


10 khut eng phuah tieh. 


10 Bespattered by the waves. 


11 11 k&i cie n kd lio kAi cui mai 


11 Row so that the water from your 


phuah tieh cun l&i. iak iak. 


oar will not spatter into the boat. 




Frisk about. 


12 ci ie n po hS cd sa n li. 


12 This cloth is good for linings. 


13 eng lin ci li. 


13 Use damask for the lining. 


14 tang lio. peh lio. kua n lio. 


14 Compeers. The Magistracy. Fel- 


lio s6k. 


low officers. Colleague. 


15 khd thui. cheng khih sle n . 


15 Legging. Clean appearance. 


16 sie lam koi n . lam kin kin. 


16 Embrace. Hug tight. 


17 tng mln. pue 8,u. cieh thio. 


17 To one's face. Behind one's back. 


sam thio. 


Stone pillar. A post. 


18 11 sie n th6i n h$ me. sie n sin 


18 Taste and see if it is good. Taste 


bi. chi sie n . sie n ce. sie n 


the first fruits. Taste it. Taste 


c§k chui. 


a little of this. Taste some. 


19 phai thau. cla n phai. 


19 Precedence. Upright. 



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LESSON CLXXXVIII. 



vy chau; cla 

m 

m 



mor. 



n&u; tumult. 

tia n ; phong; khap; thump. 

* tng; to meet. 

kiah; 16; thng; poke. 



Jyj pua; winnow. 



1 t&i chau cek tie", si On. chau 
cliau nSu nftu. 

2 ang cia cliau n&u. 

3 u nliu ba. t&i nau. nau ciu. 
nftu ])lii n khl. t&i nau cek tie", 
n&u i hok. 

4 plii khl. im un. 

5 sih mill si ? ho ling nang si ? 
ti kd n&ng si ? 

6 in tail, hun t&u. khai t^u, 
khui t&u. 

7 phah mi. chai mi. mi gC 
e ml. un gu. 

8 caii sai. sai sirn. sai hue. 
soi" kong, au sai. sai e. sai 
cheng. 

9 cih btie. kiah i khui. la khu 
ce. thng jip. 

10 jip mi. 

11 pua ki. pua ki kah. pua bi. 
cun te pita. 

12 to koi chi tng tieh i. 

13 mai tia n tieh. phong tieh. 
phong tieh tlifiu. 

14 khap tieh i ciu h£. 

15 kia" khui ce cla" boi tia n tieh. 
u tia n tieh ua. 

1G i kai phi khl m he". 



JPp phi; the spleen. 

J^ si; family; a woman. 

3^t tau; lead; conduct. 

|j^ mi; riddle; puzzle. 

$ft pang; a gurglet. 

yfL sai; underhand. 



1 A great hubbub. Rhymes. In 
violent altercation. 

2 Man and wife quarreling. 

3 There is a tumult. A riot. A 
drunken rout. Berate whims. 
Great tumult. Trouble about 
clothes. 

4 Whimsies; temper. To rhyme. 

5 What clan ? What family is it ? 
W 7 hat gens are they ? 

6 Lead rightly. District instruc- 
tor. To show the right way. 

7 Make riddles. Guess puzzles. 
Conundrum. Enigma. Riddle. 

8 Smuggle. Partial. Smuggled 
goods. Public before private in- 
terests. Secretly. Selfish. 

9 Tip of the tongue. Poke it aside. 
Poke it away. Poke it in. 

10 Stuff it with cotton. 

1 1 Winnowing fan. A cobra. Win- 
now rice. The boat pitches. 

12 I met him in the street. 

13 Do not touch it. Bumped 
against. Bumped his head. 

14 If you come across him, all right. 

15 Walk off a little so it won't thump 
} r ou. It hit me. 

16 His temper is bad. 



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LESSON CLXXXIX. 



* the khiam ; unassuming. 

* peh cia n ; to tell lies. 

* clu cQa ; imprecate, 
sue sap ; declining*. 

* ka cng; whirlpool. 



Wfe * pa hi"; 



jlery. 




cit ko; jealousy. 

* sua ia; to spill, 
kek chok; hohble. 
Ko si; the heron, 
cang sui; coir cloak. 

* kek chok; hurried. 



1 eft pa hl n Mi nAng. 

2 huang 16 theng, su ko ci n 
khang; ue kia n chili, ju Ko si 
pAng; cle" min hia n hue, e 
nun kun; cap kun poih kun 
cong ku ngAn. cui hun tang. 

3 i n cle" si nAng cek Mi mi gn, 
kua mi t6i. 

4 lu mai the khiam. 

5 cie n se n th n si kue the khiam 
lio. i kft oi kAi nAng coi, Id 
huam sb tieh the khiam, m hS 
cS si oi. 

6 lu mai ta n peh cia n . 

7 lu M n kang ua ciu cua, me ? 

8 cle n se n eft sb khah sue sap. 

9 M clu cua b£ eng. 

10 ci Mi nAng ci au sue sap c&i. 

lite mai thoi" i Mi nAng Ie n si 
sue sap; i si kAi phi khl cie n 
se n . thoi" nAng eft pa hi". 

11? cui te ci kft ka cng. 

13 khieh ho h$, mai sua ia. 

14 ci kia n sh eft kau kek kek chok 
chok. hai ua ci kia n sb eft 
lAi khah kek chok. 



1 A juggler. 

2 A draught like the holes in anci- 
ent cash; a spout like a heron 
shaped pitcher; on the upper 
surface build a fire and the under 
surface boils; it boils and boils 
but is always cold. Water pipe. 

3 The above is one of our riddles, 
and its answer. 

4 Do not pretend you can't. 

5 In so saying you are much too 
modest. There there are many 
skillful people; you must be 
modest, and not laud yourself. 

6 You must not tell lies. 

7 Dare you swear to it ? 

8 To act thus is too shabby. 

9 To make oath to it is useless. 

10 This man has lately grown very 
old. 

11 Do not consider his debilitated 
appearance; it is his habit to look 
so. See the jugglery. 

12 The water here eddies. 

13 Take it carefully, don't spill it. 

14 This thing is done all amiss. 
Made me do this thing all hig- 
gledy piggledy. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON CXC. 



5s£J|*J pell; glass. 




^Kp meng 16ng; the sphex. 


ggqfgg niapkdi"; plaits. 




ffiffi * hfte sie n ; priest. 


TrT*| * ip eft; salutations. 




fjjfcSjf buang ciang ; flurried. 


JSctF * pa I6i ; tease. 




£cM* * che n hun; bashful. 


SIEvTC chu bi; amusing 1 . 




jKtigl btiang sfc; impudent. 


W*i$& ch&i hong; tailor. 




J ||f ho ko; parrot. 


1 i Mi tftu heng chim. 




1 He is verj clever. 


2 khak kek cbok; cd m kip. 


st 


2 Too soon ; I cannot make it in 


hau m hS kbab kek cbok. 


Mi 


time. The time should not be too 


pe It theng. 




pressing. A window. 


3 pe It pue. chu W cfti. 




3 Goblet. Very interesting. 


4 ai n niap kui Mi k6i n . 




4 Will lay several plaits. 


5 ci kai teb tab lio e jit boi i 


aiap 


5 Put on this medicine and after- 


k6i n . 




ward the skin won't pucker. 


6 i Mi mm t&ng niap Mi ko 


i n . 


6 He has the scar on his face. 


7 i Mi kun niap coi coi koi n . 




7 Her petticoat has many tucks. 


8 kio i ip eft. i ia ip kai eft. 


8 Salute him. He also bowed. 


kia n ip eft kai loi. 




Make formal bows. 


9 cba m te phSng teng. 




9 About the same rank. 


10 mai pa I6i i. 




10 Do not meddle with him. 


11 ci kla n mueh bft chu bi. 




11 This is uninteresting. 


12 bam chai b6ng l&i cb. 




12 Call a tailor to do it. 


13 mSnglSngMi kia". 




13 An adopted child. 


14 hue sie n pai koi. hue sle n 


ai n 


14 Priests kneeling in the street. 


t6i nang kdi ct n , ciu chut ldi 


When the priests take the peo- 


mua koi mua bang, liam keng 


ples contributions, they come out 


pai kui, ciu kie eft hue sle n 


pai 


in all the streets and lanes, chant- 


koi. 




ing and kneeling, and it is called 
worshipping the street. 


16 M buang huang ciang ciang 


15 Where are you going in such 


&i»klAuk»? 




trepidation ? 


16 ci kai n&ng huang sA cfti. 




19 This fellow is very disorderly. 


17 i cbl ciah lio ke oi ta n ue. 


1« 


17 He has a parrot that can talk. 


mai buang ciang. 




Don't be in a flurry. 



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FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXCI. 



JtWi 



sin se n ; teacher. 

* pa lak; perhaps. 

* tin tang; centre. 

* chin chai; not exact. 

* li di; to get on. 
lu ttin; dull, stupid. 



1 lau sin se n mai khi lio, kim jit 
ciu ai n ciah sla chan. i tS eft 
seng li. 

2 i pa lak IS 1AL 

3 thia n tin tang tlo ki teng. cek 
n&ng cS tS tin tang ; nS nftng 
ce tS liang p6i n . Ian 16 lam. 

4 chin chai eft ciu h£. 11 hS 
chin chai i. 11 tieh s6i sim li; 
mai chin chin chai chai. 

5 i eft i li di kh*. 11 kai m&k 
tieh cai th6i n , mai li di kla n . 

6 i eft seng li kia n . 

7 11 mai th£ng e 1$. 

8 mai sai i sio li. 

I) n&ng tieh ii liam chi. bS liam 
chi. cai Ham chi. 

10 boi kui kai phu thwn. 

11 Ian 1$ mueh kia n chin chai 
boi. mai e IS ua. 

12 eng i eft si cai. 

13 kft b£ thau kah kft h£ bue. 

14 cek tMg kui n kau chieh bS 
eng. i kai n&ng lti tun. 

15 pa lak u ho. 






^ 

#* 



* o IS; praise. 

* sio li; ashamed, 
liam chi; decency, 
phu th<frn; a hassock. 

* Ian IS; a little. 

* si cai; butler. 



1 If the old teacher had not gone, 
we should to-day have taken the 
communion. He trades. 

2 Perhaps he will not come. 

3 In the center of the parlour hung 
a lamp. One sits in the center, 
and two sit on the two sides. A 
little salt. 

4 To do it slightly will answer. 
Do not be exact with him. You 
must carefully direct it; do not 
be inexact about it. 

5 He went right along. You must 
use your eyes, and not just get 
you along. 

6 He sells small wares. 

7 Do not thoughtlessly laud. 

8 Do not make him ashamed. 

9 People must be decent. Indecent. 
Eegard decency. 

10 Buy a few hassocks. 

11 Sell these few things as best you 
can. Don't praise me. 

12 Employ him as butler. 

13 The two are equally insipid. 

14 For reaching ten feet, a nine foot 
pole won't do. He is stupid. 

15 Perhaps it will rain. 



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FIRST LESSORS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXCIL 

chiiu rae; grasshopper, 
ti tu ; a spider. 
* ho khi; a leech. 



* h6 sin ; a fly. 

* ka cau; a flea. 

* ka cftab; cockroach, 
ge kang; centipede. 

* ci n leng; lizzard. 

* sua me; dragon fly. 






* pit pS; a hat. 
kau un; earth worm. 

* kap pd; toad. 



1 ti tu mang. ti tu si. 

2 hue ceng seng mang kle cfr ti 
tu si. 

3 kap p$ oi ciah h6 sin. 

4 cek raueh bAh cek ieh; ka cau 
bS nua liah m tieh. 

5 ge kang oi jio kacfrah. 

6 ci n leng ka nAng ll hai kite ge 
kang. 

7 sua me si sih mih pi" kfti? i oi 
sua me kia". 

8 liah cheh chiiu me khft chl cio. 
Hah m tieh. 

9 ti tu oi cuh nang kfti tak; h6 
khi oi cuh nang kai hueh. pit 
pe hl n . 

10 kap p$ pak phue ka kl ciah. 

11 ti k& kfii kau un kle kau hie u 
toa sia n ? 

12 ti tiang liah u cek ciah pit pS 
jip Mi. 

13 ti tu chiii. ho sin ka»i. chau 
me kha thui. ka cuah chiu. 

14 cim cfii ho khi. 

15 ge kang ka, koi b6 ii; ci" leng 
ka, khi toa chu. 



1 Spider's web. Spiders film. 

2 Before it is made into a web, it 
is called spider's silk. 

3 Toads eat flies. 

4 Each thing to its use; without 
spittle fleas couldn't be caught. 

5 Centipedes drive away roaches. 

6 The bite of a lizzard is more 
hurtful than that of a centipede. 

7 "What is a dragon fly evolved 
from ? He walks on his hands. 

8 Catch some grasshoppers to feed 
the birds. Couldn't catch. 

9 Spiders suck poison from people; 
leeches suck their blood. Big 
round ears. 

10 The toad takes off his skin and 
eats it himself. 

11 Where is it that the angle worms 
squeak so loud ? 

12 Somebody caught a bat and 
brought it in. 

13 Spider shaped spout. Flies are 
thick. Spindle legs. Beard like 
a cat's whiskers. 

14 Leaches kept in soak. 

15 If a centipede bites you rub it 
with a chicken; if a lizzard bites 
you, prepare your coffin. 



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LESSON CXCIIL 


^C^ * huahhl; yawn; gape. 


P)^ l&i clang; stone blind. 


Pj^ * ka thl; sneeze. 


I||^ * th&u khui; sigh. 


^T% phah eh; hiccough. 


•Hut* * °bek cui; a cold. 


tyll*Sl eh ngelc; belch. 


jEnLz^ un mut 5 pestilence. 


B^i^ ca th&ng; groan. 


^fi * thdike; leprosy. 


flillll • che n m$; blind. 


CffflfJL thl khl; constipation. 


1 he cl lui, kuah tiu, mua cang 


1 When it lightens in summer, cut 


sui. M huah hi si m&k siap a 


hemp and drape your raincloak. 


msl? 


Do you yawn from sleepiness ? 


2 phah ka tbl. khat i kua n kau 


2 To sneeze. You let him be chilly 


phah ka thl. 


till he is sneezing. 


3 cbe n m£ ii m&k ciu kng hue 


3 The blind have those who can 


khan. 


see to lead them. 


4 phu n&ng ci n fign, th&i ke sd n 


4 To the rich their money; to the 


mla. 


leprous, their life. 


5 ci ie n ieh h6 klu un mut. 


5 This medicine cures the plague. 


6 chek cfii si sie khf k&i pe n ; 


6 A cold is a slight ailment; the 


thl khl si io tfing k&i pg n ; ki n 


bilious habit is a more serious one 


ui, tieh ciu thl khl ui. 


which must first be cured. 


7 ciah k&u phah eh. 


7 Drank until he hiccoughed. 


8 eh ng6k k&i pe n , khin k&i tieh 


8 For belching, if it is slight take 


ciah sQn khl leh; t&ng kAi 


a sedative ; if serious you must 


tieh ciah p6 ieh. 


take a tonic. 


9 th&i ke k k&u mi; th&m hue h 


9 The leper denies it till he is 


kka si. 


carius ; the consumptive till he is 




dead. 


10 M th&u khui mih sa ? 


10 What are you sighing about? 


11 puah ci n boi su, toi n it kang 


11 If you gamble and do not lose, it 


hu; eft ch&t boi si, toi D it 


is the neatest work; if you steal 


seng li. 


and are not killed, it is the best 




business. 


12 16 mien eng ca th&ng; p&t 


12 You need not groan; other 


n&ng k&i mak che n m6 pi M 


people's blind eyes, compared 


l5i clang k&i m&k keng m h6 


with your bright and whole blind 


th6i n . te pua n . 


eyes, are worse to look at. Now 




and then. 


13 M tang tl tiang si cue* m£ ? 


13 How long have yon been blind ? 



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LESSON CXCV. 



mt 



phu thS; grapes, 
an chun; quails, 
lob thoh; camel. 
* kQ ku; pigeon-, 
ciah ko; partridge, 
lap tiap; butterfly. 



1 phu thd che n sek. 

2 phu thd ciu. an cbun te. 

3 ISh theh kut. ci kAi si phi jii 
kAi ue. m pat hue cang ph&ng 
sie n kAi mueh kia n , thoi n ch 
khi i, pat kue th6i n tieh si bd 
eng kAi, ci kAi mueh phi ju ch 
13h th3h kut. 

4 ku ku thAu. ciah ko la. iap 
tiap phAng. hun cio nng. h6 
lai phue. pin n£ ci. ka" na 
cap. steh liu khi. kh6ng 
ebieh ngan. 

5 phin khiong nAng tie" ie n , tie" 
ch pit nAng, nAng i\i n hl n chle 
i ciu tk n ci ne ku ue; chiu liab 
an cbun be"; cui kAm chau pin 
IS. pfig pfig liab an cbun si 
an chun kak, si tak ci n kAi. 
an chun be" si m tAk ci n ; pin 
nS ia te pua n si u ci n nAng 
ciah. kAm liap ka n n&. 



6 un ci k& kAi nAng te pua n si 
cie" se n ta pan. 



Qp| * hun cio; a dove. 

$&M h6 1ai; a fox. 

$j£{ft ka n na; olives. 

}j[#!|{ pin IS; betel. 

^iW sieh liu; pomegranate. 

^Tu^gk kh6ng chieh ; peacock. 



1 A purple color. 

2 Wine. A bag to hold quails. 

3 A camel's bone. This is figura- 
tive language. When the igno- 
rant take a commonplace thing 
and consider it a prize, the know- 
ing see tbat it is a useless articl e> 
and they figuratively call the 
a thing earners bone. 

4 The trigger. A natural path. 
Side sails. Doves' eggs. Foxes' 
pelts. The betel nut. Olive 
vinegar. The seeds of the pome- 
granate. Peacock featber. 

5 When a poor man dresses up and 
pretends to be rich, if people wish- 
to laugh at him they say these 
two lines; "the holds a quail ia 
his hand, and betel nut in bis 
mouth". If one is to carry 
around a quail it should be the 
male bird, which is costly. The 
female bird is inexpensive; and 
wealthy men occasionally chew 
betel. Holding an olive in his 
mouth. 

6 We people here occasionally 
dress in that way. 



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LESSON CXCIV. 



m*]irr iak liak; for the most part. 

^h% * chOak; slightly. 

>!$§# iakllang; thereabouts. 

y£L*ffl * tak iing; to waste. 

/§:P* * pang 16; distances; periods. 

5c Tv ^ au *&; deliver over to. 



1 ti gu Qa n koi n . 

~ iak liak si sa n tiam ceng. 

3 ua che" liak cai. 

4 ua put kiie che" liak oi. 

5 iak liang u kio i kau tai. 

6 mai tak nng tlo mueh. 

7 ku ua jit si jieh coi jit kai pang 
b$? 

8 lu cheng kau hie" phai chiang 
si ai n khfc ti kd th6i n nang lau 
jiet, msi? 

i cheng khik sui si be* mih phai 
chiang; siu sip khfc sim si c6i 
cia " iap thiap. 

10 sa n phd lo kai pang be\ 

11 iak Hang cap jit kai pang be\ 
cle" se" be* po. 

12 cia clu be po lio; 11 tan kau 
ku ua jit cia" lai. 

13 ku ua nang, ku ua ni. 

14 i se" lai phai chiang cfti. 

15 cek ni cSk ni kAi kien sek. 

1(J be kien sek kai nang; m he 
fing i. b6 po. 

17 ua kau tai kau the" thiap the" 
thiap; lu cd ni c£k e lau jiet 
clu m kl tit khfc ? lau jiet cfti. 



ft]* 

Hit 



* ku ua; ever so many. 

* be po; irremediable. 

* iak pan; average, 
lau jiet; busy. 

phai chiang; elegant. 

* iap thiap; neat. 



1 An earthquake. 

2 It was about three o' clock. 

3 I know a little about it. 

4 I am only mediocre. 

5 Has about delivered it to him. 

6 Do not waste things. 

7 Ever so many days is about how 
many days ? 

8 You are dressed so finely because 
you are going somewhere where 
there s a crowd, are vou ? 

9 Although not very handsomly 
dressed, her attire is very neat 
and orderly. 

10 Three leagues distant. 

11 A period of about ten days. 
There is thus no recourse. 

12 There is no help for it; wait some 
days and then come. 

13 Ever so many people and years. 

14 He is very fine looking. 

15 Each year has its own experience. 

16 A man without experience; do 
not employ him. No way. 

17 I delivered it intact; how is it 
that in the bustle you have for- 
gotten all about it ? A great deal 
going on. 



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401 



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402 



* thit thfc; recreation. 

^^fe * h&u se n ; youthful. 

ilfevS P* h* a P> over awe - 

"^L#R ci n phlki; a tribe. 

^flj s6ng peh; the pine tree. 

4^IE * kua°cia n ; rectitude. 



FIBST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXCVL 

* chih chSh ; flustered, 
huang m&ng; flurried. 

* nah sap; dirty. 

* lftm s&m; careless. 

* chi g\; disgusting. 
*ip clp; dark aud damp. 



1 i k&i n&ng kua n cla\ 

2 1* tieh kua n cla u tfc\ 

3 i k&i mla sek m hS. 

4 nin ci c6k ci n ph&i u jieh coi 
n&ng? 

5 hftu se n n&ng m\u n thit thd. 

6 khan i khfc thit thS. 

7 pi i pek hlap. 

8 eft s« m ho chih chSh. 

9 i huang m&ng khi sin. 

10 sim l£i kfti nah sap pi sin giia 
Mi nah sap ju keng tteh cai li 
cheng khih. 

11 i th n ue lSm s&m. 

12 lu m ho 15m s&m thi phu i kai 
mta. 

13 ci tie" chfig chi gl c8i. 

14 ci Uti khah ip cip. 

15 kin ph&ng b$ h$ se. 

16 nah sap n&ng eft nah sap sS. 
kua n da n h$thitth3. 

17 i kai nang b5i lAm sam, sS i n 
i k&i mla sek h6. 

18 i kai sim tla n , sS i n i eft sfcbSi 
huang m&ng. 

19 sim l&i c6k e huang m&ng s6 
i n eft sB ciu chih chSh. 






1 He is an upright man. 

2 You must speak the truth. 

3 His reputation is bad. 

4 In your tribe here how many 
people are there ? 

5 Young people are fond of pleasure. 

6 Lead him out for a walk. 

7 Intimidated by him. 

8 Do not be in a fluster. 

9 He started in a hurry. 

10 It is more important to remove 
the impurity of the heart than the 
uncleanness of the body. 

11 He speaks recklessly. 

12 You should not heedlessly intro- 
duce his name. 

13 This table is filthily dirty. 

14 It is too dank in here. 

15 Urgent spinning makes bad yarn. 

16 Dirty people do dirty things. 
Proper recreation. 

17 This person is not negligent,, 
therefore his reputation is good. 

18 His mind is made up, so he acts- 
without precipitation. 

19 His mind is agitated so he doe* 
things in a fluster. 



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404 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXCVII. 

* ting ni; palsy. 
Ian kan; balusters. 
k6 kl; envy. 



mm 



* boi iah; butterfly. 
H cit; dysentery. 

* lau sai; diarrhea, 
kam cek; worms. 

* fig sua; jaundice. 

* kvfrn pien; paralysis 



1 slengkai,mslthau6i n . ting 
nipe". 

2 kua n cia n , min bS sh. 



3 b6i iah thau kai 6i. 

4 tie n , boi si, li cit; g5, boi si, 
sie" huang. 

5 tieh cai kwn ku. 

6 fig sua pe n si te in sip jiet tl 
Mi. 

7 i kai sim lai k& ki. 

8 M mai tarn ta n ua. 

9 eng k6i m6ng Hah i. 

10 khut i ceh pi bS ue hS in tap. 

11 khut i 16ng j6k, c6k ku ue m 
ka n in. 

12 pi pat nang io lau sit. 

13 Ian kan ai n cd cieh k&i,aslai n 
c& cha kai ? 

14 siu lai iap iap thiap thiap. 

15 ci kd kai hue bak mong seng 
cSi. th6ng seng. 

16 boi tio g6 Ian seh lai pak. 

17 thong sin kun Ian kan pi n . 

18 1b iu m si k^n pien, iu m si 
ting ni, eft ni ciu jit gut; m 
pat th6i n kl n M khi lai kia n . 



mm 



* g6 lan ; picture cord. 

* phua sle n ; maimed, 
mong seng; luxuriant. 



1 It is proper, and not stolen lei- 
sure. The palsy. 

2 Officials being upright, the people 
rest. 

3 An ornamented shoe. 

4 If you can eat, having dysentery 
you wont die; if you fast, having 
rheumatism, you won't die. 

5 Must be well attended to. 

6 Jaundice generally arises from 
being in damp hot places. 

7 He is at heart envious. 

8 Do not disappoint me. 

9 Caught him by a stratagem. 

10 When reprimanded by him bad 
nothing to answer. 

11 When insulted by him dare not 
answer by a single word. 

12 More harmless than others. 

13 Do you want the balusters made 
of stone or of wood ? 

14 Very neatly arranged. 

15 The shrubbery here is very 
luxuriant. Pupil. 

16 Buy some cord and fasten it. 

17 The whole suit trimmed wir 
gimp. 

18 You are not paralyzed nor palsied, 
why do you lie all day; I never 
saw you get up and walk. 



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405 



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406 



nn< 



.1 



FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CXCVIIL 

ki chio; ridicule. 
* phi sie; deride. 
.'ABB P in P 5n o5 boisterous 
j|>Jc * kohl©; expostulate. 
$£$£ sokm6k; desolate. 



thiam mi ; cajole, 
heng dang; prosper, 
kangim; adultery, 
im fok; passions, 
lien mien; merciful, 
chang huang; flurried 



^lf£ * ut cut; melancholy. 



1 i cle n se n c© si thiam mi i. 

2 thiam mi kai nang si coi. 

3 ci kiii nl heng uang cai 

4 kang im k&i sb m h6 co. 

5 im iok tieh cai klm ci. 

G ci kai nang he; ua sim si lien 
mien i. 

7 11 mai chang huang; ua kio 
la sie hu. 

8 11 m h6 chut chili ciu ki chio 



9 ka ki m cai jieh h6, ki n mln 
ciu ai n phi sle nang. 

10 lau teng co ni pin pong kie si 
sih mih sb? 

11 11 tieh keh 1$ kau i ban". 

12 ci kui jit b$ nang lai ce phueh 
si sok mok cai. 

13 lu ka ki kkia khi oi sok mok 
me ? chang huang. 

14 sim lai sie tieh sok sok mok 
m6k sim si m h£. 

15 11 sim lai ut exit sih mill sb? 

10 i kai sim heng oih sdi, cek kia n 

SB CU Ut Ut CUt Cllt. 

17 kia n 16 mai pin pong kle. 

18 thoi" kl n nang kan kho, ciu 
lien mien i. 



1 He does that to cajole him. 

2 Flatterers are many. 

3 These few years it has prospered. 

4 You must not commit adultery. 

5 The passions must be controled. 

6 This man is good; I am very 
compassionate toward him. 

7 Do not be agitated; I will help 
you. 

8 Do not open your mouth to ri- 
dicule people. 

9 Without knowing how good they 
are, whenever he sees people he- 
derides them. 

10 What is that racket going on up 
stairs ? 

11 You must urge till he is willing. 

12 These few days no one has come 
to chat and it is lonesome. 

13 Are you lonely, living all by 
yourself? Fearful. 

14 Thinking that extreme solitude 
was very bad. 

16 What are you melancholy about 1 

16 He is small minded, and is made 
sullen by any sort of thing. 

17 In walking do not make a racket. 

18 Seeing any person in trouble he 
has compassion on him. 



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407 



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408 



FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 



LESSON CXCIX. 



i?yyj sluchai; first literary degree. 

xfS/V k€ jin ; second degree. 

>ML"il cln stt; third degree. 

9ff W hang lim ; fourth degree. 

jSIe pheklek; violent ; clap. 

/J^lA hftn It; sorrowful. 



3&WT bu sut; sorcerer. 

J(a w i° °i a j dairies. 

3^10 ho n phek; amber. 

^t&r chia chi; luxurious. 

g^ltP au mio; mysterious. 

!g5)j| siett6k; blaspheme. 



1 ua tb6i n nin a nie kai 1 sfc si 
ut cut; 16 h6 kh* keh Id i mai. 

2 lip slu chai &U ciu khfc s6 n sia n 
khau kti jin; teng k^ jin Hu 
ciu khfc kia n sia n khau cln sS; 
teng cln stt au cm khfc toi n chl, 
toi n chi &u lu khfc chio khau, 
ciu tiam hang lim. 

3 thong seng sa n ni n$ chi* khfc 
hu sia n khau slu chdi. 

4 khau kti jin, khau cln sfc khau 
hang lim si sa n ni cek chit 

5 ua thoi n ci kia n s5 i si ku 1 eft 
kai. lui sia n phek lek. 

6 14 mien eng hfrn 16. 

7 i si bu sut kai nang. 

8 i si iang min khi* eft. 

9 tang sin; t&ng ki; thoi n sla n 
phua; 16h sin phua. 

10 huam oi uah kai mueh c£k e 
ku ni ciu te oi s£ng io cia. 

11 eng mueh m h6 khah chia chi. 

12 ci kai t&u 11 sim si au mio. 

13 mai thing siet t6k i. 



1 I see that your mother's idea is 
that she is aggrieved; go and ex- 
postulate with her. 

2 After taking the first degree one 
goes to the provincial city and is 
examined for the second degree; 
then to Peking, for the third; 
then to the palace, and after wrd 
before the Court for examination 
for the fourth and highest. 

3 Students go twice in three years 
to the Hu city examinations. 

4 Examinations for the second third 
and fourth degrees are held once 
in three years. 

5 I consider him very obstinate 
about this thing. Clap of thunder. 

6 You need not be sad. 

7 He is a wizard. 

8 He did it openly. 

9 A person supposed to be posse- 
sed by a god. 

10 All living things when they once 
become aged, may become fairies; 
or many of them may. 

11 You should not be too lavish. 

12 This doctrine is very deep. 

13 Do not thoughtlessly desecrate it. 



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409 



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410 FIRST LESSONS IN THE SWATOW DIALECT. 

LESSON CC. 



i&xk^ * toa b6 mueh; a great 
deal. 

^$ffi * lmhcekte; suddenly. 

I^I^P- * phah chun Ian; shud- 
der. 

^^j-^|* * noi noi sih; quiver. 
* tap tap tun; shiver. 



4^0H^ * ham a h5i ; a J ar - 



1 ua ci k& toa b6 mueh. 

2 ua toa 16 mueh &fc bue ceng li. 

8 toa b$ mueh nftng ai n Kii. 

4 huh ce kie ciu u toa b6 mueh. 

5 huh ce kle bS kh*. 

6 ua th6i n tieh ciu phah chun lun. 
kia n kau phah chun lun. 

7 khl kau noi noi sih. 

8 ui kau tfip tAp tun. 

9 ua mfig ham a hoi. 

10 ua chun tiam kia D nih tla u . 

11 chun b£ cek sut kia n nih. 

12 sua ia c6k sut kia\ 

13 iak b$ Hang Hi" h$ lio. 

14 ci kAi si ch$ li liak hS. e jit 
cd kang hu ce keng h<5. 

15 i tlam te chl nft phd t6i. 

16 i th^ng- cau hue ai n lfti. 

1 7 ci kia n sa theng 16 k&i caii hue. 

18 i ch6liliakcdsiia n kiielti kai. 

19 mfig pang h^m a hoi. 

20 i th^ng cau hue mueh. 

21 cek kia 1 ' mueh noi noi sih. 

22 la-hua-hua cu gua bS u pat 
kai sin. 



§&'¥'$& * su * kia n nih; a little 
bit. 

^J$Jl4' * chln&phS; brambles. 
^jJt4|, * iak b$ liang; there- 

about. 
jgfC^^lr * chSliliak; somewhat. 

BSaStU th&ngcauhue; incident- 
ally. 

IflJIjiijI * la-hua-hua; Jehovah. 



1 I have ever so much here. 

2 I have a great number of matters 
not yet arranged. 

3 Ever so many are coming. 

4 Suddenly there was a great deal. 

5 Suddenly disappeared. 

6 When I saw it I shuddered. So 
frightened that he trembled. 

7 So angry that he quivered. 

8 So scared that he shook. 

9 My door is ajar 

10 I have only a little bit left. 

11 Scarcely a bit left. 

12 Spilled a little bit. 

13 Just about done. 

14 This is tolerably good. Another 
time make it nicer. 

15 He hid in the underbrush. 

16 He will come now and then. 

17 Let this matter be at any time 
when you like. 

18 What he does without pains is 
superior to yours. 

19 Set the door ajar. 

20 He now and then does some. 

21 Something quivers. 

22 Beside Jehovah there is no God. 



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Index. 



A. Lesson. 

h 1 

a 15 

a 72 

a 150 

a 154 

a 90 

n 102 

a H8 

a 165 

a n 158 

a" 158 

a" 159 

ah 30 

ah. 133 

ai 70 

ai 124 

ai 18 

ai" 1 

Ai" 10 

Aih" 161 

ak 53 

ak 37 

am 130 

am 79 

am 35 

am 83 

an 72 

an 194 

an 29 

an 178 

ang* 17 

ang- 178 

ang" 183 

ang 88 

ang* 36 

ang* 174 

ap 133 

Ap 164 

au 80 

au 62 



Au 90 

au 66 

an 199 

fm Ill 

*u 14 

D. 

bAi 23 

hAk 27 

bAk 77 

hAt 66 

be 20 

beh 9o 

bi 43 

bi 162 

bi 171 

bi 190 

bie 27 

bie 179 

bie 130 

bih 179 

bih 124 

bit 95 

b6 17 

b6 109 

boi 7 

b6i 197 

boi 7 

boi 7 

b$ 16 

b$ 175 

b$ 195 

b$ 2 

be 41 

be 68 

bu 120 

bu 153 

bu 185 

bu 199 

bu 135 

bu 92 



bua.. 
una... 
buah . 
buah. 



... 41 

... 147 

.. 85 

... 88 

buan<y 24 



bftang . 
buang . 
buang . 
hue .... 
bile .... 
bfie .... 
bile .... 
bue.... 
bue .... 
bueh ... 
bun .... 
bun.... 
bun .... 



C. 



can .. 
cang . 



411 

... 131 

... 9 

Gang 1 180 

cang 180 

cang 189 

cang" 180 

cang 62 

cang- 147 

.. 38 

... 9i 

.. 73 

... 66 



149 
175 
154 
45 
2 

7S 
126 
169 ! cau 140 



eAng . 
cap .. 



cAp 
cat . 



182 
140 
59 
129 
184 



ca 46 

ca 163 

ca 193 

ca 6 

ca 46 

ca 190 

ca-bo 17 

cai 2 

cai 132 

cai 191 

cai 86 

cai 142 

cai 13 

cai 14 

cai 14 

cai 29 

cak 112 

cak 145 

cam 138 

cam 84 

cam 136 



cau... 
cau .. . 
cau .. 
c&u .. 
cau .. 
cAu .. 
cftu .. 
ce .... 
ce.... 
ce.... 
c£.... 
ce .. . 
ce.... 
ce .... 
ce n ... 
ce".., 
c6 n ... 
ce"... 
ceh... 
ceh... 
ceh... 
cek... 
cek... 
cek... 
cek.. 
cek .. 
ceng. 



175 

6 

192 

40 

135 

85 

168 

156 

3 

16 

123 

56 

115 

175 

156 

89 

35 

89 

154 

156 

177 

48 

97 

101 

141 

197 

4 



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412 

C Lesson. 

ceng 35 

ceng 84 

ceng 39 

ceng 85 

ceng 24 

ceng 39 

c^ng 42 

ceng ...... 166 

ceng 7 

ceng 6i) 

elm 34 

clifi 110 

chft 40 

chu" 101 

ehah 8? 

chai 97 

chai 149 

chai 127 

chai 148 

chai 191 

chai 43 

chai 148 

chai 153 

chfii 160 

chAi 190 

chak 77 

cbak 87 

cham 85 

eh am 151 

cham 52 

chan 73 

chan 39 

chang 82 

chang 198 

chang 168 

chAng 134 

chap 163 

chat 55 

chau 27 

chau 188 



Index. 



chau 23 

chnu 25 

chau 114 

che 8 

che 145 

che" 36 

che" 105 

che n 190 

che" 193 

che" 4 

cheh 26 

chek 80 

chek 112 

chek 164 

chek 193 

cheng 65 

cheng 90 

ch&ng 90 

cheng 96 

cheng 160 

cheng 99 

chi 18 

chi 52 

chi 58 

chi 196 

chi 6 

chi 191 

chi 199 

chi 72 

chi 102 

chi 163 

chi 173 

chi 32 

chi 20 

chi" 36 

chia 20 

chia 160 

chia 199 

chia" 17 

chia" 128 



cliia b 
chiah 
chiak 



36 

138 

96 



chiang 159 

chiang 171 

chiang 120 

chiang 132 

chiang 195 

chiap 51 



elite 

chieh 

chieh 

chieh 

chie" 

chie" 

chie" 

chie" 

chie" 

chie" 

chien 

chiet 

chih 

chim 

chim 

chin 

chin 

chin 

chin 

chin 

chin 

chin 

chio 

chlo 

chio 

chit 

chit 

cliiu 

chiu 

chiu 

chiu 



105 
31 

194 
78 

178 

136 

4 

29 

b7 

39 

33 

61 

196 

33 

133 

29 

50 

33 

166 

167 

191 

159 

198 

168 

124 

20 

70 

71 

86 

118 

10 



chiu ... 
chiu ... 
chiu ... 
chiu ... 
chng 
chng 
chng 
chng 
chflg 

chfig 
cho ... 
cho ... 
cho ... 

choh 
ch6i" 
ch6i" , 
chok 

chok 
chok 
chok 
chong 
chong 
chong 
chong 
chdng 
che 

ch» , 
chd . 
ckft . 
Che- 
ch e 

chSk . 
chu . 
chu . 
chu 
chu 
chua , 
cbua . 
chua" 
chua" 



185 

. 69 

159 

38 

99 

115 

127 

130 

12 

168 
54 

118 
82 
14 
69 

102 
15 

20 

189 

189 

43 

106 

185 

24 

161 

195 

53 

61 

91 

17 

44 

196 

63 

3 

6 

190 

45 

69 

156 



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Index, 



413 



C Lessov. 

chue 37 

chue 84 

chue 99 

chue 8 

chueh 106 

chui 13 

chili 90 

chun 108 

chun 194 

chun 86 

chun 31 

chun 200 

chun 167 

chut 7 

elm 135 

elm 177 

chl 3 

chl 88 

ch* 22 

cht 76 

chft 175 

chtfn 186 

ch^n 106 

ch#n 24 

ch#n 42 

ci 3 

ci 3 

ci 16 

ci 39 

ci 92 

ci 125 

ci 141 

cl 161 

cl 166 

cl 166 

cl 139 

ei" 176 

ci" 52 

cl" 107 

ci" 196 



d" 19 

ci" 192 

cia 92 

cia 199 

cia 18 

cia 51 

cia 73 

cia" 41 

cia" 52 

cia" 61 

cia" 189 

cia" 32 

cia" 67 

cia" 67 

cia" 171 

cia" 46 

cia" 164 

ciah 9 

ciah 96 

ciah 101 

ciah 102 

ciah 194 

ciah 9 

ciam 52 

ciara 37 

clam 63 

ciang 9 

ciang 160 

ciang 190 

clang 120 

clang 193 

clang 47 

ciang 158 

ciap 147 

cie 82 

cie 105 

cie 131 

cie 6 

cie 94 

cie" 91 



cie" 

cie" 

cie" 

cie" 

cie" 

cie" 

cie" 

cie" 

cie n 

cie" 

cieh 

cieh 

cieh 

cien 

clen 

cien 

ciet 

cih 

cih 

cih 

cih 

cih 

cim 

elm 

cin 

cln 

cln 

cin 

cio 

cio 

cio 

cip 

cip 

cip 

cit 

cit 

cit 

cit 

ciu 

ciu 



129 

157 

94 

146 

165 

29 

105 

28 

59 

28 

19 

42 

77 

43 

120 

163 

161 

70 

147 

13 

90 

90 

133 

141 

46 

143 

147 

13 

105 

30 

124 

96 

145 

176 

98 

102 

184 

189 

23 

110 



cm . 

ciu . 

ciu . 
ciu . 

ciu . 

ciu . 

ciu . 

cng 

cfig 

cfcg 
<*g 
cfig 



co ... 
c6 ... 
c6i ... 
coi ... 
coih 
c6ih 
c6ih 
c6i° 
c6i" 
cok ... 
cok ... 
c6k ... 
cong 
c6ng 
c6 ... 
c6 ... 
eft ... 
eft ... 
cft-pu 

a ... 

c8 ... 
co ... 
ceh 
cu ... 



cu 
cu 
cu 



110 

117 

60 
79 

185 

14 

14 

75 

92 

96 

123 

24 

189 

153 

48 

173 

6 

112 

89 

89 

92 

14 

51 

148 

50 

48 

26 

169 

171 

4 

29 

33 

89 

9 

12 

4 

76 

106 

127 

171 



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414 
C. Lesson. 

cu 72 

cu 102 

vh 141 

cu 145 

en 14 

cua 2b 

cua 57 

oua 140 

cua 105 

cua 180 

cua" 13? 

ciia n 24 

cua" 116 

cua" 163 

cuah 187 

cuah 42 

cuah 192 

cuang 17 

cuang 156 

cue 161 

cue 165 

cue 98 

cue 129 

cuh 140 

cui 6 

cui 90 

cai 165 

can 80 

cuii 136 

cun 167 

can 100 

can 32 

cun 86 

cun 68 

cut 120 

cut 198 

cu 17 

cu 26 

cu 134 

cu 15 



Index. 



cu 

jca . 
I <•£ 

cii 

| cwn 
cwn 

j di . 

i * 

I e . 
! « 



e 

«k 

ek 

eng 
eng 
eng 
eng 
eng 
eng 



gai .. 
gau .. 
gA uh 

ge " 
& •• 

gS .. 

g 6 .. 

& .. 
gSk 

gi .. 
gi .. 

ff 6 •■ 



E. 



G. 



84 
178 

73 

18 
145 

34 
191 

60 

31 

55 

29 

31 

131 

115 

173 

56 

70 

71 

185 

98 

37 

71 

17 

8 

G? 

135 

68 

80 

117 

120 

192 

197 

82 

130 

137 

196 

102 

64 



g« 

gs 

g< 1 

gua 

gAeli ... 

g* 

B tt 

H. 

ha 

ha 

ha 

hah 

hah 

hah 

hai 

hAi 

hai 

hai 

hai 

hAi" 

hak 

ham 

ham 

ham 

ham 

hSm 

h&rn 

ham 

han 

han 

h&n 

hang ... 

hang ... 

hang ... 

hAng ... 

hang ... 

hAp 

hau 

hail 

lulu 



56 
62 
20 
5 
23 
27 
114 

83 

83 

98 

154 

164 

24 

22 

83 

143 

178 

6S 

19 

123 

58 

120 

28 

144 

11 

200 

116 

37 

103 

140 

42 

33 

130 

139 

21 

24 

186 

71 

196 



hau .. 
hau .. 
hau" 
hau n 
hau" 
he .. 
he .. 
he" .. 
he" ... 
he" .., 
heh .. 
hek .. 
hek .. 
heng 
heng 
heng 
heng 
heng 

hi 

hi 

hi 

hi 

hi" ... 
hi" ... 
hi" ... 
Lia .. 
hia ... 
hia .. 
hia .. 
hia .. 
hia . . 
hia".. 
hia" 
hia"... 
hiah... 
hiah... 
hiam 
hiam 
hiam 
hiang 



28 

58 

67 

104 

185 

172 

86 

57 

127 

108 

78 

150 

10 

112 

198 

74 

145 

152 

153 

150 

169 

193 

105 

137 

45 

121 

154 

170 

57 

101 

131 

16 

40 

145 

35 

111 

55 

63 

64 

92 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



Index. 



H. Lesson. 

hiang 35 

hiang 161 

Liang 146 

hiang 164 

hiap 112 

hfap 196 

hie° 115 

hie° 92 

hle n 29 

hieh 38 

hien 34 

hien 15 

hlen 166 

hien 67 

hiet 57 

him 56 

hin 60 

hio 34 

hiong 149 

hiong 182 

hiong 175 

hip 164 

hit 187 

hiu" 101 

hm 18G 

hm 14 

hm 186 

hng 32 

hng 35 

hng 62 

hfig 39 

h6 82 

ho 192 

ho 192 

h6 194 

ho 37 

ho 120 

h5 146 

ho n 57 

ho° 199 



hoi 126 

h5i 57 

h6i n 19 

h5i n 171 

hok 149 

h6k 74 

h6k 78 

h6k 135 

h6k 143 

h6k 166 

h6k 176 

h6k 181 

hong 37 

hong 66 

hong 121 

h6ng 86 

hdng 174 

h6ng 190 

h5ng 104 

hong 167 

he 150 

h6 2 

hi 18 

hS 6 

hft 22 

h§ 89 

heh 19 

hu 17 

hu 17 

hu 39 

hu 44 

hu 67 

hu 90 

hu 177 

hu 117 

hu 135 

hu 70 

hu 78 

hu 78 

hu 147 



hu 

hu 

hu 

hu 

hu 

hu 

hu 

htt 

hH 

hti .... 

hQ 

hua 

hua 

hua 

him" .. 
hua n .. 
huah .. 
huah .. 
huai .. 

huai 

huam .. 

huam 42 

huam 118 

huam 132 

huang 32 

huang 37 

huang 63 

huang 121 

huang 190 

huang 196 

huang 190 

huang 63 

huang 116 

huang 198 



74 

82 

84 

105 

134 

174 

176 

12 

17 

186 

67 

160 

136 

169 

156 

186 

193 

98 

171 

142 

42 



hue 
hue 
hue 
hue 
hue 
hue 



38 
40 
13 
62 
122 
122 



hue .. 
hue .. 
hue.. 
hue .. 
hue .. 
hue.. 
hQe .. 
hue" 
hueh 
hui .. 
hui .. 
hui .. 
hui .. 
hui .. 
hui .. 
hui n 
hui° 
hut .. 
hut .. 
hun .. 
hun .. 
hun .. 
hun .. 
hun.. 
hun .. 
hun.. 
hun.. 
hun.. 
hun .. 
hun.. 
hun.. 
hun .. 
hun .. 
hu .. 
hi .. 
hi .. 
hi .. 
hd .. 
htta 
hwn 



415 

.. 15 

.. 25 

.. 99 

.. 119 

.. 11 

.. 190 

.. 56 

.. 60 

.. 97 

.. 126 

.. 108 

.. 142 

.. 170 

., 41 

.. 182 

.. 136 

.. 163 

.. 181 

.. 85 

.. 23 

.. 35 

.. 92 

.. 132 

.. 79 

.. 181 

.. 194 

.. 181 

.. 39 

.. 147 

.. 180 

.. 65 

.. 23 

.. 190 

.. 184 

.. 3 

.. 3 

.. 147 

.. 57 

.. 119 

.. 34 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



416 
H. 

hwn .. 
hwn .. 
htfn .. 
hftn ... 
hfoi... 
hifrn... 
hwp ... 
hwt ... 
hwt ... 
hwt... 
hftt... 



Index, 



i . 

i . 
i . 
1 . 
i . 
i . 
I . 
i". 
i". 
i". 
i n . 
i n . 
i". 
ia. 
ia. 



ia.... 

ia...< 

ia.... 

ia.... 

la.... 

ia n . 

ia n . 

ia n ■ 

iah 

iah 
iah 
iah 



Lesson. 
.... 62 
.... 77 
.... 34 
.... 13 
.... 132 
...• 199 
.... 118 
.... 38 
.... 103 
.... 145 
.... 114 



1 

74 

167 

47 

49 

34 

126 

9 

18 

43 

167 

52 

129 

114 

117 

189 

81 

1 

33 

120 

144 

93 

123 

162 

64 

105 

129 

197 



iak 181 

i»k 195 

iam 179 

iam 8 

iang 184 

iang 51 

tang 94 

iang 160 

iap 67 

iap 186 

iap 195 

iap 194 

ie 83 

ie 97 

ie 97 

ie 165 

ie n 70 

ie n 72 

le n 29 

ieh 97 

ieh 101 

ieh 42 

ien 65 

ien 54 

im 27 

im 94 

im 153 

im 198 

in 87 

in 92 

in 69 

In 70 

in 121 

in 41 

in 150 

io 36 

io 199 

io 32 

io 36 

io 97 



lo 

io 

io 

iok , 

ibng ... 

tong 

Song 

>P 

>P 

ip 

it 

iu 

iu 

iu 

Iu 

iu 

iu 

iu 

iu , 

iu 

iu 

iu 

hi n . 

iu n 

J 

J ! 

J 1 

J* 

jfak 

j*ak 

jiam 

jiam..... 
jiam .. 

jte h 

jten 

jien 

jtet 

jiet 

jim 

j* m 



61 

97 

185 

198 

100 

123 

185 

115 

190 

196 

182 

184 

126 

181 

73 

20 

24 

107 

143 

47 

171 

69 

12 

15 

50 

27 

141 

67 

76 

36 

123 

100 

14 

29 

88 

33 

195 

146 

154 



jlm . 

jin . 

jin . 

jin . 

jio . 

jlo . 

jio . 

io . 

jio . 

J*P • 

jit . 

jiu . 

j6k . 

j6k . 
ions: 



juah 
juan 
jue . 
jfti . 
jui . 
jun . 
jun . 

J* • 
J* • 
J* ' 

ka . 

ka . 

ka . 

ka . 

ka , 

ka ■ 

ka . 

ka . 

ka . 



K. 



154 
3 

111 
26 

58 

66 

103 

137 

100 

7 

23 

181 

173 

184 

103 

42 

51 

29 

46 

61 

33 

54 

176 

59 

150 

48 

53 

. 61 

70 

89 

18 
68 
, 77 
124 
, 128 
, 191 
. 191 
. 192 
. 85 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



Index. 



417 



K. Lesson. 

ka 189 

ka 47 

ka 30 

ka° 11 

ka" 194 

ka n 44 

ka' 79 

kah 13 

kah 58 

kah 122 

kai 67 

kai 71 

kai 82 

kai 99 

kai 122 

kai 145 

kai 146 

kai 3 

kai 3 

kai 18 

kai 44 

kak 25 

kak 44 

kak 95 

kak 131 

kak 175 

kak 120 

kak 120 

kam 104 

kam 130 

kam 197 

kam 122 

kam 144 

kan 18 

kan 35 

kan 153 

kan 197 

kan 150 

kan 171 

kan 165 



kang 39 

kang 80 

kang 106 

kang 115 

kang 144 

kang 175 

kang 175 

kang 183 

kang 192 

kang 198 

kang 139 

kftng 13 

kap 170 

kap 192 

kat 69 

kau 31 

kau 89 

kau 132 

kau 137 

kau 30 

kau 4 

kau 5 

kau 109 

kau 139 

kau 155 

kau 88 

kau 55 

kau 192 

kauh 179 

ke 6 

ke 10 

ke 11 

ke 122 

U 46 

ka 45 

ke 99 

ke 133 

k$ 168 

ke 31 

ke n 76 



ke" 98 

ke° 132 

k£ n 177 

keh 22 

Uh 22 

kek 149 

kek 189 

kek 189 

k$k 62 

keng 46 

keng 107 

keng 129 

keng 130 

keng 152 

keng 172 

keng 136 

keng 152 

kha 10 

kha 30 

kha 131 

kha 68 

kkah 6 

khak 44 

khai 180 

kham 104 

kham 116 

kham 122 

khan 104 

khang 39 

khang 44 

khang 44 

khap 122 

khap 131 

khap 188 

khau 168 

khau 169 

khau 48 

khau 69 

khau 137 

khau 105 



khau . 
khau . 
khe n . 
kheh . 
khek . 
khek . 
kheng . 
kheng . 
kh&ig 178 



137 
167 
116 
16 
53 
149 
172 
104 



kheng . 
khi .... 
khi .... 
khi .... 
khi .... 
khi .... 
khi .... 
khi .... 
khf .... 
khi .... 
khi .... 
khi .... 
khia.... 
khia.... 
khia...> 
khia.... 
khia.... 

khiam 63 

khiam 184 

khiam 189 

khiam 18 

khlang 62 

khieh 

khieh , 

khih.... 

khih.... 

khtm . 

khin.... 

khio.... 

khlo.... 

khiong. 



124 
60 

183 
13 
21 

111 
85 
92 
67 
87 

125 

192 
96 

175 
60 
60 
60 



165 

4 

42 

05 

183 
41 
60 

125 
60 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



418 
K. Lesson 

khfong ... 157 

kbip 181 

khiu 100 

kliiu 163 

khng 175 

khfcg 44 

khilg 157 

kho 89 

kh6 54 

kh5 34 

kho 130 

khoi 22 

kh6i 121 

khong 44 

khong 44 

kh6ng 194 

kh6 18 

khC 116 

kh* 116 

khu 66 

khu 106 

khua 161 

khtia 83 

khua n 33 

khua n 33 

klmah 33 

khuai 156 

khuang ... 140 

khuang ... 114 

khuang ... 170 

khuang ... 128 

khuo 5 

khue 39 

khue 169 

kkuek 42 

khui 28 

khiii 86 

khtii 93 

khun 75 

khun 10 



Index. 



kbim 125 

khun 120 

khun 180 

khut 115 

khut 159 

kh* 1 

kh*n 125 

kbit 174 

kbwn 33 

khwn 140 

khtfn 28 

khtfn 110 

khftn 118 

ki 8 

ki 47 

ki 62 

ki 123 

ki 153 

ki 172 

ki 198 

ki 18 

ki 92 

kl 51 

Id 122 

kl 129 

kl 168 

ki 96 

ki 150 

ki 197 

ki 18 

kl" 5 

ki" 22 

kia 10 

kla 27 

kia 60 

kia n ...... 117 

kia n 129 

kia u 158 

kia n 14 

kia" 15 



kla n 

kia" 

kla n 

kiah 

kiah 

kiam 

kiam 

klam 

kiam 



133 
6 

11 
188 
107 

45 
168 

93 

52 



kiang ...... 162 



kle .. 
kie .. 
kie .. 
kle ... 
kie" 
kie" 
klen n 
kiet .. 
kiet .. 
kih .. 
kim ... 
kim ... 
kim ... 
kim ... 
kin ... 
kio ... 
kio ... 
kiong 
kip ... 
kip ... 
kit ... 
kit ... 
kit ... 
kiu ... 
km ... 
kiu ... 
kiu ... 
kng... 
kng... 
km* ... 



2 

80 

99 

98 

80 

162 

5 

65 

27 

111 

14 

19 

49 

126 

61 

18 

64 

184 

178 

45 

69 

73 

149 

152 

72 

144 

144 

35 

80 

81 



k£g.. 
ktig.. 
kilg.. 
ko .. 
ko .. 
ko .. 
ko .. 
k6 .. 
ko .. 
ko .. 
k6 .. 
k6 ., 
k6 . 
k6 . 
k6 ., 
koi . 
koi .. 
k6i .. 
k6i ., 
k6i .. 
k5i .. 
k5i .. 
koi .. 
koi n 
koi n 
k6i" 
koih 
kok .. 
kok .. 
kok .. 
kong 
kong 
kong 
k6ng 
ko .. 
ke .. 
ko .. 
ke .. 
ko .. 
ke .. 



102 

179 

77 

49 

60 

179 

194 

45 

96 

175 

39 

189 

197 

84 

167 

3 

32 

119 

119 

119 

122 

127 

25 

12 

112 

190 

81 

114 

117 

148 

39 

48 

144 

136 

25 

48 

69 

79 

190 

193 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



Index. 



K. 

ia . 

k» . 

U . 

k* . 

U . 

keh . 

kali . 

ku . 

ku . 

ku . 

kfi . 

kfi . 

kfi . 

ku . 

kfi . 

kfi . 

kfi . 

kfi . 

kfi .. 

ko .. 

kfia.. 

kirn .. 

kfia.. 

kua" 

kua" 

kna" 

kua" 

kua" 

kua" 

kua" 

kfia" 

kua" 

kua" 

kfia" 

kua" 

kuah 

kuah 

kuah 

kuai 

kuai 



Lesson 
... 6 
... 8 
... 94 
... 155 
... 102 
... 34 
... 198 
... 57 
... 194 
... 195 
... 15 
... 13 
... 2? 
... 87 
... 49 
... 85 
... 163 
... 160 
... 194 
... 15 
... 83 
... 122 
... 44 
... 98 
... 106 
... 108 
... 117 
.. 126 
... 196 
... 88 
... 100 
.. 173 
.. 33 
.. 81 
.. 113 
.. 82 
.. 85 
,. 138 
,. 160 
.. 64 , 



kuai 158 

kuai 67 

kuai" 39 

kuang 35 

kuang 159 

kue 43 

kue 39 

kue 79 

kiie 7 

kiie 102 

kue" 28 

kiieh 84 

kueh 134 

kui 74 

kui 133 

kui 123 

kui 179 

kui 9 

kui 12 

kui 107 

kui 54 

kui 87 

kui" 31 

ktii n 12 

kui" 117 

kun 117 

kun 117 

kfin 40 

kfin 143 

kfin 83 

kut 99 

kfit 41 

kut 91 

ka 159 

k£ 74 

kl 98 

kfr 132 

kfi 177 

kan 36 

kun 38 



kan 
kan 
kan 

kfin .. 

kfin .. 
kat 

kwn .. 

kwn .. 
kwn 
kwn 

kwn .. 

kwn .. 

k^n .. 
kvfrn 

kvfrn .. 

kwn .. 

kwt .. 

kwt .. 
L 

la 

la 

la 

la 

la 

lau 

lah 

lah 

lai , 

Mi 

lai 

lai 

lai 

lak 

lak 

lam 

lam 

lam 

lam 

15m 

Ian 



80 
109 
110 

54 

108 

4 

10 

98 
131 
152 
102 
131 

80 
110 
197 

21 
146 
169 

107 

20 

53 

85 

52 

95 

107 

182 

2 

73 

194 

5 

53 

191 

156 

187 

17 

36 

86 

196 

197 



ton 
Jan . 
Ian . 
Inn . 
Ian . 
Ifin . 
Ian . 
Inn . 
lfin . 
lang 
lnng 
lfing 
lnng 
Iftng 
lnng 
ldno- 



lnng . 
lang . 
lnp .... 
Mt .... 
lau .... 
lau .... 
lnu .... 
lau .... 
lfiu .... 
lfiu .... 

Iau .... 

lau .... 
lauh .. 

leh 

I&i 

Ieh 

lek 

lek 

lek 

leng .. 
leng .. 

Ieng 25 

leng 57 

leng HI 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



419 

... 63 
... 175 
- 64 
... 10 
.. 25 
... 58 
... 191 
.. 197 
... 132 
.. 167 
.. 172 
.. 40 
... 126 
.. 127 
.. 135 
.. 172 
.. 176 
.. 174 
.. 164 
.. 27 
.. 197 
.. 21 
.. 38 
.. 100 
.. 130 
.. 15 
.. 91 
.. 195 
.. 68 
.. 44 
• • 44 
. 182 
. 36 
. 128 
. 174 
. 140 
. 7 



420 
L. Lesson. 

leng 125 

leng 1G2 

leng 184 

leng 190 

leng 192 

leng 121 

H 90 

li 31 

li 40 

li 73 

li 115 

li 187 

K 191 

li 191 

li 85 

It 28 

II 113 

li 190 

li 63 

li 197 

li UG 

li 187 

Mah 47 

liak 183 

liak 195 

liam 81 

liam 170 

liam 109 

Maui 53 

lkm 113 

Mam 123 

liam 132 

liam 133 

liam 138 

liam 191 

liam 145 

ham 129 

liam 170 

liang 52 

liang 109 



Index. 



liang 182 

liang 109 

liang 152 

Wan}? 195 

Hap 11 

lien 53 

lien 198 

lien 181 

lien 1G3 

lien 174 

liet 132 

Hh 112 

lih 86 

lim 153 

lim 134 

lim 138 

lin 140 

lin b7 

lin 1G0 

lin 103 

lio 4 

lio 130 

lio 174 

lio 177 

lio 187 

lio 189 

lio 190 

lio 124 

lip 45 

liu 91 

liu 38 

liu 77 

liu 100 

liu 127 

liu 194 

liu 141 

16 119 

15 177 

16 40 

16 54 



16 

lo 

15 

loi 

loi 

16i 

lAih ..... 

lok 

long 20 

Wnff 107 



84 


hit 


21 


lftt 


9G 


14 


72 


li 


190 


1ft 


94 


lu 


172 


/ 


04 


m 



16 
16 
Id 
Id 
Id 
Id 
Id 
Id 
Id 
Id 
lftk 

lu 
lu 

lua 
lua 



191 

199 

50 

67 

92 

90 

103 

148 

194 

198 

28 

194 

29 

191 

172 

107 



liian 24 



luah 
luah 

lui . 

lui . 

lui . 

lui . 

lui . 

lui . 

lun . 

lun . 

lun . 

lun . 

lun . 



110 

82 

75 

37 

105 

119 

119 

173 

140 

140 

149 

14 

200 



M. 



m 

m 

ma ... 

mai ... 

mak 

mAn 

man 

mang 

mang 

ffidns: 



179 

119 

1 

50 

188 

83 

49 
1 
1 

48 

o 

26 

02 

5 

38 

59 

152 



mAng 150 

mAnff 190 



mang 59 

... 144 



manji 
mau 
me . 
me . 
me . 
me . 
me . 
me . 
me . 
me . 
meh . 
meh 



rz 

192 

5 

102 

14 

35 

193 

1 

139 

148 

113 



meng 35 

meng 114 

m^ng 190 

meng 95 

mi 06 

mi 06 

mi 72 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



Index. 



421 



M. Lesson 

mi 103 

mi 108 

ml 188 

ml 198 

ml 79 

mia 38 

mla 95 

mien 76 

mien 151 

mien 198 

mih 2 

min 12 

mfn 173 

min 10 

mio 199 

mit 06 

mit 100 

mit 157 

mfig 103 

mfig 4 

mng 30 

mok 147 

mok 151 

mok 181 

mok 198 

mong 1G3 

mong 175 

mong 5 

mong 92 

mong 184 

mong 197 

mo 23 

mo 186 

mS 23 

m* 107 

me 175 

me 154 

moh 157 

mua 93 

mua 61 



mua 95 

mua 137 

mue 135 

mue 79 

mue 128 

mue 16 

mueh 3 

mueh 91 

mueh 200 

mui 55 

mui 134 

mftt 193 

N. 

na 3 

na 194 

na 172 

na 200 

na 40 

nah 196 

nai 64 

nai 171 

nSi 73 

nSi 146 

nai 147 

nai 167 

nan 1 

nang 3 

nap - 160 

nau 108 

nAu 119 

nau 188 

ne 16 

ne 33 

ne 151 

ne 1 

nek 20 

nek 158 

nek 163 

ni 51 

ni 36 



. 15 
. 29 
. 52 
. 103 
. 123 
. 197 
. 51 
. 75 
. 112 
. 141 
. 102 
. 164 
. 190 
. 138 
. 109 
. 17 
.. 109 
. 164 
,. 170 
.. 68 
.. 1 
.. 155 
.. 155 
.. 150 
.. 83 
.. 167 
.. 36 
.. 63 
.. 185 
.. 102 

ngak 112 

ngan 110 

ngan 33 

ngan 152 

ngau 105 

ng&u 64 

nge 55 

ngek 156 

ngek 193 

ng;en£ 160 



m ... 

ni .. 
ni 

ni .. 

ni .. 
ni 

ni .. 

nia .. 

nia .. 

nia .. 

nia ... 
niap 
niap 
niap 

nie ... 

nie .. 

nie .. 

nie .. 

nie .. 

nih .. 

nin .. 

niu .. 

niu .. 

ng .. 

fig .. 

a S - 
fig .. 

nga .. 

nga .. 

ngak 



ngi 



154 
71 

161 
55 

182 



ngi .... 
ngia . 
ngiak . 

ngiam 66 

ngiaui 121 

ngiap 124 

ngiet 139 

171 

56 

19 

111 

183 

. Ill 

. 154 

. 64 

. 60 

. 101 

. 161 

. 63 

180 

ngui 183 

ngtfn 183 

ng#n 100 

ng<frn 116 

ngfrn 186 



ngim . 
ngio . 
fign , 
fign . 
ngo 
ngoih 
ngong 
ng$ ... 
nge ... 



ngui 
ngui 



,. 104 
.. 16 
.. 55 
.. 50 
.. 138 
nn£ 195 



ngwn 

n£g 

nfig 

nfig 

nfig 



no 

n6 n 

noi 

n6i 

nd 

nua . 

nua . 



74 
15 
200 
95 
119 
175 
100 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



422 
IS Lesson 

nQa 66 

0. 

o 36 

6 105 

6 172 

5 82 

6i 165 

6i 76 

6i 7 

6i 56 

oi 165 

6i n 143 

oih 32 

ok 148 

e 191 

S 58 

8 165 

eh 25 

eh 193 

eh 123 

eh 129 

P. 

pa 16 

pa 168 

pa 189 

pa 190 

pa 191 

pa 9 

pa 58 

pa 114 

pa 101 

pai 18 

pai 72 

pai 132 

pai 140 

pai 142 

pak 85 

pak 86 

pak 99 

pak 106 



IXDKX. 



pak 128 

pak 83 

pak 88 

pan 173 

pan 149 

pan 176 

pan 195 

pat 7 

pat 3 

pau 51 

pau 74 

pau 182 

pang 32 

pang 69 

pang 116 

pang 118 

pang 127 

pang 183 

pang 195 

pang 4 

pang 4 

pang 188 

p&ng 136 

pe 8 

P 6 59 

p£ 59 

pe 59 

p6 133 

pe 16 

pe n 121 

p£ n 34 

pe" 130 

pe" 42 

peh 48 

peh 59 

peh 85 

peh 87 

peh 36 

peh 389 

pek 61 



pek ... 
pek ... 

peng 
peng 
pha ... 
pha ... 

pha ... 

pha" 

pirn" 

phah 

phah 

phai 

phai 

phai 

phai 

phak 

phak 

phak 

phang 

phang 

phang 

phang 

phang 

phang 

phang 

phau 

phau 

phe ... 

phe" 

phek 

phek 

phek 

pheng 

pheng 

pheng 

pheng 

phi ... 

phi ... 

phi ... 

phi ... 



110 

196 

166 

45 

11 

59 

127 

60 

148 

30 

139 

62 

187 

196 

195 

21 

135 

94 

25 

32 

95 

176 

155 

22 

104 

106 

111 

200 

34 

104 

199 

180 

45 

34 

126 

170 

127 

46 

198 

10 



phi .... 
phi" . 
phi n . 
phi" , 
phia n . 
phia" . 
phia" « 
phia" - 
phia" . 
phiah 
phlen 
phten . 
phin 
phin . 
pint 
pho .... 
phd .... 
ph6 .... 
pho .... 
phoi « 
phoi . 
phoi" . 
phok 
ph6ng . 
ph5ng . 
phfi . 
phd . 
phe* , 
pheh , 
phu . 
phu 
pbu . 
phu . 
phua . 
phita 
phua < 
phQa n . 
phuah 
phue 
phue 



188 

54 

25 

25 

120 

45 

22 

112 

136 

136 

145 

162 

175 

66 

75 

131 

31 

43 

140 

84 

170 

164 

169 

136 

188 

19 

155 

81 

163 

136 

155 

191 

194 

123 

68 

197 

134 

187 

43 

11 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



Index. 



P. Lesson. 

phtte 7b 

phueh 178 

phuh 168 

phui 100 

phun 143 

phun 175 

phvfrn ..'.... 178 

pi 175 

pi 3 

pi 30 

pi 48 

pi 81 

pi 112 

pi 47 

pi 74 

pi 78 

pi 93 

pi" 22 

pi n 94 

pi n 170 

pl n 145 

pi" 94 

pia n 96 

pia" 120 

pia n 43 

piah 93 

pie 93 

pie 50 

pien 22 

pien 197 

plen 129 

pien 145 

pien 54 

pien 151 

pien 151 

piet 3 

pin 58 

pin 194 

pin 181 

pin Ill 



pin 151 

pin 54 

pin 198 

pio 94 

pit 26 

pit 62 

pit 104 

pit 192 

P*S 23 

P*S 17 

po 114 

po 76 

p6 91 

p6 159 

p6 33 

p6 145 

po 93 

po 138 

pS 195 

poi B 34 

poi" 127 

p6i" 149 

p6i n 22 

poi" 164 

p6ih 38 

pok 169 

p6k 126 

pong 135 

pong 173 

pong 173 

pong 198 

pe 161 

pe 190 

p* 47 

p6 106 

p» 125 

p$ 192 

p$ 192 

peh 151 

pSh 55 



1* 

P<> 

P* 

pua 

pirn 

pua" ... 
pua " 
pua" ... 
puah . . . 
puah ... 
puah ... 
puah ... 

pue 

pue 

pue 

pue 

pile 

pue 

pfle 

pile 

pui 

pui 

pui 

pui 

pui 

pun 

pun 

pun 

pun 

pun 

pun 

pun 

put 

put 

p^n ... 
S 

sa 

sa" 

sah 

sai 



423 

sai 58 

sai 88 

sai 106 

sai 147 

sai 188 

sai 19 

sai 197 

sai 19 

sai 50 

sai 142 

sara ..; 157 

sara 196 

san 44 

sang 46 

sang 78 

sa.ng 97 

sang 115 

sap 162 

sap 189 

sap 196 

sat 59 

sat 121 

sat 155 

s&u 68 

sau 128 

se 56 

se 72 

se 103 

se n 15 

se" 29 

se" 77 

se" 191 

se" 117 

s£" 16 

se" 17 

sek 11 

160 sek 36 

34 sek 95 

84 sek 141 

56 sek 147 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



06 

84 

168 

151 

188 

179 

87 

8 

134 

6 

140 

174 

11 

30 

25 

106 

140 

157 

140 

110 

164 

181 

186 

44 

185 

12 

23 

47 

23 

41 

81 

93 

1 

100 

157 



424 
S. Lesson. 

sek 184 

sek 196 

s$k 65 

seng 50 

seng ...... 76 

seng 109 

seng 139 

seng 172 

seng 191 

s&ig 172 

s£ng 46 

seng 77 

s£ng 146 

sSng 183 

si 92 

si 103 

si 121 

si 129 

si 174 

si 189 

si 46 

si 48 

si 46 

st 133 

si 170 

si 191 

si 8 

si 28 

si 155 

si 2 

si 179 

si 188 

si 123 

si 165 

sl n 91 

sia 26 

sia 148 

sia 118 

sia 127 

sia 60 



Index. 



sia 156 

sia 107 

sia 119 

sia n 26 

sla n 52 

sia" 91 

sia n 115 

siali 41 

siah 19 

siak 84 

siam 79 

siam 93 

siam 176 

siang 18 

siang 68 

siang 109 

slang 152 

siap 35 

siap 55 

siap 63 

siap 142 

siap 123 

sie 18 

sie 40 

sie 65 

sie 45 

sie 198 

sie n 68 

sie n 75 

sie n 125 

sle n 29 

sle n 197 

sie" 118 

sie n 157 

sie" 187 

sie n 31 

sie n 190 

sieh 18 

sieh ,... 133 

sieh 194 



sien .... 
sien .... 
sien .... 
sien ... 
siet ... 
siet ... 
sih ... 
sih ... 
sih ... 
sih ... 
sira ... 
sim-pu 
sim ... 
sim ... 
sim ... 

sin ... 

sin ... 

sin ... 

sin ... 

sin ... 

sin ... 

sin ... 

sin ... 

sin ... 

sin .... 

sio .. 

slo .. 

sip .. 

sip ... 

sip ... 

sit ... 

sit .. 

sit ... 

sit .. 

sit ... 

sit ... 

sit ... 

siu ... 

siu ... 

sia ... 



110 

78 

53 

111 

45 

199 

2 

67 

200 

139 

12 

50 

49 

178 

2 

15 

42 

108 

191 

26 

111 

126 

65 

111 

192 

6 

116 

21 

123 

134 

90 

65 

115 

30 

68 

102 

106 

59 

96 

135 



siu . 

siu . 

siu . 

sng . 

sng . 

sng . 

sfig . 

s*g . 

sng . 

siu , 

siu 

siu 

siu 

siu 

sio 

sio 

sio 

slo 

sio 

so 

s6 

s5 

s5 

s6i 

s5i 

soi n 

sok 

sok 

sok 

sok 

sok 

s6k 

sok 



song. 

s5ng 

so 

se 

se 

se 



69 

110 

146 

55 

96 

128 

101 

19 

81 

157 

122 

183 

171 

47 

65 

45 

, 191 

. 19 

. 29 

. 52 

. 44 

. 155 

. 162 

. 10 

. 12 

. 14 

. 5 

. 83 

. 152 

. 181 

. 198 

. 47 

. 148 

. 158 

. 156 

. 158 

. 187 

. 139 

. 165 

,. 168 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



IXDKX. 



S. Lesson* 

se 169 

se 176 

s6 14 

s6 49 

s6 95 

8$ 172 

sd 178 

seh 9 

seh 38 

su 56 

su 71 

su 162 

su 138 

su 101 

su 51 

su 155 

su 158 

sua 77 

sua 102 

sua 189 

sua 192 

sua 197 

sua 39 

sua 153 

sua" 22 

sua" 170 

sua" 93 

sua" 103 

sua* 169 

suah 97 

suah 139 

suai" 73 

sQan 77 

sue 189 

sue 143 

sueh 26 

sueh 94 

sui 189 

sui 35 

sui 142 



sui 76 

sun • 50 

sun 80 

sun 153 

sun 184 

sun 16 

sun 109 

nfls 78 

sut 102 

sut 200 

sut 182 

sut 199 

su 50 

sm 109 

s* 47 

S* 146 

s* 190 

sd 90 

sd 155 

s* 29 

s* 95 

stt 124 

s* 165 

sfc .'. 166 

s& 5 

sb 179 

stfn 143 

T. 

ta 21 

ta-ke 49 

ta-kua D ... 49 

ta-po 17 

ta- 176 

t& 133 

ta n 14 

ta n 21 

t& n 108 

t& n 20 

tA n 21 

«" 162 



ta n , 
tah ■ 
tah , 
tah , 
tan 
tai 
tai 
tai 
tai 

tai 

tai . 

tak , 

tak ■ 

tak . 

tak . 

tak • 

tarn 

tarn • 

tam . 

tan 

tang 

tang 

tang 

tkng 

t^ng 

t&ng 

tang 

tang 

t&ng 

tAng 

tftng 

tang 

tang 

tang 

tap ■ 

t^p 

tap , 

tau . 

tau , 

t&u - 



34 

32 

69 

139 

98 

62 

108 

195 

97 

12 

107 

137 

153 

195 

99 

167 

64 

72 

21 

28 

86 

86 

191 

152 

71 

169 

30 

37 

41 

81 

41 

98 

81 

114 

87 

177 

200 

43 

87 

88 



tau . 
tau . 
tau . 
tau . 
tau . 
tau . 
tfiu . 
tSu . 
tau . 
tau . 
tau . 
tau . 
td . 
td . 
te n .. 
teh • 
tek . 
tek . 
tek . 
tdk . 
t6k . 
teng 
teng 
teng 
teng 
tfag 
t6ng 
t£ng 
t£ng 
t^ng 
t£ng 
tha . 
thah 
thai 
thai 
thai 
thai 
thai 
thai 
thak 



425 

... 109 

... 114 

... 170 

... 114 

... 139 

,.. 162 

... 142 

... 188 

... 27 

... 82 

... 127 

... 128 

... 177 

... 43 

.. 113 

... 141 

... 25 

... 51 

... 142 

... 97 

... 159 

... 40 

... 109 

... 120 

... 32 

... 167 

... 173 

... 21 

.. 70 

... 76 

.. 109 

.. 124 

.. 117 

... 37 

.. 99 

... 193 

.. 48 

.. 97 

... 97 

... 153 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



426 
T. Lesson. 

tha-k 157 

thak 26 

tham 101 

tham 113 

tham 179 

thAm 135 

than 76 

thong- 138 

thfing 70 

thang 76 

thang 152 

ihj\ng 193 

thftng 50 

thAng 57 

thSng 5 

thap 129 

thau 55 

thau 150 

thau 193 

thau 37 

thau 151 

thfiu 10 

the n 94 

the" 177 

thek 173 

thek 182 

theng 131 

th^ng 24 

thong 176 

theng 125 

theng 28 

thi 75 

thl 138 

thl 193 

thi 193 

th! 136 

thl 140 

thi 180 

thi n 22 

thi n 64 



Index. 



thl" ; 138 

thia n 5 

thia n 69 

thia n 13 

thiah 152 

thiam 64 

thiam ...... 198 

thiang 159 

thiap 75 

thiap 195 

thie 156 

thien 22 

thien 47 

thiet 151 

thih 41 

thio 153 

thio 186 

thio 187 

thiok 182 

thit 196 

thiu 121 

thiu 128 

thng 79 

tbfcg 99 

thfig 79 

thiig 112 

thng 188 

th6 128 

th& 88 

th& 98 

th6 21 

thoa 83 

th6a n 40 

thoah 88 

th6i 74 

thdi 32 

th6i n 5 

thong 33 

th6ng 173 

tho 51 



the 189 

thS 76 

th* 144 

thd 73 

th* 194 

th* 196 

thoh 147 

thSh 194 

thu 144 

Urn 144 

thui 68 

thui 92 

thui 97 

thui 97 

thue 127 

thun 138 

thut 99 

th#n 191 

ti 31 

ti 192 

ti 125 

tl 42 

tl 81 

tl 116 

tl 182 

ti 115 

ti 170 

tl 16 

ti 6 

ti 22 

ti 173 

ti n 154 

tl n 61 

tia 16 

tia n 188 

tia° 69 

tia n 142 

tia 11 8 

tia" 9 

tiah 38 



tiah 81 

tiam 40 

tlam 142 

tlam 158 

tiam 55 

tiam 89 

tiam 106 

tiang 74 

tiang 71 



tiap 

tie n 

tie n 

tie" 

tie" 

tle n 

tie" 

tie" , 

tie 11 



194 
17 
75 
160 
130 
133 
158 
158 
142 



tie n -m 49 

tleMiang... 49 

tie* 49 

tieh 7 

tiet 51 

tien 88 

tien 106 

tien 128 

tien 82 

tien 37 

tih 61 

tih 112 

tih 80 

tim 178 

tin 88 

tin ]43 

tin 191 

tin 70 

tin 98 

tio 149 

tlo 54 

tio 9 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



T. 

tio 

tlo 

tio 

tlo 

tit 

tit 

tiu 

tiu 

tlu 

tiu 

tng 

tng 

tfig 

tfig 

t*g 

tng 

tfig 

tfig 

tag , 

ta g - < 

t% ■ 
tig . 

tng . 

to . 

to . 

t6 . 

to . 

id . 

to . 

to . 

toa .. 

tda .. 

toa ., 

toa n .. 

toa".. 

toah 

toi .. 

toi .. 

toi .. 

toi .. 

toi .. 



Lesson. 
.... 146 
.... 149 
.... 11 
.... 187 
.... 7 
.... 53 
.... 11 
.... 44 
... 168 
... 104 
... 71 
... 150 
... 34 
... 34 
... 71 
... 73 
... 31 
... 50 
... 113 
... 126 
... 31 
... 91 
... 188 
... 59 
.. 10 
.. 173 
.. 106 
.. 143 
.. 104 
.. 118 
.. 107 
.. 83 
.. 12 
.. 70 
.. 63 
.. 78 
.. 01 
. 32 
. 65 
. 58 
. 180 



Index. 



427 



t6i n . 
toi n . 
toi n . 
toi" . 
toi n . 
tok . 
tok . 
t6k .. 
t6k ., 
tong 
tdng 
tdng 
tdng 
tong 
tok .. 
t6k .. 
te 



to 
t( 
tf 
t» 
t» 
t» 
t* 
t* 
t9 

to 

teh 
teh 

tah 

tu 

tti 

tu 

tu 

tua n 

tue 

tue 

tui . 

tui . 

tui . 

tui . 



.. 83 
.. 68 
.. 60 
.. 77 
.. 131 
.. 118 
.. 177 
. 100 
. 199 
. 186 
.. 163 
. 164 
. 41 
. 98 
. 84 
. 70 
. 6 
. 8 
. 88 
. 31 
. 7 
. 88 
. 171 
3 

142 
54 
89 
12 

166 

143 

192 

125 

131 
21 

161 
24 

166 

144 

152 

44 

97 



tui 

tun 

tun 

tun 

ton 

tun 

tu 

tfi 

td 
ts 

u 

u 

u 

u 

u 

ua 

ua 

ua 

ua . 

ua . 
ua n . 
ua" . 
ua n . 
ua n . 
ua° . 
ua n . 
uah . 
uai . 
uai .. 
uaih n 
uang 
uang 
uang 
u£ng 
vie 
iie 



165 

53 

78 

13 

105 

191 

20 

91 

134 

8 

U. 

113 

103 

119 

180 

o 

154 

1 

167 

101 

195 

72 

93 

11 

6 

178 

25 

46 

170 

161 

.... 161 
.... 118 
.... 159 
.... 117 
198 



ueh 

ui 

ui 

ui 

ui 

ui 

ui 

ui 

ui 

ui 

ui 

ui 

un 

un 

un 

un 

un 

un , 

un . 

On . 

ut.... 
ut.... 
ut.... 
ut.... 
£ .... 
6 .... 
fi .... 
S .... 
nn . 
£n . 



W. 



wn 

wn 

tfrn 

t7n 

-tint ....... 



Qe .... v; .. 20 
u«i ..J..y.-:. ^oj^ 



. 26 

. 42 

. 124 

. 157 

. 24 

. 75 

. 107 

. 185 

. 24 

. 16 

. 24 

. 113 

. 114 

. 193 

. 1 

. 60 

. 192 

. 141 

. 179 

. 187 

. 180 

. 198 

4 

177 

18 

78 

125 

159 

179 

134 

53 

108 
12 

113 

119 
87 

104 

113 



itizdVty Google 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 



This book is due on the date indicated below, or at the 
expiration of a definite period after the date of borrowing, 
as provided by the rules of the Library or by special ar- 
rangement with the Librarian in charge. 


DATE BORROWED 


DATE DUE 


DATE BORROWED 


• 
DATE DUE 


































































































































^«#<i»»>mioo 









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833.675 




mm 








1939 j^